Abstract

A series of Tm3+ and/or Eu3+ doped Ca9Gd(VO4)7 single composition phosphors were synthesized by a solid state reaction method, and their luminescence properties were investigated. Tm3+ and Eu3+ co-doped Ca9Gd(VO4)7 phosphors showed a blue with the peak at 477 nm and red with the stronger peak at 620 nm dual emission bands under the UV excitation, which originates from the f-f transitions of Tm3+ and Eu3+ ions, respectively. The energy transfer from O2--V5+ CT (charge transfer) energy to Tm3+ and Eu3+ ions as well as the energy transfer from Tm3+ to Eu3+ ions were investigated. The photoluminescence intensity ratio of blue and red emission could be tuned by adjusting the concentration of Tm3+ and Eu3+ ions and as a result the emission color varies from blue to white to red. The white-light emission is realized in single phased phosphor of Ca9Gd(VO4)7:Tm3+, Eu3+ by combining the Tm3+-emission and the Eu3+-emission.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  39. B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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2014 (1)

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (7)

J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Engineering of Algan-Delta-Gan Quantum-Well Gain Media for Mid- and Deep-Ultraviolet Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Journal5(2), 2600209 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Qin, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Structure and luminescence of new red-emitting materials-Eu3+-doped triple orthovanadates NaALa(VO4)2 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1181–1187 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen and Z. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Li2Ca2ScV3O12 and Li2Ca2ScV3O12:Eu3+ synthesized by solid-state reaction method,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2736–2739 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Z. Xia, M. Yi, X. Wu, and H. Xin, “Rare-earth free self-activated and rare-earth activated Ca2NaZn2V3O12 vanadate phosphors and their color-tunable luminescence properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(10), 1439–1443 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samoc, “Multiphoton absorption in europium(iii) doped YVO4 nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(37), 5837–5842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

T. M. Al tahtamouni, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, “Optical polarization in c-plane Al-rich AlN/AlxGa1-xN single quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(4), 042103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Taniyasu and M. Kasu, “Polarization property of deep-ultraviolet light emission from C-plane AlN/GaN short-period superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (9)

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, Y. J. Ding, G. Liu, G. S. Huang, H. Zhao, N. Tansu, and J. B. Khurgin, “Photoluminescence emission in deep ultraviolet region from GaN/AlN asymmetric-coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(2), 021904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Effect of crystal-field split-off hole and heavy-hole bands crossover on gain characteristics of high Al-content AlGaN quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 111105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Guo, X. Wang, J. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Manabe, “Correlation between Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Structural Properties of Vanadate Phosphors with Chained, Dimerized, and Isolated VO4 Tetrahedra,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(11), 5160–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

X. Wu, Y. Huang, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Spectroscopy characteristics of vanadate Ca9Dy(VO4)7 for application of white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys.116(2-3), 449–452 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Jiao and Y. H. Wang, “Ca2Al2SiO7:Ce3+, Tb3+: A white-light phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(5), J117–J120 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Warm white light from Y4MgSi3O13:Bi3+, Eu3+ nanophosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.74(2), 498–501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Crawford, “Leds for Solid-State Lighting: Performance Challenges and Recent Advances,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(4), 1028–1040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Kumagai, “Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 735–740 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, and Y. X. Pan, “Enhanced white light emission from GdAl3(BO3)4:Dy3+,Ce3+ nanorods,” Nanotechnology18(14), 145602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yang, Y. X. Pan, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced white light emission from Dy3+/Ce3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B137(1-3), 195–199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Jong, K. K. Ae, H. P. Yun, C. C. Jin, L. P. Hong, and C. K. Gwang, “Luminescent and thermal properties of full-color emitting X3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ (X=Ba, Sr, Ca) phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin.122–123, 583–586 (2007).

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “White light generation under violet-blue excitation from tunable green-to-red emitting Ca2MgSi2O7:Eu,Mn through energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 161901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-C. Park and S.-i. Mho, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3V2O8, Ba3(1-x)Eu2xV2O8 and Ba2Y2/3V2O8:Eu3+,” J. Lumin.122–123, 95–98 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

W. J. Yang, L. Y. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and Energy Transfer of Eu- and Mn-Coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a Potential Phosphor for White-Light UV LED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2934 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Benmokhtar, A. El Jazouli, J. P. Chaminade, P. Gravereau, F. Guillen, and D. De Waal, “Synthesis, crystal structure and optical properties of BiMgVO5,” J. Solid State Chem.177(11), 4175–4182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

H. Ronde and G. Blasse, “The nature of the electronic transitions of the vanadate group,” J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem.40(2), 215–219 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer in oxidic phosphors,” Philips Res. Rep24, 131–144 (1969).

1957 (1)

H. Gobrecht and G. Heinsohn, “Über die Lumineszenz der Alkalivanadate,” Z. Phys.147(3), 350–360 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Ae, K. K.

S. K. Jong, K. K. Ae, H. P. Yun, C. C. Jin, L. P. Hong, and C. K. Gwang, “Luminescent and thermal properties of full-color emitting X3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ (X=Ba, Sr, Ca) phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin.122–123, 583–586 (2007).

Al tahtamouni, T. M.

T. M. Al tahtamouni, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, “Optical polarization in c-plane Al-rich AlN/AlxGa1-xN single quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(4), 042103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Baryshnikova, O. V.

B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Belik, A. A.

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M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
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Kim, G. C.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2934 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2934 (2004).
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T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Kumagai, “Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 735–740 (2008).
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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. S.

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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H. Guo, X. Wang, J. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, G.

G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. H.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lian, H.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J. Y.

T. M. Al tahtamouni, J. Y. Lin, and H. X. Jiang, “Optical polarization in c-plane Al-rich AlN/AlxGa1-xN single quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(4), 042103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, Y. J. Ding, G. Liu, G. S. Huang, H. Zhao, N. Tansu, and J. B. Khurgin, “Photoluminescence emission in deep ultraviolet region from GaN/AlN asymmetric-coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(2), 021904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G.-K.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

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W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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W. J. Yang, L. Y. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and Energy Transfer of Eu- and Mn-Coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a Potential Phosphor for White-Light UV LED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Manabe, T.

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Manabe, “Correlation between Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Structural Properties of Vanadate Phosphors with Chained, Dimerized, and Isolated VO4 Tetrahedra,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(11), 5160–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mho, S. I.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2934 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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K.-C. Park and S.-i. Mho, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3V2O8, Ba3(1-x)Eu2xV2O8 and Ba2Y2/3V2O8:Eu3+,” J. Lumin.122–123, 95–98 (2007).
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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
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T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Manabe, “Correlation between Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Structural Properties of Vanadate Phosphors with Chained, Dimerized, and Isolated VO4 Tetrahedra,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(11), 5160–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Kumagai, “Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 735–740 (2008).
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D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samoc, “Multiphoton absorption in europium(iii) doped YVO4 nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(37), 5837–5842 (2013).
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S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, and Y. X. Pan, “Enhanced white light emission from GdAl3(BO3)4:Dy3+,Ce3+ nanorods,” Nanotechnology18(14), 145602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yang, Y. X. Pan, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced white light emission from Dy3+/Ce3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B137(1-3), 195–199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. L.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2934 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, K.-C.

K.-C. Park and S.-i. Mho, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3V2O8, Ba3(1-x)Eu2xV2O8 and Ba2Y2/3V2O8:Eu3+,” J. Lumin.122–123, 95–98 (2007).
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G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
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C. Qin, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Structure and luminescence of new red-emitting materials-Eu3+-doped triple orthovanadates NaALa(VO4)2 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1181–1187 (2013).
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H. Ronde and G. Blasse, “The nature of the electronic transitions of the vanadate group,” J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem.40(2), 215–219 (1978).
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D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samoc, “Multiphoton absorption in europium(iii) doped YVO4 nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(37), 5837–5842 (2013).
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Seo, H. J.

C. Qin, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Structure and luminescence of new red-emitting materials-Eu3+-doped triple orthovanadates NaALa(VO4)2 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1181–1187 (2013).
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X. Wu, Y. Huang, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Spectroscopy characteristics of vanadate Ca9Dy(VO4)7 for application of white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys.116(2-3), 449–452 (2009).
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Shang, M.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shao, B.

W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
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Shen, C. Y.

C. Y. Shen, Y. Yang, and S. Z. Jin, Light-Emitting Diode Materials and DevicesII, 682815 (SPIE, 2007).

Shen, J.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
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Shi, L.

X. Wu, Y. Huang, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Spectroscopy characteristics of vanadate Ca9Dy(VO4)7 for application of white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys.116(2-3), 449–452 (2009).
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M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

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N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
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G. Sun, Y. J. Ding, G. Liu, G. S. Huang, H. Zhao, N. Tansu, and J. B. Khurgin, “Photoluminescence emission in deep ultraviolet region from GaN/AlN asymmetric-coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(2), 021904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
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Y. Taniyasu and M. Kasu, “Polarization property of deep-ultraviolet light emission from C-plane AlN/GaN short-period superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251112 (2011).
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J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Engineering of Algan-Delta-Gan Quantum-Well Gain Media for Mid- and Deep-Ultraviolet Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Journal5(2), 2600209 (2013).
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N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, Y. J. Ding, G. Liu, G. S. Huang, H. Zhao, N. Tansu, and J. B. Khurgin, “Photoluminescence emission in deep ultraviolet region from GaN/AlN asymmetric-coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(2), 021904 (2010).
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J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Effect of crystal-field split-off hole and heavy-hole bands crossover on gain characteristics of high Al-content AlGaN quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 111105 (2010).
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B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tong, H.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, T.

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Manabe, “Correlation between Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Structural Properties of Vanadate Phosphors with Chained, Dimerized, and Isolated VO4 Tetrahedra,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(11), 5160–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Kumagai, “Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 735–740 (2008).
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Ueda, Y.

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Manabe, “Correlation between Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Structural Properties of Vanadate Phosphors with Chained, Dimerized, and Isolated VO4 Tetrahedra,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(11), 5160–5167 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Kumagai, “Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 735–740 (2008).
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Wang, F.

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
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Wang, M.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
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Wang, N. S.

W. J. Yang, L. Y. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and Energy Transfer of Eu- and Mn-Coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a Potential Phosphor for White-Light UV LED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
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H. Guo, X. Wang, J. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
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H. Y. Jiao and Y. H. Wang, “Ca2Al2SiO7:Ce3+, Tb3+: A white-light phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(5), J117–J120 (2009).
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D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samoc, “Multiphoton absorption in europium(iii) doped YVO4 nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(37), 5837–5842 (2013).
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Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
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Wu, B.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

X. Chen, Z. Xia, M. Yi, X. Wu, and H. Xin, “Rare-earth free self-activated and rare-earth activated Ca2NaZn2V3O12 vanadate phosphors and their color-tunable luminescence properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(10), 1439–1443 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, Y. Huang, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Spectroscopy characteristics of vanadate Ca9Dy(VO4)7 for application of white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys.116(2-3), 449–452 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.

X. Chen, Z. Xia, M. Yi, X. Wu, and H. Xin, “Rare-earth free self-activated and rare-earth activated Ca2NaZn2V3O12 vanadate phosphors and their color-tunable luminescence properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(10), 1439–1443 (2013).
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X. Chen and Z. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Li2Ca2ScV3O12 and Li2Ca2ScV3O12:Eu3+ synthesized by solid-state reaction method,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2736–2739 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, F.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Warm white light from Y4MgSi3O13:Bi3+, Eu3+ nanophosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.74(2), 498–501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, R.-J.

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xin, H.

X. Chen, Z. Xia, M. Yi, X. Wu, and H. Xin, “Rare-earth free self-activated and rare-earth activated Ca2NaZn2V3O12 vanadate phosphors and their color-tunable luminescence properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(10), 1439–1443 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.-D.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Y. N.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Warm white light from Y4MgSi3O13:Bi3+, Eu3+ nanophosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.74(2), 498–501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C. H.

C. H. Yang, Y. X. Pan, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced white light emission from Dy3+/Ce3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B137(1-3), 195–199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, and Y. X. Pan, “Enhanced white light emission from GdAl3(BO3)4:Dy3+,Ce3+ nanorods,” Nanotechnology18(14), 145602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, M.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W. J.

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang, L. Y. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and Energy Transfer of Eu- and Mn-Coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a Potential Phosphor for White-Light UV LED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.-Q.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

C. Y. Shen, Y. Yang, and S. Z. Jin, Light-Emitting Diode Materials and DevicesII, 682815 (SPIE, 2007).

Ye, S.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

Yi, M.

X. Chen, Z. Xia, M. Yi, X. Wu, and H. Xin, “Rare-earth free self-activated and rare-earth activated Ca2NaZn2V3O12 vanadate phosphors and their color-tunable luminescence properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(10), 1439–1443 (2013).
[CrossRef]

You, H.

W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yun, H. P.

S. K. Jong, K. K. Ae, H. P. Yun, C. C. Jin, L. P. Hong, and C. K. Gwang, “Luminescent and thermal properties of full-color emitting X3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ (X=Ba, Sr, Ca) phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin.122–123, 583–586 (2007).

Zeng, S.

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.-N.

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Engineering of Algan-Delta-Gan Quantum-Well Gain Media for Mid- and Deep-Ultraviolet Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Journal5(2), 2600209 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Effect of crystal-field split-off hole and heavy-hole bands crossover on gain characteristics of high Al-content AlGaN quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 111105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Warm white light from Y4MgSi3O13:Bi3+, Eu3+ nanophosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.74(2), 498–501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, and Y. X. Pan, “Enhanced white light emission from GdAl3(BO3)4:Dy3+,Ce3+ nanorods,” Nanotechnology18(14), 145602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yang, Y. X. Pan, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced white light emission from Dy3+/Ce3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B137(1-3), 195–199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Effect of crystal-field split-off hole and heavy-hole bands crossover on gain characteristics of high Al-content AlGaN quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 111105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, Y. J. Ding, G. Liu, G. S. Huang, H. Zhao, N. Tansu, and J. B. Khurgin, “Photoluminescence emission in deep ultraviolet region from GaN/AlN asymmetric-coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(2), 021904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.-T.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, W.-C.

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, W.

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

M. Shang, G. Li, X. Kang, D. Yang, D. Geng, and J. Lin, “Tunable Luminescence and Energy Transfer properties of Sr₃AlO₄F:RE³+ (RE = Tm/Tb, Eu, Ce) Phosphors,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces3(7), 2738–2746 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Geng, M. Shang, C. Peng, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Single-Composition Trichromatic White-Emitting Ca4Y6(SiO4)6O: Ce3+/Mn2+/Tb3+ Phosphor: Luminescence and Energy Transfer,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(1), 296–305 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Acta Mater. (1)

W.-Q. Yang, H.-G. Liu, M. Gao, Y. Bai, J.-T. Zhao, X.-D. Xu, B. Wu, W.-C. Zheng, G.-K. Liu, and Y. Lin, “Dual-luminescence-center single-component white-light Sr2V2O7: Eu3+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Acta Mater.61(13), 5096–5104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Sun, Y. J. Ding, G. Liu, G. S. Huang, H. Zhao, N. Tansu, and J. B. Khurgin, “Photoluminescence emission in deep ultraviolet region from GaN/AlN asymmetric-coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(2), 021904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Effect of crystal-field split-off hole and heavy-hole bands crossover on gain characteristics of high Al-content AlGaN quantum well lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(11), 111105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Taniyasu and M. Kasu, “Polarization property of deep-ultraviolet light emission from C-plane AlN/GaN short-period superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “White light generation under violet-blue excitation from tunable green-to-red emitting Ca2MgSi2O7:Eu,Mn through energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 161901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2934 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Yang and T. M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Chang and T. M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

B. I. Lazoryak, O. V. Baryshnikova, S. Y. Stefanovich, A. P. Malakho, V. A. Morozov, A. A. Belik, I. A. Leonidov, O. N. Leonidova, and G. V. Tendeloo, “Ferroelectric and ionic-conductive properties of nonlinear-optical vanadate, Ca9Bi(VO4)7,” Chem. Mater.15(15), 3003–3010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

W. J. Yang, L. Y. Luo, T. M. Chen, and N. S. Wang, “Luminescence and Energy Transfer of Eu- and Mn-Coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a Potential Phosphor for White-Light UV LED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

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IEEE Photonics Journal (1)

J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Engineering of Algan-Delta-Gan Quantum-Well Gain Media for Mid- and Deep-Ultraviolet Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Journal5(2), 2600209 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Journal (1)

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photonics Journal2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (2)

W. Lü, N. Guo, Y. Jia, Q. Zhao, W. Lv, M. Jiao, B. Shao, and H. You, “Tunable Color of Ce3+/Tb3+/Mn2+-Coactivated CaScAlSiO6 via Energy Transfer: A Single-Component Red/White-Emitting Phosphor,” Inorg. Chem.52(6), 3007–3012 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: A Potential Single-Phased White-Light-Emitting Phosphor Suitable for White-Light-Emitting Diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

M. Wang, H. Zhang, L. Li, X. Liu, F. Hong, R. Li, H. Song, M. Gui, J. Shen, W. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. H. Jeong, “Charge Transfer Bands of Mo-O and Photoluminescence Properties of Micro-Material Y2moO6:Eu3+ Red Phosphor,” J. Alloy. Comp.585, 138–145 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

C. Qin, Y. Huang, and H. J. Seo, “Structure and luminescence of new red-emitting materials-Eu3+-doped triple orthovanadates NaALa(VO4)2 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1181–1187 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R.-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Y. Li, T. Takeda, C.-N. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1−x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (2)

H. Y. Jiao and Y. H. Wang, “Ca2Al2SiO7:Ce3+, Tb3+: A white-light phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(5), J117–J120 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhou, F. Wang, S. Liu, K. Huang, Z. Li, S. Zeng, and K. Jiang, “A single-phase phosphor Ba3LiMgV3O12: Eu3+ for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc.158(12), H1238–H1241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

K.-C. Park and S.-i. Mho, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3V2O8, Ba3(1-x)Eu2xV2O8 and Ba2Y2/3V2O8:Eu3+,” J. Lumin.122–123, 95–98 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Jong, K. K. Ae, H. P. Yun, C. C. Jin, L. P. Hong, and C. K. Gwang, “Luminescent and thermal properties of full-color emitting X3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ (X=Ba, Sr, Ca) phosphors for white LED,” J. Lumin.122–123, 583–586 (2007).

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samoc, “Multiphoton absorption in europium(iii) doped YVO4 nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(37), 5837–5842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Geng, D. Yang, X. Kang, Y. Zhang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Blue Emitting Ca8La2(PO4)6O2:Ce3+/Eu2+ Phosphors with High Color Purity and Brightness for White LED: Soft-Chemical Synthesis, Luminescence, and Energy Transfer Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(18), 10222–10231 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

X. Chen, Z. Xia, M. Yi, X. Wu, and H. Xin, “Rare-earth free self-activated and rare-earth activated Ca2NaZn2V3O12 vanadate phosphors and their color-tunable luminescence properties,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(10), 1439–1443 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Manabe, “Correlation between Luminescence Quantum Efficiency and Structural Properties of Vanadate Phosphors with Chained, Dimerized, and Isolated VO4 Tetrahedra,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(11), 5160–5167 (2010).
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Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

X. Wu, Y. Huang, L. Shi, and H. J. Seo, “Spectroscopy characteristics of vanadate Ca9Dy(VO4)7 for application of white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Chem. Phys.116(2-3), 449–452 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

C. H. Yang, Y. X. Pan, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Enhanced white light emission from Dy3+/Ce3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B137(1-3), 195–199 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep. (1)

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. R-Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).

Nanotechnology (1)

Q. Y. Zhang, C. H. Yang, and Y. X. Pan, “Enhanced white light emission from GdAl3(BO3)4:Dy3+,Ce3+ nanorods,” Nanotechnology18(14), 145602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

T. Nakajima, M. Isobe, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Ueda, and T. Kumagai, “Direct fabrication of metavanadate phosphor films on organic substrates for white-light-emitting devices,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 735–740 (2008).
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H. Guo, X. Wang, J. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
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Opt. Mater. (1)

X. Chen and Z. Xia, “Luminescence properties of Li2Ca2ScV3O12 and Li2Ca2ScV3O12:Eu3+ synthesized by solid-state reaction method,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2736–2739 (2013).
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Physica B (1)

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue–white–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (1)

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Warm white light from Y4MgSi3O13:Bi3+, Eu3+ nanophosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.74(2), 498–501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C. Y. Shen, Y. Yang, and S. Z. Jin, Light-Emitting Diode Materials and DevicesII, 682815 (SPIE, 2007).

G. Blasse, ed., Luminescence and Energy Transfer (Berlin, 2006).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical XRD patterns of Ca9Gd(VO4)7: 5% Eu3+ as a function of the final calcinations temperature (a) 1000°C (b) 950°C (e) 850°C (f) 750°C and the standard data for (d) Ca9Gd(VO4)7(JCPDS file No. 48-1782) and (e) Ca3(VO4)2 (JCPDS file No. 46-0756)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the CGV: 3% Tm3+ sample and CGV: 5% Eu3+ sample: (a) PLE of CGV: 3% Tm3+em = 477 nm) and its Gaussian components at 294 nm and 316 nm; (b) PL of CGV: 3% Tm3+ex = 315 nm); (c) PLE of CGV: 5% Eu3+em = 620 nm); (d) PL of CGV: 5% Eu3+ex = 315 nm)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The CIE chromaticity diagram for the CGV: 3% Tm3+ (point 1) and CGV: 5% Eu3+ (point 2).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The PLE and PL spectra of CGV:5%Eu and CGV:3%Tm obtained after calcined at different temperatures.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) and (b) are PLE and PL spectra of CGV:yEu3+with different concentration of Eu3+, respectively. Inset in (b) is the dependence curve of PL intensity at 620nm on the concentration of Eu3+. (c), (d) are PLE and PL spectra of CGV:xTm3+ with different concentration of Tm3+, respectively. Inset in (d) is the dependence curve of PL intensity at 477nm on the concentration of Tm3+.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(A) and (B) are representative photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra of CGV:xTm3+,yEu3+, respectively; (C) Spectra overlap between the photoluminescence emission spectrum of CGV:Tm3+ (black line) and the photoluminescence excitation spectrum of CGV:Eu3+ (red line); (D) Decay curves for the luminescence of Tm3+ ions in CGV:3%Tm3+, yEu3+ samples (excitation at 315nm, monitored at 477nm); (E) The schematic diagram of the excitation, emission and energy transfer in CGV:xTm3+,yEu3+.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

PL spectra, comparision of the two strong emission intensities at 477nm and 620 nm, and the corresponding CIE chromaticity diagram for CGV:xTm3+,yEu3+. (a),(b)and (c): CGV:3% Tm3+, yEu3+ (y = 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%); (d), (e) and (f): CGV: 5% Tm3+, yEu3+(y = 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 2.5% and 3%); (g), (h) and (i): CGV: 7% Tm3+, yEu3+ (y = 0.1%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Energy-transfer efficiency from Tm3+ to Eu3+ in CGV: 3% Tm3+, yEu3+(y = 0.1%,0.5%,1%,1.5%,2%) samples.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dependence of ISO/IS of Tm3+ on (a)C6/3, (b) C8/3 and (c)C10/3

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Chromaticity Coordinates (x,y) of the Tm3+and/ or Eu3+ Doped CGV Samples under 315 nm Excitation

Equations (4)

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η T = 1 I S I S O
R T m E u = 2 ( 3 V 4 π x C N ) 1 / 3
η 0 η C n / 3
I S O I S C n / 3

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