Abstract

Near-infrared (NIR) emitting active centers can exist abundant in Bi:CsI crystal. In addition, Bi:CsI have the simplest crystal structure, body-centered cubic (BCC). In this paper, annealing and quenching treatments were carried out in detail to identify the nature of NIR emitting active centers in Bi:CsI crystals. The changes of absorption and emission spectra with increasing the thermal treatment temperature indicated that the two NIR emission bands at 1210 nm and 1580 nm were related to Bi+ and Bi2+, respectively. Besides, the assignments of absorption bands and the thermal behaviors of Bi3+, Bi2+, Bi+ and Bi2+ were discussed as well.

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  22. G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (4)

2011 (7)

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, “Near-infrared ultrabroadband luminescence spectra properties of subvalent bismuth in CsI halide crystals,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4551–4553 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Luo, H. Xia, C. Yu, and J. Xu, “Luminescence of Bi-doped CdWO4 single crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin.60(7), 077806 (2011).

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Romanov, V. Haula, Z. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater.34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

A. G. Okhrimchuk, L. N. Butvina, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, V. N. Zagorodnev, and K. N. Boldyrev, “Near-infrared luminescence of RbPb2Cl5:Bi crystals,” Opt. Lett.33(19), 2182–2184 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Dianov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, O. Medvedkov, and I. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).

1999 (1)

Q. Zheng, T. Zhang, and Z. Pei, “Luminescence of unusual bismuth in barium berates BaB8O13: Bi,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol.15(3), 281–282 (1999).

1998 (1)

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

N. Tokitoh, Y. Arai, R. Okazaki, and S. Nagase, “Synthesis and characterization of a stable dibismuthene: Evidence for a Bi-Bi double bond,” Science277(5322), 78–80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).

Arai, Y.

N. Tokitoh, Y. Arai, R. Okazaki, and S. Nagase, “Synthesis and characterization of a stable dibismuthene: Evidence for a Bi-Bi double bond,” Science277(5322), 78–80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Z.

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bao, R.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).

Boldyrev, K. N.

Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).

Bufetov, I.

Bufetov, I. A.

Butvina, L. N.

Chen, D.

J. Ruan, L. Su, J. Qiu, D. Chen, and J. Xu, “Bi-doped BaF2 crystal for broadband near-infrared light source,” Opt. Express17(7), 5163–5169 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

M. Qian, C. Yu, J. Cheng, K. Li, and L. Hu, “The broadband NIR emission properties of Bi doped La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2634–2638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cremades, A.

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

Diéguez, E.

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

Fattakhova, Z.

A. Romanov, V. Haula, Z. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater.34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fattakhova, Z. T.

Firstov, S. V.

Firstova, E. G.

Fujii, M.

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).

Gao, H.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, J. A.

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haula, E. V.

Haula, V.

A. Romanov, V. Haula, Z. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater.34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

M. Qian, C. Yu, J. Cheng, K. Li, and L. Hu, “The broadband NIR emission properties of Bi doped La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2634–2638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Katsuya, Y.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazin, P. E.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, K.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korchak, V.

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Korchak, V. N.

Levchenko, A. E.

Li, H.

Li, J.

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, K.

M. Qian, C. Yu, J. Cheng, K. Li, and L. Hu, “The broadband NIR emission properties of Bi doped La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2634–2638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lichkova, N. V.

Lisiecki, R.

Luo, C.

C. Luo, H. Xia, C. Yu, and J. Xu, “Luminescence of Bi-doped CdWO4 single crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin.60(7), 077806 (2011).

Matsushita, Y.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Medvedkov, O.

Melkumov, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

Miwa, Y.

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagase, S.

N. Tokitoh, Y. Arai, R. Okazaki, and S. Nagase, “Synthesis and characterization of a stable dibismuthene: Evidence for a Bi-Bi double bond,” Science277(5322), 78–80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).

Okazaki, R.

N. Tokitoh, Y. Arai, R. Okazaki, and S. Nagase, “Synthesis and characterization of a stable dibismuthene: Evidence for a Bi-Bi double bond,” Science277(5322), 78–80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Pei, Z.

Q. Zheng, T. Zhang, and Z. Pei, “Luminescence of unusual bismuth in barium berates BaB8O13: Bi,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol.15(3), 281–282 (1999).

Peng, M.

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piqueras, J.

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, M.

M. Qian, C. Yu, J. Cheng, K. Li, and L. Hu, “The broadband NIR emission properties of Bi doped La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2634–2638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Ruan, L. Su, J. Qiu, D. Chen, and J. Xu, “Bi-doped BaF2 crystal for broadband near-infrared light source,” Opt. Express17(7), 5163–5169 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Remon, A.

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ren, G.

Ren, J.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romanov, A.

A. Romanov, V. Haula, Z. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater.34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, A. N.

Ruan, J.

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

Sakka, Y.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santos, M. T.

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Semenov, S. L.

Shirahata, N.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A.

Shubin, A. V.

Solarz, P.

Su, L.

Sulimov, V. B.

Sulimov, Z.

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. T.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, M.

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, H.

Tokitoh, N.

N. Tokitoh, Y. Arai, R. Okazaki, and S. Nagase, “Synthesis and characterization of a stable dibismuthene: Evidence for a Bi-Bi double bond,” Science277(5322), 78–80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Tsvetkov, V. B.

Usovich, O. V.

Veber, A. A.

Vel’miskin, V. V.

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Xia, H.

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

Yang, Y.

Yu, C.

M. Qian, C. Yu, J. Cheng, K. Li, and L. Hu, “The broadband NIR emission properties of Bi doped La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2634–2638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Luo, H. Xia, C. Yu, and J. Xu, “Luminescence of Bi-doped CdWO4 single crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin.60(7), 077806 (2011).

Yu, J.

Zagorodnev, V. N.

Zhang, T.

Q. Zheng, T. Zhang, and Z. Pei, “Luminescence of unusual bismuth in barium berates BaB8O13: Bi,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol.15(3), 281–282 (1999).

Zhao, H.

Zheng, L.

Zheng, Q.

Q. Zheng, T. Zhang, and Z. Pei, “Luminescence of unusual bismuth in barium berates BaB8O13: Bi,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol.15(3), 281–282 (1999).

Zhigunov, D.

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhigunov, D. M.

A. Romanov, V. Haula, Z. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater.34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, P.

Zhu, C.

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

C. Luo, H. Xia, C. Yu, and J. Xu, “Luminescence of Bi-doped CdWO4 single crystals,” Acta Phys. Sin.60(7), 077806 (2011).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, “Spectroscopic characterization of bismuth embedded Y zeolites,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation on Bi3+-activated phosphors,” Chem. Phys.48(1), 217–222 (1968).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H. T. Sun, Y. Matsushita, Y. Sakka, N. Shirahata, M. Tanaka, Y. Katsuya, H. Gao, and K. Kobayashi, “Synchrotron X-ray, photoluminescence, and quantum chemistry studies of bismuth-embedded dehydrated zeolite Y,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(6), 2918–2921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).

A. Cremades, J. Piqueras, A. Remon, J. A. Garcia, M. T. Santos, and E. Diéguez, “Luminescence study of thermal treated and laser irradiated Bi12GeO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.83(12), 7948–7952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

M. Qian, C. Yu, J. Cheng, K. Li, and L. Hu, “The broadband NIR emission properties of Bi doped La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2634–2638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, H. Gao, Y. Miwa, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, Z. Bai, and J. Li, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from Bi5(AlCl4)3 crystal,” J. Mater. Chem.21(12), 4060–4063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Technol. (1)

Q. Zheng, T. Zhang, and Z. Pei, “Luminescence of unusual bismuth in barium berates BaB8O13: Bi,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol.15(3), 281–282 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (3)

A. Romanov, V. Haula, Z. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater.34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Romanov, Z. Fattakhova, D. Zhigunov, V. Korchak, and Z. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater.29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Science (1)

N. Tokitoh, Y. Arai, R. Okazaki, and S. Nagase, “Synthesis and characterization of a stable dibismuthene: Evidence for a Bi-Bi double bond,” Science277(5322), 78–80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption, emission and excitation spectra of the 0.2at % Bi:CsI crystal at 300K.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top-left graph shows absorption spectra of the as-grown and annealed 0.2 at% Bi:CsI crystals at 523K, 673K and 823K, respectively. The other three graphs show the same absorption spectra in top-left graph enlarged at three important absorption bands.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The schematic of ion conversion and inferred concentration change of Bi3+, Bi2+, Bi+ and small clusters, with the increase of temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission spectra of the as-grown and annealed 0.2 at% Bi:CsI crystals at 523K, 673K and 823K, respectively, under excitation of 808 nm. The inset graph shows the change of peak heights at 1210 nm and 1580 nm, with increase of annealing temperature.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption and emission spectra of 0.2 at% Bi:CsI crystal annealed at 773K and the same annealed crystals again quenched at 473K, 573K, 673K and 773K, respectively, and the changes of peak intensities at 1210 nm and 1580 nm with increase of quenching temperature. Top two graphs are the same absorption spectra enlarged at different bands.

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