Abstract

In this work, we report on the spectroscopic properties of Dy3+ doped YAlO3 crystal grown by Czochralski technique. The Judd-Ofelt theory was performed based on the measured polarized absorption spectra. Under optical pumping at 1300 nm, Dy:YAP crystal exhibited a broad MIR emission centered at 3020 nm, with a bandwidth of 520 nm at full width half maximum. The decay lifetime of the 6H13/2 level was measured to be 8.88 ms, and the corresponding quantum efficiency evaluated was 57.9%. The studied optical gain properties indicate that Dy:YAlO3 crystal could be a potential candidate for solid-state mid-infrared laser applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2010 (3)

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ramaraju, J. Y. Park, H. C. Jung, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “White light emission from Dy3+: RAlO3 (R=Y or Gd) nanophosphors by solvothermal process,” Optoelectron Adv. Mater.-Rapid Comm.3(1), 29–32 (2009).

M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, D. V. Badikov, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, and J. Šulc, “Oscillation properties of dysprosium-doped lead thiogallate crystal,” Opt. Lett.34(5), 590–592 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+: YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 023102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin.124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang, A. E. El-Taher, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Efficient 2.96 microm dysprosium-doped fluoride fibre laser pumped with a Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.3 µm,” Opt. Express14(2), 678–685 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. G. Brik, T. Ishii, A. M. Tkachuk, S. E. Ivanova, and I. K. Razumova, “Calculations of the transitions intensities in the optical spectra of Dy3+:LiYF4,” J. Alloy. Comp.374(1–2), 63–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

I. T. Sorokina, “Solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys.89, 262–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, “Spectroscopic data for infrared transitions in CaGa2S4:Dy3+ and KPb2C15:Dy3+,” OSA TOPS in Advanced Solid State Lasers19, 524–528 (1998).

1997 (3)

C. K. Jayasankar and E. Rukmini, “Spectroscopic investigations of Dy3+ ions in borosulphate glasses,” Physica B240(3), 273–288 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. D. Luo, X. Y. Chen, and T. J. Zhao, “Judd–Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements,” Opt. Commun.134(1-6), 415–422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Djeu, V. E. Hartwell, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. V. Butashin, “Room-temperature 3.4- µm Dy:BaYb2F8 laser,” Opt. Lett.22(13), 997–999 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).

1982 (1)

A. A. Mak and B. M. Antipenko, “Rare-earth converters of neodymium laser radiation,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.37(6), 1458–1471 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1973 (2)

M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B8(1), 54–64 (1973).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Laser emission at 3µm from Dy3+ in BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.23(2), 96–98 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

M. J. Weber, B. H. Matsinger, V. L. Donlan, and G. T. Surratt, “Optical transition probabilities for trivalent holmium in LaF3 and YAlO3,” J. Chem. Phys.57(1), 562–567 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys.49(10), 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Amedzakea, P.

U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Antipenko, B. M.

A. A. Mak and B. M. Antipenko, “Rare-earth converters of neodymium laser radiation,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.37(6), 1458–1471 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, D. V.

Badikov, V. V.

Basiev, T. T.

Brik, M. G.

M. G. Brik, T. Ishii, A. M. Tkachuk, S. E. Ivanova, and I. K. Razumova, “Calculations of the transitions intensities in the optical spectra of Dy3+:LiYF4,” J. Alloy. Comp.374(1–2), 63–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Butashin, A. V.

Cao, D. H.

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys.49(10), 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekharan, S.

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+: YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 023102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. Y.

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. Y.

Z. D. Luo, X. Y. Chen, and T. J. Zhao, “Judd–Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements,” Opt. Commun.134(1-6), 415–422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y. B.

Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Z. W.

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin.124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. C.

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. T.

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Djeu, N.

Dong, A. P.

Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q.

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Donlan, V. L.

M. J. Weber, B. H. Matsinger, V. L. Donlan, and G. T. Surratt, “Optical transition probabilities for trivalent holmium in LaF3 and YAlO3,” J. Chem. Phys.57(1), 562–567 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, M. E.

Duan, X. M.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

El-Taher, A. E.

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys.49(10), 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Freemana, J. A.

U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, J. B.

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+: YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 023102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Güdel, H. U.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).

Guggenheim, H. J.

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Laser emission at 3µm from Dy3+ in BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.23(2), 96–98 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Y.

Hartwell, V. E.

He, X. M.

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).

Hommericha, U.

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Isaenko, L. J.

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Jeong, J. H.

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H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
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M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).

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X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Wang, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. L. Xu, and C. Y. Tu, “Activation effect of Ho3+ at 2.84 μm MIR luminescence by Yb3+ ions in GGG crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(20), 3988–3990 (2013).
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T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).

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H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
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S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
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G. S. Ramaraju, J. Y. Park, H. C. Jung, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “White light emission from Dy3+: RAlO3 (R=Y or Gd) nanophosphors by solvothermal process,” Optoelectron Adv. Mater.-Rapid Comm.3(1), 29–32 (2009).

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Nyeina, E.

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Pang, H. Y.

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
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G. S. Ramaraju, J. Y. Park, H. C. Jung, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “White light emission from Dy3+: RAlO3 (R=Y or Gd) nanophosphors by solvothermal process,” Optoelectron Adv. Mater.-Rapid Comm.3(1), 29–32 (2009).

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Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).

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M. G. Brik, T. Ishii, A. M. Tkachuk, S. E. Ivanova, and I. K. Razumova, “Calculations of the transitions intensities in the optical spectra of Dy3+:LiYF4,” J. Alloy. Comp.374(1–2), 63–68 (2004).
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S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
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C. K. Jayasankar and E. Rukmini, “Spectroscopic investigations of Dy3+ ions in borosulphate glasses,” Physica B240(3), 273–288 (1997).
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D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+: YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 023102 (2008).
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M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, and P. G. Schunemann, “Room-temperature laser action at 4.34.4 µm in CaGa2S4:Dy3+,” Opt. Lett.24(17), 1215–1217 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, “Spectroscopic data for infrared transitions in CaGa2S4:Dy3+ and KPb2C15:Dy3+,” OSA TOPS in Advanced Solid State Lasers19, 524–528 (1998).

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Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin.124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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M. J. Weber, B. H. Matsinger, V. L. Donlan, and G. T. Surratt, “Optical transition probabilities for trivalent holmium in LaF3 and YAlO3,” J. Chem. Phys.57(1), 562–567 (1972).
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M. G. Brik, T. Ishii, A. M. Tkachuk, S. E. Ivanova, and I. K. Razumova, “Calculations of the transitions intensities in the optical spectra of Dy3+:LiYF4,” J. Alloy. Comp.374(1–2), 63–68 (2004).
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U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

Tu, C. Y.

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. L. Xu, and C. Y. Tu, “Activation effect of Ho3+ at 2.84 μm MIR luminescence by Yb3+ ions in GGG crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(20), 3988–3990 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, S. Z. Lv, E. Ma, J. L. Xu, H. Y. Wang, and C. Y. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, S. Z. Lv, E. Ma, J. L. Xu, H. Y. Wang, and C. Y. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. L. Xu, and C. Y. Tu, “Activation effect of Ho3+ at 2.84 μm MIR luminescence by Yb3+ ions in GGG crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(20), 3988–3990 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, S. Z. Lv, E. Ma, J. L. Xu, H. Y. Wang, and C. Y. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).

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[CrossRef]

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H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
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Wu, B. C.

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
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X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).

Xu, J. L.

Xu, X. D.

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, C. F.

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. G.

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. G.

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin.124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. T.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B. Q.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yelisseyev, A. P.

You, Z. Y.

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. L. Xu, and C. Y. Tu, “Activation effect of Ho3+ at 2.84 μm MIR luminescence by Yb3+ ions in GGG crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(20), 3988–3990 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, S. Z. Lv, E. Ma, J. L. Xu, H. Y. Wang, and C. Y. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zavadac, J. M.

U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X. H.

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, P. X.

Zhao, G. J.

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).

Zhao, T. J.

Z. D. Luo, X. Y. Chen, and T. J. Zhao, “Judd–Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements,” Opt. Commun.134(1-6), 415–422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z. W.

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhaoa, G. J.

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L. L.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S. M.

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. J.

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. L. Xu, and C. Y. Tu, “Activation effect of Ho3+ at 2.84 μm MIR luminescence by Yb3+ ions in GGG crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(20), 3988–3990 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, S. Z. Lv, E. Ma, J. L. Xu, H. Y. Wang, and C. Y. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals (1)

T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).

Chinese Phys. B (1)

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (3)

M. G. Brik, T. Ishii, A. M. Tkachuk, S. E. Ivanova, and I. K. Razumova, “Calculations of the transitions intensities in the optical spectra of Dy3+:LiYF4,” J. Alloy. Comp.374(1–2), 63–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+: YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 023102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin.124(2), 207–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. D. Luo, X. Y. Chen, and T. J. Zhao, “Judd–Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements,” Opt. Commun.134(1-6), 415–422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

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G. S. Ramaraju, J. Y. Park, H. C. Jung, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “White light emission from Dy3+: RAlO3 (R=Y or Gd) nanophosphors by solvothermal process,” Optoelectron Adv. Mater.-Rapid Comm.3(1), 29–32 (2009).

OSA TOPS in Advanced Solid State Lasers (1)

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, “Spectroscopic data for infrared transitions in CaGa2S4:Dy3+ and KPb2C15:Dy3+,” OSA TOPS in Advanced Solid State Lasers19, 524–528 (1998).

OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (1)

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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C. K. Jayasankar and E. Rukmini, “Spectroscopic investigations of Dy3+ ions in borosulphate glasses,” Physica B240(3), 273–288 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. T. Sorokina, “Solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys.89, 262–351 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. G. Okhrimchuk, “Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped crystals for mid-IR lasers,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA/ CLEO/QELS), CTuKK3, (2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarized absorption spectra of Dy:YAP crystal at room temperature.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) MIR emission spectrum of Dy:YAP crystal excited by 1300 nm at room temperature. (b) The simplified energy level diagram of Dy3+ doped YAP crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The fluorescence decay curve of the 6H13/2 level in Dy:YAP crystal at room temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain cross-section spectra of Dy3+: H 6 13 / 2 H 6 15 / 2 in the Dy:YAP crystal.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The average wavelength ( λ ¯ ), refractive indices (n), integrated absorption coefficients (Г) for the absorption transitions of Dy3+ in YAP crystal.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Polarized experimental and calculated line strengths (S) and oscillator strengths (f) of Dy:YAP crystal

Tables Icon

Table 3 The J–O intensity parameters of Dy3+-doped crystals

Tables Icon

Table 4 Comparison of the optical spectroscopic parameters of some Dy3+-doped laser crystals

Equations (1)

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G ( λ ) = P σ e m ( 1 P ) σ a

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