Abstract

We report a study of attenuation spectra’ transformations in a couple of Cerium (Ce) doped alumino-phospho-silicate fibers (one of them codoped with gold (Au)), occurring under irradiation by a beam of high-energy β-electrons. The experimental data reveals an essential effect of β-irradiation upon the absorptive properties of the fibers, given by noticeable susceptibility of Ce ions in Ce3+/Ce4+ valence states to the treatment, arisen as growth followed by saturation of induced absorption. We also report posterior bleaching of the β-darkened fibers, also in terms of attenuation spectra’ transformations, at exposing them to low-power green (a He-Ne laser) and UV (mercury lamp) light, the effect never reported for Ce-doped fibers. It is shown that both phenomena are less expressed in Ce fiber codoped with Au than in Au-free one and that the spectral changes in the former are more regular and plain vs. irradiation dose and bleaching time. Possible mechanisms responsible for the phenomena and their impact at using such fibers for dosimetry and other applications are discussed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (4)

M. Saad, L. R. Chen, and X. Gu, “Highly reflective fiber Bragg gratings inscribed in Ce/Tm co-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(11), 1066–1068 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, S. Grimm, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of cerium-codoped high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE8621, 862116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Bahadur, Y. Dwivedi, and S. B. Rai, “Optical properties of cerium doped oxyfluoroborate glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.110, 400–403 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Singh, P. Kaur, S. Kaur, R. Kaur, and D. P. Singh, “Conversion of Ce3+ to Ce4+ ions after gamma ray irradiation on CeO2-PbO-B2O3 glasses,” Phys. B408, 115–118 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (5)

2011 (4)

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt.50(25), E80–E85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett.34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhu, S. Ouyang, S. Gao, and W. Teng, “Luminescence characteristics of Ce3+ doped Ca-Al-Ba glass,” J. Wuhan Univ. Techn.24(5), 815–818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Trusova, N. M. Bobkova, V. S. Gurin, and E. A. Tyavlovskaya, “Nature of color centers in silicate glasses with additions of cerium and titanium oxides,” Glass and Ceram.66(7-8), 240–244 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, ““Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.355, 1496–1507 (2009).

2008 (3)

E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Marzouk and F. M. Ezz-Eldin, “Optical study of Ce3+ ion in gamma-irradiated binary barium-borate glasses,” Phys. B403(18), 3307–3315 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin and W.-T. Han, “Recent progress in development and nonlinear optical device application of optical fibers incorporated with noble metal nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE7095, 70950G(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce3+ doped silica annealed at different temperatures,” J. Lumin.124(1), 151–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. Jia, “Relocalization of Ce3+ 5d electrons from host conduction band,” J. Lumin.117(2), 170–178 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

J. L. Cruz, F. Lliso-Valverde, M. V. Andres, and J. Perez-Calatayud, “Induced attenuation in Ce and Nd doped fibers irradiated with electron beams under low dose regime,” Opt. Commun.252(4-6), 286–291 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Murata, M. Sato, H. Yoshida, and K. Morinaga, ““Compositional dependence of ultraviolet fluorescence intensity of Ce3+ in silicate, borate, and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.351, 312–316 (2005).

X. Wang, J. A. Rodriguez, J. C. Hanson, M. Pérez, and J. Evans, “In situ time-resolved characterization of Au-CeO2 and AuOx-CeO2 catalysts during the water-gas shift reaction: presence of Au and O vacancies in the active phase,” J. Chem. Phys.123(22), 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, H. Saltsburg, and M. Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, “Active nonmetallic Au and Pt species on ceria-based water-gas shift catalysts,” Science301(5635), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

A. L. Houston, B. L. Justus, P. L. Falkenstein, R. W. Miller, H. Ning, and R. Altemus, “Remote optical fiber dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B184(1-2), 55–67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B.-M. Dicks, F. Heine, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of a radiation-hard single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier at 1064 nm,” Laser Phys.11, 134–137 (2001).

D. Griscom, “Fractal kinetics of radiation-induced point-defect formation and decay in amorphous insulators: Application to color centers in silica-based optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A64, 174201 (2001).

2000 (7)

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “Role of cerium in lithium niobate for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys.87(9), 4051–4055 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Jiang, Q. Zeng, and F. Gan, “New scincillator: Cerium-doped oxide glass,” Proc. SPIE4134, 329–335 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, N. J. Vasa, and T. Okada, “Large improvement in quantum fluorescence yield of Er3+–doped fluorezirconate and fluoroindate glasses by Ce3+ codoping,” J. Appl. Phys.88(5), 2187–2190 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Lian, M. Ren, J. H. Lin, Z. N. Gu, and M. Z. Su, “On the afterglow of the cerium doped silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett.19(18), 1603–1605 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Liu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single- and multi-mode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys.78(2), 89–97 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

V. A. Mashkov, W. R. Austin, L. Zhang, and R. G. Leisure, “Fundamental role of creation and activation in radiation-induced defect production in high-purity amorphous SiO2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(16), 2926–2929 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

G. E. Malashkevich, E. N. Poddenezhny, I. M. Melnichenko, and A. A. Boiko, ““Optical centers of cerium in silica glasses obtained by the sol-gel process,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.188, 107–117 (1995).

H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delavaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernaje, and W. X. Xie, ““Ultraviolet-induced permanent Bragg gratings in Ce-doped fluorozirconate glasses or optical fibers,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.184, 282–285 (1995).

1994 (1)

J. W. Berthold, “Overview of prototype fiber optic sensors for future application in nuclear environments,” Proc. SPIE2425, 74–83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

S. C. Jones, J. A. Sweet, P. Braunlich, J. M. Hoffman, and J. E. Hegland, “A remote fibre optic laser TLD system,” Rad. Prot. Dos.47, 525–528 (1993).

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: Origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. S. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Bragg gratings in Ce3+-doped fibers written by a single excimer pulse,” Opt. Lett.18(11), 861–863 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1984 (1)

J. K. Partin, “Radiation response of optical fibers in a nuclear reactor,” Proc. SPIE506, 42–49 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

E. J. Friebele and M. E. Gingerich, “Photobleaching effects in optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt.20(19), 3448–3452 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Influence of the temperature and optical power level on induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides of pure quartz glass,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.11(9), 1171–1177 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

E. J. Friebele, “Radiation protection of fiber optics materials: Effect of cerium doping on the radiation-induced absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.27(4), 210–212 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+ activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. S. Stroud, “Color-center kinetics in cerium-containing glass,” J. Chem. Phys.43(7), 2442–2450 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. S. Stroud, “Color centers in a cerium-containing silicate glass,” J. Chem. Phys.37(4), 836–841 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

J. S. Stroud, “Photoionization of Ce3+ in glass,” J. Chem. Phys.35(3), 844–850 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R.

M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “Role of cerium in lithium niobate for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys.87(9), 4051–4055 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Akasaka, Y.

S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Altemus, R.

A. L. Houston, B. L. Justus, P. L. Falkenstein, R. W. Miller, H. Ning, and R. Altemus, “Remote optical fiber dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B184(1-2), 55–67 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M. V.

J. L. Cruz, F. Lliso-Valverde, M. V. Andres, and J. Perez-Calatayud, “Induced attenuation in Ce and Nd doped fibers irradiated with electron beams under low dose regime,” Opt. Commun.252(4-6), 286–291 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Anoikin, E. V.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J. L.

Austin, W. R.

V. A. Mashkov, W. R. Austin, L. Zhang, and R. G. Leisure, “Fundamental role of creation and activation in radiation-induced defect production in high-purity amorphous SiO2.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(16), 2926–2929 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baccaro, S.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bahadur, A.

A. Bahadur, Y. Dwivedi, and S. B. Rai, “Optical properties of cerium doped oxyfluoroborate glass,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.110, 400–403 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, X.

P. Liu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single- and multi-mode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys.78(2), 89–97 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

Bei, J.

J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

Bernaje, P.

H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delavaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernaje, and W. X. Xie, ““Ultraviolet-induced permanent Bragg gratings in Ce-doped fluorozirconate glasses or optical fibers,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.184, 282–285 (1995).

Berthold, J. W.

J. W. Berthold, “Overview of prototype fiber optic sensors for future application in nuclear environments,” Proc. SPIE2425, 74–83 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bhatnagar, P. K.

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt.50(25), E80–E85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, ““Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.355, 1496–1507 (2009).

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+ activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bobkova, N. M.

E. E. Trusova, N. M. Bobkova, V. S. Gurin, and E. A. Tyavlovskaya, “Nature of color centers in silicate glasses with additions of cerium and titanium oxides,” Glass and Ceram.66(7-8), 240–244 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bohra, D.

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt.50(25), E80–E85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, ““Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.355, 1496–1507 (2009).

Boiko, A. A.

G. E. Malashkevich, E. N. Poddenezhny, I. M. Melnichenko, and A. A. Boiko, ““Optical centers of cerium in silica glasses obtained by the sol-gel process,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.188, 107–117 (1995).

Boj, S.

H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delavaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernaje, and W. X. Xie, ““Ultraviolet-induced permanent Bragg gratings in Ce-doped fluorozirconate glasses or optical fibers,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.184, 282–285 (1995).

Boukenter, A.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, T. Robin, B. Cadier, L. Vaccaro, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce3+ codoping on the photoluminescence excitation channels of phosphosilicate Yb/Er-doped glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 509–511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

Brambilla, G.

N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, M.

E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Braunlich, P.

S. C. Jones, J. A. Sweet, P. Braunlich, J. M. Hoffman, and J. E. Hegland, “A remote fibre optic laser TLD system,” Rad. Prot. Dos.47, 525–528 (1993).

Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+ activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Broer, M. M.

Brown, K.

P. Liu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single- and multi-mode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys.78(2), 89–97 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “Role of cerium in lithium niobate for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys.87(9), 4051–4055 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cadier, B.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, T. Robin, B. Cadier, L. Vaccaro, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce3+ codoping on the photoluminescence excitation channels of phosphosilicate Yb/Er-doped glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 509–511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

Canevali, C.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Canillo, B.

E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cannas, M.

M. Vivona, S. Girard, T. Robin, B. Cadier, L. Vaccaro, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce3+ codoping on the photoluminescence excitation channels of phosphosilicate Yb/Er-doped glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 509–511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

Casu, M.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaudhary, H. S.

Chen, G.

J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

M. Saad, L. R. Chen, and X. Gu, “Highly reflective fiber Bragg gratings inscribed in Ce/Tm co-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(11), 1066–1068 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, P. V.

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Influence of the temperature and optical power level on induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides of pure quartz glass,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.11(9), 1171–1177 (1981).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chiodini, N.

E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cone, R. L.

Cong, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Cong, S.-M. Li, Y.-J. Wang, L. Tao, X.-Y. Liu, and W.-M. Zheng, “Photoluminescence study of Ce-doped silica films,” J. Lumin.132(1), 161–163 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

J. L. Cruz, F. Lliso-Valverde, M. V. Andres, and J. Perez-Calatayud, “Induced attenuation in Ce and Nd doped fibers irradiated with electron beams under low dose regime,” Opt. Commun.252(4-6), 286–291 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, N.-L.

Dall’Igna, R.

S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

Dasgupta, K.

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt.50(25), E80–E85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, ““Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.355, 1496–1507 (2009).

Dejene, F. B.

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Delavaque, E.

T. Taunay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, W. X. Xie, G. Martinelli, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delavaque, and H. Poignant, “Ultraviolet-enhanced photosensitivity in cerium-doped aluminosilicate fibers and glasses through high-pressure hydrogen loading,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B14(4), 912–925 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delavaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernaje, and W. X. Xie, ““Ultraviolet-induced permanent Bragg gratings in Ce-doped fluorozirconate glasses or optical fibers,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.184, 282–285 (1995).

Dhar, A.

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, ““Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.355, 1496–1507 (2009).

Di Martino, D.

N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
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E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.9(5), 636–637 (1979).
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M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
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N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
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A. Patra, D. Kundu, and D. Ganguli, “Spectroscopic study of cerium-doped silica gel monoliths and their densified derivatives,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol.9(1), 65–69 (1997).
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M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
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D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: Origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
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E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
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A. Lin and W.-T. Han, “Recent progress in development and nonlinear optical device application of optical fibers incorporated with noble metal nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE7095, 70950G(2008).
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X. Wang, J. A. Rodriguez, J. C. Hanson, M. Pérez, and J. Evans, “In situ time-resolved characterization of Au-CeO2 and AuOx-CeO2 catalysts during the water-gas shift reaction: presence of Au and O vacancies in the active phase,” J. Chem. Phys.123(22), 221101 (2005).
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S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
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B.-M. Dicks, F. Heine, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of a radiation-hard single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier at 1064 nm,” Laser Phys.11, 134–137 (2001).

Higashihata, M.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, N. J. Vasa, and T. Okada, “Large improvement in quantum fluorescence yield of Er3+–doped fluorezirconate and fluoroindate glasses by Ce3+ codoping,” J. Appl. Phys.88(5), 2187–2190 (2000).
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S. C. Jones, J. A. Sweet, P. Braunlich, J. M. Hoffman, and J. E. Hegland, “A remote fibre optic laser TLD system,” Rad. Prot. Dos.47, 525–528 (1993).

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A. L. Houston, B. L. Justus, P. L. Falkenstein, R. W. Miller, H. Ning, and R. Altemus, “Remote optical fiber dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B184(1-2), 55–67 (2001).
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S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
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B.-M. Dicks, F. Heine, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of a radiation-hard single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier at 1064 nm,” Laser Phys.11, 134–137 (2001).

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S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, S. Grimm, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of cerium-codoped high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE8621, 862116 (2013).
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D. Jia, “Relocalization of Ce3+ 5d electrons from host conduction band,” J. Lumin.117(2), 170–178 (2006).
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C. Jiang, Q. Zeng, and F. Gan, “New scincillator: Cerium-doped oxide glass,” Proc. SPIE4134, 329–335 (2000).
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Jiang, Z.-W.

Jones, S. C.

S. C. Jones, J. A. Sweet, P. Braunlich, J. M. Hoffman, and J. E. Hegland, “A remote fibre optic laser TLD system,” Rad. Prot. Dos.47, 525–528 (1993).

Justus, B. L.

A. L. Houston, B. L. Justus, P. L. Falkenstein, R. W. Miller, H. Ning, and R. Altemus, “Remote optical fiber dosimetry,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B184(1-2), 55–67 (2001).
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G. P. Singh, P. Kaur, S. Kaur, R. Kaur, and D. P. Singh, “Conversion of Ce3+ to Ce4+ ions after gamma ray irradiation on CeO2-PbO-B2O3 glasses,” Phys. B408, 115–118 (2013).
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G. P. Singh, P. Kaur, S. Kaur, R. Kaur, and D. P. Singh, “Conversion of Ce3+ to Ce4+ ions after gamma ray irradiation on CeO2-PbO-B2O3 glasses,” Phys. B408, 115–118 (2013).
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G. P. Singh, P. Kaur, S. Kaur, R. Kaur, and D. P. Singh, “Conversion of Ce3+ to Ce4+ ions after gamma ray irradiation on CeO2-PbO-B2O3 glasses,” Phys. B408, 115–118 (2013).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
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Kir’yanov, A. V.

Kirchhof, J.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, S. Grimm, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of cerium-codoped high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE8621, 862116 (2013).
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L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
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E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Influence of the temperature and optical power level on induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides of pure quartz glass,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.11(9), 1171–1177 (1981).
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E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.9(5), 636–637 (1979).
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Krsmanovic, R.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
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P. Liu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single- and multi-mode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys.78(2), 89–97 (2000).
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A. Patra, D. Kundu, and D. Ganguli, “Spectroscopic study of cerium-doped silica gel monoliths and their densified derivatives,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol.9(1), 65–69 (1997).
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M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
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Laurent, A.

Lauria, A.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
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S. X. Lian, M. Ren, J. H. Lin, Z. N. Gu, and M. Z. Su, “On the afterglow of the cerium doped silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett.19(18), 1603–1605 (2000).
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J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
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A. Lin and W.-T. Han, “Recent progress in development and nonlinear optical device application of optical fibers incorporated with noble metal nanoparticles,” Proc. SPIE7095, 70950G(2008).
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S. X. Lian, M. Ren, J. H. Lin, Z. N. Gu, and M. Z. Su, “On the afterglow of the cerium doped silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett.19(18), 1603–1605 (2000).
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P. Liu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single- and multi-mode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys.78(2), 89–97 (2000).
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Liu, X.-Y.

W.-Y. Cong, S.-M. Li, Y.-J. Wang, L. Tao, X.-Y. Liu, and W.-M. Zheng, “Photoluminescence study of Ce-doped silica films,” J. Lumin.132(1), 161–163 (2012).
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Liu, Z.-J.

Lliso-Valverde, F.

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E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
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Manning, S.

Marcandella, C.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

Mares, J. A.

S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, G.

Martini, M.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
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E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
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T. Murata, M. Sato, H. Yoshida, and K. Morinaga, ““Compositional dependence of ultraviolet fluorescence intensity of Ce3+ in silicate, borate, and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.351, 312–316 (2005).

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C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, N. J. Vasa, and T. Okada, “Large improvement in quantum fluorescence yield of Er3+–doped fluorezirconate and fluoroindate glasses by Ce3+ codoping,” J. Appl. Phys.88(5), 2187–2190 (2000).
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E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
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E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
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M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.9(5), 636–637 (1979).
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S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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T. Taunay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, W. X. Xie, G. Martinelli, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delavaque, and H. Poignant, “Ultraviolet-enhanced photosensitivity in cerium-doped aluminosilicate fibers and glasses through high-pressure hydrogen loading,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B14(4), 912–925 (1997).
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H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delavaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernaje, and W. X. Xie, ““Ultraviolet-induced permanent Bragg gratings in Ce-doped fluorozirconate glasses or optical fibers,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.184, 282–285 (1995).

Polato, P.

S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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M. Vivona, S. Girard, T. Robin, B. Cadier, L. Vaccaro, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce3+ codoping on the photoluminescence excitation channels of phosphosilicate Yb/Er-doped glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 509–511 (2012).
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M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

Rodriguez, J. A.

X. Wang, J. A. Rodriguez, J. C. Hanson, M. Pérez, and J. Evans, “In situ time-resolved characterization of Au-CeO2 and AuOx-CeO2 catalysts during the water-gas shift reaction: presence of Au and O vacancies in the active phase,” J. Chem. Phys.123(22), 221101 (2005).
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N. Chiodini, G. Brambilla, A. Vedda, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, A. Lauria, M. Redaelli, and E. Rosetta, “SiO2 – based scincillating fibres for X-ray detection,” Proc. SPIE5198, 298–305 (2004).
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Rybaltovskii, A. O.

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Influence of the temperature and optical power level on induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides of pure quartz glass,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.11(9), 1171–1177 (1981).
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E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikulin, A. O. Rybaltovskii, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.9(5), 636–637 (1979).
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T. Murata, M. Sato, H. Yoshida, and K. Morinaga, ““Compositional dependence of ultraviolet fluorescence intensity of Ce3+ in silicate, borate, and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.351, 312–316 (2005).

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C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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Semashko, V.

M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
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Sen, R.

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, ““Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.355, 1496–1507 (2009).

Sheng, Y.-B.

Simpson, J. R.

Singh, D. P.

G. P. Singh, P. Kaur, S. Kaur, R. Kaur, and D. P. Singh, “Conversion of Ce3+ to Ce4+ ions after gamma ray irradiation on CeO2-PbO-B2O3 glasses,” Phys. B408, 115–118 (2013).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+–doped optical fibres for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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J. S. Stroud, “Color-center kinetics in cerium-containing glass,” J. Chem. Phys.43(7), 2442–2450 (1965).
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S. X. Lian, M. Ren, J. H. Lin, Z. N. Gu, and M. Z. Su, “On the afterglow of the cerium doped silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett.19(18), 1603–1605 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
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Teng, W.

Y. Zhu, S. Ouyang, S. Gao, and W. Teng, “Luminescence characteristics of Ce3+ doped Ca-Al-Ba glass,” J. Wuhan Univ. Techn.24(5), 815–818 (2009).
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E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
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E. E. Trusova, N. M. Bobkova, V. S. Gurin, and E. A. Tyavlovskaya, “Nature of color centers in silicate glasses with additions of cerium and titanium oxides,” Glass and Ceram.66(7-8), 240–244 (2009).
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E. E. Trusova, N. M. Bobkova, V. S. Gurin, and E. A. Tyavlovskaya, “Nature of color centers in silicate glasses with additions of cerium and titanium oxides,” Glass and Ceram.66(7-8), 240–244 (2009).
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E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
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M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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E. Mones, I. Veronese, A. Vedda, G. Loi, M. Fazoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, B. Canillo, and M. Brambilla, “Ce-doped optical fibre as radioluminescent dosimeter in radiotherapy,” Rad. Measur.43(2-6), 888–892 (2008).
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E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
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M. Vivona, S. Girard, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, B. Cadier, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, ““Influence of Ce codoping and H pre-loading on Er/Yb-doped fiber: Radiation response characterized by Confocal Micro-Luminescence,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.357, 1963–1965 (2011).

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X. Wang, J. A. Rodriguez, J. C. Hanson, M. Pérez, and J. Evans, “In situ time-resolved characterization of Au-CeO2 and AuOx-CeO2 catalysts during the water-gas shift reaction: presence of Au and O vacancies in the active phase,” J. Chem. Phys.123(22), 221101 (2005).
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W.-Y. Cong, S.-M. Li, Y.-J. Wang, L. Tao, X.-Y. Liu, and W.-M. Zheng, “Photoluminescence study of Ce-doped silica films,” J. Lumin.132(1), 161–163 (2012).
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T. Taunay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, W. X. Xie, G. Martinelli, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, E. Delavaque, and H. Poignant, “Ultraviolet-enhanced photosensitivity in cerium-doped aluminosilicate fibers and glasses through high-pressure hydrogen loading,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B14(4), 912–925 (1997).
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H. Poignant, S. Boj, E. Delavaque, M. Monerie, T. Taunay, P. Niay, P. Bernaje, and W. X. Xie, ““Ultraviolet-induced permanent Bragg gratings in Ce-doped fluorozirconate glasses or optical fibers,” J. Non-Crystal,” Sol.184, 282–285 (1995).

Xing, R.-X.

Xu, G. Q.

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce3+ doped silica annealed at different temperatures,” J. Lumin.124(1), 151–156 (2007).
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S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
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Yang, Y.

J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
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Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, N. J. Vasa, and T. Okada, “Large improvement in quantum fluorescence yield of Er3+–doped fluorezirconate and fluoroindate glasses by Ce3+ codoping,” J. Appl. Phys.88(5), 2187–2190 (2000).
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J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
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X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “Role of cerium in lithium niobate for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys.87(9), 4051–4055 (2000).
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S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
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W.-Y. Cong, S.-M. Li, Y.-J. Wang, L. Tao, X.-Y. Liu, and W.-M. Zheng, “Photoluminescence study of Ce-doped silica films,” J. Lumin.132(1), 161–163 (2012).
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Zheng, Z. X.

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce3+ doped silica annealed at different temperatures,” J. Lumin.124(1), 151–156 (2007).
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Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, S. Ouyang, S. Gao, and W. Teng, “Luminescence characteristics of Ce3+ doped Ca-Al-Ba glass,” J. Wuhan Univ. Techn.24(5), 815–818 (2009).
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E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
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Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, N. Solovieva, J. A. Mares, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Martini, A. Vedda, and S. Baccaro, “Efficient radioluminescence of the Ce3+-doped Na-Gd phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(14), 2159–2161 (2000).
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Can. J. Phys. (1)

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Glass and Ceram. (1)

E. E. Trusova, N. M. Bobkova, V. S. Gurin, and E. A. Tyavlovskaya, “Nature of color centers in silicate glasses with additions of cerium and titanium oxides,” Glass and Ceram.66(7-8), 240–244 (2009).
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M. Saad, L. R. Chen, and X. Gu, “Highly reflective fiber Bragg gratings inscribed in Ce/Tm co-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(11), 1066–1068 (2013).
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S. S.-H. Yam, Y. Akasaka, Y. Kubota, R. Huang, D. L. Harris, and J. Pan, “Transient dynamics of fluoride-based high concentration Erbium–Cerium codoped fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 425–427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Vivona, S. Girard, T. Robin, B. Cadier, L. Vaccaro, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Influence of Ce3+ codoping on the photoluminescence excitation channels of phosphosilicate Yb/Er-doped glasses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 509–511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of luminescent trivalent cerium in silica host glasses modified by boron and phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, N. J. Vasa, and T. Okada, “Large improvement in quantum fluorescence yield of Er3+–doped fluorezirconate and fluoroindate glasses by Ce3+ codoping,” J. Appl. Phys.88(5), 2187–2190 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Yue, A. Adibi, T. Hudson, K. Buse, and D. Psaltis, “Role of cerium in lithium niobate for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys.87(9), 4051–4055 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (5)

J. S. Stroud, “Photoionization of Ce3+ in glass,” J. Chem. Phys.35(3), 844–850 (1961).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Stroud, “Color centers in a cerium-containing silicate glass,” J. Chem. Phys.37(4), 836–841 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Stroud, “Color-center kinetics in cerium-containing glass,” J. Chem. Phys.43(7), 2442–2450 (1965).
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G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+ activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (5)

S. Baccaro, R. Dall’Igna, P. Fabeni, M. Martini, J. A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G. P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “M. Martini, J.A. Mares, F. Meinardi, M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, G.P. Pazzi, P. Polato, C. Susini, A. Vedda, G. Zanella, and R. Zannoni, “Ce3+ or Tb3+ -doped phosphate and silicate scintillating glasses,” J. Lumin.87-89, 673–675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W.-Y. Cong, S.-M. Li, Y.-J. Wang, L. Tao, X.-Y. Liu, and W.-M. Zheng, “Photoluminescence study of Ce-doped silica films,” J. Lumin.132(1), 161–163 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce3+ doped silica annealed at different temperatures,” J. Lumin.124(1), 151–156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
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S. X. Lian, M. Ren, J. H. Lin, Z. N. Gu, and M. Z. Su, “On the afterglow of the cerium doped silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett.19(18), 1603–1605 (2000).
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J. Wuhan Univ. Techn. (1)

Y. Zhu, S. Ouyang, S. Gao, and W. Teng, “Luminescence characteristics of Ce3+ doped Ca-Al-Ba glass,” J. Wuhan Univ. Techn.24(5), 815–818 (2009).
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B.-M. Dicks, F. Heine, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of a radiation-hard single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier at 1064 nm,” Laser Phys.11, 134–137 (2001).

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

J. Bei, G. Qian, X. Liang, S. Yuan, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Optical properties of Ce3+-doped oxide glasses and correlations with optical basicity,” Mater. Res. Bull.42(7), 1195–1200 (2007).
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Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

E. Mones, I. Veronese, F. Moretti, M. Fasoli, G. Loi, E. Negri, M. Brambilla, N. Chiodini, and A. Vedda, “Feasibilty study for the use of Ce3+–doped optical fibers in radiotherapy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A562(1), 449–455 (2006).
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Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (2)

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, and Yu. B. Zverev, “UV and gamma radiation damage in silica glass and fibres doped with germanium and cerium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B65(1-4), 392–396 (1992).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

J. L. Cruz, F. Lliso-Valverde, M. V. Andres, and J. Perez-Calatayud, “Induced attenuation in Ce and Nd doped fibers irradiated with electron beams under low dose regime,” Opt. Commun.252(4-6), 286–291 (2005).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Laroche, S. Girard, R. Moncorge, M. Bettinelli, R. Abdulsabirov, and V. Semashko, “Beneficial effect of Lu3+ and Yb3+ ions in UV laser materials,” Opt. Mater.22(2), 147–154 (2003).
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Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. B (2)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Attenuation spectra of pristine Ce-doped (curve 1), Ce/Au-codoped (curve 2), and Al-doped Ce-free (curve 3) fibers in a VIS-to-near-IR spectral range and micro-photographs of pristine Ce-doped (b) and Ce/Au-codoped (b) fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Attenuation spectra of Ce-doped (curve 1), Ce/Au-codoped (curve 2), and Al-doped Cerium-free (curve 3) fibers, all measured after β-irradiation with dose 4 (5 × 1013 cm−2) and micro-photographs of Ce-doped (b) and Ce/Au-codoped (c) fibers recorded after irradiation with dose 4.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Main frames: IA spectra of Ce-doped (a) and Ce/Au-codoped (b) fibers; curves 1 to 6 correspond to the following doses of irradiation (in both figures): 1 × 1012 (dose 1), 5 × 1012 (dose 2), 1 × 1013 (dose 3), 5 × 1013 (dose 4), 1 × 1014 (dose 5), and 2.5 × 1015 (dose 6) cm−2. Insets: average attenuations within a 1300–1550-nm range vs. irradiation dose.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Main frames: dose dependences of IA, measured for Ce-doped (a) and Ce/Au-codoped (b) fibers; blue and red symbols and lines show IA magnitudes of bands 1 and 2, obtained after deconvolution of the spectra shown in Fig. 3. Insets: examples of deconvolution of the data obtained for the fibers, irradiated with dose 5 (spectra are plotted in eV-domain).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dynamics of attenuation decay in terms of AD in Ce-doped (a) and Ce/Au-codoped (b) fibers under the action of 543-nm light (~0.5-mW); bleaching (resulted in negative AD) was realized after β-irradiation with doses 2 (red curves 1), 4 (blue curves 2), and 6 (magenta curves 3), for which AD is taken to be zero. (c) Micro-photographs of darkened (dose 5 of β-irradiation) Ce-doped fiber prior to optical bleaching (top) and after bleaching during 7.5 hours (bottom). (d) Examples of the initial 543-nm bleaching stage, which zoom the dependences shown by curves 2 in figures (a) and (b), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Bleached (main frames) and unbleached (insets) spectral loss in Ce-doped (a) and Ce/Au-codoped (b) fibers after ~0.5-mW 543-nm treatment, posterior to β-irradiation with doses 2 (red curves 1), 4 (blue curves 2), and 6 (magenta curves 3). For comparison, curves 0 in the figures demonstrate the attenuation spectra of pristine fibers.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Dynamics of attenuation decay (in terms of transmission of Ce/Au-codoped fiber under UV-lamp illumination with maximal spectral power @350 nm). Bleaching was realized in the darkened fiber, posterior to β-irradiation with dose 4. (b) Micro-photographs of darkened (dose 5 of β-irradiation) Ce/Au-codoped prior to optical bleaching with UV-lamp (top) and after continuous bleaching during 10000 hours (bottom). (c) Examples of the spectral transformations during UV-bleaching in terms of shifting of the fiber’s transmission edge wavelength measured at −3-dB level; the data were obtained for Ce/Au-codoped (open black dots) and Ce-doped (open grey squares) fibers, preliminary β-irradiated with dose 4; both the data are fitted to the eye by dotted red lines.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Basic properties of Ce-doped and Ce/Au-codoped fibers

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