Abstract

Photoluminescence spectra taken from chemical vapor deposited (CVD) ZnS are shown to exhibit sub-band-gap emission bands characteristic of isoelectronic oxygen defects. The emission spectra vary spatially with position and orientation with respect to the major axis of CVD growth. These data suggest that a complex set of defects exist in the band gap of CVD ZnS whose structural nature is highly dependent upon local deposition and growth conditions, contributing to inherent heterogeneity in optical behavior throughout the material.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  22. N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
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  26. J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  27. F. A. Kroeger and H. J. Vink, “The origin of the fluorescence in self-activated ZnS, CdS, and ZnO,” J. Chem. Phys.22(2), 250–252 (1954).
    [CrossRef]

2013

J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Qiao, K. A. Lipschultz, N. C. Anheier, and J. S. McCloy, “Rapid assessment of mid-infrared refractive index anisotropy using a prism coupler: chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1403–1405 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

J. McCloy, E. Fest, R. Korenstein, and W. H. Poisl, “Anisotropy in structural and optical properties of chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Proc. SPIE, 8016,801601 (2011).

2009

J. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

E. Karaksina, V. Ikonnikov, and E. Gavrishchuk, “Recrystallization behavior of ZnS during hot isostatic pressing,” Inorg. Mater.43(5), 452–454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Harris, “History of the development of hot-pressed and chemical-vapor-deposited zinc sulfide and zinc selenide in the United States,” Proc. SPIE6545, 654502 (2007).

2004

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. V. Blinov, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “A study of luminescence centers related to copper and oxygen in ZnSe,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.35(1), 24–32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990

A. K. Collins, R. L. Taylor, X. Zhang, and B. D. Bartolo, “Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings 90–12, 626–633 (1990).

1984

K. L. Lewis, G. S. Arthur, and S. A. Banyard, “Hydrogen-related defects in vapour-deposited zinc sulphide,” J. Cryst. Growth66(1), 125–136 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared-active phonons in cubic zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1975

Y. Uehara, “Electronic structure of luminescence center of ZnS:Ag phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.62(8), 2982–2994 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1968

K. Era, S. Shionoya, and Y. Washizawa, “Mechanism of broad-band luminescences in ZnS phosphors–I. Spectrum shift during decay and with excitation intensity,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids29(10), 1827–1841 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1954

F. A. Kroeger and H. J. Vink, “The origin of the fluorescence in self-activated ZnS, CdS, and ZnO,” J. Chem. Phys.22(2), 250–252 (1954).
[CrossRef]

1950

D. C. Reynolds and S. J. Czyzak, “Single synthetic zinc sulfide crystals,” Phys. Rev.79(3), 543–544 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Anheier, N. C.

Arthur, G. S.

K. L. Lewis, G. S. Arthur, and S. A. Banyard, “Hydrogen-related defects in vapour-deposited zinc sulphide,” J. Cryst. Growth66(1), 125–136 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bando, Y.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Banyard, S. A.

K. L. Lewis, G. S. Arthur, and S. A. Banyard, “Hydrogen-related defects in vapour-deposited zinc sulphide,” J. Cryst. Growth66(1), 125–136 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Baronowski, M.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartolo, B. D.

A. K. Collins, R. L. Taylor, X. Zhang, and B. D. Bartolo, “Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings 90–12, 626–633 (1990).

Blinov, V. V.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. V. Blinov, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “A study of luminescence centers related to copper and oxygen in ZnSe,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.35(1), 24–32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burns, B.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collins, A. K.

A. K. Collins, R. L. Taylor, X. Zhang, and B. D. Bartolo, “Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings 90–12, 626–633 (1990).

Czyzak, S. J.

D. C. Reynolds and S. J. Czyzak, “Single synthetic zinc sulfide crystals,” Phys. Rev.79(3), 543–544 (1950).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Donadio, R. N.

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared-active phonons in cubic zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Era, K.

K. Era, S. Shionoya, and Y. Washizawa, “Mechanism of broad-band luminescences in ZnS phosphors–I. Spectrum shift during decay and with excitation intensity,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids29(10), 1827–1841 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fest, E.

J. McCloy, E. Fest, R. Korenstein, and W. H. Poisl, “Anisotropy in structural and optical properties of chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Proc. SPIE, 8016,801601 (2011).

Galstyan, V. G.

N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gautam, U. K.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gavrishchuk, E.

E. Karaksina, V. Ikonnikov, and E. Gavrishchuk, “Recrystallization behavior of ZnS during hot isostatic pressing,” Inorg. Mater.43(5), 452–454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gavrishchuk, E. M.

N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. V. Blinov, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “A study of luminescence centers related to copper and oxygen in ZnSe,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.35(1), 24–32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gembarovic, J.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Golberg, D.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Golub, K. V.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goodrich, S. M.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harris, D. C.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Harris, “History of the development of hot-pressed and chemical-vapor-deposited zinc sulfide and zinc selenide in the United States,” Proc. SPIE6545, 654502 (2007).

Henneman, L.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ikonnikov, V.

E. Karaksina, V. Ikonnikov, and E. Gavrishchuk, “Recrystallization behavior of ZnS during hot isostatic pressing,” Inorg. Mater.43(5), 452–454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ikonnikov, V. B.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Karaksina, E.

E. Karaksina, V. Ikonnikov, and E. Gavrishchuk, “Recrystallization behavior of ZnS during hot isostatic pressing,” Inorg. Mater.43(5), 452–454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karetnikov, I. A.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. V. Blinov, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “A study of luminescence centers related to copper and oxygen in ZnSe,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.35(1), 24–32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, K.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klein, C. A.

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared-active phonons in cubic zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Korenstein, R.

J. McCloy, E. Fest, R. Korenstein, and W. H. Poisl, “Anisotropy in structural and optical properties of chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Proc. SPIE, 8016,801601 (2011).

J. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kroeger, F. A.

F. A. Kroeger and H. J. Vink, “The origin of the fluorescence in self-activated ZnS, CdS, and ZnO,” J. Chem. Phys.22(2), 250–252 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Kurzius, S.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

LaCroix, L.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, K. L.

K. L. Lewis, G. S. Arthur, and S. A. Banyard, “Hydrogen-related defects in vapour-deposited zinc sulphide,” J. Cryst. Growth66(1), 125–136 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lipschultz, K. A.

McCloy, J.

J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. McCloy, E. Fest, R. Korenstein, and W. H. Poisl, “Anisotropy in structural and optical properties of chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Proc. SPIE, 8016,801601 (2011).

J. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McCloy, J. S.

Mecholsky, J. J.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mideros, D. A.

N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morozova, N. K.

N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. V. Blinov, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “A study of luminescence centers related to copper and oxygen in ZnSe,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.35(1), 24–32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Page, R. H.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poisl, W. H.

J. McCloy, E. Fest, R. Korenstein, and W. H. Poisl, “Anisotropy in structural and optical properties of chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Proc. SPIE, 8016,801601 (2011).

Qiao, H. A.

Reynolds, D. C.

D. C. Reynolds and S. J. Czyzak, “Single synthetic zinc sulfide crystals,” Phys. Rev.79(3), 543–544 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Rüssel, C.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shchurov, A. F.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shevarenkov, D. N.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shionoya, S.

K. Era, S. Shionoya, and Y. Washizawa, “Mechanism of broad-band luminescences in ZnS phosphors–I. Spectrum shift during decay and with excitation intensity,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids29(10), 1827–1841 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Staats, C.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sysoev, A. N.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. L.

A. K. Collins, R. L. Taylor, X. Zhang, and B. D. Bartolo, “Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings 90–12, 626–633 (1990).

Uehara, Y.

Y. Uehara, “Electronic structure of luminescence center of ZnS:Ag phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.62(8), 2982–2994 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Vink, H. J.

F. A. Kroeger and H. J. Vink, “The origin of the fluorescence in self-activated ZnS, CdS, and ZnO,” J. Chem. Phys.22(2), 250–252 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Washizawa, Y.

K. Era, S. Shionoya, and Y. Washizawa, “Mechanism of broad-band luminescences in ZnS phosphors–I. Spectrum shift during decay and with excitation intensity,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids29(10), 1827–1841 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, C.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wimmer, E.

J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wisniewski, W.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, W.

J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yashina, E. V.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zelinski, B.

J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, T.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

A. K. Collins, R. L. Taylor, X. Zhang, and B. D. Bartolo, “Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings 90–12, 626–633 (1990).

Zscheckel, T.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. -Semicond.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. V. Blinov, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “A study of luminescence centers related to copper and oxygen in ZnSe,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.35(1), 24–32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, U. K. Gautam, T. Zhai, H. Zeng, X. Xu, M. Liao, and D. Golberg, “ZnO and ZnS Nanostructures: Ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.34(3–4), 190–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, and F. D. Patel, “J. John B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Cr2+ doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(4), 609–619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, K. V. Golub, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, V. G. Plotnichenko, and V. G. Galstyan, “ Pressure and temperature effects on point-defect equilibria and band gap of ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(11), 1138–1145 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Karaksina, V. Ikonnikov, and E. Gavrishchuk, “Recrystallization behavior of ZnS during hot isostatic pressing,” Inorg. Mater.43(5), 452–454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

J. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. McCloy, W. Wolf, E. Wimmer, and B. Zelinski, “Impact of hydrogen and oxygen defects on the lattice parameter of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.113(2), 023706 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared-active phonons in cubic zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

F. A. Kroeger and H. J. Vink, “The origin of the fluorescence in self-activated ZnS, CdS, and ZnO,” J. Chem. Phys.22(2), 250–252 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Y. Uehara, “Electronic structure of luminescence center of ZnS:Ag phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.62(8), 2982–2994 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

K. L. Lewis, G. S. Arthur, and S. A. Banyard, “Hydrogen-related defects in vapour-deposited zinc sulphide,” J. Cryst. Growth66(1), 125–136 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

K. Era, S. Shionoya, and Y. Washizawa, “Mechanism of broad-band luminescences in ZnS phosphors–I. Spectrum shift during decay and with excitation intensity,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids29(10), 1827–1841 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

D. C. Harris, M. Baronowski, L. Henneman, L. LaCroix, C. Wilson, S. Kurzius, B. Burns, K. Kitagawa, J. Gembarovic, S. M. Goodrich, C. Staats, and J. J. Mecholsky, “Thermal, structural, and optical properties of Cleartran multispectral zinc sulfide,” Opt. Eng.47(11), 114001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition

A. K. Collins, R. L. Taylor, X. Zhang, and B. D. Bartolo, “Optical characterization of polycrystalline ZnS produced via chemical vapor deposition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings 90–12, 626–633 (1990).

Phys. Rev.

D. C. Reynolds and S. J. Czyzak, “Single synthetic zinc sulfide crystals,” Phys. Rev.79(3), 543–544 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. McCloy, E. Fest, R. Korenstein, and W. H. Poisl, “Anisotropy in structural and optical properties of chemical vapor deposited ZnS,” Proc. SPIE, 8016,801601 (2011).

D. C. Harris, “History of the development of hot-pressed and chemical-vapor-deposited zinc sulfide and zinc selenide in the United States,” Proc. SPIE6545, 654502 (2007).

Sov. Phys. -Semicond.

N. K. Morozova, I. A. Karetnikov, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Gavrishchuk, E. V. Yashina, and V. B. Ikonnikov, “Transformation of Luminescence Centers in CVD ZnS Films subject to a high hydrostatic pressure,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.38(1), 36–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Morozova, D. A. Mideros, V. G. Galstyan, and E. M. Gavrishchuk, “Specific features of luminescence spectra of ZnS:O and ZnS:Cu(O) crystals in the context of the band anticrossing theory,” Sov. Phys. -Semicond.42(9), 1023–1029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. M. Yen, S. Shionoya, and H. Yamamoto, eds., Phosphor Handbook, 2nd ed. (CRC Press, 2007).

J. S. McCloy and R. W. Tustison, Chemical Vapor Deposited Zinc Sulfide (SPIE Press, 2013).

W. M. Yen and M. J. Weber, Inorganic Phosphors: Compositions, Preparation and Optical Properties (CRC Press, 2004).

M. Aven and J. S. Prener, eds., Physics and Chemistry of II–VI Compounds (North-Holland & John Wiley and Sons, 1967).

N. K. Morozova, V. A. Kuznetsov, and M. V. Fok, Sul’fid tsinka. Poluchenie i opticheskie svoistva [Zinc Sulfide: Preparation and Optical Properties] (Nauka, 1987).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of orientations and microstructure of measured samples.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoluminescence at room (300 K) and low (10 K) temperatures in (a) unoriented Raytheon CVD ZnS (b) unoriented HIP ZnS. Inset whole spectrum, main figure exciton region

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoluminescence in core: (a) low temperature (b) room temperature. Only the “growth S” spectra correspond to the righthand y-axes. Asterisk (*) indicates the 2nd and 3rd order diffracted line of the exciton.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spectral features in PL of CVD ZnS samples.

Metrics