Abstract

We developed a new fluorene-based chromophore for a degradation-recoverable polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) dye laser. The chromophore has dimethylsiloxane chains to enhance its solubility in the PDMS matrix. The spectroscopic and mobile characteristics were evaluated, and the attaching of the siloxane/silyl chains improved solubility in PDMS without influencing the laser property. It extended the durability by a factor of 20 for shots in an index-type Bragg grating/PDMS complex laser waveguide compared with a similar fluorene-based chromophore in PMMA laser waveguides. This molecular diffusion not only increased durability but also provided detailed information about dye degradation in waveguides.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Synth. Met.140(2-3), 117–120 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Yoshioka, Y. Yang, H. Watanabe, and Y. Oki, “Fundamental characteristics of degradation-recoverable solid-state DFB polymer laser,” Opt. Express20(4), 4690–4696 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. D. Singer, T. Kazmierczak, J. Lott, H. Song, Y. Wu, J. Andrews, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, and C. Weder, “Melt-processed all-polymer distributed Bragg reflector laser,” Opt. Express16(14), 10358–10363 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. Tsutsumi and T. Ishibashi, “Organic dye lasers with distributed Bragg reflector grating and distributed feedback resonator,” Opt. Express17(24), 21698–21703 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

N. Tsutsumi and T. Ishibashi, “Organic dye lasers with distributed Bragg reflector grating and distributed feedback resonator,” Opt. Express17(24), 21698–21703 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

K. D. Singer, T. Kazmierczak, J. Lott, H. Song, Y. Wu, J. Andrews, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, and C. Weder, “Melt-processed all-polymer distributed Bragg reflector laser,” Opt. Express16(14), 10358–10363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Synth. Met.140(2-3), 117–120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Abe, A.

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, C.

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Akine, S.

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J.

Arbeloa, Í. L.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arbeloa, T.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baek, N. S.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baer, E.

Balslev, S.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bansal, A. K.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bañuelos, J.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bekiari, V.

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Synth. Met.140(2-3), 117–120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Chiara, J. L.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. K.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Córdoba, I. J. A.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costela, A.

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Costela, Á.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Couris, S.

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M.

Dawson, M. D.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Era, M.

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Frank, W.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, A.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García, O.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Moreno, I.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garrido, L.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gersborg-Hansen, M.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gómez-Durán, C. F. A.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, E.

Guilhabert, B.

Heliotis, G.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Synth. Met.140(2-3), 117–120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Herrnsdorf, J.

Hiltner, A.

Holzer, W.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hörhold, H.-H.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Y.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, T.

Kakiyama, N.

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kallitsis, J.

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kanibolotsky, A.

Kanibolotsky, A. L.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierczak, T.

Kim, H. K.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klemm, E.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E. B.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Konstandakopoulou, F.

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, A.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laurand, N.

Lee, S. H.

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lianos, P.

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

López Arbeloa, F.

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López Arbeloa, I.

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lott, J.

Mackintosh, A.

Maeda, M.

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, V.

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martín, V.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, Y.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, T.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noto, M.

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oki, Y.

H. Yoshioka, Y. Yang, H. Watanabe, and Y. Oki, “Fundamental characteristics of degradation-recoverable solid-state DFB polymer laser,” Opt. Express20(4), 4690–4696 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, M.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peña-Cabrera, E.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penzkofer, A.

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perepichka, I. F.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pérez-Ojeda, M. E.

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pethrick, R.

Psaltis, D.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sastre, R.

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, P. E.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

Skabara, P.

Skabara, P. J.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

So, H.

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

Song, W.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stathatos, E.

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Trastoy, B.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsiminis, G.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsui, T.

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, N.

Turnbull, G. A.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vasdekis, A. E.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, H.

H. Yoshioka, Y. Yang, H. Watanabe, and Y. Oki, “Fundamental characteristics of degradation-recoverable solid-state DFB polymer laser,” Opt. Express20(4), 4690–4696 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weder, C.

Wu, Y.

Xia, R.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Synth. Met.140(2-3), 117–120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yahiro, M.

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

H. Yoshioka, Y. Yang, H. Watanabe, and Y. Oki, “Fundamental characteristics of degradation-recoverable solid-state DFB polymer laser,” Opt. Express20(4), 4690–4696 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, Y.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshioka, H.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, P. E. Shaw, A. L. Kanibolotsky, I. F. Perepichka, M. D. Dawson, P. J. Skabara, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Low-threshold organic laser based on an oligofluorene truxene with low optical losses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(24), 243304 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. García-Moreno, A. Costela, V. Martin, R. Sastre, J. Bañuelos, F. López Arbeloa, I. López Arbeloa, and E. Peña-Cabrera, “8-PropargylaminoBODIPY: unprecedented blue-emitting pyrromethene dye. Synthesis, photophysics and laser properties,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(28), 5103–5105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chemistry (1)

J. Bañuelos, V. Martín, C. F. A. Gómez-Durán, I. J. A. Córdoba, E. Peña-Cabrera, I. García-Moreno, Á. Costela, M. E. Pérez-Ojeda, T. Arbeloa, and Í. L. Arbeloa, “New 8-amino-BODIPY derivatives: surpassing laser dyes at blue-edge wavelengths,” Chemistry17(26), 7261–7270 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (1)

V. Bekiari, E. Stathatos, P. Lianos, F. Konstandakopoulou, J. Kallitsis, and S. Couris, “Photophysical properties of a series of blue-emitting rigid–flexible polyethers in solution and in thin films,” J. Lumin.93(3), 223–227 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

O. García, R. Sastre, I. García-Moreno, V. Martín, and Á. Costela, “New laser hybrid materials based on POSS copolymers,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(38), 14710–14713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Oki, H. Sato, A. Abe, H. Watanabe, M. Era, and M. Maeda, “Development of distributed-feedback tunable blue-violet waveguide plastic laser based on fluorene compound,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(4A), 1759–1763 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, H. So, Y. Oki, S. Akine, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond-pulse-pumped distributed-feedback thick-film waveguide blue laser using Fluorescent Brightener 135,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.49(7), 072105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

M. Era, N. Kakiyama, M. Noto, S. H. Lee, and T. Tsutsui, “Hole mobility of fluorene-based dye,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.371(1), 191–194 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

H. So, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, Y. Yang, Y. Oki, and C. Adachi, “Highly photostable distributed-feedback polymer waveguide blue laser using spirobifluorene derivatives,” Opt. Mater.33(6), 755–758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Org. Electron. (1)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron.4(2-3), 165–177 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met. (3)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Synth. Met.140(2-3), 117–120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yoshida, T. Nishimura, Y. Nishihara, A. Fujii, M. Ozaki, H. K. Kim, N. S. Baek, S. K. Choi, and K. Yoshino, “Photopumped multimode blue laser emission from cylindrical microcavities of conducting polymers with heteroatoms in main chains,” Synth. Met.152(1-3), 209–212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Bansal, W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, H.-H. Hörhold, E. Klemm, W. Frank, and E. B. Kley, “Spectroscopic and lasing characterisation of a luminescent phenylene/bipyridine polymer,” Synth. Met.158(19-20), 758–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structure of (a) 2C6BPF and (b) KIDL-F1. (c) Absorption and emission cross sections of KIDL-F1 and 2C6BPF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Dyes permeating the PDMS film. (b) Diffusion of P597 and KIDL-F1 in PDMS at 25°C after 24 h. (c) Dependence of diffusion coefficient on temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Structure of KIDL-F1:PTFEMA/PDMS laser, (b) electric field at TE0 mode, and (c) DFB laser beam profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Input-output characteristics and (b) spectra of laser oscillation and ASE.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Increased durability of the PDMS DFB laser and ASE pumped by a low pulse energy of 1.2 μJ, and (b) degradation-recoverable operation of ASE.

Equations (2)

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σ S (λ)= λ 4 φE(λ) 8πτc n 2
ln(D)= E a R 1 T +ln(A)

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