Abstract

2.0at.% Nd:YAG transparent ceramics were prepared by a solid-state reactive sintering method. The as-sintered specimens were annealed at different temperatures for different time. The ceramics with average grain size of 15μm are dense and homogeneous in structure. 1450°C is determined as the optimum annealing temperature and the annealing time longer than 5h is considered as the appropriate time by the optical spectra and laser performance. At this temperature and holding time, the concentration of color centers in the specimen is relatively low and the laser slope efficiency is the highest. It is concluded that less color centers and lower optical loss in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics are necessary to obtain the excellent laser performance.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19(1), 183–187 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Boulon, “Fifty years of advances in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(3), 499–512 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Ikesue and T. Kinoshita, “fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramic for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Ikesue, “Optical Scattering Centers in Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Laser,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 80(6), 1517–1522 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. Gaume, Y. He, A. Markosyan, and R. L. Byer, “Effect of Si-induced defects on 1 μm absorption losses in laser-grade YAG ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093104 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Bass, “Color centers in yttrium gallium garnet and yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Alloy. Comp. 38, 2706–2707 (1967).
  13. K. Čermák, “Colour centres in YAG,” Phys. Status Solidi 66(1), K37–K39 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  14. N. S. Kovaleva, V. G. Kotel’nikova, and V. K. Yagmurov, “Influence of color centers on the energy characteristics of YAG:Nd3+ crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 622–624 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. A. Selim, D. Solodovnikov, M. H. Weber, and K. G. Lynn, “Identification of defects in Y3Al5O12 crystals by positron annihilation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(10), 104105 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. M. Kaczmarek, W. Zendzian, T. Lukasiewicz, K. Stepka, Z. Moroz, and S. Warchol, “Effects of gamma irradiation and annealing treatments on the performance of Cr;Tm;Ho YAG lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 54(13), 2109–2116 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. Zhang, T. Lu, B. Ma, N. Wei, Z. Lu, F. Li, Y. Guan, X. Chen, W. Liu, and L. Qi, “Improvement of optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics by post-annealing and post hot isostatic pressing,” Opt. Mater. 35(12), 2405–2410 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. J. Stevenson, B. C. Bittel, C. G. Leh, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, P. M. Lenahan, and G. L. Messing, “Color center formation in vacuum sintered Nd3xY3−3xAl5O12 transparent ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051906 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  19. W. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, B. Y. Ma, F. Li, Z. W. Lu, and J. Q. Qi, “Effect of annealing on the optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(4), 685 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J. F. Baumard, C. Sallé, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Mechanism of the liquid-phase sintering for Nd:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 31(5), 711–715 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  24. I. S. Puzyrev, I. V. V’yukhina, M. G. Ivanov, and Yu. G. Yatluk, “Development of methods for preparation of Nd : YAG nanoparticles,” Glass Phys. Chem. 38(4), 427–430 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. X. W. Ba, J. Li, Y. B. Pan, Y. P. Zeng, H. M. Kou, W. B. Liu, J. Liu, and J. K. Guo, “Comparison of aqueous- and non-aqueous-based tape casting for preparing YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 577, 228–231 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. Y. Chen, G. J. Pogatshnik, and Y. Chen, “Optical and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of Fe impurities in yttrium aluminum garnet crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(13), 8555–8561 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. Y. V. Zorenko, A. S. Voloshinovskii, and I. V. Konstankevych, “Luminescence of F+ and F centers in YAlO3,” Opt. Spectrosc. 96(4), 532–537 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  28. D. Die, X. Y. Kuang, J. J. Guo, H. Wang, and K. W. Zhou, “Optical absorption and EPR study of the octahedral Fe3+ center in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 073101 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  29. Y. X. Hu, S. Y. Wu, X. F. Wang, and P. Xu, “Investigations of the local lattice distortions and the EPR parameters for the orthorhombic Pt3+ center in YAG,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(3), 281–285 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. A. Kumar, N. Sivakumar, R. E. Vizhi, and D. R. Babu, “The effect of Fe3+ doping in Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate single crystals on structural and optical properties,", ” Physica B 406(4), 985–991 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  31. B. Savoini, C. Ballesteros, J. E. Muñoz Santiuste, and R. González, “Thermochemical reduction of yttria-stabilized-zirconia crystals: Optical and electron microscopy,",” Phys. Rev. B 57(21), 13439–13447 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  32. A. Maître, C. Sallé, R. Boulesteix, J. F. Baumard, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Effect of silica on the reactive sintering of polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(2), 406–413 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, T. Lu, B. Ma, N. Wei, Z. Lu, F. Li, Y. Guan, X. Chen, W. Liu, and L. Qi, “Improvement of optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics by post-annealing and post hot isostatic pressing,” Opt. Mater. 35(12), 2405–2410 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. W. Ba, J. Li, Y. B. Pan, Y. P. Zeng, H. M. Kou, W. B. Liu, J. Liu, and J. K. Guo, “Comparison of aqueous- and non-aqueous-based tape casting for preparing YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 577, 228–231 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

W. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, B. Y. Ma, F. Li, Z. W. Lu, and J. Q. Qi, “Effect of annealing on the optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(4), 685 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. S. Puzyrev, I. V. V’yukhina, M. G. Ivanov, and Yu. G. Yatluk, “Development of methods for preparation of Nd : YAG nanoparticles,” Glass Phys. Chem. 38(4), 427–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Boulon, “Fifty years of advances in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(3), 499–512 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Gaume, Y. He, A. Markosyan, and R. L. Byer, “Effect of Si-induced defects on 1 μm absorption losses in laser-grade YAG ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093104 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. J. Stevenson, B. C. Bittel, C. G. Leh, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, P. M. Lenahan, and G. L. Messing, “Color center formation in vacuum sintered Nd3xY3−3xAl5O12 transparent ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051906 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. A. Kumar, N. Sivakumar, R. E. Vizhi, and D. R. Babu, “The effect of Fe3+ doping in Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate single crystals on structural and optical properties,", ” Physica B 406(4), 985–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Y. X. Hu, S. Y. Wu, X. F. Wang, and P. Xu, “Investigations of the local lattice distortions and the EPR parameters for the orthorhombic Pt3+ center in YAG,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(3), 281–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J. F. Baumard, C. Sallé, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Mechanism of the liquid-phase sintering for Nd:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 31(5), 711–715 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Maître, C. Sallé, R. Boulesteix, J. F. Baumard, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Effect of silica on the reactive sintering of polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(2), 406–413 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

F. A. Selim, D. Solodovnikov, M. H. Weber, and K. G. Lynn, “Identification of defects in Y3Al5O12 crystals by positron annihilation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(10), 104105 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. Die, X. Y. Kuang, J. J. Guo, H. Wang, and K. W. Zhou, “Optical absorption and EPR study of the octahedral Fe3+ center in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 073101 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Y. V. Zorenko, A. S. Voloshinovskii, and I. V. Konstankevych, “Luminescence of F+ and F centers in YAlO3,” Opt. Spectrosc. 96(4), 532–537 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19(1), 183–187 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

B. Savoini, C. Ballesteros, J. E. Muñoz Santiuste, and R. González, “Thermochemical reduction of yttria-stabilized-zirconia crystals: Optical and electron microscopy,",” Phys. Rev. B 57(21), 13439–13447 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kaczmarek, W. Zendzian, T. Lukasiewicz, K. Stepka, Z. Moroz, and S. Warchol, “Effects of gamma irradiation and annealing treatments on the performance of Cr;Tm;Ho YAG lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 54(13), 2109–2116 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. Ikesue, “Optical Scattering Centers in Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Laser,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 80(6), 1517–1522 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue and T. Kinoshita, “fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramic for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

C. Y. Chen, G. J. Pogatshnik, and Y. Chen, “Optical and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of Fe impurities in yttrium aluminum garnet crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(13), 8555–8561 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (2)

K. Čermák, “Colour centres in YAG,” Phys. Status Solidi 66(1), K37–K39 (1981).
[Crossref]

N. S. Kovaleva, V. G. Kotel’nikova, and V. K. Yagmurov, “Influence of color centers on the energy characteristics of YAG:Nd3+ crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 622–624 (1981).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

M. Bass, “Color centers in yttrium gallium garnet and yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Alloy. Comp. 38, 2706–2707 (1967).

1960 (1)

T. H. Maiman, “Stimulated optical radiation in ruby,” Nature 187(4736), 493–494 (1960).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J. M.

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ba, X. W.

J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. W. Ba, J. Li, Y. B. Pan, Y. P. Zeng, H. M. Kou, W. B. Liu, J. Liu, and J. K. Guo, “Comparison of aqueous- and non-aqueous-based tape casting for preparing YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 577, 228–231 (2013).
[Crossref]

Babu, D. R.

R. A. Kumar, N. Sivakumar, R. E. Vizhi, and D. R. Babu, “The effect of Fe3+ doping in Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate single crystals on structural and optical properties,", ” Physica B 406(4), 985–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baker, C.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ballesteros, C.

B. Savoini, C. Ballesteros, J. E. Muñoz Santiuste, and R. González, “Thermochemical reduction of yttria-stabilized-zirconia crystals: Optical and electron microscopy,",” Phys. Rev. B 57(21), 13439–13447 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bass, M.

M. Bass, “Color centers in yttrium gallium garnet and yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Alloy. Comp. 38, 2706–2707 (1967).

Baumard, J. F.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J. F. Baumard, C. Sallé, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Mechanism of the liquid-phase sintering for Nd:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 31(5), 711–715 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Maître, C. Sallé, R. Boulesteix, J. F. Baumard, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Effect of silica on the reactive sintering of polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(2), 406–413 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bittel, B. C.

A. J. Stevenson, B. C. Bittel, C. G. Leh, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, P. M. Lenahan, and G. L. Messing, “Color center formation in vacuum sintered Nd3xY3−3xAl5O12 transparent ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051906 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boulesteix, R.

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J. F. Baumard, C. Sallé, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Mechanism of the liquid-phase sintering for Nd:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 31(5), 711–715 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Maître, C. Sallé, R. Boulesteix, J. F. Baumard, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Effect of silica on the reactive sintering of polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(2), 406–413 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

G. Boulon, “Fifty years of advances in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(3), 499–512 (2012).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

R. Gaume, Y. He, A. Markosyan, and R. L. Byer, “Effect of Si-induced defects on 1 μm absorption losses in laser-grade YAG ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cermák, K.

K. Čermák, “Colour centres in YAG,” Phys. Status Solidi 66(1), K37–K39 (1981).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

C. Y. Chen, G. J. Pogatshnik, and Y. Chen, “Optical and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of Fe impurities in yttrium aluminum garnet crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(13), 8555–8561 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

W. Zhang, T. Lu, B. Ma, N. Wei, Z. Lu, F. Li, Y. Guan, X. Chen, W. Liu, and L. Qi, “Improvement of optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics by post-annealing and post hot isostatic pressing,” Opt. Mater. 35(12), 2405–2410 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

C. Y. Chen, G. J. Pogatshnik, and Y. Chen, “Optical and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of Fe impurities in yttrium aluminum garnet crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(13), 8555–8561 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dickey, E. C.

A. J. Stevenson, B. C. Bittel, C. G. Leh, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, P. M. Lenahan, and G. L. Messing, “Color center formation in vacuum sintered Nd3xY3−3xAl5O12 transparent ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051906 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Die, D.

D. Die, X. Y. Kuang, J. J. Guo, H. Wang, and K. W. Zhou, “Optical absorption and EPR study of the octahedral Fe3+ center in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 073101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dumm, J. Q.

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feng, X. Q.

J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Frantz, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gaume, R.

R. Gaume, Y. He, A. Markosyan, and R. L. Byer, “Effect of Si-induced defects on 1 μm absorption losses in laser-grade YAG ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gong, M.

H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
[Crossref]

González, R.

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[Crossref]

Simonaitis-Castillo, V. K.

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sivakumar, N.

R. A. Kumar, N. Sivakumar, R. E. Vizhi, and D. R. Babu, “The effect of Fe3+ doping in Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate single crystals on structural and optical properties,", ” Physica B 406(4), 985–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

Solodovnikov, D.

F. A. Selim, D. Solodovnikov, M. H. Weber, and K. G. Lynn, “Identification of defects in Y3Al5O12 crystals by positron annihilation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(10), 104105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stepka, K.

S. M. Kaczmarek, W. Zendzian, T. Lukasiewicz, K. Stepka, Z. Moroz, and S. Warchol, “Effects of gamma irradiation and annealing treatments on the performance of Cr;Tm;Ho YAG lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 54(13), 2109–2116 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, A. J.

A. J. Stevenson, B. C. Bittel, C. G. Leh, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, P. M. Lenahan, and G. L. Messing, “Color center formation in vacuum sintered Nd3xY3−3xAl5O12 transparent ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051906 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takaichi, K.

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Uematsu, T.

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

V’yukhina, I. V.

I. S. Puzyrev, I. V. V’yukhina, M. G. Ivanov, and Yu. G. Yatluk, “Development of methods for preparation of Nd : YAG nanoparticles,” Glass Phys. Chem. 38(4), 427–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

Villalobos, G.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vizhi, R. E.

R. A. Kumar, N. Sivakumar, R. E. Vizhi, and D. R. Babu, “The effect of Fe3+ doping in Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate single crystals on structural and optical properties,", ” Physica B 406(4), 985–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

Voloshinovskii, A. S.

Y. V. Zorenko, A. S. Voloshinovskii, and I. V. Konstankevych, “Luminescence of F+ and F centers in YAlO3,” Opt. Spectrosc. 96(4), 532–537 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, D. S.

H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

D. Die, X. Y. Kuang, J. J. Guo, H. Wang, and K. W. Zhou, “Optical absorption and EPR study of the octahedral Fe3+ center in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 073101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. F.

Y. X. Hu, S. Y. Wu, X. F. Wang, and P. Xu, “Investigations of the local lattice distortions and the EPR parameters for the orthorhombic Pt3+ center in YAG,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(3), 281–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

Warchol, S.

S. M. Kaczmarek, W. Zendzian, T. Lukasiewicz, K. Stepka, Z. Moroz, and S. Warchol, “Effects of gamma irradiation and annealing treatments on the performance of Cr;Tm;Ho YAG lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 54(13), 2109–2116 (1998).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. H.

F. A. Selim, D. Solodovnikov, M. H. Weber, and K. G. Lynn, “Identification of defects in Y3Al5O12 crystals by positron annihilation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(10), 104105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wei, N.

W. Zhang, T. Lu, B. Ma, N. Wei, Z. Lu, F. Li, Y. Guan, X. Chen, W. Liu, and L. Qi, “Improvement of optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics by post-annealing and post hot isostatic pressing,” Opt. Mater. 35(12), 2405–2410 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, B. Y. Ma, F. Li, Z. W. Lu, and J. Q. Qi, “Effect of annealing on the optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(4), 685 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. Y.

Y. X. Hu, S. Y. Wu, X. F. Wang, and P. Xu, “Investigations of the local lattice distortions and the EPR parameters for the orthorhombic Pt3+ center in YAG,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(3), 281–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xie, T. F.

J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. Q.

J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Xu, P.

Y. X. Hu, S. Y. Wu, X. F. Wang, and P. Xu, “Investigations of the local lattice distortions and the EPR parameters for the orthorhombic Pt3+ center in YAG,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(3), 281–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yagi, H.

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yagmurov, V. K.

N. S. Kovaleva, V. G. Kotel’nikova, and V. K. Yagmurov, “Influence of color centers on the energy characteristics of YAG:Nd3+ crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 622–624 (1981).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yanagitani, T.

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yatluk, Yu. G.

I. S. Puzyrev, I. V. V’yukhina, M. G. Ivanov, and Yu. G. Yatluk, “Development of methods for preparation of Nd : YAG nanoparticles,” Glass Phys. Chem. 38(4), 427–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zendzian, W.

S. M. Kaczmarek, W. Zendzian, T. Lukasiewicz, K. Stepka, Z. Moroz, and S. Warchol, “Effects of gamma irradiation and annealing treatments on the performance of Cr;Tm;Ho YAG lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 54(13), 2109–2116 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y. P.

J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. W. Ba, J. Li, Y. B. Pan, Y. P. Zeng, H. M. Kou, W. B. Liu, J. Liu, and J. K. Guo, “Comparison of aqueous- and non-aqueous-based tape casting for preparing YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 577, 228–231 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, T. Lu, B. Ma, N. Wei, Z. Lu, F. Li, Y. Guan, X. Chen, W. Liu, and L. Qi, “Improvement of optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics by post-annealing and post hot isostatic pressing,” Opt. Mater. 35(12), 2405–2410 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, B. Y. Ma, F. Li, Z. W. Lu, and J. Q. Qi, “Effect of annealing on the optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(4), 685 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K. W.

D. Die, X. Y. Kuang, J. J. Guo, H. Wang, and K. W. Zhou, “Optical absorption and EPR study of the octahedral Fe3+ center in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 073101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zorenko, Y. V.

Y. V. Zorenko, A. S. Voloshinovskii, and I. V. Konstankevych, “Luminescence of F+ and F centers in YAlO3,” Opt. Spectrosc. 96(4), 532–537 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

F. A. Selim, D. Solodovnikov, M. H. Weber, and K. G. Lynn, “Identification of defects in Y3Al5O12 crystals by positron annihilation spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(10), 104105 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. Stevenson, B. C. Bittel, C. G. Leh, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, P. M. Lenahan, and G. L. Messing, “Color center formation in vacuum sintered Nd3xY3−3xAl5O12 transparent ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051906 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. R. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. R. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Q. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

Y. X. Hu, S. Y. Wu, X. F. Wang, and P. Xu, “Investigations of the local lattice distortions and the EPR parameters for the orthorhombic Pt3+ center in YAG,” Eur. Phys. J. D 58(3), 281–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

Glass Phys. Chem. (1)

I. S. Puzyrev, I. V. V’yukhina, M. G. Ivanov, and Yu. G. Yatluk, “Development of methods for preparation of Nd : YAG nanoparticles,” Glass Phys. Chem. 38(4), 427–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Alloy. Comp. (3)

X. W. Ba, J. Li, Y. B. Pan, Y. P. Zeng, H. M. Kou, W. B. Liu, J. Liu, and J. K. Guo, “Comparison of aqueous- and non-aqueous-based tape casting for preparing YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloy. Comp. 577, 228–231 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bass, “Color centers in yttrium gallium garnet and yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Alloy. Comp. 38, 2706–2707 (1967).

H. Yang, X. Qin, J. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Ma, L. Wang, and Q. Zhang, “Fabrication of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics with both TEOS and MgO additives,” J. Alloy. Comp. 509(17), 5274–5279 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (4)

A. Ikesue and T. Kinoshita, “fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramic for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, “Optical Scattering Centers in Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Laser,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 80(6), 1517–1522 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, E. R. Kupp, A. J. Stevenson, J. M. Anderson, G. L. Messing, X. Li, E. C. Dickey, J. Q. Dumm, V. K. Simonaitis-Castillo, and G. J. Quarles, “Hot Isostatic Pressing of Transparent Nd:YAG Ceramics,", ” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(7), 1456–1463 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Maître, C. Sallé, R. Boulesteix, J. F. Baumard, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Effect of silica on the reactive sintering of polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(2), 406–413 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Gaume, Y. He, A. Markosyan, and R. L. Byer, “Effect of Si-induced defects on 1 μm absorption losses in laser-grade YAG ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093104 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. Li, J. Liu, B. L. Liu, W. B. Liu, Y. P. Zeng, X. W. Ba, T. F. Xie, B. X. Jiang, Q. Liu, Y. B. Pan, X. Q. Feng, and J. K. Guo, “Influence of heat treatment of powder mixture on the microstructure and optical transmission of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(10), 2497–2507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

H. X. Kang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, D. S. Wang, and M. Gong, “An end-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguides laser with an optical to optical conversion efficiency of 58%,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 879–881 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

T. H. Maiman, “Stimulated optical radiation in ruby,” Nature 187(4736), 493–494 (1960).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (6)

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19(1), 183–187 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Boulon, “Fifty years of advances in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 34(3), 499–512 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic laser materials: Past and present,” Opt. Mater. 35(4), 693–699 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, T. Lu, B. Ma, N. Wei, Z. Lu, F. Li, Y. Guan, X. Chen, W. Liu, and L. Qi, “Improvement of optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics by post-annealing and post hot isostatic pressing,” Opt. Mater. 35(12), 2405–2410 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, B. Y. Ma, F. Li, Z. W. Lu, and J. Q. Qi, “Effect of annealing on the optical properties of Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(4), 685 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J. F. Baumard, C. Sallé, and Y. Rabinovitch, “Mechanism of the liquid-phase sintering for Nd:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 31(5), 711–715 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

Y. V. Zorenko, A. S. Voloshinovskii, and I. V. Konstankevych, “Luminescence of F+ and F centers in YAlO3,” Opt. Spectrosc. 96(4), 532–537 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

D. Die, X. Y. Kuang, J. J. Guo, H. Wang, and K. W. Zhou, “Optical absorption and EPR study of the octahedral Fe3+ center in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 073101 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Savoini, C. Ballesteros, J. E. Muñoz Santiuste, and R. González, “Thermochemical reduction of yttria-stabilized-zirconia crystals: Optical and electron microscopy,",” Phys. Rev. B 57(21), 13439–13447 (1998).
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C. Y. Chen, G. J. Pogatshnik, and Y. Chen, “Optical and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of Fe impurities in yttrium aluminum garnet crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(13), 8555–8561 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

K. Čermák, “Colour centres in YAG,” Phys. Status Solidi 66(1), K37–K39 (1981).
[Crossref]

Physica B (1)

R. A. Kumar, N. Sivakumar, R. E. Vizhi, and D. R. Babu, “The effect of Fe3+ doping in Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate single crystals on structural and optical properties,", ” Physica B 406(4), 985–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. S. Kovaleva, V. G. Kotel’nikova, and V. K. Yagmurov, “Influence of color centers on the energy characteristics of YAG:Nd3+ crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(5), 622–624 (1981).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (1)

S. M. Kaczmarek, W. Zendzian, T. Lukasiewicz, K. Stepka, Z. Moroz, and S. Warchol, “Effects of gamma irradiation and annealing treatments on the performance of Cr;Tm;Ho YAG lasers,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 54(13), 2109–2116 (1998).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the end-pumped Nd:YAG ceramic laser oscillator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM micrographs of the Nd:YAG ceramics sintered at 1750°C for 50h: (a) polished and thermally etched surface; (b) fracture surface.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 In-line transmittance of the Nd:YAG ceramics annealed at different temperatures for 10h.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption spectra of the Nd:YAG ceramics annealed at 1450°C for different time.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Fluorescence emission spectrum for the Nd:YAG ceramics annealed at 1450°C for 10h.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Decay curves of the Nd:YAG ceramics annealed at different temperatures for 10h.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The laser output power of the Nd:YAG ceramics annealed at different temperatures for 10h versus the incident pumping power.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The laser output power of the Nd:YAG ceramics annealed at 1450°C for different time versus the incident pumping power.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

O 2 O + e
V O + e V O ( F + )
V O +2 e V O × (F)
Fe Fe n + O O Vacuumsintering Airannealing Fe Fe n-1 + 1 2 V O + 1 2 O 2 (g)
I=A+B*exp(t/τ)

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