Abstract

The mid-infrared (mid-IR, 2.5 to 10 μm wavelengths) is a strategically important spectral band for an array of applications such as thermal imaging, chem/bio sensing, spectroscopy, infrared countermeasures, and free space communications. Mid-IR photonics have emerged as an active area of investigation in recent years, largely spurred by the rapid progress of cascade laser sources, uncooled detectors, and specialty mid-IR optical fibers. The 27 papers of this feature issue focus on the leading enabling material technologies for mid-IR photonics, and encompass recent advances in both active (lasers and detectors) and passive (fibers and waveguides) components. Linear and nonlinear photon-matter interactions in the mid-IR are also covered.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y.  Yao, A.  Hoffman, C.  Gmachl, “Mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 432–439 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A.  Hugi, R.  Maulini, J.  Faist, “External cavity quantum cascade laser,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25(8), 083001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. W.  Bewley, C. L.  Canedy, C. S.  Kim, M.  Kim, C. D.  Merritt, J.  Abell, I.  Vurgaftman, J. R.  Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012) (Gey.).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S.  Maimon, G. W.  Wicks, “nBn detector, an infrared detector with reduced dark current and higher operating temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S.  Mirov, V.  Fedorov, D.  Martyshkin, I.  Moskalev, M.  Mirov, V.  Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P.  Kadwani, N.  Modsching, R. A.  Sims, L.  Leick, J.  Broeng, L.  Shah, M.  Richardson, “Q-switched thulium-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1664–1666 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N.  Carlie, J. D.  Musgraves, B.  Zdyrko, I.  Luzinov, J.  Hu, V.  Singh, A.  Agarwal, L. C.  Kimerling, A.  Canciamilla, F.  Morichetti, A.  Melloni, K.  Richardson, “Integrated chalcogenide waveguide resonators for mid-IR sensing: leveraging material properties to meet fabrication challenges,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26728–26743 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R.  Soref, “Towards silicon-based Longwave Integrated Optoelectronics (LIO),” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689809–1–689809-13 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N.  Yu, E.  Cubukcu, L.  Diehl, D.  Bour, S.  Corzine, J.  Zhu, G.  Höfler, K. B.  Crozier, F.  Capasso, “Bowtie plasmonic quantum cascade laser antenna,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13272–13281 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A.  Ródenas, G.  Martin, B.  Arezki, N.  Psaila, G.  Jose, A.  Jha, L.  Labadie, P.  Kern, A.  Kar, R.  Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 392–394 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A.  Schliesser, N.  Picqué, T.  Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B.  Kuyken, X.  Liu, R. M.  Osgood, R.  Baets, G.  Roelkens, W. M.  Green, “Mid-infrared to telecom-band supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20172–20181 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A.  Marandi, C. W.  Rudy, V. G.  Plotnichenko, E. M.  Dianov, K. L.  Vodopyanov, R. L.  Byer, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in tapered chalcogenide fiber for producing octave-spanning frequency comb around 3 μm,” Opt. Express 20(22), 24218–24225 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P.  Berry, J.  Macdonald, S.  Beecher, S.  McDaniel, K.  Schepler, A.  Kar, “Fabrication and power scaling of a 1.7 W Cr:ZnSe waveguide laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1250–1258 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J.  McCloy, B.  Potter, “Photoluminescence in Chemical Vapor Deposited ZnS: insight into electronic defects,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1273–1278 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G.  Zhu, X.  Zhu, K.  Balakrishnan, R.  Norwood, N.  Peyghambarian, “Fe2+:ZnSe and graphene Q-switched singly Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1365–1377 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N.  Bandyopadhyay, M.  Razeghi, Y.  Bai, Q.  Lu, S.  Slivken, “Recent advances in mid infrared (3-5µm Quantum Cascade Lasers,” (in press) Opt. Mater. Express (2013).
  21. M.  Troccoli, A.  Lyakh, J.  Fan, X.  Wang, R.  Maulini, A.  Tsekoun, R.  Go, C. K. N.  Patel, “Long-Wave IR Quantum Cascade Lasers for emission in the λ = 8-12μm spectral region,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1546–1560 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C.  Zhou, I.  Vurgaftman, C. L.  Canedy, C. S.  Kim, M.  Kim, W. W.  Bewley, C. D.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J. R.  Meyer, A.  Hoang, A.  Haddadi, M.  Razeghi, M.  Grayson, “Thermal conductivity tensors of the cladding and active layers of antimonide infrared lasers and detectors,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1632–1640 (2013).
  23. S.  Höfling, R.  Weih, A.  Bauer, M.  Kamp, “Interband cascade lasers with AlGaAsSb cladding layers,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1624–1631 (2013).
  24. G.  Almuneau, Y.  Laaroussi, C.  Chevallier, F.  Genty, N.  Fressengeas, L.  Cerutti, T.  Taliercio, O.  Gauthier-Lafaye, P.-F.  Calmon, B.  Reig, J.  Jacquet, “Oxide confinement and high contrast grating mirrors for Mid-infrared VCSELs,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1576–1585 (2013).
  25. H.  Munasinghe, A.  Winterstein-Beckmann, C.  Schiele, D.  Manzani, L.  Wondraczek, S.  Afshar V, T. M.  Monro, H.  Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Lead-germanate glasses and fibers: a practical alternative to tellurite for nonlinear fiber applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1488–1503 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J.  Bei, T.  Monro, A.  Hemming, H.  Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Reduction of scattering loss in fluoroindate glass fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1285–1301 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  27. P.  Lucas, Z.  Yang, M.  Fah, T.  Luo, S.  Jiang, C.  Boussard-Pledel, M.  Anne, B.  Bureau, “Telluride glasses for far infrared photonic applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1049–1058 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  28. C.  Bledt, J.  Melzer, J.  Harrington, “Investigation of metal sulfide optical thin film growth in low-loss IR hollow glass waveguides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1397–1407 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S.  Geyer, J.  Scherer, F.  Jaworski, M.  Bawendi, “Multispectral imaging via luminescent down-shifting with colloidal quantum dots,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1167–1175 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y.  Zhong, P.  Dongmo, L.  Gong, S.  Law, B.  Chase, D.  Wasserman, J.  Zide, “Degenerately doped InGaBiAs:Si as a highly conductive and transparent contact material in the infrared range,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1197–1204 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M.  Nedeljkovic, A. Z.  Khokhar, Y.  Hu, X.  Chen, J. S.  Penades, S.  Stankovic, H. M. H.  Chong, D. J.  Thomson, F. Y.  Gardes, G. T.  Reed, G. Z.  Mashanovich, “Silicon photonic devices and platforms for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1205–1214 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  32. G.  Roelkens, U.  Dave, A.  Gassenq, N.  Hattasan, C.  Hu, B.  Kuyken, F.  Leo, A.  Malik, M.  Muneeb, E.  Ryckeboer, S.  Uvin, Z.  Hens, R.  Baets, Y.  Shimura, F.  Gencarelli, B.  Vincent, R.  Loo, J.  Van Campenhout, L.  Cerutti, J.  Rodriguez, E.  Tournié, X.  Chen, M.  Nedeljkovic, G.  Mashanovich, L.  Shen, N.  Healy, A.  Peacock, X.  Liu, R.  Osgood, W.  Green, “Silicon-based heterogeneous photonic integrated circuits for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1523–1536 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  33. P.  Lin, V.  Singh, J.  Wang, H.  Lin, J.  Hu, K.  Richardson, J.  Musgraves, I.  Luzinov, J.  Hensley, L.  Kimerling, A.  Agarwal, “Si-CMOS compatible materials and devices for mid-IR microphotonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1474–1487 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  34. H.  Lin, L.  Li, Y.  Zou, S.  Danto, J. D.  Musgraves, K.  Richardson, S.  Kozacik, M.  Murakowski, D.  Prather, P. T.  Lin, V.  Singh, A.  Agarwal, L. C.  Kimerling, J.  Hu, “Demonstration of high-Q mid-infrared chalcogenide glass-on-silicon resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38(9), 1470–1472 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. H.  Lin, L.  Li, F.  Deng, C.  Ni, S.  Danto, J. D.  Musgraves, K.  Richardson, J.  Hu, “Demonstration of mid-infrared waveguide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2779–2782 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. Y.  Zha, M.  Waldmann, C.  Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  37. L.  Zhang, W.  Zhang, X.  Wang, P.  Zhang, S.  Dai, Q.  Nie, “Investigation of Ge20Sb15Se65 photonic crystal slab waveguides with slow light at infrared wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1438–1443 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  38. L.  Bi, N.  Duan, H.  Lin, L.  Li, J.  Hu, H.  Lu, X.  Weng, J.  Xie, L.  Deng, “ZrO2-TiO2 thin films: a new material system for mid-infrared integrated photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1537–1545 (2013).
  39. M.  Bache, H.  Guo, B.  Zou, “Generating mid-IR octave-spanning supercontinna and few-cycle pulses with solitons in phase-mismatched quadratic nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1647–1657 (2013).
  40. Y.  Yu, X.  Gai, T.  Wang, P.  Ma, R.  Wang, Z.  Yang, D.  Choi, S.  Madden, B.  Luther-Davies, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1075–1086 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  41. D.  Churin, T.  Nguyen, K.  Kieu, R.  Norwood, N.  Peyghambarian, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in an integrated liquid-core optical fiber filled with CS2,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1358–1364 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  42. J.  Jang, A.  Haynes, F.  Saouma, C.  Otieno, M.  Kanatzidis, “Broadband studies of the strong mid-infrared nonlinear optical responses of KPSe6,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1302–1312 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  43. A.  Machnev, P.  Novozhylov, A.  Poimanov, I.  Mel’nikov, “Single-pass parametric generator made of DFB diodes, specialty fiber amplifier, and periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1608–1615 (2013).
  44. D. G.  MacLachlan, R. R.  Thomson, C. R.  Cunningham, D.  Lee, “Mid-infrared volume phase gratings manufactured using Ultrafast Laser Inscription,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1616–1624 (2013).

2013

P.  Berry, J.  Macdonald, S.  Beecher, S.  McDaniel, K.  Schepler, A.  Kar, “Fabrication and power scaling of a 1.7 W Cr:ZnSe waveguide laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1250–1258 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J.  McCloy, B.  Potter, “Photoluminescence in Chemical Vapor Deposited ZnS: insight into electronic defects,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1273–1278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G.  Zhu, X.  Zhu, K.  Balakrishnan, R.  Norwood, N.  Peyghambarian, “Fe2+:ZnSe and graphene Q-switched singly Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1365–1377 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N.  Bandyopadhyay, M.  Razeghi, Y.  Bai, Q.  Lu, S.  Slivken, “Recent advances in mid infrared (3-5µm Quantum Cascade Lasers,” (in press) Opt. Mater. Express (2013).

M.  Troccoli, A.  Lyakh, J.  Fan, X.  Wang, R.  Maulini, A.  Tsekoun, R.  Go, C. K. N.  Patel, “Long-Wave IR Quantum Cascade Lasers for emission in the λ = 8-12μm spectral region,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1546–1560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C.  Zhou, I.  Vurgaftman, C. L.  Canedy, C. S.  Kim, M.  Kim, W. W.  Bewley, C. D.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J. R.  Meyer, A.  Hoang, A.  Haddadi, M.  Razeghi, M.  Grayson, “Thermal conductivity tensors of the cladding and active layers of antimonide infrared lasers and detectors,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1632–1640 (2013).

S.  Höfling, R.  Weih, A.  Bauer, M.  Kamp, “Interband cascade lasers with AlGaAsSb cladding layers,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1624–1631 (2013).

G.  Almuneau, Y.  Laaroussi, C.  Chevallier, F.  Genty, N.  Fressengeas, L.  Cerutti, T.  Taliercio, O.  Gauthier-Lafaye, P.-F.  Calmon, B.  Reig, J.  Jacquet, “Oxide confinement and high contrast grating mirrors for Mid-infrared VCSELs,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1576–1585 (2013).

H.  Munasinghe, A.  Winterstein-Beckmann, C.  Schiele, D.  Manzani, L.  Wondraczek, S.  Afshar V, T. M.  Monro, H.  Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Lead-germanate glasses and fibers: a practical alternative to tellurite for nonlinear fiber applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1488–1503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J.  Bei, T.  Monro, A.  Hemming, H.  Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Reduction of scattering loss in fluoroindate glass fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1285–1301 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P.  Lucas, Z.  Yang, M.  Fah, T.  Luo, S.  Jiang, C.  Boussard-Pledel, M.  Anne, B.  Bureau, “Telluride glasses for far infrared photonic applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1049–1058 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C.  Bledt, J.  Melzer, J.  Harrington, “Investigation of metal sulfide optical thin film growth in low-loss IR hollow glass waveguides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1397–1407 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S.  Geyer, J.  Scherer, F.  Jaworski, M.  Bawendi, “Multispectral imaging via luminescent down-shifting with colloidal quantum dots,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1167–1175 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Zhong, P.  Dongmo, L.  Gong, S.  Law, B.  Chase, D.  Wasserman, J.  Zide, “Degenerately doped InGaBiAs:Si as a highly conductive and transparent contact material in the infrared range,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1197–1204 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M.  Nedeljkovic, A. Z.  Khokhar, Y.  Hu, X.  Chen, J. S.  Penades, S.  Stankovic, H. M. H.  Chong, D. J.  Thomson, F. Y.  Gardes, G. T.  Reed, G. Z.  Mashanovich, “Silicon photonic devices and platforms for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1205–1214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G.  Roelkens, U.  Dave, A.  Gassenq, N.  Hattasan, C.  Hu, B.  Kuyken, F.  Leo, A.  Malik, M.  Muneeb, E.  Ryckeboer, S.  Uvin, Z.  Hens, R.  Baets, Y.  Shimura, F.  Gencarelli, B.  Vincent, R.  Loo, J.  Van Campenhout, L.  Cerutti, J.  Rodriguez, E.  Tournié, X.  Chen, M.  Nedeljkovic, G.  Mashanovich, L.  Shen, N.  Healy, A.  Peacock, X.  Liu, R.  Osgood, W.  Green, “Silicon-based heterogeneous photonic integrated circuits for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1523–1536 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P.  Lin, V.  Singh, J.  Wang, H.  Lin, J.  Hu, K.  Richardson, J.  Musgraves, I.  Luzinov, J.  Hensley, L.  Kimerling, A.  Agarwal, “Si-CMOS compatible materials and devices for mid-IR microphotonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1474–1487 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H.  Lin, L.  Li, Y.  Zou, S.  Danto, J. D.  Musgraves, K.  Richardson, S.  Kozacik, M.  Murakowski, D.  Prather, P. T.  Lin, V.  Singh, A.  Agarwal, L. C.  Kimerling, J.  Hu, “Demonstration of high-Q mid-infrared chalcogenide glass-on-silicon resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38(9), 1470–1472 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.  Lin, L.  Li, F.  Deng, C.  Ni, S.  Danto, J. D.  Musgraves, K.  Richardson, J.  Hu, “Demonstration of mid-infrared waveguide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2779–2782 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.  Zha, M.  Waldmann, C.  Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L.  Zhang, W.  Zhang, X.  Wang, P.  Zhang, S.  Dai, Q.  Nie, “Investigation of Ge20Sb15Se65 photonic crystal slab waveguides with slow light at infrared wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1438–1443 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L.  Bi, N.  Duan, H.  Lin, L.  Li, J.  Hu, H.  Lu, X.  Weng, J.  Xie, L.  Deng, “ZrO2-TiO2 thin films: a new material system for mid-infrared integrated photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1537–1545 (2013).

M.  Bache, H.  Guo, B.  Zou, “Generating mid-IR octave-spanning supercontinna and few-cycle pulses with solitons in phase-mismatched quadratic nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1647–1657 (2013).

Y.  Yu, X.  Gai, T.  Wang, P.  Ma, R.  Wang, Z.  Yang, D.  Choi, S.  Madden, B.  Luther-Davies, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1075–1086 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D.  Churin, T.  Nguyen, K.  Kieu, R.  Norwood, N.  Peyghambarian, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in an integrated liquid-core optical fiber filled with CS2,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1358–1364 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J.  Jang, A.  Haynes, F.  Saouma, C.  Otieno, M.  Kanatzidis, “Broadband studies of the strong mid-infrared nonlinear optical responses of KPSe6,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1302–1312 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A.  Machnev, P.  Novozhylov, A.  Poimanov, I.  Mel’nikov, “Single-pass parametric generator made of DFB diodes, specialty fiber amplifier, and periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1608–1615 (2013).

D. G.  MacLachlan, R. R.  Thomson, C. R.  Cunningham, D.  Lee, “Mid-infrared volume phase gratings manufactured using Ultrafast Laser Inscription,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1616–1624 (2013).

2012

2011

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B.  Kuyken, X.  Liu, R. M.  Osgood, R.  Baets, G.  Roelkens, W. M.  Green, “Mid-infrared to telecom-band supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20172–20181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.  Mirov, V.  Fedorov, D.  Martyshkin, I.  Moskalev, M.  Mirov, V.  Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

N.  Carlie, J. D.  Musgraves, B.  Zdyrko, I.  Luzinov, J.  Hu, V.  Singh, A.  Agarwal, L. C.  Kimerling, A.  Canciamilla, F.  Morichetti, A.  Melloni, K.  Richardson, “Integrated chalcogenide waveguide resonators for mid-IR sensing: leveraging material properties to meet fabrication challenges,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26728–26743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.  Hugi, R.  Maulini, J.  Faist, “External cavity quantum cascade laser,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25(8), 083001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

R.  Soref, “Towards silicon-based Longwave Integrated Optoelectronics (LIO),” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689809–1–689809-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

S.  Maimon, G. W.  Wicks, “nBn detector, an infrared detector with reduced dark current and higher operating temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Abell, J.

Afshar V, S.

Agarwal, A.

Almuneau, G.

Anne, M.

Arezki, B.

Arnold, C.

Bache, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Bai, Y.

Balakrishnan, K.

Bandyopadhyay, N.

Bauer, A.

Bawendi, M.

Beecher, S.

Bei, J.

Berry, P.

Bewley, W.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bewley, W. W.

Bi, L.

Bledt, C.

Bour, D.

Boussard-Pledel, C.

Brajuskovic, V.

S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Bureau, B.

Byer, R. L.

Calmon, P.-F.

Canciamilla, A.

Canedy, C.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Canedy, C. L.

Capasso, F.

Carlie, N.

Cerutti, L.

Chase, B.

Chen, X.

Chevallier, C.

Choi, D.

Chong, H. M. H.

Churin, D.

Corzine, S.

Crozier, K. B.

Cubukcu, E.

Cunningham, C. R.

Dai, S.

Danto, S.

Dave, U.

Deng, F.

Deng, L.

Dianov, E. M.

Diehl, L.

Dongmo, P.

Duan, N.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Fah, M.

Faist, J.

A.  Hugi, R.  Maulini, J.  Faist, “External cavity quantum cascade laser,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25(8), 083001 (2010).
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Fedorov, V.

Fressengeas, N.

Gai, X.

Gapontsev, V.

Gardes, F. Y.

Gassenq, A.

Gauthier-Lafaye, O.

Gencarelli, F.

Genty, F.

Geyer, S.

Gmachl, C.

Y.  Yao, A.  Hoffman, C.  Gmachl, “Mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 432–439 (2012).
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Gong, L.

Grayson, M.

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Guo, H.

Guyot-Sionnest, P.

S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
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Haddadi, A.

Hänsch, T.

A.  Schliesser, N.  Picqué, T.  Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
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A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
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Y.  Yao, A.  Hoffman, C.  Gmachl, “Mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 432–439 (2012).
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Höfling, S.

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Hu, J.

Hu, Y.

Hugi, A.

A.  Hugi, R.  Maulini, J.  Faist, “External cavity quantum cascade laser,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25(8), 083001 (2010).
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Ilic, R.

A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
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Kar, A.

Kern, P.

Keuleyan, S.

S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
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Kieu, K.

Kim, C.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
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Kim, C. S.

Kim, M.

Kimerling, L.

Kimerling, L. C.

Kozacik, S.

Kuyken, B.

Laaroussi, Y.

Labadie, L.

Law, S.

Lee, D.

Leick, L.

Leo, F.

Lhuillier, E.

S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
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Li, L.

Lin, H.

Lin, P.

Lin, P. T.

Lindle, J.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
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Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
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Luo, T.

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Ma, P.

Macdonald, J.

Machnev, A.

MacLachlan, D. G.

Madden, S.

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S.  Maimon, G. W.  Wicks, “nBn detector, an infrared detector with reduced dark current and higher operating temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151109 (2006).
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Malik, A.

Manzani, D.

Marandi, A.

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Martyshkin, D.

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Mashanovich, G. Z.

Maulini, R.

McCloy, J.

McDaniel, S.

Mel’nikov, I.

Melloni, A.

Melzer, J.

Merritt, C.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Merritt, C. D.

Meyer, J.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
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Meyer, J. R.

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Mirov, S.

Modsching, N.

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Munasinghe, H.

Muneeb, M.

Murakowski, M.

Musgraves, J.

Musgraves, J. D.

Nedeljkovic, M.

Nguyen, T.

Ni, C.

Nie, Q.

Norwood, R.

Novozhylov, P.

Osgood, R.

Osgood, R. M.

Otieno, C.

Patel, C. K. N.

Peacock, A.

Penades, J. S.

Peyghambarian, N.

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A.  Schliesser, N.  Picqué, T.  Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
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Poimanov, A.

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Richardson, M.

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Ryckeboer, E.

Saouma, F.

Schepler, K.

Scherer, J.

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A.  Schliesser, N.  Picqué, T.  Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
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Shah, L.

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R.  Soref, “Towards silicon-based Longwave Integrated Optoelectronics (LIO),” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689809–1–689809-13 (2008).
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A.  Spott, Y.  Liu, T.  Baehr-Jones, R.  Ilic, M.  Hochberg, “Silicon waveguides and ring resonators at 5.5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 213501 (2010).
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Waldmann, M.

Wang, J.

Wang, R.

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S.  Maimon, G. W.  Wicks, “nBn detector, an infrared detector with reduced dark current and higher operating temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151109 (2006).
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Y.  Yao, A.  Hoffman, C.  Gmachl, “Mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 432–439 (2012).
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Yu, Y.

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Zhang, W.

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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

I.  Vurgaftman, W.  Bewley, C.  Canedy, C.  Kim, M.  Kim, J.  Lindle, C.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J.  Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
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Nat. Photonics

Y.  Yao, A.  Hoffman, C.  Gmachl, “Mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 432–439 (2012).
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S.  Keuleyan, E.  Lhuillier, V.  Brajuskovic, P.  Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 489–493 (2011).
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A.  Schliesser, N.  Picqué, T.  Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 440–449 (2012).
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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater. Express

Y.  Zha, M.  Waldmann, C.  Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
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L.  Zhang, W.  Zhang, X.  Wang, P.  Zhang, S.  Dai, Q.  Nie, “Investigation of Ge20Sb15Se65 photonic crystal slab waveguides with slow light at infrared wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1438–1443 (2013).
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L.  Bi, N.  Duan, H.  Lin, L.  Li, J.  Hu, H.  Lu, X.  Weng, J.  Xie, L.  Deng, “ZrO2-TiO2 thin films: a new material system for mid-infrared integrated photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1537–1545 (2013).

M.  Bache, H.  Guo, B.  Zou, “Generating mid-IR octave-spanning supercontinna and few-cycle pulses with solitons in phase-mismatched quadratic nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1647–1657 (2013).

Y.  Yu, X.  Gai, T.  Wang, P.  Ma, R.  Wang, Z.  Yang, D.  Choi, S.  Madden, B.  Luther-Davies, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1075–1086 (2013).
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D.  Churin, T.  Nguyen, K.  Kieu, R.  Norwood, N.  Peyghambarian, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in an integrated liquid-core optical fiber filled with CS2,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1358–1364 (2013).
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J.  Jang, A.  Haynes, F.  Saouma, C.  Otieno, M.  Kanatzidis, “Broadband studies of the strong mid-infrared nonlinear optical responses of KPSe6,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1302–1312 (2013).
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A.  Machnev, P.  Novozhylov, A.  Poimanov, I.  Mel’nikov, “Single-pass parametric generator made of DFB diodes, specialty fiber amplifier, and periodically-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1608–1615 (2013).

D. G.  MacLachlan, R. R.  Thomson, C. R.  Cunningham, D.  Lee, “Mid-infrared volume phase gratings manufactured using Ultrafast Laser Inscription,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1616–1624 (2013).

S.  Mirov, V.  Fedorov, D.  Martyshkin, I.  Moskalev, M.  Mirov, V.  Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
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P.  Berry, J.  Macdonald, S.  Beecher, S.  McDaniel, K.  Schepler, A.  Kar, “Fabrication and power scaling of a 1.7 W Cr:ZnSe waveguide laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1250–1258 (2013).
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J.  McCloy, B.  Potter, “Photoluminescence in Chemical Vapor Deposited ZnS: insight into electronic defects,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1273–1278 (2013).
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G.  Zhu, X.  Zhu, K.  Balakrishnan, R.  Norwood, N.  Peyghambarian, “Fe2+:ZnSe and graphene Q-switched singly Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1365–1377 (2013).
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N.  Bandyopadhyay, M.  Razeghi, Y.  Bai, Q.  Lu, S.  Slivken, “Recent advances in mid infrared (3-5µm Quantum Cascade Lasers,” (in press) Opt. Mater. Express (2013).

M.  Troccoli, A.  Lyakh, J.  Fan, X.  Wang, R.  Maulini, A.  Tsekoun, R.  Go, C. K. N.  Patel, “Long-Wave IR Quantum Cascade Lasers for emission in the λ = 8-12μm spectral region,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1546–1560 (2013).
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C.  Zhou, I.  Vurgaftman, C. L.  Canedy, C. S.  Kim, M.  Kim, W. W.  Bewley, C. D.  Merritt, J.  Abell, J. R.  Meyer, A.  Hoang, A.  Haddadi, M.  Razeghi, M.  Grayson, “Thermal conductivity tensors of the cladding and active layers of antimonide infrared lasers and detectors,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1632–1640 (2013).

S.  Höfling, R.  Weih, A.  Bauer, M.  Kamp, “Interband cascade lasers with AlGaAsSb cladding layers,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1624–1631 (2013).

G.  Almuneau, Y.  Laaroussi, C.  Chevallier, F.  Genty, N.  Fressengeas, L.  Cerutti, T.  Taliercio, O.  Gauthier-Lafaye, P.-F.  Calmon, B.  Reig, J.  Jacquet, “Oxide confinement and high contrast grating mirrors for Mid-infrared VCSELs,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1576–1585 (2013).

H.  Munasinghe, A.  Winterstein-Beckmann, C.  Schiele, D.  Manzani, L.  Wondraczek, S.  Afshar V, T. M.  Monro, H.  Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Lead-germanate glasses and fibers: a practical alternative to tellurite for nonlinear fiber applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1488–1503 (2013).
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J.  Bei, T.  Monro, A.  Hemming, H.  Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Reduction of scattering loss in fluoroindate glass fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1285–1301 (2013).
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P.  Lucas, Z.  Yang, M.  Fah, T.  Luo, S.  Jiang, C.  Boussard-Pledel, M.  Anne, B.  Bureau, “Telluride glasses for far infrared photonic applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1049–1058 (2013).
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C.  Bledt, J.  Melzer, J.  Harrington, “Investigation of metal sulfide optical thin film growth in low-loss IR hollow glass waveguides,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1397–1407 (2013).
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S.  Geyer, J.  Scherer, F.  Jaworski, M.  Bawendi, “Multispectral imaging via luminescent down-shifting with colloidal quantum dots,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1167–1175 (2013).
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Y.  Zhong, P.  Dongmo, L.  Gong, S.  Law, B.  Chase, D.  Wasserman, J.  Zide, “Degenerately doped InGaBiAs:Si as a highly conductive and transparent contact material in the infrared range,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1197–1204 (2013).
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M.  Nedeljkovic, A. Z.  Khokhar, Y.  Hu, X.  Chen, J. S.  Penades, S.  Stankovic, H. M. H.  Chong, D. J.  Thomson, F. Y.  Gardes, G. T.  Reed, G. Z.  Mashanovich, “Silicon photonic devices and platforms for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1205–1214 (2013).
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G.  Roelkens, U.  Dave, A.  Gassenq, N.  Hattasan, C.  Hu, B.  Kuyken, F.  Leo, A.  Malik, M.  Muneeb, E.  Ryckeboer, S.  Uvin, Z.  Hens, R.  Baets, Y.  Shimura, F.  Gencarelli, B.  Vincent, R.  Loo, J.  Van Campenhout, L.  Cerutti, J.  Rodriguez, E.  Tournié, X.  Chen, M.  Nedeljkovic, G.  Mashanovich, L.  Shen, N.  Healy, A.  Peacock, X.  Liu, R.  Osgood, W.  Green, “Silicon-based heterogeneous photonic integrated circuits for the mid-infrared,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1523–1536 (2013).
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P.  Lin, V.  Singh, J.  Wang, H.  Lin, J.  Hu, K.  Richardson, J.  Musgraves, I.  Luzinov, J.  Hensley, L.  Kimerling, A.  Agarwal, “Si-CMOS compatible materials and devices for mid-IR microphotonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1474–1487 (2013).
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Proc. SPIE

R.  Soref, “Towards silicon-based Longwave Integrated Optoelectronics (LIO),” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689809–1–689809-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol.

A.  Hugi, R.  Maulini, J.  Faist, “External cavity quantum cascade laser,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25(8), 083001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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