Abstract

We report laser-induced modification of SbSI glass as a proof-of-concept of fabricating ferroelectric architectures in chalcogenide glasses. We observe structural (crystallization), chemical (evaporation of SbI3 and oxidation) and volume (contraction as well as expansion) changes under irradiation with a super-bandgap CW Ar+ laser due to the thermal runaway and photoexpansion effects. The crystalline grains grow, but in a very narrow range of applied laser power density (P) from 0.25 to 0.32 mW/μm2. At P>0.4 mW/μm2 SbI3 evaporation dominates and produces strong surface erosion. For P<0.2 mW/μm2 and long exposure times (1-10 min), only laser-induced expansion is observed.

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    [CrossRef]
  35. R. Grzybowski, S. Logunov, A. Streltsov, and J. Sutherland, “Extraordinary laser-induced swelling of oxide glasses,” Opt. Express17(7), 5058–5068 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

P. Knotek and L. Tichy, “On photo-expansion and microlens formation in (GeS2)0.74(Sb2S3)0.26 chalcogenide glass,” Mater. Res. Bull.47(12), 4246–4251 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, “Laser-induced crystal growth of nonlinear optical crystal on glass surface,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.118(1374), 71–76 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (5)

B. Zhu, Y. Dai, H. Ma, S. Zhang, G. Lin, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced space-selective precipitation of nonlinear optical crystals in rare-earth-doped glasses,” Opt. Express15(10), 6069–6074 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, and B. Yu, “Space-selective precipitation of functional crystals in glass by using a high repetition rate femtosecond laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett.443(4-6), 253–257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Novel technique for fabrication of nanoparticle structures in KNbO3-TeO2 glass for photonic integrated circuit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6121–6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ihara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and T. Fujiwara, “Fabrication of optical waveguide in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 197–200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(23), 231105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, I. O. Get, and M. I. Avramov, “Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides: technology of preparation and spectral characteristics,” J. Phys. Res.30, 111–130 (2006).

2005 (1)

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. M. Rubish, “Thermostimulated relaxation of SbSI glass structure,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.3, 941–944 (2001).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

G. Beadie, W. S. Rabinovich, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of microlenses in bulk chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Commun.152(4-6), 215–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Giant photoexpansion in As2S3 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(23), 2925–2927 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

I. D. Turyanitsa, T. N. Melnichenko, P. P. Shtets, and V. M. Rubish, “Glass preparation, structure and properties of alloy in Sb–S–I system,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater.22, 2047–2050 (1986) (in Russian).

1964 (1)

T. Mori and H. Tamura, “Preparation of ferroelectric SbSI single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.19(7), 1247 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I.

G. Beadie, W. S. Rabinovich, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of microlenses in bulk chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Commun.152(4-6), 215–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Araki, R.

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Avramov, M. I.

S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, I. O. Get, and M. I. Avramov, “Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides: technology of preparation and spectral characteristics,” J. Phys. Res.30, 111–130 (2006).

Beadie, G.

G. Beadie, W. S. Rabinovich, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of microlenses in bulk chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Commun.152(4-6), 215–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Beadie and N. M. Lawandy, “Single-step laser fabrication of refractive microlenses in semiconductor-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett.20(21), 2153–2155 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benino, Y.

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(23), 231105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ihara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and T. Fujiwara, “Fabrication of optical waveguide in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 197–200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Novel technique for fabrication of nanoparticle structures in KNbO3-TeO2 glass for photonic integrated circuit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6121–6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, L.

L. Calvez, Z. Yang, and P. Lucas, “Light-induced matrix softening of Ge-As-Se network glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 177402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, S.

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Dickinson, J.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dierolf,

DB. Savytskii, V. Knorr, Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Formation of laser-induced SbSI single crystal architecture in Sb–S–I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids (to be published) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022309313000264# .

Dierolf, V.

Dobosh, V. M.

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

Fan, X.

Fujita, K.

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(23), 231105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ihara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and T. Fujiwara, “Fabrication of optical waveguide in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 197–200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Novel technique for fabrication of nanoparticle structures in KNbO3-TeO2 glass for photonic integrated circuit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6121–6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Get, I. O.

S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, I. O. Get, and M. I. Avramov, “Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides: technology of preparation and spectral characteristics,” J. Phys. Res.30, 111–130 (2006).

Grzybowski, R.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Grzybowski, S. Logunov, A. Streltsov, and J. Sutherland, “Extraordinary laser-induced swelling of oxide glasses,” Opt. Express17(7), 5058–5068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, Q.

Gupta, P.

Harvey, D.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Hisakuni, H.

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Optical microfabrication of chalcogenide glasses,” Science270(5238), 974–975 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Giant photoexpansion in As2S3 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(23), 2925–2927 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Honma, T.

T. Honma, “Laser-induced crystal growth of nonlinear optical crystal on glass surface,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.118(1374), 71–76 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(23), 231105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ihara, R.

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Ihara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and T. Fujiwara, “Fabrication of optical waveguide in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 197–200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Iwafuchi, N.

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jain, H.

Jiang, N.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kengermensky, L. Y.

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

Kim, H. G.

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knorr, V.

DB. Savytskii, V. Knorr, Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Formation of laser-induced SbSI single crystal architecture in Sb–S–I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids (to be published) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022309313000264# .

Knotek, P.

P. Knotek and L. Tichy, “On photo-expansion and microlens formation in (GeS2)0.74(Sb2S3)0.26 chalcogenide glass,” Mater. Res. Bull.47(12), 4246–4251 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Koide, M.

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Novel technique for fabrication of nanoparticle structures in KNbO3-TeO2 glass for photonic integrated circuit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6121–6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ihara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and T. Fujiwara, “Fabrication of optical waveguide in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 197–200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(23), 231105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

Lin, G.

Liu, Y.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett.34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Logunov, S.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Grzybowski, S. Logunov, A. Streltsov, and J. Sutherland, “Extraordinary laser-induced swelling of oxide glasses,” Opt. Express17(7), 5058–5068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, B.

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, and B. Yu, “Space-selective precipitation of functional crystals in glass by using a high repetition rate femtosecond laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett.443(4-6), 253–257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, P.

L. Calvez, Z. Yang, and P. Lucas, “Light-induced matrix softening of Ge-As-Se network glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 177402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukic, S. R.

S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, I. O. Get, and M. I. Avramov, “Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides: technology of preparation and spectral characteristics,” J. Phys. Res.30, 111–130 (2006).

Luo, F.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Masai, H.

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matsushita, K.

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Melnichenko, T. N.

I. D. Turyanitsa, T. N. Melnichenko, P. P. Shtets, and V. M. Rubish, “Glass preparation, structure and properties of alloy in Sb–S–I system,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater.22, 2047–2050 (1986) (in Russian).

Mitsuyu, T.

Miura, K.

Mizuno, S.

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Novel technique for fabrication of nanoparticle structures in KNbO3-TeO2 glass for photonic integrated circuit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6121–6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, H.

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mori, T.

T. Mori and H. Tamura, “Preparation of ferroelectric SbSI single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.19(7), 1247 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Ozturk, A.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petrovic, D. M.

S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, I. O. Get, and M. I. Avramov, “Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides: technology of preparation and spectral characteristics,” J. Phys. Res.30, 111–130 (2006).

Potuzak, M.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qian, B.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, X.

Qiu, J.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett.34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, and B. Yu, “Space-selective precipitation of functional crystals in glass by using a high repetition rate femtosecond laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett.443(4-6), 253–257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, Y. Dai, H. Ma, S. Zhang, G. Lin, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced space-selective precipitation of nonlinear optical crystals in rare-earth-doped glasses,” Opt. Express15(10), 6069–6074 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective growth of frequency-conversion crystals in glasses with ultrashort infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett.25(6), 408–410 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rabinovich, W. S.

G. Beadie, W. S. Rabinovich, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of microlenses in bulk chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Commun.152(4-6), 215–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rubish, V. M.

V. M. Rubish, “Thermostimulated relaxation of SbSI glass structure,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.3, 941–944 (2001).

I. D. Turyanitsa, T. N. Melnichenko, P. P. Shtets, and V. M. Rubish, “Glass preparation, structure and properties of alloy in Sb–S–I system,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater.22, 2047–2050 (1986) (in Russian).

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

Sakakura, M.

Sanghera, J.

G. Beadie, W. S. Rabinovich, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of microlenses in bulk chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Commun.152(4-6), 215–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sato, R.

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Savytskii, B.

DB. Savytskii, V. Knorr, Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Formation of laser-induced SbSI single crystal architecture in Sb–S–I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids (to be published) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022309313000264# .

Shimotsuma, Y.

Shtets, P. P.

I. D. Turyanitsa, T. N. Melnichenko, P. P. Shtets, and V. M. Rubish, “Glass preparation, structure and properties of alloy in Sb–S–I system,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater.22, 2047–2050 (1986) (in Russian).

Stone, A.

Stone, G.

Streltsov, A.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Grzybowski, S. Logunov, A. Streltsov, and J. Sutherland, “Extraordinary laser-induced swelling of oxide glasses,” Opt. Express17(7), 5058–5068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutherland, J.

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Grzybowski, S. Logunov, A. Streltsov, and J. Sutherland, “Extraordinary laser-induced swelling of oxide glasses,” Opt. Express17(7), 5058–5068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamura, H.

T. Mori and H. Tamura, “Preparation of ferroelectric SbSI single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.19(7), 1247 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Optical microfabrication of chalcogenide glasses,” Science270(5238), 974–975 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Giant photoexpansion in As2S3 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(23), 2925–2927 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Teng, Y.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett.34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tichy, L.

P. Knotek and L. Tichy, “On photo-expansion and microlens formation in (GeS2)0.74(Sb2S3)0.26 chalcogenide glass,” Mater. Res. Bull.47(12), 4246–4251 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turyanitsa, I. D.

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

I. D. Turyanitsa, T. N. Melnichenko, P. P. Shtets, and V. M. Rubish, “Glass preparation, structure and properties of alloy in Sb–S–I system,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater.22, 2047–2050 (1986) (in Russian).

Vodopyanov, L. K.

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

Woodward, N.

Yang, Z.

L. Calvez, Z. Yang, and P. Lucas, “Light-induced matrix softening of Ge-As-Se network glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 177402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, S.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett.34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yonesaki, Y.

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, and B. Yu, “Space-selective precipitation of functional crystals in glass by using a high repetition rate femtosecond laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett.443(4-6), 253–257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zhou, J.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett.34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, and B. Yu, “Space-selective precipitation of functional crystals in glass by using a high repetition rate femtosecond laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett.443(4-6), 253–257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, Y. Dai, H. Ma, S. Zhang, G. Lin, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced space-selective precipitation of nonlinear optical crystals in rare-earth-doped glasses,” Opt. Express15(10), 6069–6074 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. Res. (3)

T. Fujiwara, T. Honma, S. Mizuno, N. Iwafuchi, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Order/disorder hybrid structures in photonic glass materials,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 53–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ihara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and T. Fujiwara, “Fabrication of optical waveguide in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 197–200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Iwafuchi, S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, M. Koide, and K. Matsushita, “Nano-crystallized glass fibers with second-order optical nonlinearity,” Adv. Mater. Res.11–12, 209–212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, T. Komatsu, and R. Sato, “Technique for writing of nonlinear optical single-crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(14), 2796–2798 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Honma, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Transition metal atom heat processing for writing of crystal lines in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(23), 231105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, S. Cao, and B. Yu, “Direct writing three-dimensional Ba2TiSi2O8 crystalline pattern in glass with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 181109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Giant photoexpansion in As2S3 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.65(23), 2925–2927 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Teng, B. Qian, N. Jiang, Y. Liu, F. Luo, S. Ye, J. Zhou, B. Zhu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Light and heat driven precipitation of copper nanoparticles inside Cu2+-doped borate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett.485(1-3), 91–94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, B. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ma, B. Lu, and B. Yu, “Space-selective precipitation of functional crystals in glass by using a high repetition rate femtosecond laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett.443(4-6), 253–257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. (1)

I. D. Turyanitsa, T. N. Melnichenko, P. P. Shtets, and V. M. Rubish, “Glass preparation, structure and properties of alloy in Sb–S–I system,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater.22, 2047–2050 (1986) (in Russian).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

T. Komatsu, R. Ihara, T. Honma, Y. Benino, R. Sato, H. G. Kim, and T. Fujiwara, “Patterning of non-linear optical crystals in glass by laser-induced crystallization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(3), 699–705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, Y. Benino, T. Komatsu, and H. Mori, “Selective surface crystallization of nonstoichiometric 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys.101(3), 033530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

T. Honma, “Laser-induced crystal growth of nonlinear optical crystal on glass surface,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.118(1374), 71–76 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

DB. Savytskii, V. Knorr, Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Formation of laser-induced SbSI single crystal architecture in Sb–S–I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids (to be published) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022309313000264# .

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. (1)

V. M. Rubish, “Thermostimulated relaxation of SbSI glass structure,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.3, 941–944 (2001).

J. Phys. Res. (1)

S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, I. O. Get, and M. I. Avramov, “Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides: technology of preparation and spectral characteristics,” J. Phys. Res.30, 111–130 (2006).

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

T. Mori and H. Tamura, “Preparation of ferroelectric SbSI single crystals,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.19(7), 1247 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Mizuno, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Novel technique for fabrication of nanoparticle structures in KNbO3-TeO2 glass for photonic integrated circuit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(8A), 6121–6125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

P. Knotek and L. Tichy, “On photo-expansion and microlens formation in (GeS2)0.74(Sb2S3)0.26 chalcogenide glass,” Mater. Res. Bull.47(12), 4246–4251 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Beadie, W. S. Rabinovich, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, “Fabrication of microlenses in bulk chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Commun.152(4-6), 215–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Calvez, Z. Yang, and P. Lucas, “Light-induced matrix softening of Ge-As-Se network glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 177402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Streltsov, J. Dickinson, R. Grzybowski, D. Harvey, S. Logunov, A. Ozturk, J. Sutherland, and M. Potuzak, “Laser texturing of doped borosilicate glasses,” Proc. SPIE7584, 75840S (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, “Optical microfabrication of chalcogenide glasses,” Science270(5238), 974–975 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. (1)

I. D. Turyanitsa, L. K. Vodopyanov, V. M. Rubish, L. Y. Kengermensky, and V. M. Dobosh, “Raman spectra and dielectric properties of glasses in Sb–S–I system,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.44, 798–804 (1986) (in Russian).

Other (2)

E. I. Gerzanich, V. A. Lyakhovitskaya, V. M. Fridkin, and B. A. Popovkin, in Current Topics in Materials Science, E. Kaldis, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982), Vol. 10, pp. 55–190.

http://www.antimony.atomistry.com/antimony_thioiodide.html .

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

TGA and DSC (inset) data (heating rate 10°/min) of the SbSI glass for >500 μm (1) and <177 μm (2) size particles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Width dependence of craters (1) and their central “remelted” region (2) on laser power after 5 s exposure at the “zero” focus position.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM images of laser-fabricated spots by different laser powers 0.4 (a), 1.0 (b) and 1.7 mW/μm2 (c) at 5 s exposure. Scale bar corresponds to 0.5 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM images of laser-fabricated spots by different laser power densities 0.15 (a), 0.20 (b) and 0.21mW/μm2 (c) at 10 min exposure. Scale bar corresponds to 1.0 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM images of laser-induced spots created during 1, 2 and 3 min exposures (marked on the fig. in light font) with power densities of 0.22, 0.25, 0.29 and 0.32 mW/μm2 at the glass surface. Scale bar corresponds to 2.0 μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SEM image of laser-induced spots created during 2 and 3 min exposures with a power density of 0.32 mW/μm2. Inset: collected and indexed EBSD patterns received from crystalline grain in the spot indicated within the modified area. Scale bar corresponds to 1.0 μm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Chemical compositions at the central point of the laser-fabricated spots. The initial glass composition is marked as point 0. The black series of markers (1-4) indicates the compositional changes after 5s exposures with laser power densities of 0.6, 0.8, 1.0 and 1.7 mW/μm2,respectively. The red series (1-3) shows changes after 1, 2, and 3 minute exposures at a constant power density of 0.32 mW/μm2.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

EDS spectra for the initial glass (curve marked by 0) and central points of laser-fabricated spots using laser power densities 0.6 (curve 1) and 1.7 mW/μm2 (curve 2) for 5 s.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

EDS spectra in range of the Kα-edge (523 eV) for the initial glass (0) and spots after 1, 2, and 3 minute exposures (1-3) with a constant power density of 0.32 mW/μm2.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

SEM image (a) and corresponding maps of O (b), I (c), and S (d) elemental distributions in the area of spots created by the laser beam during 1, 2 and 3 min exposures (marked by red numbers) with power densities of 0.22, 0.25, 0.29 and 0.32 mW/μm2 (shown by black values). Scale bar corresponds to 2.0 μm.

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