Abstract

Experimental and theoretical studies of spectral properties of chalcogenide Ge–S and As–Ge–S glasses and fibers are performed. A broad infrared (IR) luminescence band which covers the 1.2 – 2.3 μm range with a lifetime about 6 μs is discovered. Similar luminescence is also present in optical fibers drawn from these glasses. Arsenic addition to Ge–S glass significantly enhances both its resistance to crystallization and the intensity of the luminescence. Computer modeling of Bi-related centers shows that interstitial Bi+ ions adjacent to negatively charged S vacancies are most likely responsible for the IR luminescence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technology31(4), 681–688 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications1, e12 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).
  12. M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).
  14. http://elk.sourceforge.net
  15. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Philippovskiy, V. O. Sokolov, V. F. Golovanov, G. V. Golovanov, I. S. Lisitsky, and E.M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped AgCl crystals,” Opt. Lett.38(16), 2965–2968 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem.52(3), 222–232 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin.72–74,129–134 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin.78(4), 239–243 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem.6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technology31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Philippovskiy, V. O. Sokolov, V. F. Golovanov, G. V. Golovanov, I. S. Lisitsky, and E.M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped AgCl crystals,” Opt. Lett.38(16), 2965–2968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications1, e12 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin.78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin.72–74,129–134 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

1984 (1)

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem.52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem.6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Akada, T.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baroni, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Bjerrum, N. J.

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem.6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin.72–74,129–134 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem.52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bonini, N.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Calandra, M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Car, R.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Cavazzoni, C.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Ceresoli, D.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Chen, D.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiarotti, G. L.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Churbanov, M. F.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Cococcioni, M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Cole, B.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dabo, I.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Dal Corso, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Davis, H. L.

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem.6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[CrossRef]

de Gironcoli, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technology31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications1, e12 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.M.

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G. P.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, S. R.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fabris, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Fratesi, G.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Galagan, B. I.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gebauer, R.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Gerstmann, U.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Giannozzi, P.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Golovanov, G. V.

Golovanov, V. F.

Gougoussis, C.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Hewak, D. W.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hughes, M. A.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kokalj, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Koltashev, V. V.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kryukova, E. B.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetzov, V. V.

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Lazzeri, M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Lin, C. G.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lisitsky, I. S.

Liu, C.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Samos, L.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Marzari, N.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Mauri, F.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Mazzarello, R.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Meuerink, A.

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nomes, M.

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Ya.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paolini, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Pasquarello, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Paulatto, L.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Peng, M.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Philippovskiy, D. V.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Philippovskiy, V. O. Sokolov, V. F. Golovanov, G. V. Golovanov, I. S. Lisitsky, and E.M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped AgCl crystals,” Opt. Lett.38(16), 2965–2968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Pushkin, A. A.

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Pyrkov, Yu. N.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J. J.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, J.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, X. F.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sbraccia, C.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Scandolo, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Sclauzero, G.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Scripachev, I. V.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Seitsonen, A. P.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Shaw, L. B.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shipunov, V. A.

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Shiryaev, V. S.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smetanin, S. V.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. P.

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem.6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Smogunov, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Sokolov, V. O.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Philippovskiy, V. O. Sokolov, V. F. Golovanov, G. V. Golovanov, I. S. Lisitsky, and E.M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped AgCl crystals,” Opt. Lett.38(16), 2965–2968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A. M.

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin.78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, G.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H. Z.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thielen, P. A.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Timmermans, C. W. M.

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem.52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Umari, P.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Wentzcovitch, R. M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X. D.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Zh.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zakery, A.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X. J.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zuidema, J.

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett.25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[CrossRef]

High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (1)

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

IEEE J. Quant. Electronics (1)

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem.6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin.78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Crystalline Solids (1)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.42(9), 095410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(11), 113116 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technology (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technology31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin.72–74,129–134 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter21(39), 395502 (2009).

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem.52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Light: Science & Applications (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications1, e12 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Luminescence spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a. Luminescence decay curve (As10Ge35S55 + 0.45% Bi, excitation at 975 nm): τ1 ≈ 0.3 μs, τ2 ≈ 5.7 μs. b. Luminescence spectra of (a) 80GeS2–20Ga2S3 + 0.5 at.% Bi glass (excitation at 839 nm); (b) As10Ge35S55 + 0.5 at.% Bi glass (excitation at 975 nm, the spectra are normalized to 1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated levels and transitions in the complex formed by an interstitial Bi atom and an S vacancy (energy in 103 cm−1, transition wavelengths in μm).

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