Abstract

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) of microfibres fabricated from the self-assembly and fracturing of silica nanoparticles reveals mesoporous structure with hcp packing. Pore size distribution for (20 – 30) nm sized particles are calculated to lie within rtet ~(2.2 – 3.3) nm and roct ~(4.2 – 6.2) nm for the octahedral and tetrahedral sites. The experimentally measured distribution, using N2 adsorption, is r ~(2 - 6) nm, in excellent agreement suggesting a highly controllable and periodic porosity using these structures. The potential for a number of material and device applications is discussed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Canning, H. Weil, M. Naqshbandi, K. Cook, and M. Lancry, “Laser tailoring surface interactions, contact angles, drop topologies and the self-assembly of optical microwires,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 284–294 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).
  5. W. Haller, “Chromatography on Glass of Controlled Pore Size,” Nature206(4985), 693–696 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Schnabel and P. Langar, “Controlled-pore glass as a stationary phase in chromatography,” J. Chromatogr. A544, 137–146 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Moller and T. Bein, “Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts,” Chem. Mater.10(10), 2950–2963 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant Control of Phases in the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials,” Chem. Mater.8(5), 1147–1160 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Canning, M. Lancry, K. Cook, and B. Poumellec, “Zeosil formation by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity & Poling in Glass Waveguides (BGPP), OSA’s Advanced Photonics Congress, Colorado United States, (Optical Society of America, June 2012).
  17. P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Canning, “New Trends in Structured Optical Fibres for Telecommunications and Sensing,” 5th Int. Conf. on Optical Commun. & Networks and 2nd Int. Symp. on Advances & Trends in Fiber Optics & Applications (ICOCN/ATFO 2006), Chengdu, China, (July 2006).
  21. C. M. Rollinson, S. T. Huntington, B. C. Gibson, S. Rubanov, and J. Canning, “Characterization of nanoscale features in tapered fractal and photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express19(3), 1860–1865 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Canning, “Structured Optical Fibres and the Application of their Linear and Non-Linear Properties,” in Selected Topics in Metamaterials and Photonic Crystals Ed. Antonello Andreone, Andrea Cusano, Antonello Cutolo, Vincenzo Galdi, University of Sannio, Italy (World Scientific, 2011) ISBN 978–981–4355–18–6
  23. R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L. Cademartiri, K. J. M. Bishop, P. W. Snyder, and G. A. Ozin, “Using shape for self-assembly,” Phil. Tran. R. Soc. A: 28, 370, 2824–2847 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. B. Murray, C. R. Kagan, and M. G. Bawendi, “Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices,” Science270(5240), 1335–1338 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. M. Adams, Inorganic Solids, John Wiley & Sons, Great Britain, (1974).
  29. L. B. McCusker, F. Liebau, and G. Engelhardt, “Nomenclature of structural and compositional characteristics of ordered microporous and mesoporous materials with inorganic hosts (IUPAC Recommendations 2001,” Pure Appl. Chem.73(2), 381–394 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  32. R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  33. E. P. Barrett, L. G. Joyner, and P. P. Halenda, “The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. computations from nitrogen isotherms,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.73(1), 373–380 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, and E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.60(2), 309–319 (1938).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. T. Randall, H. P. Rooksby, and B. S. Cooper, “Structure of glasses: the evidence of X-ray diffraction,” J. Soc. Glass Technol.14, 219 (1930).
  36. E. Bourova, S. C. Parker, and P. Richet, “Atomistic simulation of cristobalite at high temperature,” Phys. Rev. B62(18), 12052–12061 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2013

J. Canning, H. Weil, M. Naqshbandi, K. Cook, and M. Lancry, “Laser tailoring surface interactions, contact angles, drop topologies and the self-assembly of optical microwires,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 284–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

2012

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

L. B. McCusker, F. Liebau, and G. Engelhardt, “Nomenclature of structural and compositional characteristics of ordered microporous and mesoporous materials with inorganic hosts (IUPAC Recommendations 2001,” Pure Appl. Chem.73(2), 381–394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

E. Bourova, S. C. Parker, and P. Richet, “Atomistic simulation of cristobalite at high temperature,” Phys. Rev. B62(18), 12052–12061 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Moller and T. Bein, “Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts,” Chem. Mater.10(10), 2950–2963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant Control of Phases in the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials,” Chem. Mater.8(5), 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

C. B. Murray, C. R. Kagan, and M. G. Bawendi, “Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices,” Science270(5240), 1335–1338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

R. Schnabel and P. Langar, “Controlled-pore glass as a stationary phase in chromatography,” J. Chromatogr. A544, 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

1965

W. Haller, “Chromatography on Glass of Controlled Pore Size,” Nature206(4985), 693–696 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1951

E. P. Barrett, L. G. Joyner, and P. P. Halenda, “The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. computations from nitrogen isotherms,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.73(1), 373–380 (1951).
[CrossRef]

1938

S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, and E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.60(2), 309–319 (1938).
[CrossRef]

1930

J. T. Randall, H. P. Rooksby, and B. S. Cooper, “Structure of glasses: the evidence of X-ray diffraction,” J. Soc. Glass Technol.14, 219 (1930).

Akporiaye, D.

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. T.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arai, D.

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

Avnir, D.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bakajin, O.

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, E. P.

E. P. Barrett, L. G. Joyner, and P. P. Halenda, “The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. computations from nitrogen isotherms,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.73(1), 373–380 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

C. B. Murray, C. R. Kagan, and M. G. Bawendi, “Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices,” Science270(5240), 1335–1338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Beck, J. S.

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bein, T.

K. Moller and T. Bein, “Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts,” Chem. Mater.10(10), 2950–2963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bertone, J. F.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, J. C.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourova, E.

E. Bourova, S. C. Parker, and P. Richet, “Atomistic simulation of cristobalite at high temperature,” Phys. Rev. B62(18), 12052–12061 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Branton, P. J.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brinker, C. J.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brisset, F.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

Brunauer, S.

S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, and E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.60(2), 309–319 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Buratto, S. K.

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning, H. Weil, M. Naqshbandi, K. Cook, and M. Lancry, “Laser tailoring surface interactions, contact angles, drop topologies and the self-assembly of optical microwires,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 284–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Rollinson, S. T. Huntington, B. C. Gibson, S. Rubanov, and J. Canning, “Characterization of nanoscale features in tapered fractal and photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express19(3), 1860–1865 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chmelka, B. F.

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, V. L.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cook, K.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, H. Weil, M. Naqshbandi, K. Cook, and M. Lancry, “Laser tailoring surface interactions, contact angles, drop topologies and the self-assembly of optical microwires,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 284–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, B. S.

J. T. Randall, H. P. Rooksby, and B. S. Cooper, “Structure of glasses: the evidence of X-ray diffraction,” J. Soc. Glass Technol.14, 219 (1930).

Crossley, M. J.

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deegan, R. D.

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Drake, J. M.

P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Drewien, C. A.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, B.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dupont, T. F.

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ehret, G.

P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ellestad, O. H.

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Emmett, P. H.

S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, and E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.60(2), 309–319 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Engelhardt, G.

L. B. McCusker, F. Liebau, and G. Engelhardt, “Nomenclature of structural and compositional characteristics of ordered microporous and mesoporous materials with inorganic hosts (IUPAC Recommendations 2001,” Pure Appl. Chem.73(2), 381–394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Etienne, M.

G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Everett, D. H.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fairbridge, C. W.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fang, J.

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fiskum, S.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fryxell, G. E.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gai, S.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ganguli, R.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gelbart, W. M.

P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, B. C.

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Rollinson, S. T. Huntington, B. C. Gibson, S. Rubanov, and J. Canning, “Characterization of nanoscale features in tapered fractal and photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express19(3), 1860–1865 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, W.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Halenda, P. P.

E. P. Barrett, L. G. Joyner, and P. P. Halenda, “The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. computations from nitrogen isotherms,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.73(1), 373–380 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Hall, P. G.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Haller, W.

W. Haller, “Chromatography on Glass of Controlled Pore Size,” Nature206(4985), 693–696 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Hamad, W. Y.

K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, E. W.

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Haynes, J. H.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heath, J. R.

P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herzog, G.

G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. H.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huntington, S. T.

Huo, Q.

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant Control of Phases in the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials,” Chem. Mater.8(5), 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, K. S.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ikemura, M.

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

Jiang, P.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, L. G.

E. P. Barrett, L. G. Joyner, and P. P. Halenda, “The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. computations from nitrogen isotherms,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.73(1), 373–380 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Jun, L.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kagan, C. R.

C. B. Murray, C. R. Kagan, and M. G. Bawendi, “Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices,” Science270(5240), 1335–1338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kemner, K.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kresge, C. T.

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lancry, M.

J. Canning, H. Weil, M. Naqshbandi, K. Cook, and M. Lancry, “Laser tailoring surface interactions, contact angles, drop topologies and the self-assembly of optical microwires,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 284–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

Langar, P.

R. Schnabel and P. Langar, “Controlled-pore glass as a stationary phase in chromatography,” J. Chromatogr. A544, 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leff, D. V.

P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonowicz, M. E.

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Levitz, P.

P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liebau, F.

L. B. McCusker, F. Liebau, and G. Engelhardt, “Nomenclature of structural and compositional characteristics of ordered microporous and mesoporous materials with inorganic hosts (IUPAC Recommendations 2001,” Pure Appl. Chem.73(2), 381–394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lin, V. S.-Y.

I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ma, P.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maclachlan, M. J.

K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margolese, D. I.

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant Control of Phases in the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials,” Chem. Mater.8(5), 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsuzaki, K.

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

McCusker, L. B.

L. B. McCusker, F. Liebau, and G. Engelhardt, “Nomenclature of structural and compositional characteristics of ordered microporous and mesoporous materials with inorganic hosts (IUPAC Recommendations 2001,” Pure Appl. Chem.73(2), 381–394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Melosh, N.

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moller, K.

K. Moller and T. Bein, “Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts,” Chem. Mater.10(10), 2950–2963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mukaaiyama, T.

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

Murray, C. B.

C. B. Murray, C. R. Kagan, and M. G. Bawendi, “Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices,” Science270(5240), 1335–1338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, S. R.

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naqshbandi, M.

J. Canning, H. Weil, M. Naqshbandi, K. Cook, and M. Lancry, “Laser tailoring surface interactions, contact angles, drop topologies and the self-assembly of optical microwires,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 284–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nash, M. M.

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohara, P. C.

P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parker, S. C.

E. Bourova, S. C. Parker, and P. Richet, “Atomistic simulation of cristobalite at high temperature,” Phys. Rev. B62(18), 12052–12061 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pericone, N.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

Qi, H.

K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramsay, J. D. F.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Randall, J. T.

J. T. Randall, H. P. Rooksby, and B. S. Cooper, “Structure of glasses: the evidence of X-ray diffraction,” J. Soc. Glass Technol.14, 219 (1930).

Reichert, H.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Richet, P.

E. Bourova, S. C. Parker, and P. Richet, “Atomistic simulation of cristobalite at high temperature,” Phys. Rev. B62(18), 12052–12061 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rollinson, C. M.

Rooksby, H. P.

J. T. Randall, H. P. Rooksby, and B. S. Cooper, “Structure of glasses: the evidence of X-ray diffraction,” J. Soc. Glass Technol.14, 219 (1930).

Roth, W. J.

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rouquérol, J.

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rubanov, S.

Schacht, S.

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, R.

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, R.

R. Schnabel and P. Langar, “Controlled-pore glass as a stationary phase in chromatography,” J. Chromatogr. A544, 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schuth, F.

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schüth, F.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shopsowitz, K. E.

K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibottier, E.

G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Sing, K. S. W.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, S. K.

P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Slowing, I. I.

I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soyez, H.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sticker, M.

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stucky, G. D.

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant Control of Phases in the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials,” Chem. Mater.8(5), 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taneda, N.

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

Teller, E.

S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, and E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.60(2), 309–319 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Unger, K. K.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vartuli, J. C.

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vivero-Escoto, J. L.

I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walcarius, A.

G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weil, H.

Weston, K.

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Witten, T. A.

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-W.

I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, D.

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zink, J. I.

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.

I. I. Slowing, J. L. Vivero-Escoto, C.-W. Wu, and V. S.-Y. Lin, “Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as controlled release drug delivery and gene transfection carriers,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60(11), 1278–1288 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater.

D. Zhao, P. Yang, N. Melosh, J. Feng, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Continuous mesoporous silica films with highly ordered large pore structure,” Adv. Mater.10(16), 1380–1385 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. Zhao, J. Fang, K. Weston, S. K. Buratto, G. D. Stucky, S. Schacht, and F. Schuth, “Room temperature growth of mesoporous silica fibers: A new high-surface-area optical waveguide,” Adv. Mater.9(121), 974–978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

K. Moller and T. Bein, “Inclusion chemistry in periodic mesoporous hosts,” Chem. Mater.10(10), 2950–2963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant Control of Phases in the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica-Based Materials,” Chem. Mater.8(5), 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-crystal colloidal multilayers of controlled thickness,” Chem. Mater.11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dalton Trans.

S. Gai, P. Yang, P. Ma, L. Wang, C. Li, M. Zhang, and L. Jun, “Uniform and size-tunable mesoporous silica with fibrous morphology for drug delivery,” Dalton Trans.41(15), 4511–4516 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Environ. Sci. Technol.

G. E. Fryxell, Y. Lin, S. Fiskum, J. C. Birnbaum, H. Wu, K. Kemner, and S. Kelly, “Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports,” Environ. Sci. Technol.39(5), 1324–1331 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faraday Discuss.

G. Herzog, E. Sibottier, M. Etienne, and A. Walcarius, “Electrochemically assisted self-assembly of ordered and functionalized mesoporous silica films: impact of the electrode geometry and size on film formation and properties,” Faraday Discuss. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Faraday Trans.

P. J. Branton, P. G. Hall, K. S. W. Sing, H. Reichert, F. Schüth, and K. K. Unger, “Physisorption of argon, nitrogen and oxygen by MCM-41, a model mesoporous adsorbent,” Faraday Trans.90, 2965–2967 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

R. Schmidt, E. W. Hansen, M. Sticker, D. Akporiaye, and O. H. Ellestad, “Pore Size Determination of MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials by means of 'H NMR Spectroscopy, N2 adsorption, and HREM. A Preliminary Study,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.117(14), 4049–4056 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Barrett, L. G. Joyner, and P. P. Halenda, “The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances. I. computations from nitrogen isotherms,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.73(1), 373–380 (1951).
[CrossRef]

S. Brunauer, P. H. Emmett, and E. Teller, “Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.60(2), 309–319 (1938).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

P. Levitz, G. Ehret, S. K. Sinha, and J. M. Drake, “Porous Vycor glass: the microstructure as probed by electron microscopy, direct energy transfer, small angle scattering, and molecular adsorption,” J. Chem. Phys.95(8), 6151 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Chromatogr. A

R. Schnabel and P. Langar, “Controlled-pore glass as a stationary phase in chromatography,” J. Chromatogr. A544, 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Sol.

K. Matsuzaki, D. Arai, N. Taneda, T. Mukaaiyama, and M. Ikemura, “Continuous silica glass fiber produced by sol-gel process,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol.112(1–3), 437–441 (1989).

J. Soc. Glass Technol.

J. T. Randall, H. P. Rooksby, and B. S. Cooper, “Structure of glasses: the evidence of X-ray diffraction,” J. Soc. Glass Technol.14, 219 (1930).

Nat Commun

M. Naqshbandi, J. Canning, B. C. Gibson, M. M. Nash, and M. J. Crossley, “Room temperature self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles into photonic structures,” Nat Commun3, 1188 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

W. Haller, “Chromatography on Glass of Controlled Pore Size,” Nature206(4985), 693–696 (1965).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Kresge, M. E. Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, J. C. Vartuli, and J. S. Beck, “Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism,” Nature359(6397), 710–712 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shopsowitz, H. Qi, W. Y. Hamad, and M. J. Maclachlan, “Free-standing mesoporous silica films with tunable chiral nematic structures,” Nature468(7322), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, R. Ganguli, C. A. Drewien, M. T. Anderson, C. J. Brinker, W. Gong, Y. Guo, H. Soyez, B. Dunn, M. H. Huang, and J. I. Zink, “Continuous formation of supported cubic and hexagonal mesoporous films by sol–gel dip-coating,” Nature389(6649), 364–368 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Deegan, O. Bakajin, T. F. Dupont, G. Huber, S. R. Nagel, and T. A. Witten, “Capillary flow as the cause of ring stains from dried liquid drops,” Nature389(6653), 827–829 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Mater. Express

Phys. Rev. B

E. Bourova, S. C. Parker, and P. Richet, “Atomistic simulation of cristobalite at high temperature,” Phys. Rev. B62(18), 12052–12061 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. C. Ohara, D. V. Leff, J. R. Heath, and W. M. Gelbart, “Crystallization of opals from polydisperse nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.75(19), 3466–3469 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pure Appl. Chem.

L. B. McCusker, F. Liebau, and G. Engelhardt, “Nomenclature of structural and compositional characteristics of ordered microporous and mesoporous materials with inorganic hosts (IUPAC Recommendations 2001,” Pure Appl. Chem.73(2), 381–394 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Rouquérol, D. Avnir, C. W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J. H. Haynes, N. Pericone, J. D. F. Ramsay, K. S. W. Sing, and K. K. Unger, “Recommendations for the characterization of porous solids,” Pure Appl. Chem.66(8), 1739–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Science

C. B. Murray, C. R. Kagan, and M. G. Bawendi, “Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices,” Science270(5240), 1335–1338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, J. Canning, K. Cook, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast nanoporous silica formation driven by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Laser and Photon. Rev, 1-10, (2013) doi .
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Canning, M. Lancry, K. Cook, and B. Poumellec, “Zeosil formation by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity & Poling in Glass Waveguides (BGPP), OSA’s Advanced Photonics Congress, Colorado United States, (Optical Society of America, June 2012).

J. Canning, “New Trends in Structured Optical Fibres for Telecommunications and Sensing,” 5th Int. Conf. on Optical Commun. & Networks and 2nd Int. Symp. on Advances & Trends in Fiber Optics & Applications (ICOCN/ATFO 2006), Chengdu, China, (July 2006).

D. M. Adams, Inorganic Solids, John Wiley & Sons, Great Britain, (1974).

J. Canning, “Structured Optical Fibres and the Application of their Linear and Non-Linear Properties,” in Selected Topics in Metamaterials and Photonic Crystals Ed. Antonello Andreone, Andrea Cusano, Antonello Cutolo, Vincenzo Galdi, University of Sannio, Italy (World Scientific, 2011) ISBN 978–981–4355–18–6

L. Cademartiri, K. J. M. Bishop, P. W. Snyder, and G. A. Ozin, “Using shape for self-assembly,” Phil. Tran. R. Soc. A: 28, 370, 2824–2847 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Nanoparticle size distribution (measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS)); (b) Observed crack bifurcation leading to uniform microfibres (TAR ~1); (c) the final wires produced by gravity assisted directional evaporative self-assembly.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

AFM measurements of a silica microfibre surface: (a) an area with hcp packing; (b) Table of statistics for the height profile in both x and y directions and (c) close-up of one region where fcc packing appears to dominate. (AFM resolution = 2nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interstitial volume, Vi, and pore size, r, as a function of nanoparticle radius, (R = ϕ/2) for hcp lattice.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interstitial volume, Vi, and pore size, r, as a function of nanoparticle radius, rn = ϕ/2, for hcp lattice N2 adsorption measurements: (a) the measured volume (V) and pore size distribution (dVlogr) as a function of interstitial measured rn; (b) surface area (SA) and distributed SA (dSAlogr) within each pore as a function of measured rn.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V liq =( P a V ads V m )/RT                
1 W( P P o 1 ) = 1 W m C + C1 W m C ( P P o )       
S t = W m N A CS M            

Metrics