Abstract

Semiconductor nanorods mainly absorb and emit light with the electric field along the axis of the rods, it is therefore important to align the nanorods along a preferred direction. The homogeneous deposition of aligned nanorods on large substrates is interesting for large size applications such as solar cells and OLEDs. In this work, we present a fast and versatile method for the homogeneous deposition and alignment of nanorods from a colloidal suspension. The method is based on a low-cost dip-coating procedure during which an alternating electric field is applied. The accumulation, orientation, and polarized fluorescence of the nanorods is verified by AFM and polarized fluorescence microscopy. An alignment with order parameter of 0.67 has been obtained with this method.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (4)

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Principles of nanowire alignment in an electric field,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 064305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Nanorod dynamics in AC electric fields,” Nanotechnology21(23), 235502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Ahmed, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Quantitative analysis of gold nanorod alignment after electric field-assisted deposition,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3786–3794 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

C. Querner, M. D. Fischbein, P. A. Heiney, and M. Drndic, “Millimeter-scale assembly of CdSe nanorods into smectic superstructures by solvent drying kinetics,” Adv. Mater.20(12), 2308–2314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Schubert, S. Chhajed, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, and J. Cho, “Linearly polarized emission from GaInN lightemitting diodes with polarization-enhancing reflector,” Opt. Express15(18), 11213–11218 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

Z. Hu, M. D. Fischbein, C. Querner, and M. Drndić, “Electric-field-driven accumulation and alignment of CdSe and CdTe nanorods in nanoscale devices,” Nano Lett.6(11), 2585–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gupta, Q. Zhang, T. Emrick, and T. P. Russell, ““Self-corralling” nanorods under an applied electric field,” Nano Lett.6(9), 2066–2069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sun and H. Sirringhaus, “Surface tension and fluid flow driven self-assembly of ordered ZnO nanorod films for high-performance field effect transistors,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(50), 16231–16237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals and their assembly on a substrate,” Adv. Mater.15(5), 408–411 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Artemyev, B. Möller, and U. Woggon, “Unidirectional alignment of CdSe nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(4), 509–512 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(9), 097402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

L.- Li, J. Walda, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals,” Nano Lett.2(6), 557–560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

F. Kim, S. Kwan, J. Akana, and P. D. Yang, “Langmuir-Blodgett nanorod assembly,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.123(18), 4360–4361 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

B. M. I. van der Zande, G. J. M. Koper, and H. N. W. Lekkerkerker, “Alignment of rod-shaped gold particles by electric fields,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(28), 5754–5760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, W.

W. Ahmed, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Quantitative analysis of gold nanorod alignment after electric field-assisted deposition,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3786–3794 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akana, J.

F. Kim, S. Kwan, J. Akana, and P. D. Yang, “Langmuir-Blodgett nanorod assembly,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.123(18), 4360–4361 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(9), 097402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals and their assembly on a substrate,” Adv. Mater.15(5), 408–411 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L.- Li, J. Walda, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals,” Nano Lett.2(6), 557–560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amit, Y.

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

Artemyev, M.

M. Artemyev, B. Möller, and U. Woggon, “Unidirectional alignment of CdSe nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(4), 509–512 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balandin, A. A.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banin, U.

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

Berton, K.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, S.

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozano, L.

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carbone, L.

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chhajed, S.

Chilla, G.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiodo, L.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, J.

Cingolani, R.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cola, A.

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Compernolle, S.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

De Giorgi, M.

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Vittorio, M.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Drndic, M.

C. Querner, M. D. Fischbein, P. A. Heiney, and M. Drndic, “Millimeter-scale assembly of CdSe nanorods into smectic superstructures by solvent drying kinetics,” Adv. Mater.20(12), 2308–2314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, M. D. Fischbein, C. Querner, and M. Drndić, “Electric-field-driven accumulation and alignment of CdSe and CdTe nanorods in nanoscale devices,” Nano Lett.6(11), 2585–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emrick, T.

S. Gupta, Q. Zhang, T. Emrick, and T. P. Russell, ““Self-corralling” nanorods under an applied electric field,” Nano Lett.6(9), 2066–2069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faust, A.

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

Fiore, A.

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischbein, M. D.

C. Querner, M. D. Fischbein, P. A. Heiney, and M. Drndic, “Millimeter-scale assembly of CdSe nanorods into smectic superstructures by solvent drying kinetics,” Adv. Mater.20(12), 2308–2314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, M. D. Fischbein, C. Querner, and M. Drndić, “Electric-field-driven accumulation and alignment of CdSe and CdTe nanorods in nanoscale devices,” Nano Lett.6(11), 2585–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fonoberov, V. A.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Förster, S.

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franchini, I. R.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, Z.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gigli, G.

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomes, R.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, S.

S. Gupta, Q. Zhang, T. Emrick, and T. P. Russell, ““Self-corralling” nanorods under an applied electric field,” Nano Lett.6(9), 2066–2069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harnack, O.

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heiney, P. A.

C. Querner, M. D. Fischbein, P. A. Heiney, and M. Drndic, “Millimeter-scale assembly of CdSe nanorods into smectic superstructures by solvent drying kinetics,” Adv. Mater.20(12), 2308–2314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, D.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennrich, F.

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hens, Z.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hermier, J. P.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, M. D. Fischbein, C. Querner, and M. Drndić, “Electric-field-driven accumulation and alignment of CdSe and CdTe nanorods in nanoscale devices,” Nano Lett.6(11), 2585–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hytch, M.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiu, T.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, J. S.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kappes, M. M.

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karvar, M.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, F.

F. Kim, S. Kwan, J. Akana, and P. D. Yang, “Langmuir-Blodgett nanorod assembly,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.123(18), 4360–4361 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. K.

Kipp, T.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kooij, E. S.

W. Ahmed, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Quantitative analysis of gold nanorod alignment after electric field-assisted deposition,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3786–3794 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koper, G. J. M.

B. M. I. van der Zande, G. J. M. Koper, and H. N. W. Lekkerkerker, “Alignment of rod-shaped gold particles by electric fields,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(28), 5754–5760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kornowski, A.

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krahne, R.

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krupke, R.

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudera, S.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuemin, C.

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwan, S.

F. Kim, S. Kwan, J. Akana, and P. D. Yang, “Langmuir-Blodgett nanorod assembly,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.123(18), 4360–4361 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Latu-Romain, L.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lecarme, O.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lekkerkerker, H. N. W.

B. M. I. van der Zande, G. J. M. Koper, and H. N. W. Lekkerkerker, “Alignment of rod-shaped gold particles by electric fields,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(28), 5754–5760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lemeacutenager, G.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, K.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.-

L.- Li, J. Walda, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals,” Nano Lett.2(6), 557–560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. S.

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals and their assembly on a substrate,” Adv. Mater.15(5), 408–411 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(9), 097402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li Ls, W.

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lieberman, I.

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

Liu, F.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Löhneysen, H. V.

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manna,

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manna, L.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.- Li, J. Walda, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals,” Nano Lett.2(6), 557–560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martiradonna, L.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mastroianni, A.

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazzeo, M.

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Möller, B.

M. Artemyev, B. Möller, and U. Woggon, “Unidirectional alignment of CdSe nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(4), 509–512 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morello, G.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murray, C. B.

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadasan, M.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neyts, K.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nobile, C.

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nowack, L.

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pacholski, C.

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Persano, A.

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyrade, D.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pinedo-Rivera, T.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pisanello, F.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poelsema, B.

W. Ahmed, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Quantitative analysis of gold nanorod alignment after electric field-assisted deposition,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3786–3794 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pompa, P.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Querner, C.

C. Querner, M. D. Fischbein, P. A. Heiney, and M. Drndic, “Millimeter-scale assembly of CdSe nanorods into smectic superstructures by solvent drying kinetics,” Adv. Mater.20(12), 2308–2314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, M. D. Fischbein, C. Querner, and M. Drndić, “Electric-field-driven accumulation and alignment of CdSe and CdTe nanorods in nanoscale devices,” Nano Lett.6(11), 2585–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reiss, P.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rizzo, A.

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rossitto, E.

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruda, H. E.

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Principles of nanowire alignment in an electric field,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 064305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Nanorod dynamics in AC electric fields,” Nanotechnology21(23), 235502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruffino, A.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, T. P.

S. Gupta, Q. Zhang, T. Emrick, and T. P. Russell, ““Self-corralling” nanorods under an applied electric field,” Nano Lett.6(9), 2066–2069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryan, K. M.

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sala, F. D.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schubert, E. F.

Schubert, M. F.

Shevchenko, E. V.

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shik, A.

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Principles of nanowire alignment in an electric field,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 064305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Nanorod dynamics in AC electric fields,” Nanotechnology21(23), 235502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestre, A. F.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sirringhaus, H.

B. Sun and H. Sirringhaus, “Surface tension and fluid flow driven self-assembly of ordered ZnO nanorod films for high-performance field effect transistors,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(50), 16231–16237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Snoeck, E.

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spencer, N. D.

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Spinicelli, P.

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stancil, K. A.

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, B.

B. Sun and H. Sirringhaus, “Surface tension and fluid flow driven self-assembly of ordered ZnO nanorod films for high-performance field effect transistors,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(50), 16231–16237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talapin, D. V.

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torre, A. D.

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Zande, B. M. I.

B. M. I. van der Zande, G. J. M. Koper, and H. N. W. Lekkerkerker, “Alignment of rod-shaped gold particles by electric fields,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(28), 5754–5760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Silfhout, A.

W. Ahmed, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Quantitative analysis of gold nanorod alignment after electric field-assisted deposition,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3786–3794 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanhaecke, F.

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vijayaraghavan, A.

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walda, J.

L.- Li, J. Walda, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals,” Nano Lett.2(6), 557–560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang Lw,

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weller, H.

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wessels, J. M.

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

M. Artemyev, B. Möller, and U. Woggon, “Unidirectional alignment of CdSe nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(4), 509–512 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, H.

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P. D.

F. Kim, S. Kwan, J. Akana, and P. D. Yang, “Langmuir-Blodgett nanorod assembly,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.123(18), 4360–4361 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasuda, A.

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yedidya, L.

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

Zhang, B.

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

S. Gupta, Q. Zhang, T. Emrick, and T. P. Russell, ““Self-corralling” nanorods under an applied electric field,” Nano Lett.6(9), 2066–2069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

A. Rizzo, C. Nobile, M. Mazzeo, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, L. Carbone, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and G. Gigli, “Polarized light emitting diode by long-range nanorod self-assembling on a water surface,” ACS Nano3(6), 1506–1512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Persano, M. De Giorgi, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, A. Cola, and R. Krahne, “Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods,” ACS Nano4(3), 1646–1652 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

C. Kuemin, L. Nowack, L. Bozano, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, “Oriented assembly of gold nanorods on the single-particle level,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(4), 702–708 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

C. Querner, M. D. Fischbein, P. A. Heiney, and M. Drndic, “Millimeter-scale assembly of CdSe nanorods into smectic superstructures by solvent drying kinetics,” Adv. Mater.20(12), 2308–2314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals and their assembly on a substrate,” Adv. Mater.15(5), 408–411 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, G. Lemeacutenager, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, L. Manna, J. P. Hermier, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, M. De Vittorio, and A. Bramati, “Room temperature-dipolelike single photon source with a colloidal dot-in-rod,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(3), 033101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (3)

D. V. Talapin, E. V. Shevchenko, C. B. Murray, A. Kornowski, S. Förster, and H. Weller, “CdSe and CdSe/CdS nanorod solids,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(40), 12984–12988 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kim, S. Kwan, J. Akana, and P. D. Yang, “Langmuir-Blodgett nanorod assembly,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.123(18), 4360–4361 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sun and H. Sirringhaus, “Surface tension and fluid flow driven self-assembly of ordered ZnO nanorod films for high-performance field effect transistors,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(50), 16231–16237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Principles of nanowire alignment in an electric field,” J. Appl. Phys.109(6), 064305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

F. Liu, J. Wang, Z. Ge, K. Li, H. Ding, B. Zhang, D. Wang, and H. Yang, “Electro-responsive 1-D nanomaterial driven broad-band reflection in chiral nematic liquid crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(2), 216–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

B. M. I. van der Zande, G. J. M. Koper, and H. N. W. Lekkerkerker, “Alignment of rod-shaped gold particles by electric fields,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(28), 5754–5760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.-Condes. Matter (1)

C. Nobile, L. Carbone, A. Fiore, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and R. Krahne, “Self-assembly of highly fluorescent semiconductor nanorods into large scale smectic liquid crystal structures by coffee stain evaporation dynamics,” J. Phys.-Condes. Matter21(26), 264013 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

E. Rossitto, O. Lecarme, L. Latu-Romain, K. Berton, T. Pinedo-Rivera, T. Jiu, P. Reiss, and D. Peyrade, “Influence of optical excitation on the electric field assisted assembly of CdSe nanorods,” Microelectron. Eng.86(4-6), 828–831 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (10)

K. M. Ryan, A. Mastroianni, K. A. Stancil, H. Liu, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Electric-field-assisted assembly of perpendicularly oriented nanorod superlattices,” Nano Lett.6(7), 1479–1482 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gupta, Q. Zhang, T. Emrick, and T. P. Russell, ““Self-corralling” nanorods under an applied electric field,” Nano Lett.6(9), 2066–2069 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ahmed, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Quantitative analysis of gold nanorod alignment after electric field-assisted deposition,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3786–3794 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Harnack, C. Pacholski, H. Weller, A. Yasuda, and J. M. Wessels, “Rectifying behavior of electrically aligned ZnO nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1097–1101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, M. D. Fischbein, C. Querner, and M. Drndić, “Electric-field-driven accumulation and alignment of CdSe and CdTe nanorods in nanoscale devices,” Nano Lett.6(11), 2585–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, F. Hennrich, H. V. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, A. Vijayaraghavan, and R. Krupke, “Influence of structural and dielectric anisotropy on the dielectrophoresis of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.7(7), 1960–1966 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.- Li, J. Walda, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanorod liquid crystals,” Nano Lett.2(6), 557–560 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Artemyev, B. Möller, and U. Woggon, “Unidirectional alignment of CdSe nanorods,” Nano Lett.3(4), 509–512 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Nobile, V. A. Fonoberov, S. Kudera, A. D. Torre, A. Ruffino, G. Chilla, T. Kipp, D. Heitmann, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, A. A. Balandin, and R. Krahne, “Confined optical phonon modes in aligned nanorod arrays detected by resonant inelastic light scattering,” Nano Lett.7(2), 476–479 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Carbone, C. Nobile, M. De Giorgi, F. D. Sala, G. Morello, P. Pompa, M. Hytch, E. Snoeck, A. Fiore, I. R. Franchini, M. Nadasan, A. F. Silvestre, L. Chiodo, S. Kudera, R. Cingolani, R. Krahne, and L. Manna, “Synthesis and micrometer-scale assembly of colloidal CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach,” Nano Lett.7(10), 2942–2950 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

H. E. Ruda and A. Shik, “Nanorod dynamics in AC electric fields,” Nanotechnology21(23), 235502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. S. Kamal, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, M. Karvar, K. Neyts, S. Compernolle, and F. Vanhaecke, “Direct determination of absorption anisotropy in colloidal quantum rods,” Phys. Rev. B85(3), 035126 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. S. Li and A. P. Alivisatos, “Origin and scaling of the permanent dipole moment in CdSe nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(9), 097402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat. (1)

Y. Amit, A. Faust, I. Lieberman, L. Yedidya, and U. Banin, “Semiconductor nanorod layers aligned through mechanical rubbing,” Phys. Status Solidi A-Appl Mat.209, 235–242 (2012).

Science (1)

J. Hu, W. Li Ls, L. Yang, Manna, Wang Lw, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods,” Science292(5524), 2060–2063 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

F. Pisanello, L. Martiradonna, P. Spinicelli, A. Fiore, J. P. Hermier, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, E. Giacobino, A. Bramati, M. De Vittorio, and Ieee, Polarized Single Photon Emission for Quantum Cryptography Based on Colloidal Nanocrystals (IEEE, 2009).pp.794–797.

M. Fisher, M. Zanella, D. J. Farrell, L. Manna, P. Stavrinou, and A. J. Chatten, “Luminescent Solar Concentrators utilising aligned CdSe/CdS nanorods,” 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC 2011), 000858–000863 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

TEM micrograph of the CdSe/CdS NRs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) A sketch of the experimental setup: a glass substrate with interdigitated ITO electrodes is pulled out of a colloid suspension in the presence of an electric field. (b) The width of the ITO electrodes is 6 μm and the gap is 4 or 6 μm (not to scale). (c) The electric field is perpendicular to the ITO lines, and θ is the angle between the electric field and the NR long axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence microscopy images of a substrate (electrode gap of 4 µm indicated by white line) after dip-coating in absence (a) or presence (b) of an electric field, and AFM image of the same substrate in presence of an electric field (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

AFM images of aligned NRs between the electrodes (a) deposited with an AC field of 11.8 MV/m (1 kHz) and (b) deposited with an AC field of 17.7 MV/m (50kHz). (c,d) Processed images to identify individual NRs. (e,f) Histograms of the azimuth angles of the NRs in images c and d.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Fluorescence microscopy images of the NRs located in the gap between two electrodes (dashed lines), for four azimuthal orientations of the polarizer. (b) Variation of the integrated fluorescence intensity of the NRs in the same region as a function of the azimuth of the polarizer (θpol).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

TEM image of the CdSe/CdS dot-in-rods.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Absorption spectrum of the CdSe/CdS dot-in-rods (inset: magnification on the range 500 to 600 nm highlighting the absorption feature of the CdSe cores). (b) Emission spectrum of the CdSe/CdS dot-in-rods.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of methods for aligning NRs

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