Abstract

A simple, low-cost and versatile holographic method to produce reusable surface-relief gratings on dichromated poly(vinyl alcohol) (DCPVA) films, with periods Λ ≥ 270 nm and modulation depths up to 300 nm, is reported. DCPVA presents processing advantages with respect to other photoresists, such as dichromated gelatine, i.e. higher light sensitivity, simpler fabrication process and better batch to batch reproducibility. The successful use of these DCPVA relief gratings as distributed feedback (DFB) laser resonators is demonstrated. Second-order DFB devices emitting in the wavelength range 577-614 nm have been easily prepared by coating a dye-doped polymer film on top of the resonators.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (2)

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Goldenberg, V. Lisinetskii, Y. Gritsai, J. Stumpe, and S. Schrader, “Second order DFB lasing using reusable grating inscribed in azobenzene-containing material,” Opt. Mater. Express2(1), 11–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, P. A. Postigo, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Blue surface-emitting distributed feedback lasers based on TPD-doped films,” Appl. Opt.49(3), 463–470 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Mahfoud Familia and A. Sarangan, “Threshold gain analysis of second order distributed feedback lasers based on [2-methoxy-5-(20-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene],” Opt. Commun.281(2), 310–318 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev.107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

C. Pizzocaro, C. Lafond, and M. Bolte, “Dichromated polyvinylalcohol: key role of chromium(V) in the properties of the photosensitive material,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.151(1-3), 221–228 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

Alonso, I.

Barikani, M.

Bartkiewicz, S.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boj, P. G.

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films,” Opt. Express19(23), 22443–22454 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, P. A. Postigo, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Blue surface-emitting distributed feedback lasers based on TPD-doped films,” Appl. Opt.49(3), 463–470 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bolte, M.

C. Pizzocaro, C. Lafond, and M. Bolte, “Dichromated polyvinylalcohol: key role of chromium(V) in the properties of the photosensitive material,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.151(1-3), 221–228 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bolton, S. R.

Brueck, S. R. J.

D. Xia, Z. Ku, S. C. Lee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Nanostructures and functional materials fabricated by interferometric lithography,” Adv. Mater.23(2), 147–179 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calzado, E. M.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, P. A. Postigo, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Blue surface-emitting distributed feedback lasers based on TPD-doped films,” Appl. Opt.49(3), 463–470 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Couture, J. J. A.

Crespo, J.

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Denis, C.

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Díaz-García, M. A.

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films,” Opt. Express19(23), 22443–22454 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, P. A. Postigo, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Blue surface-emitting distributed feedback lasers based on TPD-doped films,” Appl. Opt.49(3), 463–470 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dumarcher, V.

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fiorini, C.

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gerritsen, H. J.

Gindre, D.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goldenberg, L. M.

Gritsai, Y.

Grivas, C.

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Juarros, A.

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kavehrad, M.

Ku, Z.

D. Xia, Z. Ku, S. C. Lee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Nanostructures and functional materials fabricated by interferometric lithography,” Adv. Mater.23(2), 147–179 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lafond, C.

C. Pizzocaro, C. Lafond, and M. Bolte, “Dichromated polyvinylalcohol: key role of chromium(V) in the properties of the photosensitive material,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.151(1-3), 221–228 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. C.

D. Xia, Z. Ku, S. C. Lee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Nanostructures and functional materials fabricated by interferometric lithography,” Adv. Mater.23(2), 147–179 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lelièvre, S.

Lisinetskii, V.

Mahfoud Familia, A.

A. Mahfoud Familia and A. Sarangan, “Threshold gain analysis of second order distributed feedback lasers based on [2-methoxy-5-(20-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene],” Opt. Commun.281(2), 310–318 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Merino, S.

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films,” Opt. Express19(23), 22443–22454 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miniewicz, A.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morales-Vidal, M.

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mysliwiec, J.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Fuster, V.

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films,” Opt. Express19(23), 22443–22454 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J. M.

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pizzocaro, C.

C. Pizzocaro, C. Lafond, and M. Bolte, “Dichromated polyvinylalcohol: key role of chromium(V) in the properties of the photosensitive material,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.151(1-3), 221–228 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Postigo, P. A.

Quintana, J. A.

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, P. A. Postigo, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Blue surface-emitting distributed feedback lasers based on TPD-doped films,” Appl. Opt.49(3), 463–470 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, P.

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ramirez, M. G.

Ramírez, M. G.

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Retolaza, A.

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rocha, L.

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sahraoui, B.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev.107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santos, C.

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarangan, A.

A. Mahfoud Familia and A. Sarangan, “Threshold gain analysis of second order distributed feedback lasers based on [2-methoxy-5-(20-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene],” Opt. Commun.281(2), 310–318 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schrader, S.

Simova, E.

Sobel, F.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sobolewska, A.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stumpe, J.

Sznitko, L.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thornton, D. K.

Trabadelo, V.

M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films,” Opt. Express19(23), 22443–22454 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, G. A.

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev.107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valles-Abarca, J. A.

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vallés-Abarca, J. A.

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Villalvilla, J. M.

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films,” Opt. Express19(23), 22443–22454 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, P. A. Postigo, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Blue surface-emitting distributed feedback lasers based on TPD-doped films,” Appl. Opt.49(3), 463–470 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vragovic, I.

Xia, D.

D. Xia, Z. Ku, S. C. Lee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Nanostructures and functional materials fabricated by interferometric lithography,” Adv. Mater.23(2), 147–179 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

D. Xia, Z. Ku, S. C. Lee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Nanostructures and functional materials fabricated by interferometric lithography,” Adv. Mater.23(2), 147–179 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(22), 223303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Díaz-García, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, and S. Merino, “Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(17), 171104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, A. Sobolewska, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, “Lasing effect in a hybrid dye-doped biopolymer and photochromic polymer system,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(14), 141106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev.107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

L. Rocha, V. Dumarcher, C. Denis, P. Raimond, C. Fiorini, and J. M. Nunzi, “Laser emission in periodically modulated polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys.89(5), 3067–3069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ramírez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine,” J. Appl. Phys.114(3), 033107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

M. G. Ramírez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(6), 1182–1191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.2(4), 279–283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem. (1)

C. Pizzocaro, C. Lafond, and M. Bolte, “Dichromated polyvinylalcohol: key role of chromium(V) in the properties of the photosensitive material,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. Chem.151(1-3), 221–228 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Mahfoud Familia and A. Sarangan, “Threshold gain analysis of second order distributed feedback lasers based on [2-methoxy-5-(20-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene],” Opt. Commun.281(2), 310–318 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Thin Solid Films (2)

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Valles-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 340–342 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films317(1-2), 343–346 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

The “GSolver” software is available from Grating Solver Development Co. at www.gsolver.com .

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Diffraction efficiency versus average exposure and (b) modulation depth, d, versus development time, for DCPVA and DCG gratings with period Λ = 270 nm. Solid lines are guides to the eye; (c) SEM photograph of a DCPVA grating with d ~ 100 nm; (d) d versus Λ for DCPVA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Emission spectra (labeled thick lines) of DFB lasers (scheme of the device in inset) based on DCPVA resonators with Λ = 370 nm (1-3 and 4-5 for active films of DCM-doped PVK and PDI-doped PS, respectively) and on DCG resonators with same active material (A) and (B); Data for (B) were taken from [11]; ASE spectra of similar active films deposited over photoresist layers without gratings are displayed (thin solid lines); (b) Output intensity at λDFB versus pump intensity for DFB lasers 1-5 and (A),(B). Solid lines are guides to the eye.

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