Abstract

The birefringence of LiInS2 (LIS) crystals in the THz frequency region is investigated by THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). The experimental results indicate that LIS has large birefringence and low absorption in the THz frequency region. The optical properties of LIS are quantitatively determined. A sharp absorption caused by a TO-phonon resonance is observed at around 1.70 THz when the Z-axis is parallel to the polarization of the incident THz wave. A temporal separation of the transmitted THz pulses with different polarization components is realized by changing the orientation of the LIS crystal with respect to the polarization of the incident THz pulses. By controlling the relative phase and amplitude of the temporally separated THz pulses, THz polarization pulse shaping caused by birefringence in LIS crystal is demonstrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

S. Wang, Z. Gao, X. Yin, G. Liu, H. Ruan, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and piezoelectric, elastic and dielectric properties of novel LiInS2 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 308–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, H. Ruan, G. Liu, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, X. Zhang, Z. Gao, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Growth, properties and first-principles study of mid-IR nonlinear optical crystal LiInS2,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 061301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Takeya, Y. Takemoto, I. Kawayama, H. Murakami, T. Matsukawa, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz generation and optical properties of lithium ternary chalcogenide crystals,” J Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(4), 426–433 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. Gebs, G. Klatt, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and A. Bartels, “High-speed asynchronous optical sampling with sub-50fs time resolution,” Opt. Express18(6), 5974–5983 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, C. Yang, Y. Xie, L. Sun, W. Lv, R. Wang, C. Zhu, and M. Wang, “Electronic and optical properties of orthorhombic LiInS2 and LiInSe2: a density functional theory investigation,” Comput. Mater. Sci.47(1), 99–105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Wang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jiao, and M. Jiang, “Growth of LiInS2 single crystal by the accelerated crucible rotation technique,” J. Synth. Cryst.36, 8–13 (2007).

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (5)

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Merkulov, A. Yelisseyev, and S. Lobanov, “Growth of new nonlinear crystals LiMX2 (M=Al, In, Ga; X=S, Se, Te) for the mid-IR optics,” J. Cryst. Growth275(1-2), 217–223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Löffler, T. Hahn, M. Thomson, F. Jacob, and H. Roskos, “Large-area electro-optic ZnTe terahertz emitters,” Opt. Express13(14), 5353–5362 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosives using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Fischer, M. Hoffmann, H. Helm, R. Wilk, F. Rutz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, M. Koch, and P. Jepsen, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and imaging of artificial RNA,” Opt. Express13(14), 5205–5215 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(12), 121114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz studies of carrier dynamics and dielectric response of n-type, freestanding epitaxial GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2841–2843 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, Y. Ogawa, Y. Watanabe, and H. Inoue, “Non-destructive terahertz imaging of illicit drugs using spectral fingerprints,” Opt. Express11(20), 2549–2554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almasi, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. Schall, M. Walther, and P. Uhd Jepsen, “Fundamental and second-order phonon processes in CdTe and ZnTe,” Phys. Rev. B64(9), 094301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Y. Ding and I. Zotova, “Second-order nonlinear optical materials for efficient generation and amplification of temporally-coherent and narrow-linewidth terahertz waves,” Opt. Quantum Electron.32(4/5), 531–552 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth218(2-4), 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(23), 3450–3452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, “Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(8), 1204–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(10), 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. T. Darrow, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Power scaling of large-aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(1), 25–27 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Almasi, G.

Amer, N.

Y. S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

J. T. Darrow, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Power scaling of large-aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(1), 25–27 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz studies of carrier dynamics and dielectric response of n-type, freestanding epitaxial GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2841–2843 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balachninaite, O.

Bartels, A.

Bidault, O.

Bolivar, P. H.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bosserhoff, A.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brucherseifer, M.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

Buttner, R.

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Cole, B. E.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosives using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Darrow, J. T.

J. T. Darrow, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Power scaling of large-aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(1), 25–27 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

Ding, Y.

Y. Ding and I. Zotova, “Second-order nonlinear optical materials for efficient generation and amplification of temporally-coherent and narrow-linewidth terahertz waves,” Opt. Quantum Electron.32(4/5), 531–552 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Döhler, G. H.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 061301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.

S. Wang, Z. Gao, X. Yin, G. Liu, H. Ruan, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and piezoelectric, elastic and dielectric properties of novel LiInS2 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 308–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, H. Ruan, G. Liu, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, X. Zhang, Z. Gao, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Growth, properties and first-principles study of mid-IR nonlinear optical crystal LiInS2,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jiao, and M. Jiang, “Growth of LiInS2 single crystal by the accelerated crucible rotation technique,” J. Synth. Cryst.36, 8–13 (2007).

Dovlitova, L.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth218(2-4), 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dreyhaupt, A.

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, M. Helm, and T. Dekorsy, “Optimum excitation conditions for the generation of high-electric-field terahertz radiation from an oscillator-driven photoconductive device,” Opt. Lett.31(10), 1546–1548 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(12), 121114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dykaar, D. R.

Elzinga, P. A.

Fan, K.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, B.

Fossier, S.

Gallot, G.

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, “Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(8), 1204–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(23), 3450–3452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Z.

S. Wang, H. Ruan, G. Liu, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, X. Zhang, Z. Gao, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Growth, properties and first-principles study of mid-IR nonlinear optical crystal LiInS2,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, Z. Gao, X. Yin, G. Liu, H. Ruan, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and piezoelectric, elastic and dielectric properties of novel LiInS2 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 308–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gebs, R.

Gossard, A. C.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 061301 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz studies of carrier dynamics and dielectric response of n-type, freestanding epitaxial GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2841–2843 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(23), 3450–3452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, “Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(8), 1204–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, T.

Hebling, J.

Helm, H.

Helm, M.

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, M. Helm, and T. Dekorsy, “Optimum excitation conditions for the generation of high-electric-field terahertz radiation from an oscillator-driven photoconductive device,” Opt. Lett.31(10), 1546–1548 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(12), 121114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Henningsen, J.

Hoffmann, M.

Hurlbut, W. C.

Y. S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, H. Y.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoue, H.

Isaenko, L.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Merkulov, A. Yelisseyev, and S. Lobanov, “Growth of new nonlinear crystals LiMX2 (M=Al, In, Ga; X=S, Se, Te) for the mid-IR optics,” J. Cryst. Growth275(1-2), 217–223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaün, J. Mangin, O. Bidault, I. Thénot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, electrical, damage, and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21(11), 1981–2007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth218(2-4), 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
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S. Wang, Z. Gao, X. Yin, G. Liu, H. Ruan, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and piezoelectric, elastic and dielectric properties of novel LiInS2 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 308–311 (2013).
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S. Wang, Z. Gao, X. Yin, G. Liu, H. Ruan, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and piezoelectric, elastic and dielectric properties of novel LiInS2 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 308–311 (2013).
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S. Wang, H. Ruan, G. Liu, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, X. Zhang, Z. Gao, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Growth, properties and first-principles study of mid-IR nonlinear optical crystal LiInS2,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. C.

J. T. Darrow, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Power scaling of large-aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(1), 25–27 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

T. Ma, C. Yang, Y. Xie, L. Sun, W. Lv, R. Wang, C. Zhu, and M. Wang, “Electronic and optical properties of orthorhombic LiInS2 and LiInSe2: a density functional theory investigation,” Comput. Mater. Sci.47(1), 99–105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J. J.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth218(2-4), 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J.-J.

Zotova, I.

Y. Ding and I. Zotova, “Second-order nonlinear optical materials for efficient generation and amplification of temporally-coherent and narrow-linewidth terahertz waves,” Opt. Quantum Electron.32(4/5), 531–552 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz studies of carrier dynamics and dielectric response of n-type, freestanding epitaxial GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2841–2843 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, “Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(23), 3450–3452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosives using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(24), 241116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Darrow, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Power scaling of large-aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58(1), 25–27 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(12), 121114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. Ma, C. Yang, Y. Xie, L. Sun, W. Lv, R. Wang, C. Zhu, and M. Wang, “Electronic and optical properties of orthorhombic LiInS2 and LiInSe2: a density functional theory investigation,” Comput. Mater. Sci.47(1), 99–105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(10), 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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K. Takeya, Y. Takemoto, I. Kawayama, H. Murakami, T. Matsukawa, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz generation and optical properties of lithium ternary chalcogenide crystals,” J Infrared Milli Terahz Waves32(4), 426–433 (2011).
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S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 061301 (2011).
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J. Cryst. Growth (4)

S. Wang, Z. Gao, X. Yin, G. Liu, H. Ruan, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and piezoelectric, elastic and dielectric properties of novel LiInS2 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 308–311 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, H. Ruan, G. Liu, G. Zhang, Q. Shi, X. Zhang, Z. Gao, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Growth, properties and first-principles study of mid-IR nonlinear optical crystal LiInS2,” J. Cryst. Growth362, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlitova, J. J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth218(2-4), 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Merkulov, A. Yelisseyev, and S. Lobanov, “Growth of new nonlinear crystals LiMX2 (M=Al, In, Ga; X=S, Se, Te) for the mid-IR optics,” J. Cryst. Growth275(1-2), 217–223 (2005).
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S. Wang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jiao, and M. Jiang, “Growth of LiInS2 single crystal by the accelerated crucible rotation technique,” J. Synth. Cryst.36, 8–13 (2007).

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M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
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Nature (1)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Ding and I. Zotova, “Second-order nonlinear optical materials for efficient generation and amplification of temporally-coherent and narrow-linewidth terahertz waves,” Opt. Quantum Electron.32(4/5), 531–552 (2000).
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M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic sketch of the high-speed ASOPS THz-TDS setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic sketch of electric field of THz waveforms with and without LIS crystal. (a) The reference waveform ER(t) measured without LIS. (b) The waveform ES(t) is measured after THz pulse passing through the sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the polarizations of the THz pulses before and after propagating through the biaxial LIS crystal with the thickness of d along the x-axis. f, s and , denote the polarizations of fast and slow THz pulses before and after crystal rotation, respectively. θ is the angle of crystal rotation. xyz is the space coordinates system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transmitted time-domain THz pulses through a-cut LIS of 7.3 mm thickness with θ = 0°, 37°, 90°, respectively. (b) Frequency-domain spectra based on Fourier transform of (a). (c) Transmitted time-domain THz pulse through a-cut LIS of 0.65 mm thickness with θ = 0°, 50°, 90°, respectively. (d) Frequency-domain spectra based on Fourier transform of (c).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Transmitted time-domain THz pulses through b-cut LIS of 5.0 mm thickness with θ = 0°, 54°, 90°, respectively. (b) Frequency-domain spectra based on Fourier transform of (a). (c) Transmitted time-domain THz pulse through b-cut LIS of 0.70 mm thickness with θ = 0°, 45°, 90°, respectively. (d) Frequency-domain spectra based on Fourier transform of (c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Transmitted time-domain THz pulses through c-cut LIS of 6.5 mm thickness with θ = 0°, 67°, 90°, respectively. (b) Frequency-domain spectra based on Fourier transform of (a). (c) Transmitted time-domain THz pulse through c-cut LIS of 0.50 mm thickness with θ = 0°, 50°, 90°, respectively. (d) Frequency-domain spectra based on Fourier transform of (c).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The refractive indices of LIS crystal as a function of frequency along the three dielectric X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Absorption coefficient of LIS crystal as a function of frequency at three dielectric X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Time-domain amplitude ratio Ef (t)/Es (t) as a function of the angle (θ) of the polarization of THz pulse with respect to f-axis.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The birefringence of LIS along X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The angle (θ) of polarization with respect to f-axis when the amplitudes of the transmitted two components are equal.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E R (ω)= E in (ω)exp(i k R d),
E S (ω)= E in (ω) T as T sa exp(i k S d) 1+ R as R sa exp(2i k S d) ,
E S (ω)= E in (ω) T as T sa exp(i k S d).
E S (ω) E R (ω) =Aexp(iΦ)= 4 n S (ω) [ n S (ω)+1 ] 2 exp[ α S (ω)d/2 ]×exp{ i[ n S (ω)1 ]ωd/c },
n S (ω)=1+ Φc ωd ,
α S (ω)= 2 d ln{ [ n S (ω)+1 ] 2 4 n S (ω) A }.
X 2 n X 2 + Y 2 n Y 2 + Z 2 n Z 2 = 1 ,
Γ=ωdΔn/c,
E f ( t ) E s ( t ) = E ( t , 0 ) E ( t , π / 2 ) cot θ .

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