Abstract

The linear electrooptic r51 coefficient of tetragonal K0.95Li0.05Ta0.40Nb0.60O3 single crystal was measured and reported. A modified AC modulating method coupled with high precision sample positioner, coherent light source, and phase-locked signal detection, was used to measure the electric field induced rotation of optical axis. The electrooptic r51 coefficient was found to be exceptionally large, r51 = (1.10 ± 0.14) × 104 pm/V at room temperature. Altogether with high ferroelectric phase transition temperature (~440 K), good optical crystal quality, ultrahigh linear electrooptic r51 coefficient and low frequency dependency, the K0.95Li0.05Ta0.40Nb0.60O3 single crystal offers significant application potential for various electrooptic devices.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. J. Agranat, “Optical lambda-switching at telecom wavelengths based on electroholography,” Top. Appl. Phys.86, 129–156 (2002).

1999

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

S. Riehemann, D. Sabbert, and S. Loheide, “Holographic double-exposure interferometry with tetragonal iron doped potassium tantalate-niobate crystals,” Opt. Mater.4(2-3), 437–440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

J. Toulouse, X. M. Wang, L. A. Knauss, and L. A. Boatner, “Dielectric nonlinearity and spontaneous polarization of KTa1-xNbxO3 in the diffuse transition range,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter43(10), 8297–8302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, and R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrooptic and piezoelectric measurements in photorefractive barium titanate and strontium barium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(12), 2116–2121 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983

D. Rytz, A. Chatelain, and U. Höchli, “Elastic properties in quantum ferroelectric KTa1-xNbxO3,” Phys. Rev. B27(11), 6830–6840 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1974

P. Günter, “Electro-optical properties of KNbO3,” Opt. Commun.11(3), 285–290 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1970

D. A. Pinnow, “Guide lines for the selection of acoustooptic materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.6(4), 223–238 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys.40(2), 720–735 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967

1966

F. S. Chen, J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, and J. G. Skinner, “Light modulation and beam deflection with potassium tantalite niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.37(1), 388–398 (1966).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow and E. H. Turner, “Electrooptic light modulators,” Appl. Opt.5(10), 1612–1628 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1965

A. R. Johnston and J. M. Weingart, “Determination of the low frequency linear electro-optic effect in tetragonal BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.55(7), 828–833 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Johnston, “The strain-free electrooptic effect in single crystal barium titanate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.7(7), 195–198 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964

J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, L. G. Van Uitert, and S. H. Wemple, “Electro-optic properties of some ABO3 perovskitesin the paraelectric phase,” Appl. Phys. Lett.4(8), 141–143 (1964).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Cohen and E. I. Gordon, “Electrooptic [KTaxNb1−xO3 (KTN)] gratings for light beam modulation and deflectrion,” Appl. Phys. Lett.5(9), 181–182 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A. J.

A. J. Agranat, “Optical lambda-switching at telecom wavelengths based on electroholography,” Top. Appl. Phys.86, 129–156 (2002).

Bhalla, A. S.

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boatner, L. A.

J. Toulouse, X. M. Wang, L. A. Knauss, and L. A. Boatner, “Dielectric nonlinearity and spontaneous polarization of KTa1-xNbxO3 in the diffuse transition range,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter43(10), 8297–8302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chatelain, A.

D. Rytz, A. Chatelain, and U. Höchli, “Elastic properties in quantum ferroelectric KTa1-xNbxO3,” Phys. Rev. B27(11), 6830–6840 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F. S.

F. S. Chen, J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, and J. G. Skinner, “Light modulation and beam deflection with potassium tantalite niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.37(1), 388–398 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, M. G.

M. G. Cohen and E. I. Gordon, “Electrooptic [KTaxNb1−xO3 (KTN)] gratings for light beam modulation and deflectrion,” Appl. Phys. Lett.5(9), 181–182 (1964).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DiDomenico, M.

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys.40(2), 720–735 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ducharme, S.

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, and R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrooptic and piezoelectric measurements in photorefractive barium titanate and strontium barium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(12), 2116–2121 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Enbutsu, K.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, and R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrooptic and piezoelectric measurements in photorefractive barium titanate and strontium barium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(12), 2116–2121 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fujiura, K.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fushimi, H.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, J. E.

F. S. Chen, J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, and J. G. Skinner, “Light modulation and beam deflection with potassium tantalite niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.37(1), 388–398 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, L. G. Van Uitert, and S. H. Wemple, “Electro-optic properties of some ABO3 perovskitesin the paraelectric phase,” Appl. Phys. Lett.4(8), 141–143 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, E. I.

M. G. Cohen and E. I. Gordon, “Electrooptic [KTaxNb1−xO3 (KTN)] gratings for light beam modulation and deflectrion,” Appl. Phys. Lett.5(9), 181–182 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

P. Günter, “Electro-optical properties of KNbO3,” Opt. Commun.11(3), 285–290 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Guo, R. Y.

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Haas, W.

Höchli, U.

D. Rytz, A. Chatelain, and U. Höchli, “Elastic properties in quantum ferroelectric KTa1-xNbxO3,” Phys. Rev. B27(11), 6830–6840 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Imai, T.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johannes, R.

Johnston, A. R.

A. R. Johnston, “The strain-free electrooptic effect in single crystal barium titanate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.7(7), 195–198 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Johnston and J. M. Weingart, “Determination of the low frequency linear electro-optic effect in tetragonal BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.55(7), 828–833 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Jonston, W. D.

I. P. Kaminov and W. D. Jonston, “Quantitative Determination of Sources of the Electro-Optic Effect in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Phys. Rev.160(3), 519–522 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kaminov, I. P.

I. P. Kaminov and W. D. Jonston, “Quantitative Determination of Sources of the Electro-Optic Effect in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Phys. Rev.160(3), 519–522 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

Knauss, L. A.

J. Toulouse, X. M. Wang, L. A. Knauss, and L. A. Boatner, “Dielectric nonlinearity and spontaneous polarization of KTa1-xNbxO3 in the diffuse transition range,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter43(10), 8297–8302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kratzig, E.

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurihara, T.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kurtz, S. K.

F. S. Chen, J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, and J. G. Skinner, “Light modulation and beam deflection with potassium tantalite niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.37(1), 388–398 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, L. G. Van Uitert, and S. H. Wemple, “Electro-optic properties of some ABO3 perovskitesin the paraelectric phase,” Appl. Phys. Lett.4(8), 141–143 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. C. J.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loheide, S.

S. Riehemann, D. Sabbert, and S. Loheide, “Holographic double-exposure interferometry with tetragonal iron doped potassium tantalate-niobate crystals,” Opt. Mater.4(2-3), 437–440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Manabe, K.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, T.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R.

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, and R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrooptic and piezoelectric measurements in photorefractive barium titanate and strontium barium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(12), 2116–2121 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pankrath, R.

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, “Guide lines for the selection of acoustooptic materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.6(4), 223–238 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Riehemann, S.

S. Riehemann, D. Sabbert, and S. Loheide, “Holographic double-exposure interferometry with tetragonal iron doped potassium tantalate-niobate crystals,” Opt. Mater.4(2-3), 437–440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rowe, M.

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

D. Rytz, A. Chatelain, and U. Höchli, “Elastic properties in quantum ferroelectric KTa1-xNbxO3,” Phys. Rev. B27(11), 6830–6840 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sabbert, D.

S. Riehemann, D. Sabbert, and S. Loheide, “Holographic double-exposure interferometry with tetragonal iron doped potassium tantalate-niobate crystals,” Opt. Mater.4(2-3), 437–440 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sasaura, M.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shimokozono, M.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skinner, J. G.

F. S. Chen, J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, and J. G. Skinner, “Light modulation and beam deflection with potassium tantalite niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.37(1), 388–398 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Tate, A.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

J. Toulouse, X. M. Wang, L. A. Knauss, and L. A. Boatner, “Dielectric nonlinearity and spontaneous polarization of KTa1-xNbxO3 in the diffuse transition range,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter43(10), 8297–8302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyoda, S.

S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turner, E. H.

Van Raalte, J. A.

Van Uitert, L. G.

J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, L. G. Van Uitert, and S. H. Wemple, “Electro-optic properties of some ABO3 perovskitesin the paraelectric phase,” Appl. Phys. Lett.4(8), 141–143 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Veenhuis, H.

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. M.

J. Toulouse, X. M. Wang, L. A. Knauss, and L. A. Boatner, “Dielectric nonlinearity and spontaneous polarization of KTa1-xNbxO3 in the diffuse transition range,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter43(10), 8297–8302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weingart, J. M.

Wemple, S. H.

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys.40(2), 720–735 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, L. G. Van Uitert, and S. H. Wemple, “Electro-optic properties of some ABO3 perovskitesin the paraelectric phase,” Appl. Phys. Lett.4(8), 141–143 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z. X.

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, L. G. Van Uitert, and S. H. Wemple, “Electro-optic properties of some ABO3 perovskitesin the paraelectric phase,” Appl. Phys. Lett.4(8), 141–143 (1964).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Cohen and E. I. Gordon, “Electrooptic [KTaxNb1−xO3 (KTN)] gratings for light beam modulation and deflectrion,” Appl. Phys. Lett.5(9), 181–182 (1964).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Johnston, “The strain-free electrooptic effect in single crystal barium titanate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.7(7), 195–198 (1965).
[CrossRef]

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S. Toyoda, K. Fujiura, M. Sasaura, K. Enbutsu, A. Tate, M. Shimokozono, H. Fushimi, T. Imai, K. Manabe, T. Matsuura, T. Kurihara, S. C. J. Lee, and H. de Waardt, “KTN-crystal-waveguide-based electrooptic phase modulator with high performance index,” Electron. Lett.40(13), 830–831 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, and R. Neurgaonkar, “Electrooptic and piezoelectric measurements in photorefractive barium titanate and strontium barium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(12), 2116–2121 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Pinnow, “Guide lines for the selection of acoustooptic materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.6(4), 223–238 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Integr. Ferroelectr.

J. Li, Y. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Electrical properties of lead-free niobium rich piezoelectric (K0.95Li0.05)(Ta1-xNbx)O3 single crystals,” Integr. Ferroelectr.130(1), 65–72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys.40(2), 720–735 (1969).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Chen, J. E. Geusic, S. K. Kurtz, and J. G. Skinner, “Light modulation and beam deflection with potassium tantalite niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.37(1), 388–398 (1966).
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[CrossRef]

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D. Rytz, A. Chatelain, and U. Höchli, “Elastic properties in quantum ferroelectric KTa1-xNbxO3,” Phys. Rev. B27(11), 6830–6840 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter

J. Toulouse, X. M. Wang, L. A. Knauss, and L. A. Boatner, “Dielectric nonlinearity and spontaneous polarization of KTa1-xNbxO3 in the diffuse transition range,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter43(10), 8297–8302 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi B

J. Neumann, M. Rowe, H. Veenhuis, R. Pankrath, and E. Kratzig, “Linear electrooptic coefficient r(42) of tetragonal potassium-tantalate-niobate and barium-calcium-titanate,” Phys. Status Solidi B215, R9–R10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

Y. Li, J. Li, Z. X. Zhou, R. Y. Guo, and A. S. Bhalla, “Optical and electrooptic properties of potassium lithium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Proc. SPIE8120, 81201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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R. Guo, D. A. McHenry, A. S. Bhalla, and L. E. Cross, “Electrooptic properties of lead barium niobate (PBN) single crystals,” in Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Phenomena and Devices, NLO '90, 257 (IEEE, 1990)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Arrangement of AC measurement method modified from [12].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of dynamic AC measurement utilizing phase locked modulated intensity at maximum transmission point C where modulated intensity is at twice the modulating frequency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of the sample orientation in relation to the direction of the poling field and the direction of the applied AC field for EO r51 measurement. Optical wave propagation direction is vertical to the page, parallel to the [010] direction.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Rotation of the optic axis as a function of the modulating electric field in the 0.60: KLTN single crystal.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Electrooptic coefficients (r51) of some electrooptic single crystals

Tables Icon

Table 2 Dielectric constants and electrooptic coefficients of the 0.60: KLTN, BaTiO3 and SBN single crystals (at room temperature and 1 kHz).

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ( 1/ n m 2 )= j r mj E j (m=16,j=13),
x 2 + y 2 n o 2 + z 2 n e 2 =1,
( 1 n o 2 + r 13 E z )( x 2 + y 2 )+( 1 n e 2 + r 33 E z ) z 2 +2 r 51 E y yz+2 r 51 E x xz=1.
1 n o 2 ( x 2 + y 2 )+ 1 n e 2 z 2 +2 r 51 E x xz=1.
β= r 51 E x 1/ n e 2 1/ n o 2 .
F z' = F 0 sin(ωt+ ϕ z' )cosα F x' = F 0 sin(ωt+ ϕ x' )sinα
I A I P = sin 2 (2α) sin 2 ( πbΔ n 0 λ ), at E x =0.
I A I P = sin 2 [2(α+β(E))] sin 2 ( πbΔn(E) λ ),
T c [ K ]=676x+32.
r ijm =2 g ijkl ε 0 ε km P l .
r 33 =2 g 11 ε 0 ε 3 P 3 , r 13 =2 g 12 ε 0 ε 3 P 3 and r 51 =4 g 44 ε 0 ε 1 P 3 ,

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