Abstract

We have fabricated a CdS-coated Ag nanoparticle using the reverse micelle method and observed the nonlinear optical response of the scattered light intensity caused by an individual particle. In addition, we succeeded in obtaining the complex third-order nonlinear susceptibility χ(3) spectrum near the energy band edge of the CdS film by comparing the experimental result and the result of the Mie calculation that considered the optical Kerr effect of the CdS. At ħωi = 2.43 eV, the χ(3) of the CdS was (1.1 + i0.6) × 10−17m2/V2. We conjecture that an increase in the carriers in the interband transition of the CdS originates from the increase in the χ(3) of the CdS at ħωi > 2.4eV.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jia, F. Guo, E. P. Douglas, and W. Sun, “Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(3), 1364–1370 (2008).
[PubMed]

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Curry, G. Nusz, A. Chilkoti, and A. Wax, “Substrate effect on refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance for individual silver nanoparticles observed using darkfield microspectroscopy,” Opt. Express13(7), 2668–2677 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Light Intensity Enhancement and Optical Nonlinear Response due to Localized Surface Plasmons in Nanosize Ag Sphere,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(9A), 6507–6512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Numerical studies of optical switching and optical bistability phenomena of nano- or meso-size spheres,” J. Microsc.210(3), 193–197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

K. Rajeshwar, N. R. de Tacconi, and C. R. Chenthamarakshan, “Semiconductor-Based Composite Materials: Preparation, Properties, and Performance,” Chem. Mater.13(9), 2765–2782 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Optical nonlinearities and photo-excited carrier lifetime in CdS at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun.190(1-6), 351–356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1995 (1)

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

V. N. Semioshko and Y. P. Tsiashchenko, “The Temperature Dependence of The Third-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility in CdS in the Vicinity of the Absorption Edge,” Phys. Status Solidi184(1), K37–K40 (1994) (b).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, G. Xiong, Z. Zhao, and X. Fan, “Measurement of optical nonlinear susceptibility of CdS single crystal using a single beam,” J. Cryst. Growth138(1-4), 231–233 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inouye and S. Kawata, “Near-field scanning optical microscope with a metallic probe tip,” Opt. Lett.19(3), 159–161 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Y. Nosaka, K. Tanaka, and N. Fujii, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of ultrasmall CdS particles by means of the polarization-discriminated forward degenerate four-wave mixing in a resonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(16), 1863–1865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. N. Goldstein, C. M. Echer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Melting in Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Science256(5062), 1425–1427 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

P. M. Petersen, “Nonlinear refraction of Gaussian laser beams in CdS at λ =532nm,” J. Lumin.40–41, 533–534 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

Alivisatos, A. P.

A. N. Goldstein, C. M. Echer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Melting in Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Science256(5062), 1425–1427 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Artemyev, M. V.

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

Balogh-Nair, V.

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, D. L. V.

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Biney, A.

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chenthamarakshan, C. R.

K. Rajeshwar, N. R. de Tacconi, and C. R. Chenthamarakshan, “Semiconductor-Based Composite Materials: Preparation, Properties, and Performance,” Chem. Mater.13(9), 2765–2782 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chilkoti, A.

Chin, W. S.

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chow, S. Y.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Curry, A.

Dai, S.

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Tacconi, N. R.

K. Rajeshwar, N. R. de Tacconi, and C. R. Chenthamarakshan, “Semiconductor-Based Composite Materials: Preparation, Properties, and Performance,” Chem. Mater.13(9), 2765–2782 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dorsinville, R.

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Douglas, E. P.

W. Jia, F. Guo, E. P. Douglas, and W. Sun, “Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(3), 1364–1370 (2008).
[PubMed]

Du, H.

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Echer, C. M.

A. N. Goldstein, C. M. Echer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Melting in Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Science256(5062), 1425–1427 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Etienne, M.

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

Z. Li, G. Xiong, Z. Zhao, and X. Fan, “Measurement of optical nonlinear susceptibility of CdS single crystal using a single beam,” J. Cryst. Growth138(1-4), 231–233 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, W. F. C.

Franzl, T.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, N.

Y. Nosaka, K. Tanaka, and N. Fujii, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of ultrasmall CdS particles by means of the polarization-discriminated forward degenerate four-wave mixing in a resonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(16), 1863–1865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fukui, M.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Light Intensity Enhancement and Optical Nonlinear Response due to Localized Surface Plasmons in Nanosize Ag Sphere,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(9A), 6507–6512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Numerical studies of optical switching and optical bistability phenomena of nano- or meso-size spheres,” J. Microsc.210(3), 193–197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldstein, A. N.

A. N. Goldstein, C. M. Echer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Melting in Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Science256(5062), 1425–1427 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomes, M. J. M.

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

Gottesman, J.

Guo, F.

W. Jia, F. Guo, E. P. Douglas, and W. Sun, “Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(3), 1364–1370 (2008).
[PubMed]

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haraguchi, M.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Light Intensity Enhancement and Optical Nonlinear Response due to Localized Surface Plasmons in Nanosize Ag Sphere,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(9A), 6507–6512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Numerical studies of optical switching and optical bistability phenomena of nano- or meso-size spheres,” J. Microsc.210(3), 193–197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, J.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hioki, T.

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hua, Z. L.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hyodo, S.

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, T.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, Y.

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inouye and S. Kawata, “Near-field scanning optical microscope with a metallic probe tip,” Opt. Lett.19(3), 159–161 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Optical nonlinearities and photo-excited carrier lifetime in CdS at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun.190(1-6), 351–356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W.

W. Jia, F. Guo, E. P. Douglas, and W. Sun, “Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(3), 1364–1370 (2008).
[PubMed]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kam, C. H.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Optical nonlinearities and photo-excited carrier lifetime in CdS at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun.190(1-6), 351–356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kamano, M.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inouye and S. Kawata, “Near-field scanning optical microscope with a metallic probe tip,” Opt. Lett.19(3), 159–161 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klar, T. A.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Koiwai, A.

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, H.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kong, E. S. W.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kowarik, S.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. D.

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kürzinger, K.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lam, Y. L.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Optical nonlinearities and photo-excited carrier lifetime in CdS at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun.190(1-6), 351–356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. P.

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Optical nonlinearities and photo-excited carrier lifetime in CdS at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun.190(1-6), 351–356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, G. Xiong, Z. Zhao, and X. Fan, “Measurement of optical nonlinear susceptibility of CdS single crystal using a single beam,” J. Cryst. Growth138(1-4), 231–233 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, G. H.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakagaki, M.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nichtl, A.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nosaka, Y.

Y. Nosaka, K. Tanaka, and N. Fujii, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of ultrasmall CdS particles by means of the polarization-discriminated forward degenerate four-wave mixing in a resonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(16), 1863–1865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nusz, G.

Okamoto, T.

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Light Intensity Enhancement and Optical Nonlinear Response due to Localized Surface Plasmons in Nanosize Ag Sphere,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(9A), 6507–6512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Numerical studies of optical switching and optical bistability phenomena of nano- or meso-size spheres,” J. Microsc.210(3), 193–197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okamoto, I. Yamaguchi, and T. Kobayashi, “Local plasmon sensor with gold colloid monolayers deposited upon glass substrates,” Opt. Lett.25(6), 372–374 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otomo, A.

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, P. M.

P. M. Petersen, “Nonlinear refraction of Gaussian laser beams in CdS at λ =532nm,” J. Lumin.40–41, 533–534 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rajeshwar, K.

K. Rajeshwar, N. R. de Tacconi, and C. R. Chenthamarakshan, “Semiconductor-Based Composite Materials: Preparation, Properties, and Performance,” Chem. Mater.13(9), 2765–2782 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rakovich, Yu. P.

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

Raschke, G.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rolo, A. G.

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

Semioshko, V. N.

V. N. Semioshko and Y. P. Tsiashchenko, “The Temperature Dependence of The Third-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility in CdS in the Vicinity of the Absorption Edge,” Phys. Status Solidi184(1), K37–K40 (1994) (b).
[CrossRef]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, J.

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J. L.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sönnichsen, C.

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

W. Jia, F. Guo, E. P. Douglas, and W. Sun, “Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(3), 1364–1370 (2008).
[PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

Y. Nosaka, K. Tanaka, and N. Fujii, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of ultrasmall CdS particles by means of the polarization-discriminated forward degenerate four-wave mixing in a resonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(16), 1863–1865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S. H.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsiashchenko, Y. P.

V. N. Semioshko and Y. P. Tsiashchenko, “The Temperature Dependence of The Third-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility in CdS in the Vicinity of the Absorption Edge,” Phys. Status Solidi184(1), K37–K40 (1994) (b).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasilevskiy, M. I.

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

Verma, P.

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walser, A. D.

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wax, A.

Wise, F. W.

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, G.

Z. Li, G. Xiong, Z. Zhao, and X. Fan, “Measurement of optical nonlinear susceptibility of CdS single crystal using a single beam,” J. Cryst. Growth138(1-4), 231–233 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G. Q.

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, I.

Yamaguchi, K.

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Li, G. Xiong, Z. Zhao, and X. Fan, “Measurement of optical nonlinear susceptibility of CdS single crystal using a single beam,” J. Cryst. Growth138(1-4), 231–233 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. Okamoto, H. Koizumi, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, and A. Otomo, “Nonlinear optical response of a CdS-coated Ag particle,” Appl. Phys. Express1, 062003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nosaka, K. Tanaka, and N. Fujii, “Nonlinear optical susceptibility of ultrasmall CdS particles by means of the polarization-discriminated forward degenerate four-wave mixing in a resonant region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62(16), 1863–1865 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, A. Koiwai, S. Hyodo, T. Hioki, and S. Noda, “Nonresonant third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of CdS clusters encapsulated in zeolite A and X,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(8), 923–925 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Etienne, A. Biney, A. D. Walser, R. Dorsinville, D. L. V. Bauer, and V. Balogh-Nair, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of a cadmiun sulfide-dendrimer nanocomposite,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(18), 181913 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

K. Rajeshwar, N. R. de Tacconi, and C. R. Chenthamarakshan, “Semiconductor-Based Composite Materials: Preparation, Properties, and Performance,” Chem. Mater.13(9), 2765–2782 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, G. Q. Xu, W. S. Chin, L. Huang, and W. Ji, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Hybridized CdS−Polystyrene Nanocomposites,” Chem. Mater.14(10), 4473–4479 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Yang, J. Shi, H. Chen, S. Dai, and Y. Liu, “Enhanced off-resonance optical nonlinearities of Au@CdS core-shell nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett.370(1-2), 1–6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, T. Inoue, M. Nakagaki, H. Koizumi, K. Yamaguchi, C. Lai, M. Fukui, M. Kamano, and M. Fujii, “Linear and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena of Metallic Nanoparticles,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.14(6), 1540–1551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

Z. Li, G. Xiong, Z. Zhao, and X. Fan, “Measurement of optical nonlinear susceptibility of CdS single crystal using a single beam,” J. Cryst. Growth138(1-4), 231–233 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

P. M. Petersen, “Nonlinear refraction of Gaussian laser beams in CdS at λ =532nm,” J. Lumin.40–41, 533–534 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Numerical studies of optical switching and optical bistability phenomena of nano- or meso-size spheres,” J. Microsc.210(3), 193–197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

W. Jia, F. Guo, E. P. Douglas, and W. Sun, “Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8(3), 1364–1370 (2008).
[PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

J. He, W. Ji, G. H. Ma, S. H. Tang, E. S. W. Kong, S. Y. Chow, X. H. Zhang, Z. L. Hua, and J. L. Shi, “Ultrafast and Large Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of CdS Nanocrystals in Polymeric Film,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4373–4376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, and M. Fukui, “Light Intensity Enhancement and Optical Nonlinear Response due to Localized Surface Plasmons in Nanosize Ag Sphere,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(9A), 6507–6512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

G. Raschke, S. Kowarik, T. Franzl, C. Sönnichsen, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, A. Nichtl, and K. Kürzinger, “Biomolecular Recognition Based on Single Gold Nanoparticle Light Scattering,” Nano Lett.3(7), 935–938 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. P. Li, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, and W. Ji, “Optical nonlinearities and photo-excited carrier lifetime in CdS at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun.190(1-6), 351–356 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (2)

V. N. Semioshko and Y. P. Tsiashchenko, “The Temperature Dependence of The Third-Order Nonlinear Susceptibility in CdS in the Vicinity of the Absorption Edge,” Phys. Status Solidi184(1), K37–K40 (1994) (b).
[CrossRef]

Yu. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy, and M. J. M. Gomes, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Thin Films of CdS Nanocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi224(1), 319–324 (2001) (b).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. N. Goldstein, C. M. Echer, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Melting in Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Science256(5062), 1425–1427 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

D. Sarid and W. Challener, Modern Introduction to Surface Plasmons (Cambridge, 2010).

M. Pelton and G. W. Bryant, Introduction to Metal-Nanoparticle Plasmonics (Wiley, 2013).

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Crusters (Springer, 1995).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for measuring the linear and nonlinear optical responses of a single CdS-coated Ag nanoparticle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Computational model for the Mie theory calculations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimentally obtained linear scattering spectra IS-L and calculated scattering cross section Csca of the CdS-coated Ag particles. The squares, circles, and triangles indicate IS-L and the solid lines indicate Csca.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the normalized near-field enhancement ηNF on the incident light intensity Ii-peak of the CdS-coated Ag nanoparticle in various χ(3)CdS. (simulation) (a)-1, (b)-1, and (c)-1 show the normalized ηNF for various real parts of χ(3)CdS (Im{ χ(3)CdS} = 0). (a)-2, (b)-2, and (c)-2 show the normalized ηNF for various imaginary parts of χ(3)CdS (Re{ χ(3)CdS } = 0). The photon energy of (a), (b), and (c) are ħωi = 0.98 × ħωLSP = 2.35 eV, ħωi = ħωLSP = 2.40 eV, and ħωi = 1.02 × ħωLSP = 2.45 eV, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the measured normalized scattered light intensity Is-NL/Ii-peak and the calculated normalized near-field enhancement ηNF on the incident light intensity Ii-peak of the CdS-coated Ag nanoparticle. (a), (b), and (c) show the result for particles A, B, and C, respectively. Dots and curves means normalized Is-NL/Ii-peak and normalized ηNF respectively. The error bars of the normalized Is-NL/Ii-peak indicate the difference between measurements.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Complex χ(3)CdS spectrum of CdS in the CdS-coated Ag nanoparticle. (a) and (b) are the real and imaginary parts of the χ(3)CdS, respectively. Blue triangles, green dots, and red squares indicate particles A, B, and C, respectively. The error bar indicates the difference from the measurements shown in Fig. 5.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Size of the CdS-coated Ag nanoparticles

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I SL (ω)= I S (ω) I B (ω) I Ref (ω) .
ε CdS ( | E R (r) | 2 )= ε l + 3 4 χ CdS (3) | E R (r) | 2 .

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