Abstract

We review experiments on mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) generation including our own work on chalcogenide waveguides. Simulations are used to define the conditions in which a chalcogenide waveguide would produce SC from ≈2.5 µm to beyond 10 µm in a single waveguide device. The simulations suggested that broadband SC could be generated by pumping a bulk chalcogenide with fs pulses in the anomalous dispersion regime and this was demonstrated experimentally by producing a flat SC from 2.5 µm to beyond 7.5 µm.

© 2013 OSA

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2013

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

M. Eckerle, C. Kieleck, J. Świderski, S. D. Jackson, G. Mazé, and M. Eichhorn, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked Tm3+-doped silicate 2 μm fiber laser for supercontinuum generation in fluoride fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 512–514 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dupont, C. Petersen, J. Thøgersen, C. Agger, O. Bang, and S. R. Keiding, “IR Microscopy utilizing intense supercontinuum light source,” Opt. Express20(5), 4887–4892 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, and S. Jiang, “High-spectral-flatness mid-infrared supercontinuum generated from a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt.51(7), 834–840 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. L. Thomsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in ZBLAN fibers - detailed comparison between measurement and simulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(4), 635–645 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Gai, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Supercontinuum generation in the mid-infrared from a dispersion-engineered As2S3 glass rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3870–3872 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marandi, C. W. Rudy, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in tapered chalcogenide fiber for producing octave-spanning frequency comb around 3 μm,” Opt. Express20(22), 24218–24225 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured Sulfide and Tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express20(24), 27083–27093 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide Photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

L. B. Shaw, R. R. Gattass, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “All-Fiber Mid-IR Supercontinuum Source from 1.5 to 5µm,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140P, 79140P-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, “Supercontinuum generation from ~1.9 to 4.5µm in ZBLAN fiber with high average power generation beyond 3.8µm using a thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(10), 2486–2498 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “Supercontinuum generation in quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide pumped by a Tm-doped fiber laser system,” Opt. Lett.36(19), 3912–3914 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared to telecom-band supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express19(21), 20172–20181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Q. Zhang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and S.V. Afshar, “Fabrication and supercontinuum generation in dispersion flattened bismuth microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express19(22), 21135–21144 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

2004

2001

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Afshar, S.V.

Aggarwal, I.

L. B. Shaw, R. R. Gattass, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “All-Fiber Mid-IR Supercontinuum Source from 1.5 to 5µm,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140P, 79140P-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express18(7), 6722–6739 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Agger, C.

Alexander, V. V.

Austin, D. R.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

Bang, O.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Dupont, C. Petersen, J. Thøgersen, C. Agger, O. Bang, and S. R. Keiding, “IR Microscopy utilizing intense supercontinuum light source,” Opt. Express20(5), 4887–4892 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. L. Thomsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in ZBLAN fibers - detailed comparison between measurement and simulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(4), 635–645 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, O. Bang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Thulium pumped high power supercontinuum in loss-determined optimum lengths of tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(6), 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baudisch, M.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayya, S. S.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bony, P.-Y.

Bookey, H.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brantley, C.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, R. A.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buccoliero, D.

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, O. Bang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Thulium pumped high power supercontinuum in loss-determined optimum lengths of tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(6), 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buczynski, R.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A. P.

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cambrey, A. D.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Camerlingo, A.

Chan, A.

Chaudhari, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. K.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.-K.

Cheng, T.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.-Y.

Cockburn, J. W.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Colley, C. S.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Couairon, A.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dasgupta, S.

Delpy, D. T.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, D.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Désévédavy, F.

Dianov, E. M.

Docherty, A.

Domachuk, P.

Duan, Z.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duering, M. W.

Dupont, S.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

W. Q. Zhang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and S.V. Afshar, “Fabrication and supercontinuum generation in dispersion flattened bismuth microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express19(22), 21135–21144 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, O. Bang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Thulium pumped high power supercontinuum in loss-determined optimum lengths of tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(6), 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eckerle, M.

Edwards, E.

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide Photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

Eichhorn, M.

Faccio, D.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fatome, J.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, X.

Fermann, M. E.

Flanagan, J. C.

Frampton, K. E.

Freeman, M. J.

Gadret, G.

Gai, X.

Gao, W.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured Sulfide and Tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express20(24), 27083–27093 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gattass, R. R.

L. B. Shaw, R. R. Gattass, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “All-Fiber Mid-IR Supercontinuum Source from 1.5 to 5µm,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140P, 79140P-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Gohle, C.

Green, W. M. J.

Hamaguchi, H. O.

Hansch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hebden, J. C.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, M.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Horak, P.

Hou, J.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

Islam, M. N.

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, J.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z. F.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Johansen, J.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jules, J.-C.

Kamynin, V. A.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kano, H.

Kar, A. K.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured Sulfide and Tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express20(24), 27083–27093 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Keilmann, F.

Kibler, B.

Kieleck, C.

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kircher, J. R.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kito, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kohoutek, T.

Kolev, V. Z.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Kung, F. H.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuyken, B.

Langrock, C.

Larsen, C.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Z. J.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Luo, C.

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Madden, S.

Madden, S. J.

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marakulin, A. V.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marandi, A.

Mazé, G.

Menyuk, C. R.

Minashina, L. A.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Møller, U.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

W. Q. Zhang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and S.V. Afshar, “Fabrication and supercontinuum generation in dispersion flattened bismuth microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express19(22), 21135–21144 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, O. Bang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Thulium pumped high power supercontinuum in loss-determined optimum lengths of tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(6), 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mori, A.

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P. M.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mossadegh, R.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mouawad, O.

Murrer, R. L.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neelakandan, M.

Ng, W. H.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nielsen, F. D.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured Sulfide and Tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express20(24), 27083–27093 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

Osgood, R. M.

Pedersen, C.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pelc, J. S.

Petersen, C.

Petropoulos, P.

Phillips, C. R.

Picque, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Pniewski, J.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, A.

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Price, J. H. V.

Pysz, D.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G.

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reichard, K.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, K.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide Photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

Rode, A. V.

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Z. Kolev, M. W. Duering, B. Luther-Davies, and A. V. Rode, “Compact high-power optical source for resonant infrared pulsed laser ablation and deposition of polymer materials,” Opt. Express14(25), 12302–12309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roelkens, G.

Rudy, C. W.

Ruffin, P.

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rutt, H. N.

Sadovnikova, Y. E.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J.

L. B. Shaw, R. R. Gattass, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “All-Fiber Mid-IR Supercontinuum Source from 1.5 to 5µm,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140P, 79140P-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express18(7), 6722–6739 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Savelii, I.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

L. B. Shaw, R. R. Gattass, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “All-Fiber Mid-IR Supercontinuum Source from 1.5 to 5µm,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140P, 79140P-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express18(7), 6722–6739 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Silva, F.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smektala, F.

Smith, A.

Sørensen, S. T.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Steffensen, H.

C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. L. Thomsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in ZBLAN fibers - detailed comparison between measurement and simulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(4), 635–645 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, O. Bang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Thulium pumped high power supercontinuum in loss-determined optimum lengths of tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(6), 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stepien, R.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured Sulfide and Tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express20(24), 27083–27093 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Swiderski, J.

Taghizadeh, M. R.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Terry, F. L.

Thai, A.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thielen, P. A.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thøgersen, J.

Thomsen, C. L.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Agger, C. Petersen, S. Dupont, H. Steffensen, J. K. Lyngsø, C. L. Thomsen, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in ZBLAN fibers - detailed comparison between measurement and simulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(4), 635–645 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsvetkov, V. B.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Waddie, A. J.

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wang, Q.

Wang, R.

Wang, R. P.

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiblen, R. J.

White, N. M.

Wilson, L. R.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolchover, N. A.

Xiao, R.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xue, X.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. E.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W. Q.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

Yin, S.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S. S.

Zha, C. J.

Zhang, B.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. Q.

Zibik, E. A.

C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Express

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, Z. Duan, D. Deng, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation in Fluoride Glass,” Appl. Phys. Express6(3), 032503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, O. Bang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and T. M. Monro, “Thulium pumped high power supercontinuum in loss-determined optimum lengths of tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(6), 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.

D. A. P. Bulla, R. P. Wang, A. Prasad, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “On the properties and stability of thermally evaporated Ge-As-Se thin films,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.96(3), 615–625 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys.

G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

M. Liao, W. Gao, T. Cheng, Z. Duan, X. Xue, H. Kawashima, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation through filamentation in tellurite glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 036002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, Z. F. Jiang, and Z. J. Liu, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in Tm/Ho codoped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(5), 055107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide Photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

B. Kuyken, X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, R. Baets, G. Roelkens, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared to telecom-band supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” Opt. Express19(21), 20172–20181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Q. Zhang, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and S.V. Afshar, “Fabrication and supercontinuum generation in dispersion flattened bismuth microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express19(22), 21135–21144 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kano and H. O. Hamaguchi, “Vibrationally resonant imaging of a single living cell by supercontinuum-based multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microspectroscopy,” Opt. Express13(4), 1322–1327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Z. Kolev, M. W. Duering, B. Luther-Davies, and A. V. Rode, “Compact high-power optical source for resonant infrared pulsed laser ablation and deposition of polymer materials,” Opt. Express14(25), 12302–12309 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M.-K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. S. Yin, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband IR supercontinuum generation using single crystal sapphire fibers,” Opt. Express16(6), 4085–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express16(10), 7161–7168 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Single-mode tellurite glass holey fiber with extremely large mode area for infrared nonlinear applications,” Opt. Express16(18), 13651–13656 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express18(7), 6722–6739 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Weiblen, A. Docherty, J. Hu, and C. R. Menyuk, “Calculation of the expected bandwidth for a mid-infrared supercontinuum source based on As2S3 chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express18(25), 26666–26674 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marandi, C. W. Rudy, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in tapered chalcogenide fiber for producing octave-spanning frequency comb around 3 μm,” Opt. Express20(22), 24218–24225 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Savelii, O. Mouawad, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J.-C. Jules, P.-Y. Bony, H. Kawashima, W. Gao, T. Kohoutek, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Mid-infrared 2000-nm bandwidth supercontinuum generation in suspended-core microstructured Sulfide and Tellurite optical fibers,” Opt. Express20(24), 27083–27093 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dupont, C. Petersen, J. Thøgersen, C. Agger, O. Bang, and S. R. Keiding, “IR Microscopy utilizing intense supercontinuum light source,” Opt. Express20(5), 4887–4892 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C. E. Yang, J. Lee, S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Middle-IR supercontinuum generations and applications,” Proc. SPIE7056, 70560V, 70560V-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Buczynski, H. Bookey, R. Stepien, J. Pniewski, D. Pysz, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Toward Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in bismuth-lead-galate glass based photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE8434, 84340Z1–84340Z-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, C. Pedersen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, “New horizons for supercontinuum light sources: from UV to mid-IR,” Proc. SPIE8637, 86370T, 86370T-6 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Shaw, R. R. Gattass, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “All-Fiber Mid-IR Supercontinuum Source from 1.5 to 5µm,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140P, 79140P-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

A. S. Kurkov, V. A. Kamynin, V. B. Tsvetkov, Y. E. Sadovnikova, A. V. Marakulin, and L. A. Minashina, “Supercontinuum generation in thulium-doped fibres,” Quantum Electron.42(9), 778–780 (2012).
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Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
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C. S. Colley, J. C. Hebden, D. T. Delpy, A. D. Cambrey, R. A. Brown, E. A. Zibik, W. H. Ng, L. R. Wilson, and J. W. Cockburn, “Mid-infrared optical coherence tomography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.78(12), 123108 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

SPIE

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, F. H. Kung, S. S. Bayya, R. Mossadegh, P. A. Thielen, J. R. Kircher, and R. L. Murrer., “Development of IR-emitting infrared fibers at the naval research laboratory,” SPIE4366, 90–95 (2001).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental results of SC generation from an As2S3 glass rib waveguide 2.5 µm thick on a MgF2 substrate and Teflon coating and pumped at 3.8 µm (red); 3.65 µm (blue) and 3.26 µm (green) at a peak power of ≈1000 W.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A schematic of the structure of the all-chalcogenide rib waveguide.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The (a) dispersion parameter D and (b) nonlinear parameter γ for the fundamental TM mode as a function of wavelength and core film thickness for a rib waveguide with 40% etched depth. The locus of the zero dispersion and the contour for γ = 0.5 W−1m−1 are shown by the white lines.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated SC spectra for different wavelengths and increasing values of γPL for 7.5 ps pulses. Blue 2 µm; green 3 µm; red 4 µm; turquoise 5 µm. (a) γPL = 49; (b) γPL = 77; (c) γPL = 91; (d) γPL = 105.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated SC spectra for different wavelengths and increasing values of γPL for 250 fs pulses. Blue 2 µm; green 3 µm; red 4 µm; turquoise 5 µm. (a) γPL = 7; (b) γPL = 21; (c) γPL = 49; (d) γPL = 77.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The time dependence of the power at the waveguide output from simulations. (a) 250 fs pulses for γPL = 7 at 5 µm demonstrating soliton pulse compression. (b) 7.5 ps pulses for γPL = 64 at 5 µm demonstrating break-up of the pulse envelope into multiple solitons.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a). Spectra recorded at ≈20 MW (red), ≈6 MW (blue) and ≈3 MW (green) peak power. The detector response is shown as a black dotted line. 7(b) the spectrum at ≈20 MW has been corrected for the spectral response of the detector. 7(c) comparison of spectra at ≈20 MW produced using 5.3 µm and 3.425 µm pumps.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of experimental results on mid-IR SC generation

Metrics