Abstract

The high infrared quantum yield, continuous absorption spectrum, and band edge tunability of colloidal quantum dots (QD) has opened up new opportunities to use luminescent down shifting for multispectral imaging in the infrared. We demonstrate a QD sensitized short wavelength infrared (SWIR) camera which is capable of UV-SWIR multispectral imaging. The application of multispectral cameras for UV tagging applications is demonstrated and the extension of this technology to the mid infrared spectral region is discussed.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (5)

M. Yarema and M. V. Kovalenko, “Colloidal synthesis of InSb nanocrystals with controlled polymorphism using indium and antimony amides,” Chem. Mater.25(9), 1788–1792 (2013).
[CrossRef]

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lhuillier, S. Keuleyan, P. Zolotavin, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe/As2S3 field effect transistors and photodetectors,” Adv. Mater.25(1), 137–141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Novak, L. Scarpantonio, J. Novak, M. D. Prè, A. Martucci, J. D. Musgraves, N. D. McClenaghan, and K. Richardson, “Incorporation of luminescent CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots and PbS quantum dots into solution-derived chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express3(6), 729–738 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (4)

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically functionalized PbS-CdS colloidal nanocrystals: integration into amorphous chalcogenide glass and luminescent properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

S. Keuleyan, E. Lhuillier, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis of colloidal HgTe quantum dots for narrow mid-IR emission and detection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(41), 16422–16424 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Geyer, J. M. Scherer, N. Moloto, F. B. Jaworski, and M. G. Bawendi, “Efficient luminescent down-shifting detectors based on colloidal quantum dots for dual-band detection applications,” ACS Nano5(7), 5566–5571 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Brouwer, “Standards for photoluminescence quantum yield measurements in solution (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem.83(12), 2213–2228 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, “Absolute photoluminescence quantum yields of IR-26 dye, PbS, and PbSe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.1(16), 2445–2450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Aswathy, Y. Yoshida, T. Maekawa, and D. S. Kumar, “Near-infrared quantum dots for deep tissue imaging,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem.397(4), 1417–1435 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Photoluminescence lifetime of lead selenide colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(35), 14860–14863 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. V. Kovalenko, M. Scheele, and D. V. Talapin, “Colloidal nanocrystals with molecular metal chalcogenide surface ligands,” Science324(5933), 1417–1420 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Reilly, D. T. Moriarty, and J. A. Maynard, “Unique properties of solar blind ultraviolet communication systems for unattended ground-sensor networks,” Proc. SPIE5611, 244–254 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

W. A. Cabanski, R. Breiter, K.-H. Mauk, W. Rode, and J. Ziegler, “Broadband and dual-color high-speed MCT MWIR modules,” Proc. SPIE4721, 174–183 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Wehrenberg, C. Wang, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Interband and intraband optical studies of PbSe colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(41), 10634–10640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. Placentino, E. Pace, G. Naletto, and G. Tondello, “Performances of metachrome II as a scintillator for the far and vacuum ultraviolet spectral region,” Opt. Eng.35(11), 3342–3347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. Naletto, E. Pace, L. Placentino, and G. Tondello, “Fluorescence of metachrome in the far- and vacuum- ultraviolet spectral region,” Proc. SPIE2519, 31–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Allen, P. M.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Almeida, L. A.

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Anikeeva, P. O.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aswathy, R. G.

R. G. Aswathy, Y. Yoshida, T. Maekawa, and D. S. Kumar, “Near-infrared quantum dots for deep tissue imaging,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem.397(4), 1417–1435 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bae, W. K.

W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Geyer, J. M. Scherer, N. Moloto, F. B. Jaworski, and M. G. Bawendi, “Efficient luminescent down-shifting detectors based on colloidal quantum dots for dual-band detection applications,” ACS Nano5(7), 5566–5571 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beard, M. C.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, “Absolute photoluminescence quantum yields of IR-26 dye, PbS, and PbSe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.1(16), 2445–2450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beletic, J. W.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Blank, R.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Bornfreund, R. E.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Breiter, R.

W. A. Cabanski, R. Breiter, K.-H. Mauk, W. Rode, and J. Ziegler, “Broadband and dual-color high-speed MCT MWIR modules,” Proc. SPIE4721, 174–183 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brill, G.

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brouwer, A. M.

A. M. Brouwer, “Standards for photoluminescence quantum yield measurements in solution (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem.83(12), 2213–2228 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brubaker, R.

T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bussian, D. A.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cabanski, W. A.

W. A. Cabanski, R. Breiter, K.-H. Mauk, W. Rode, and J. Ziegler, “Broadband and dual-color high-speed MCT MWIR modules,” Proc. SPIE4721, 174–183 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carmody, M.

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Casson, J. L.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chauhan, V. P.

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, O.

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
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Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
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O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
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J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
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M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
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M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
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T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
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M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
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T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
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S. M. Geyer, J. M. Scherer, N. Moloto, F. B. Jaworski, and M. G. Bawendi, “Efficient luminescent down-shifting detectors based on colloidal quantum dots for dual-band detection applications,” ACS Nano5(7), 5566–5571 (2011).
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J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
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Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
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D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
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J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
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E. Lhuillier, S. Keuleyan, P. Zolotavin, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe/As2S3 field effect transistors and photodetectors,” Adv. Mater.25(1), 137–141 (2013).
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S. Keuleyan, E. Lhuillier, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis of colloidal HgTe quantum dots for narrow mid-IR emission and detection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(41), 16422–16424 (2011).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
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O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
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D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
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Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
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J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
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Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
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D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
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D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
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W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
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S. Keuleyan, E. Lhuillier, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis of colloidal HgTe quantum dots for narrow mid-IR emission and detection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(41), 16422–16424 (2011).
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D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
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W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
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W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
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R. G. Aswathy, Y. Yoshida, T. Maekawa, and D. S. Kumar, “Near-infrared quantum dots for deep tissue imaging,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem.397(4), 1417–1435 (2010).
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J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
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J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

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W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
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E. Lhuillier, S. Keuleyan, P. Zolotavin, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe/As2S3 field effect transistors and photodetectors,” Adv. Mater.25(1), 137–141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Keuleyan, E. Lhuillier, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis of colloidal HgTe quantum dots for narrow mid-IR emission and detection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(41), 16422–16424 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
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H. Liu and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Photoluminescence lifetime of lead selenide colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(35), 14860–14863 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
[PubMed]

Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
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M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically functionalized PbS-CdS colloidal nanocrystals: integration into amorphous chalcogenide glass and luminescent properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
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W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
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O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, “Absolute photoluminescence quantum yields of IR-26 dye, PbS, and PbSe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.1(16), 2445–2450 (2010).
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R. G. Aswathy, Y. Yoshida, T. Maekawa, and D. S. Kumar, “Near-infrared quantum dots for deep tissue imaging,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem.397(4), 1417–1435 (2010).
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M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
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T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
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L. Placentino, E. Pace, G. Naletto, and G. Tondello, “Performances of metachrome II as a scintillator for the far and vacuum ultraviolet spectral region,” Opt. Eng.35(11), 3342–3347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Pace, L. Placentino, and G. Tondello, “Fluorescence of metachrome in the far- and vacuum- ultraviolet spectral region,” Proc. SPIE2519, 31–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nocera, D. G.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nosho, B. Z.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Novak, J.

Novak, S.

Nozik, A. J.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, “Absolute photoluminescence quantum yields of IR-26 dye, PbS, and PbSe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.1(16), 2445–2450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pace, E.

L. Placentino, E. Pace, G. Naletto, and G. Tondello, “Performances of metachrome II as a scintillator for the far and vacuum ultraviolet spectral region,” Opt. Eng.35(11), 3342–3347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Pace, L. Placentino, and G. Tondello, “Fluorescence of metachrome in the far- and vacuum- ultraviolet spectral region,” Proc. SPIE2519, 31–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Padilha, L. A.

W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pasko, J. G.

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Patten, E. A.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perkins, C. L.

Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
[PubMed]

Pietryga, J. M.

W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piquette, E. C.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Placentino, L.

L. Placentino, E. Pace, G. Naletto, and G. Tondello, “Performances of metachrome II as a scintillator for the far and vacuum ultraviolet spectral region,” Opt. Eng.35(11), 3342–3347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Pace, L. Placentino, and G. Tondello, “Fluorescence of metachrome in the far- and vacuum- ultraviolet spectral region,” Proc. SPIE2519, 31–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, Z.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prè, M. D.

Radford, W. A.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, D. M.

D. M. Reilly, D. T. Moriarty, and J. A. Maynard, “Unique properties of solar blind ultraviolet communication systems for unattended ground-sensor networks,” Proc. SPIE5611, 244–254 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Rode, W.

W. A. Cabanski, R. Breiter, K.-H. Mauk, W. Rode, and J. Ziegler, “Broadband and dual-color high-speed MCT MWIR modules,” Proc. SPIE4721, 174–183 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roth, J. A.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scarpantonio, L.

Schaller, R. D.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically functionalized PbS-CdS colloidal nanocrystals: integration into amorphous chalcogenide glass and luminescent properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheele, M.

M. V. Kovalenko, M. Scheele, and D. V. Talapin, “Colloidal nanocrystals with molecular metal chalcogenide surface ligands,” Science324(5933), 1417–1420 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, J. M.

S. M. Geyer, J. M. Scherer, N. Moloto, F. B. Jaworski, and M. G. Bawendi, “Efficient luminescent down-shifting detectors based on colloidal quantum dots for dual-band detection applications,” ACS Nano5(7), 5566–5571 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semonin, O. E.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, “Absolute photoluminescence quantum yields of IR-26 dye, PbS, and PbSe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.1(16), 2445–2450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sprafke, T.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, M. H.

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sudol, T.

T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Talapin, D. V.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically functionalized PbS-CdS colloidal nanocrystals: integration into amorphous chalcogenide glass and luminescent properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. Kovalenko, M. Scheele, and D. V. Talapin, “Colloidal nanocrystals with molecular metal chalcogenide surface ligands,” Science324(5933), 1417–1420 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tennant, W. E.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Tolentino, J.

Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
[PubMed]

Tondello, G.

L. Placentino, E. Pace, G. Naletto, and G. Tondello, “Performances of metachrome II as a scintillator for the far and vacuum ultraviolet spectral region,” Opt. Eng.35(11), 3342–3347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Pace, L. Placentino, and G. Tondello, “Fluorescence of metachrome in the far- and vacuum- ultraviolet spectral region,” Proc. SPIE2519, 31–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vela, J.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venzor, G. M.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vodicka, J. G.

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walker, B. J.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

B. L. Wehrenberg, C. Wang, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Interband and intraband optical studies of PbSe colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(41), 10634–10640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wehrenberg, B. L.

B. L. Wehrenberg, C. Wang, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Interband and intraband optical studies of PbSe colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(41), 10634–10640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, H.

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Werder, D.

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Werder, D. J.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Won, J.

W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, C.

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yarema, M.

M. Yarema and M. V. Kovalenko, “Colloidal synthesis of InSb nanocrystals with controlled polymorphism using indium and antimony amides,” Chem. Mater.25(9), 1788–1792 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, Y.

R. G. Aswathy, Y. Yoshida, T. Maekawa, and D. S. Kumar, “Near-infrared quantum dots for deep tissue imaging,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem.397(4), 1417–1435 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, E. R.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zandian, M.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ziegler, J.

W. A. Cabanski, R. Breiter, K.-H. Mauk, W. Rode, and J. Ziegler, “Broadband and dual-color high-speed MCT MWIR modules,” Proc. SPIE4721, 174–183 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zino, J.

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

Zolotavin, P.

E. Lhuillier, S. Keuleyan, P. Zolotavin, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe/As2S3 field effect transistors and photodetectors,” Adv. Mater.25(1), 137–141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

S. M. Geyer, J. M. Scherer, N. Moloto, F. B. Jaworski, and M. G. Bawendi, “Efficient luminescent down-shifting detectors based on colloidal quantum dots for dual-band detection applications,” ACS Nano5(7), 5566–5571 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

E. Lhuillier, S. Keuleyan, P. Zolotavin, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Mid-infrared HgTe/As2S3 field effect transistors and photodetectors,” Adv. Mater.25(1), 137–141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

R. G. Aswathy, Y. Yoshida, T. Maekawa, and D. S. Kumar, “Near-infrared quantum dots for deep tissue imaging,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem.397(4), 1417–1435 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

M. Yarema and M. V. Kovalenko, “Colloidal synthesis of InSb nanocrystals with controlled polymorphism using indium and antimony amides,” Chem. Mater.25(9), 1788–1792 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Sci. (1)

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popovic, B. J. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci.3(6), 2028–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (6)

S. Keuleyan, E. Lhuillier, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis of colloidal HgTe quantum dots for narrow mid-IR emission and detection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(41), 16422–16424 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Pietryga, R. D. Schaller, D. Werder, M. H. Stewart, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Pushing the band gap envelope: mid-infrared emitting colloidal PbSe quantum dots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(38), 11752–11753 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Harris, P. M. Allen, H.-S. Han, B. J. Walker, J. Lee, and M. G. Bawendi, “Synthesis of cadmium arsenide quantum dots luminescent in the infrared,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(13), 4676–4679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, ““Giant” multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5026–5027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Bae, J. Joo, L. A. Padilha, J. Won, D. C. Lee, Q. Lin, W. K. Koh, H. Luo, V. I. Klimov, and J. M. Pietryga, “Highly effective surface passivation of PbSe quantum dots through reaction with molecular chlorine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(49), 20160–20168 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically functionalized PbS-CdS colloidal nanocrystals: integration into amorphous chalcogenide glass and luminescent properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

M. Carmody, J. G. Pasko, D. Edwall, M. Daraselia, L. A. Almeida, J. Molstad, J. H. Dinan, J. K. Markunas, Y. Chen, G. Brill, and N. K. Dhar, “Long wavelength infrared, molecular beam epitaxy, HgCdTe-on-Si diode performance,” J. Electron. Mater.33(6), 531–537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

B. L. Wehrenberg, C. Wang, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Interband and intraband optical studies of PbSe colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(41), 10634–10640 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

H. Liu and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Photoluminescence lifetime of lead selenide colloidal quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(35), 14860–14863 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, “Absolute photoluminescence quantum yields of IR-26 dye, PbS, and PbSe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.1(16), 2445–2450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

Y. Liu, J. Tolentino, M. Gibbs, R. Ihly, C. L. Perkins, Y. Liu, N. Crawford, J. C. Hemminger, and M. Law, “PbSe quantum dot field-effect transistors with air-stable electron mobilities above 7 cm2 V-1 s-1.,” Nano Lett.13(4), 1578–1587 (2013).
[PubMed]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kundu, Y. Ghosh, A. M. Dennis, H. Htoon, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “Giant nanocrystal quantum dots: stable down-conversion phosphors that exploit a large stokes shift and efficient shell-to-core energy relaxation,” Nano Lett.12(6), 3031–3037 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

O. Chen, J. Zhao, V. P. Chauhan, J. Cui, C. Wong, D. K. Harris, H. Wei, H.-S. Han, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “Compact high-quality CdSe-CdS core-shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking,” Nat. Mater.12(5), 445–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

L. Placentino, E. Pace, G. Naletto, and G. Tondello, “Performances of metachrome II as a scintillator for the far and vacuum ultraviolet spectral region,” Opt. Eng.35(11), 3342–3347 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (6)

D. F. King, W. A. Radford, E. A. Patten, R. W. Graham, T. F. McEwan, J. G. Vodicka, R. E. Bornfreund, P. M. Goetz, G. M. Venzor, S. M. Johnson, J. E. Jensen, B. Z. Nosho, and J. A. Roth, “3rd generation 1280 x 720 FPA development status at Raytheon Vision Systems,” Proc. SPIE6206, 62060W (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, “640x512 InGaAs focal plane array camera for visible and SWIR imaging,” Proc. SPIE5783, 12–20 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Cabanski, R. Breiter, K.-H. Mauk, W. Rode, and J. Ziegler, “Broadband and dual-color high-speed MCT MWIR modules,” Proc. SPIE4721, 174–183 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Beletic, R. Blank, D. Gulbransen, D. Lee, M. Loose, E. C. Piquette, T. Sprafke, W. E. Tennant, M. Zandian, and J. Zino, “Teledyne Imaging Sensors: infrared imaging technologies for astronomy and civil space,” Proc. SPIE7021, 70210H2008).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Reilly, D. T. Moriarty, and J. A. Maynard, “Unique properties of solar blind ultraviolet communication systems for unattended ground-sensor networks,” Proc. SPIE5611, 244–254 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Pace, L. Placentino, and G. Tondello, “Fluorescence of metachrome in the far- and vacuum- ultraviolet spectral region,” Proc. SPIE2519, 31–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Chem. (1)

A. M. Brouwer, “Standards for photoluminescence quantum yield measurements in solution (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem.83(12), 2213–2228 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. V. Kovalenko, M. Scheele, and D. V. Talapin, “Colloidal nanocrystals with molecular metal chalcogenide surface ligands,” Science324(5933), 1417–1420 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Spectrum from IRE-640BB by Sofradir EC Inc.

S. B. Howell, Handbook of CCD Astronomy (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

S. M. Geyer, J. M. Scherer, M. G. Bawendi, and F. Jaworski, “Dual Band UV-SWIR imaging via luminescent down-shifting with colloidal quantum dots,” SPIE Nano (2013).

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (1819 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (3134 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cartoon of QD core surrounded by ligands and corresponding electronic structure. Note the overlap of the exciton wavefunction with the surface and ligands. (b) Core shell structure reduces overlap of the exciton with the surface. (c) Absorption (black lines) and emission (red lines) spectra of a size series of PbS QDs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cartoon of the function of the down-shifting layer. (b) Incorporation of down-shifting layer onto imaging array.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The relative efficiency of a bare InGaAs detector (black line) plotted with the absorption (dark blue line) and emission spectra (light blue line, arbitrary units) of PbS QDs (b) PbS/CdS QDs with a substrate thinned InGaAs imager (c) PbSe QDs with a HgCdTe MWIR imager. (e)-(f) Calculated efficiency of QD enhanced imager (red line) compared to bare imager (black line) calculated using spectra in (a)-(c) respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)-(b) Scene at night. The position of a UV LED on the briefcase is indicated by the blue arrows. The portion of the FPA to the left of the dotted line is coated with QDs, while the portion to the right is bare. A dramatic change in UV sensitivity between the QD coated (a) and bare (b) FPA is observed. Video available online (Media 1). (c) Single frame from video available online demonstrating application of UV tag in low visibility situations (Media 2).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Example of using multispectral imaging to identify position of tag. In image (a), a large visible and infrared background makes identification of tag difficult. In (b), a UV pass filter dramatically reduces visible and infrared response. Basic image processing can be used to generate image (c), in which the tag location is clearly identified above the background.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Response of QD coated InGaAs detector to digitally modulated 285 nm light (red line) with corresponding digital information (black line).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Model of effect of MWIR emitting HgTe QDs [22] on the spectral response of a LWIR detector. QD absorption spectrum (dark blue line), emission spectrum (light blue line, arbitrary units) are shown along with the detector relative efficiency before addition of the QD layer (black line). The effect of the QD down-shifting layer is modeled the QY values noted on the graph above the red to yellow lines. Dashed lines are extrapolations from published data.

Equations (2)

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η( λ ) max( η β ) =[ 1A( λ ) ] η β ( λ ) max( η β ) +A( λ )[ QYCE Θ em ]
I Proc =( I UV T UV I 2 )

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