Abstract

A critical temperature is found in the phase transition of blue phase liquid crystal (BPLC), which affects the electro-optical properties and polymer stabilization of polymer stabilized BPLCs (PSBPLCs). The relation between lattice formation process of BPLCs and the temperature is also demonstrated showing that the heterogeneous lattice generation and the homogeneous lattice growth dominate the different temperature ranges in phase transition process. With different cooling rates, the material properties of BPLCs change as the result of different stages of heterogeneous lattice generation and homogeneous lattice growth.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Memmer, “Computer simulation of chiral liquid crystal phases VIII. Blue phases of the chiral Gay-Berne fluid,” Liq. Cryst.27(4), 533–546 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Yan, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “High-efficiency and fast-response tunable phase grating using a blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1404–1406 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Y. Lu and L. C. Chien, “Electrically switched color with polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett.35(4), 562–564 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Coles and S. Morris, “Liquid-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 676–685 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Iwamochi and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in blue phases induced using a binary system of a T-shaped nematic liquid crystal and a chiral compound,” Appl. Phys. Express1(18), 111801 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(13), 131905 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. W. Chen, H. C. Jau, C. T. Wang, C. H. Lee, I. C. Khoo, and T. H. Lin, “Random lasing in blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Express20(21), 23978–23984 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. S. Chen, Y. H. Lin, C. H. Wu, M. Chen, and H. K. Hsu, “Hysteresis-free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals using thermal recycles,” Opt. Mater. Express2(8), 1149–1155 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (6)

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “High-efficiency and fast-response tunable phase grating using a blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1404–1406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(13), 131905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

S. Y. Lu and L. C. Chien, “Electrically switched color with polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett.35(4), 562–564 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Coles and S. Morris, “Liquid-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 676–685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Iwamochi and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in blue phases induced using a binary system of a T-shaped nematic liquid crystal and a chiral compound,” Appl. Phys. Express1(18), 111801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. Memmer, “Computer simulation of chiral liquid crystal phases VIII. Blue phases of the chiral Gay-Berne fluid,” Liq. Cryst.27(4), 533–546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. W.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Brinkman, W. F.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. W.

Chen, H. S.

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

Chien, L. C.

Choi, H.

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(13), 131905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chung, T. C.

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coles, H.

H. Coles and S. Morris, “Liquid-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 676–685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cui, H. Q.

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C. Y.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gauza, S.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X. J.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

He, G.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

He, Z. H.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, H.

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(13), 131905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, H. K.

Hu, W.

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iwamochi, H.

H. Iwamochi and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in blue phases induced using a binary system of a T-shaped nematic liquid crystal and a chiral compound,” Appl. Phys. Express1(18), 111801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jau, H. C.

Jen, T. S.

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, B. G.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. W.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

Kikuchi, H.

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(13), 131905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

Lee, M. H.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Lin, T. H.

Lin, X. W.

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. H.

Lu, J. G.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.-G.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S. Y.

Lu, Y. Q.

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mashiko, S.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meiboom, S.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Memmer, R.

R. Memmer, “Computer simulation of chiral liquid crystal phases VIII. Blue phases of the chiral Gay-Berne fluid,” Liq. Cryst.27(4), 533–546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morris, S.

H. Coles and S. Morris, “Liquid-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 676–685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagamura, T.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ni, S.-B.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ping Chen, C.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qiang, J.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sethna, J. P.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, H. P. D.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, X.-L.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. K.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, K.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. T.

Wang, Y.-J.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. H.

Wu, D.-Q.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “High-efficiency and fast-response tunable phase grating using a blue phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1404–1406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xianyu, H.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, J.

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, Z.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z. C.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokoyama, S.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, A.

H. Iwamochi and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in blue phases induced using a binary system of a T-shaped nematic liquid crystal and a chiral compound,” Appl. Phys. Express1(18), 111801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, E. W.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, E.-W.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. L.

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.-L.

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater.18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Iwamochi and A. Yoshizawa, “Electro-optical switching in blue phases induced using a binary system of a T-shaped nematic liquid crystal and a chiral compound,” Appl. Phys. Express1(18), 111801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J.-L. Zhu, S.-B. Ni, Y. Song, E.-W. Zhong, Y.-J. Wang, C. Ping Chen, Z. Ye, G. He, D.-Q. Wu, X.-L. Song, J.-G. Lu, and Y. Su, “Improved Kerr constant and response time of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal with a reactive diluents,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(7), 071104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Fast electro-optic switching in liquid crystal blue phase II,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(13), 131905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, P. Kumar, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Measurement of local retardation in optically isotropic liquid crystal devices driven by in-plane electric field,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e118–e121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, J. Qiang, E. W. Zhong, Z. C. Ye, Z. H. He, X. J. Guo, C. Y. Dong, Y. K. Su, and H. P. D. Shieh, “1D/2D switchable grating based on field-induced polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.111(3), 033101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (3)

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

H. Q. Cui, Z. C. Ye, W. Hu, X. W. Lin, T. C. Chung, T. S. Jen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Single cell gap polymer-stabilized blue-phase transflective LCDs using internal nanowire grid polarizer,” J. Inf. Disp.12(3), 115–119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst. (1)

R. Memmer, “Computer simulation of chiral liquid crystal phases VIII. Blue phases of the chiral Gay-Berne fluid,” Liq. Cryst.27(4), 533–546 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Coles and S. Morris, “Liquid-crystal lasers,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 676–685 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Soft Matter (1)

H. Choi, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Electrooptic response of liquid crystalline blue phases with different chiral pitches,” Soft Matter7(9), 4252–4256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase transition from isotropic phase (ISO) to chiral nematic phase (N*) and polarized optical reflective micrograph under a polarized optical microscope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflective photographs under a polarized optical microscope of BPLC samples maintained around (a) 338.5 K, (b) 337.5 K, and (c) 335.5 K for different time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Platelet textures of BPLC samples before and after the polymer stabilization at (a, d) 338.5 K, (b, e) 337.5 K, and (c, f) 335.5 K, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflective photographs under a polarized microscope of BPLC samples before and after polymer stabilization of (a, b) sample I and (c, d) sample II.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflective photographs under a polarized microscope of BPLC samples before and after polymer stabilization of (a, b) sample III and (c, d) sample IV.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Platelet textures under a polarized optical microscope of BPLC samples with the cooling rate of (a) 0.1 K/min, (b) 0.3 K/min, (c) 0.5 K/min, (d) 1.0 K/min, (e) 3.0 K/min, and (f) 5.0 K/min, respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Voltage-dependent transmittance of the BPLCs with different cooling rates at λ = 633 nm and T = 298K.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The wavelength of Bragg reflection and the Kerr constant of the BPLCs with different cooling rates.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Monomers Concentration and Polymerization Conditions of Sample I, II, III, and IV

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P= λ B /<n>
I= sin 2 ( πdΔn λ )

Metrics