Abstract

The influence of post-sintering treatment by Hot Isostatic Pressing (post-HIP) of Nd:YAG ceramics on their sintering trajectories (grain size as a function of relative density or pore size) was evaluated and compared to trajectories obtained by solid-state reactive sintering (SSRS) under vacuum. This work shows that the separation phenomenon between pores and grain boundaries observed during SSRS can be efficiently avoided thanks to suitable post-HIP conditions. As a result, highly transparent Nd:YAG ceramics with small grain size (< 2 µm) were elaborated with limited sintering aid (SiO2) content.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Ikesue, I. Furusato, and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(1), 225–228 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd:YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, and F. Reynaud, “Light scattering by pores in transparent Nd:YAG ceramics for lasers: Correlations between microstructure and optical properties,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14992–15002 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, “Scattering in polycrystalline Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2194–2196 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Tsukuma, “Transparent MgAl2O4 spinel ceramics produced by HIP post-sintering,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1334), 802–806 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of transparent Ce:Y2O3 ceramics using a HIP,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 103(1203), 1155–1159 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Microstructure and optical properties of hot isostatically pressed Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1927–1933 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  13. S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. Jiménez-Melendo, H. Haneda, and H. Nozawa, “Ytterbium cation diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) - Implications for creep mechanisms,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84(10), 2356–2360 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Haneda, “Role of diffusion phenomena in the processing of ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 111(1295), 439–447 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

K. Tsukuma, “Transparent MgAl2O4 spinel ceramics produced by HIP post-sintering,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1334), 802–806 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Haneda, “Role of diffusion phenomena in the processing of ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 111(1295), 439–447 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. Jiménez-Melendo, H. Haneda, and H. Nozawa, “Ytterbium cation diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) - Implications for creep mechanisms,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84(10), 2356–2360 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, “Scattering in polycrystalline Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2194–2196 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd:YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Microstructure and optical properties of hot isostatically pressed Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1927–1933 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

A. Ikesue, I. Furusato, and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(1), 225–228 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of transparent Ce:Y2O3 ceramics using a HIP,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 103(1203), 1155–1159 (1995).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J. M.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baumard, J.-F.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, and F. Reynaud, “Light scattering by pores in transparent Nd:YAG ceramics for lasers: Correlations between microstructure and optical properties,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14992–15002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blank, P.

A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
[Crossref]

Boulesteix, R.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, and F. Reynaud, “Light scattering by pores in transparent Nd:YAG ceramics for lasers: Correlations between microstructure and optical properties,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14992–15002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chrétien, L.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dickey, E. C.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dumm, J. Q.

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Furusato, I.

A. Ikesue, I. Furusato, and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(1), 225–228 (1995).
[Crossref]

Haneda, H.

H. Haneda, “Role of diffusion phenomena in the processing of ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 111(1295), 439–447 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Jiménez-Melendo, H. Haneda, and H. Nozawa, “Ytterbium cation diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) - Implications for creep mechanisms,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84(10), 2356–2360 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hutzler, T.

A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, “Scattering in polycrystalline Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2194–2196 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Microstructure and optical properties of hot isostatically pressed Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1927–1933 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd:YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, I. Furusato, and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(1), 225–228 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of transparent Ce:Y2O3 ceramics using a HIP,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 103(1203), 1155–1159 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B.

W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiménez-Melendo, M.

M. Jiménez-Melendo, H. Haneda, and H. Nozawa, “Ytterbium cation diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) - Implications for creep mechanisms,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84(10), 2356–2360 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd:YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Microstructure and optical properties of hot isostatically pressed Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1927–1933 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of transparent Ce:Y2O3 ceramics using a HIP,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 103(1203), 1155–1159 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, I. Furusato, and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(1), 225–228 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kamimura, T.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kilo, M.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krell, A.

A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kupp, E. R.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-H.

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
[Crossref]

Maître, A.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, and F. Reynaud, “Light scattering by pores in transparent Nd:YAG ceramics for lasers: Correlations between microstructure and optical properties,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14992–15002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

Martinez, M. A.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

Messing, G. L.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mueller, K. T.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nebelung, M.

A. Krell, P. Blank, H. Ma, T. Hutzler, and M. Nebelung, “Processing of high-density submicrometer Al2O3 for new applications,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(4), 546–553 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nozawa, H.

M. Jiménez-Melendo, H. Haneda, and H. Nozawa, “Ytterbium cation diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) - Implications for creep mechanisms,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84(10), 2356–2360 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quarles, G. J.

S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rabinovitch, Y.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, and F. Reynaud, “Light scattering by pores in transparent Nd:YAG ceramics for lasers: Correlations between microstructure and optical properties,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14992–15002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, F.

Sallé, C.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
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S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
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A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
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S.-H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot isostatic pressing of transparent Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
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A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
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R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
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A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
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Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
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J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

W. Liu, J. Li, B. Jiang, D. Zhang, and Y. Pan, “2.44 KW laser output of Nd:YAG ceramic slab fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering,” J. Alloy. Comp. 538, 258–261 (2012).
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J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (9)

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd:YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
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A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, “Scattering in polycrystalline Nd:YAG lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81(8), 2194–2196 (1998).
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[Crossref]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, L. Chrétien, Y. Rabinovitch, and C. Sallé, “Microstructural evolution during vacuum sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics: Toward the origin of residual porosity affecting the transparency,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(6), 1724–1731 (2013).
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J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (3)

H. Haneda, “Role of diffusion phenomena in the processing of ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 111(1295), 439–447 (2003).
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K. Tsukuma, “Transparent MgAl2O4 spinel ceramics produced by HIP post-sintering,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1334), 802–806 (2006).
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A. Ikesue and K. Kamata, “Fabrication of transparent Ce:Y2O3 ceramics using a HIP,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 103(1203), 1155–1159 (1995).
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J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (1)

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, C. Sallé, S. Weber, and M. Kilo, “The effect of silica doping on neodymium diffusion in yttrium aluminum garnet ceramics: implications for sintering mechanisms,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(12), 2517–2526 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Elaboration process of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM micrographs for Nd:YAG ceramics pre-sintered by SSRS at 1550°C for 30 min (a), 0.14% SiO2-doped (b, c) and 0.07% SiO2-doped (d, e) Nd:YAG ceramics sintered by SSRS at temperatures from 1575°C to 1750°C; 0.14% SiO2-doped (f, g) and 0.07% SiO2-doped (h, i) Nd:YAG ceramics sintered by post-HIP under 150 MPa of argon for 1 h to 6 h at 1650°C.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Sintering trajectories from grain size G as a function of relative density ρ during SSRS under vacuum or post-HIP of Nd:YAG ceramics with different silica content.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 G-rp sintering trajectories of Nd:YAG ceramics (0.07wt.% SiO2-doped) during SSRS or post-HIP. Closed symbols and open symbols correspond to intergranular or intragranular pore radii, respectively. Separation domain between pores and grain boundaries was colored in grey and denoted Sep with arbitrary upper and lower limits.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Nd:YAG ceramic pre-sintered by SSRS at 1550°C for 30 min (a); Nd:YAG ceramics sintered by SSRS at 1750°C for 3 h with 0.14wt.% (b) or 0.07wt.% SiO2 (c); Nd:YAG ceramics sintered by post-HIP at 1650°C for 6 h with 0.14wt.% (d) or 0.07wt.% SiO2 (e).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical transmittance in the visible range of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics elaborated by SSRS under vacuum at 1750°C for 3 h or post-HIP at 1650°C for 6 h.

Equations (1)

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dρ dt = A kT G n D 0 exp( Q D RT )σ

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