Abstract

Studies on transparent laser ceramics continues to rapidly progress, this holds true for non-cubic ceramics as well. Cubic transparent ceramics have been demonstrated to be superior to their single crystal counterparts for laser applications. However, fabrication of anisotropic laser ceramics through ceramic processing is still a challenging problem in material science due to the birefringence inherent to these materials. Currently, there are two possible methods used to reduce the effects of birefringence in anisotropic laser ceramics: by achieving an orientated texture through the application of a high magnetic field, or by generating nanostructured grains through a fast sintering consolidation process. This research work presents an alternative method to process anisotropic Yb:S-FAP optical ceramics through a fast consolidation process. The methodology can be used as a versatile and practical way to develop nanostructured transparent ceramics with an anisotropic structure for laser and optical applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2011 (1)

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022703 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Hecht, “New materials expand capabilities of solid-state lasers,” Laser Focus World 45(2), 50–52 (2009).

2008 (7)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. J. Mao, S. W. Wang, S. Shimai, and J. K. Guo, “Transparent polycrystalline alumina ceramics with orientated optical axes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3431–3433 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. L. Messing and A. J. Stevenson, “Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics,” Science 322(5900), 383–384 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Uchikoshi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Sakka, “Crystalline orientation of alumina ceramics prepared by electrophoretic deposition under a high magnetic field,” J. Mater. Sci. 41(24), 8074–8078 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Synthesis and performance of advanced ceramic lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1936–1944 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. Sakka and T. S. Suzuki, “Textured development of feeble magnetic ceramics by colloidal processing under high magnetic field,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 113(1313), 26–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Ceramic laser: ready for action,” Photon. Spectra 38(2), 2–8 (2004).

2003 (3)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi A 200(2), 215–296 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb:S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the Mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth 253(1–4), 297–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

Akchurin, M. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, J.

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022703 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser ceramics with rare-earth-doped anisotropic materials,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3598–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asai, S.

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Synthesis and performance of advanced ceramic lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1936–1944 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bayramian, A. B.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb:S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the Mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth 253(1–4), 297–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

Boatner, L. A.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brecher, C.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Ceramic laser: ready for action,” Photon. Spectra 38(2), 2–8 (2004).

Chai, B. H. T.

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

DeLoach, L. D.

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Ceramic laser: ready for action,” Photon. Spectra 38(2), 2–8 (2004).

Dong, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Glodo, J.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guo, J. K.

X. J. Mao, S. W. Wang, S. Shimai, and J. K. Guo, “Transparent polycrystalline alumina ceramics with orientated optical axes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3431–3433 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hecht, J.

J. Hecht, “New materials expand capabilities of solid-state lasers,” Laser Focus World 45(2), 50–52 (2009).

Howe, J. Y.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Synthesis and performance of advanced ceramic lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1936–1944 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ito, S.

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jellison, G.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kamimura, T.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi A 200(2), 215–296 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kato, Z.

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kawase, T.

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kintaka, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kuretake, S.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lempicki, A.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, M. S.

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

Loutts, G.

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

Makiya, A.

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mao, X. J.

X. J. Mao, S. W. Wang, S. Shimai, and J. K. Guo, “Transparent polycrystalline alumina ceramics with orientated optical axes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3431–3433 (2008).
[Crossref]

Matsuda, N.

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Messing, G. L.

G. L. Messing and A. J. Stevenson, “Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics,” Science 322(5900), 383–384 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Morris, R. C.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb:S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the Mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth 253(1–4), 297–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

Neal, J. S.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, T.

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

North, A.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Okada, T.

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Okido, M.

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

Payzant, A. E.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ramey, J. O.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rhee, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sakabe, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sakka, Y.

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Uchikoshi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Sakka, “Crystalline orientation of alumina ceramics prepared by electrophoretic deposition under a high magnetic field,” J. Mater. Sci. 41(24), 8074–8078 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakka and T. S. Suzuki, “Textured development of feeble magnetic ceramics by colloidal processing under high magnetic field,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 113(1313), 26–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sassa, K.

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sato, Y.

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022703 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser ceramics with rare-earth-doped anisotropic materials,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3598–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schaffers, K. I.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb:S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the Mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth 253(1–4), 297–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shimai, S.

X. J. Mao, S. W. Wang, S. Shimai, and J. K. Guo, “Transparent polycrystalline alumina ceramics with orientated optical axes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3431–3433 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shirakawa, A.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, A. J.

G. L. Messing and A. J. Stevenson, “Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics,” Science 322(5900), 383–384 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

T. Uchikoshi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Sakka, “Crystalline orientation of alumina ceramics prepared by electrophoretic deposition under a high magnetic field,” J. Mater. Sci. 41(24), 8074–8078 (2006).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T. S.

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Sakka and T. S. Suzuki, “Textured development of feeble magnetic ceramics by colloidal processing under high magnetic field,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 113(1313), 26–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022703 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser ceramics with rare-earth-doped anisotropic materials,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3598–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, K.

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takaichi, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, N.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, S.

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tassano, J. B.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb:S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the Mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth 253(1–4), 297–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tokurakawa, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Uchikoshi, T.

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Uchikoshi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Sakka, “Crystalline orientation of alumina ceramics prepared by electrophoretic deposition under a high magnetic field,” J. Mater. Sci. 41(24), 8074–8078 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Uematsu, K.

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Waide, P. A.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. W.

X. J. Mao, S. W. Wang, S. Shimai, and J. K. Guo, “Transparent polycrystalline alumina ceramics with orientated optical axes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3431–3433 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wisdom, J.

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Ceramic laser: ready for action,” Photon. Spectra 38(2), 2–8 (2004).

Wisniewska, M.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wisniewski, D. J.

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yokogawa, Y.

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X. W.

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Taira, T. Kamimura, K. Yoshida, and G. L. Messing, “Progress in ceramic lasers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36(1), 397–429 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022703 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluoroapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(1), 170–179 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

D. J. Wisniewski, L. A. Boatner, J. S. Neal, G. Jellison, J. O. Ramey, A. North, M. Wisniewska, A. E. Payzant, J. Y. Howe, A. Lempicki, C. Brecher, and J. Glodo, “Development of novel polycrystalline ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(3), 1501–1508 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (4)

X. J. Mao, S. W. Wang, S. Shimai, and J. K. Guo, “Transparent polycrystalline alumina ceramics with orientated optical axes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(10), 3431–3433 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Tanaka, A. Makiya, T. Okada, T. Kawase, Z. Kato, and K. Uematsu, “C‐Axis orientation of KSr2Nb5O15 using a rotating magnetic field,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(11), 3503–3506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, M. S. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Sakka, “Tailoring texture of γ‐Y2Si2O7 by strong magnetic field alignment and two‐step sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2521–2528 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Synthesis and performance of advanced ceramic lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1936–1944 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. D. Deloach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite structure crystals-a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (2)

Y. Sakka and T. S. Suzuki, “Textured development of feeble magnetic ceramics by colloidal processing under high magnetic field,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 113(1313), 26–36 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. W. Zhu, T. S. Suzuki, T. Uchikoshi, T. Nishimura, and Y. Sakka, “Texture development in Sι3N4 ceramics by magnetic field alignment during slip casting,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 114(1335), 979–987 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb:S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the Mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth 253(1–4), 297–306 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, P. A. Waide, S. A. Payne, and R. C. Morris, “Progress in the growth of Yb: S–FAP laser crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2–4), 449–453 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. Uchikoshi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Sakka, “Crystalline orientation of alumina ceramics prepared by electrophoretic deposition under a high magnetic field,” J. Mater. Sci. 41(24), 8074–8078 (2006).
[Crossref]

Laser Focus World (1)

J. Hecht, “New materials expand capabilities of solid-state lasers,” Laser Focus World 45(2), 50–52 (2009).

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mater. Sci. Eng. A (1)

Y. Sakka, K. Takahashi, T. S. Suzuki, S. Ito, and N. Matsuda, “Texture development of hydroxyapatite ceramics by colloidal processing in a high magnetic field followed by sintering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A 475(1–2), 27–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mater. Trans., JIM (1)

K. Inoue, K. Sassa, Y. Yokogawa, Y. Sakka, M. Okido, and S. Asai, “Control of crystal orientation of hydroxyapatite by imposition of a high magnetic field,” Mater. Trans., JIM 44(6), 1133–1137 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Spectra (1)

J. Wisdom, M. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Ceramic laser: ready for action,” Photon. Spectra 38(2), 2–8 (2004).

Phys. Status Solidi A (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Modern developments in the physics of crystalline laser materials,” Phys. Status Solidi A 200(2), 215–296 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, N. Tanaka, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, K. Ueda, K. Takaichi, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, J. Dong, Y. Kintaka, S. Kuretake, and Y. Sakabe, “Nonlinear-laser χ(3)- and χ(2)-effects in fine-grained highly transparent optical Ba(Mg,Zr,Ta)O3 ceramics and their microhardness,” Phys. Status Solidi A 205(7), 1666–1671 (2008).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

G. L. Messing and A. J. Stevenson, “Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics,” Science 322(5900), 383–384 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

S.-J. L. Kang, Sintering: Densification, Grain Growth and Microstructure (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2004).

Y. Sato, J. Akiyama, and T. Taira, “Micro-domain controlled anisotropic laser ceramics assisted by rare-earth trivalent,” in Pacific Rim Laser Damage Symposium: Optical Materials for High Power Lasers(International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2011), pp. 82061–82068.
[Crossref]

J. F. Carvalho, D. E. Vicente, and F. S. Ferrari, “Synthesis and sintering of YAP: towards non cubic transparent ceramics,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Laser Ceramics Symposium (CNRS Paris, France, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A diagram of anisotropic material with an inherent birefringence.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Microstructure images (a) and an XRD pattern (b) of the synthesized powder.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SEM image and XRD pattern of the sintered Yb:S-FAP ceramics.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) in-line transmittance and an inset image of Yb:S-FAP ceramics, and (b) an extinction spectrum of Yb3+
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Yb3+ extinction spectrum (left) and absorption spectrum (right)

Equations (2)

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U(θ) 1 4μ 0 V B 2 (2χ+Δχcos2θ)
d G k = S k dT+ μ k d N k V k γ g d( 1 r k )+ V k ij σ ij d ε ij P k dE M k dB

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