Abstract

Experimental and theoretical studies of spectral properties of chalcogenide Ge–S and As–Ge–S glasses and fibers are performed. A broad infrared (IR) luminescence band which covers the 1.2 – 2.3 μm range with a lifetime about 6 μs is discovered. Similar luminescence is also present in optical fibers drawn from these glasses. Arsenic addition to Ge–S glass significantly enhances both its resistance to crystallization and the intensity of the luminescence. Computer modeling of Bi-related centers shows that interstitial Bi+ ions adjacent to negatively charged S vacancies are most likely responsible for the IR luminescence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  2. E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications 1, e12 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).
  12. M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Philippovskiy, V. O. Sokolov, V. F. Golovanov, G. V. Golovanov, I. S. Lisitsky, and E.M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped AgCl crystals,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 2965–2968 (2013).
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  18. G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 217–222 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(3), 222–232 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin. 72–74,129–134 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem. 6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
    [Crossref]

2013 (4)

2012 (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications 1, e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Ya. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin. 72–74,129–134 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

1984 (1)

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem. 6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I. D.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

Akada, T.

Baroni, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Bjerrum, N. J.

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem. 6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[Crossref]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin. 72–74,129–134 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[Crossref]

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[Crossref]

Bonini, N.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[Crossref]

Calandra, M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Car, R.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Cavazzoni, C.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Ceresoli, D.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Chen, D.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chiarotti, G. L.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Churbanov, M. F.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Cococcioni, M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Cole, B.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dabo, I.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Dal Corso, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Davis, H. L.

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem. 6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[Crossref]

de Gironcoli, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technology 31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications 1, e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.M.

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dong, G. P.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Elliott, S. R.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fabris, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Fratesi, G.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Galagan, B. I.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gebauer, R.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Gerstmann, U.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Giannozzi, P.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Golovanov, G. V.

Golovanov, V. F.

Gougoussis, C.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Hewak, D. W.

Hughes, M. A.

Kokalj, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Koltashev, V. V.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kryukova, E. B.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kuznetzov, V. V.

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Lazzeri, M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Lin, C. G.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lisitsky, I. S.

Liu, C.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Martin-Samos, L.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Marzari, N.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Mauri, F.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Mazzarello, R.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Meuerink, A.

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nomes, M.

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ohishi, Ya.

Paolini, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Pasquarello, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Paulatto, L.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Peng, M.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Philippovskiy, D. V.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Philippovskiy, V. O. Sokolov, V. F. Golovanov, G. V. Golovanov, I. S. Lisitsky, and E.M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped AgCl crystals,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 2965–2968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9324–9332 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8)),1059–1074 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Pushkin, A. A.

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Pyrkov, Yu. N.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J. R.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ren, J. J.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ruan, J.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ruan, X. F.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J. S.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sbraccia, C.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Scandolo, S.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Sclauzero, G.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Scripachev, I. V.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Seitsonen, A. P.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Shaw, L. B.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shipunov, V. A.

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

Shiryaev, V. S.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

Smetanin, S. V.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

Smith, G. P.

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem. 6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[Crossref]

Smogunov, A.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Sokolov, V. O.

Srivastava, A. M.

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

Tang, G.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tao, H. Z.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Thielen, P. A.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

Timmermans, C. W. M.

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[Crossref]

Umari, P.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Wentzcovitch, R. M.

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X. D.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, G.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, Zh.

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zakery, A.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. J.

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zuidema, J.

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. P. Dong, X. D. Xiao, J. J. Ren, J. Ruan, X. F. Ruan, J. R. Qiu, C. G. Lin, H. Z. Tao, and X. J. Zhao, “Broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped GeS2–Ga2S3 chalcogenide glasses,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1891–1894 (2008).
[Crossref]

High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (1)

I. V. Scripachev, V. V. Kuznetzov, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. A. Pushkin, M. F. Churbanov, and V. A. Shipunov, “Studies of impurities in Ge–S glasses synthesized of elements,” High-Purity Substances (Vysokochistye Veschestva) (6), 208–210 (1987) (in Russian).

IEEE J. Quant. Electronics (1)

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quant. Electronics 48(9), 1127–1137 (2001).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

H. L. Davis, N. J. Bjerrum, and G. P. Smith, “Ligand field theory of p2,4 configurations and its application to the spectrum of Bi+ in molten salt media,” Inorg. Chem. 6(6), 1172–1178 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

G. Yang, D. Chen, J. Ren, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effects of melting temperature on the broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped and Bi/Dy co-doped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3670–3672 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Tang, C. Liu, Zh. Yang, L. Luo, and W. Chen, “Near-infrared emission properties and energy transfer of Tm3+-doped and Tm3+/Dy3+-codoped chalcohalide glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113116 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigations on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 217–222 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technology (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technology 31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (2)

G. Blasse, “Classical phosphors: a Pandora box,” J. Lumin. 72–74,129–134 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+ BPO5 (M2+= Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. V. Smetanin, E. B. Kryukova, Yu. N. Pyrkov, and B. I. Galagan, “Chalcogenide glasses doped with Tb, Dy and Pr ions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 301–305 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1-3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Crystalline Solids (1)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

G. Blasse, A. Meuerink, M. Nomes, and J. Zuidema, “Unusual bismuth luminescence in strontium tetraborate (SrB407:Bi),” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 55(2), 171–174 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

P. Giannozzi, S. Baroni, N. Bonini, M. Calandra, R. Car, C. Cavazzoni, D. Ceresoli, G. L. Chiarotti, M. Cococcioni, I. Dabo, A. Dal Corso, S. Fabris, G. Fratesi, S. de Gironcoli, R. Gebauer, U. Gerstmann, C. Gougoussis, A. Kokalj, M. Lazzeri, L. Martin-Samos, N. Marzari, F. Mauri, R. Mazzarello, S. Paolini, A. Pasquarello, L. Paulatto, C. Sbraccia, S. Scandolo, G. Sclauzero, A. P. Seitsonen, A. Smogunov, P. Umari, and R. M. Wentzcovitch, “QUANTUM ESPRESSO: a modular and open-source software project for quantum simulations of materials,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(39), 395502 (2009).

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

C. W. M. Timmermans and G. Blasse, “The luminescence of some oxidic bismuth and lead compounds,” J. Solid State Chem. 52(3), 222–232 (1984).
[Crossref]

Light: Science & Applications (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Science & Applications 1, e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Luminescence spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a. Luminescence decay curve (As10Ge35S55 + 0.45% Bi, excitation at 975 nm): τ1 ≈ 0.3 μs, τ2 ≈ 5.7 μs. b. Luminescence spectra of (a) 80GeS2–20Ga2S3 + 0.5 at.% Bi glass (excitation at 839 nm); (b) As10Ge35S55 + 0.5 at.% Bi glass (excitation at 975 nm, the spectra are normalized to 1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated levels and transitions in the complex formed by an interstitial Bi atom and an S vacancy (energy in 103 cm−1, transition wavelengths in μm).

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