Abstract

Yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics with divalent or trivalent europium ion doping were prepared by vacuum sintering at 1780 °C. Refined XRD data confirmed the pure phase ceramic with little lattice expansion. The transmittance of the 1.1 mm thick blue color divalent europium doped sample was measured to be 61% at wavelength of 900 nm. The photoluminescence spectrum exhibited the typical broad emission related to divalent europium ions. Furthermore, the photoluminescence spectra of the samples with different europium doping concentration and different annealing temperature were compared.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. J. Singh, “Structure and optical properties of high light output halide scintillators,” Phys. Rev. B82(15), 155145 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Biswas and M. Du, “Energy transport and scintillation of cerium-doped elpasolite Cs2LiYCl6: hybrid density functional calculations,” Phys. Rev. B86(1), 014102 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. R. Podowitz, R. Gaume, and R. S. Feigelson, “Effect of europium concentration on densification of transparent Eu:Y2O3 scintillator ceramics using hot pressing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(1), 82–88 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. N. Trofimov, M. A. Petrova, and M. V. Zamoryanskaya, “Cathodoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet doped with Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions,” Semiconductors41(5), 512–515 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Nogami, T. Yamazaki, and Y. Abe, “Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.78(1), 63–68 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Biswas and M. Du, “Energy transport and scintillation of cerium-doped elpasolite Cs2LiYCl6: hybrid density functional calculations,” Phys. Rev. B86(1), 014102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

S. R. Podowitz, R. Gaume, and R. S. Feigelson, “Effect of europium concentration on densification of transparent Eu:Y2O3 scintillator ceramics using hot pressing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(1), 82–88 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Singh, “Structure and optical properties of high light output halide scintillators,” Phys. Rev. B82(15), 155145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. N. Trofimov, M. A. Petrova, and M. V. Zamoryanskaya, “Cathodoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet doped with Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions,” Semiconductors41(5), 512–515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Nogami, T. Yamazaki, and Y. Abe, “Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.78(1), 63–68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

M. Nogami, T. Yamazaki, and Y. Abe, “Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.78(1), 63–68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

An, L.

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. M.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Anfre, P.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Auffray, E.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beekman, F. J.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beitlerova, A.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, K.

K. Biswas and M. Du, “Energy transport and scintillation of cerium-doped elpasolite Cs2LiYCl6: hybrid density functional calculations,” Phys. Rev. B86(1), 014102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Blazek, K.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Boatner, L. A.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cherepy, N. J.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choong, W.-S.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D’Ambrosio, C.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Haas, J. T. M.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Derdzyan, M.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Derenzo, S. E.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dickey, E. C.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drozdowska, R.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drozdowski, W.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drury, O. B.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Du, M.

K. Biswas and M. Du, “Energy transport and scintillation of cerium-doped elpasolite Cs2LiYCl6: hybrid density functional calculations,” Phys. Rev. B86(1), 014102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dujardin, C.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Enoto, T.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feigelson, R. S.

S. R. Podowitz, R. Gaume, and R. S. Feigelson, “Effect of europium concentration on densification of transparent Eu:Y2O3 scintillator ceramics using hot pressing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(1), 82–88 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, S. E.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gaume, R.

S. R. Podowitz, R. Gaume, and R. S. Feigelson, “Effect of europium concentration on densification of transparent Eu:Y2O3 scintillator ceramics using hot pressing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(1), 82–88 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glodo, J.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goorden, M. C.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goto, T.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, T.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heemskerk, J. W. T.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Higgins, W.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hirakuri, S.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hull, G.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hurst, T. A.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ito, A.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kamada, K.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kasama, D.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kisslinger, K.

S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Klugerman, M.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, M.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Korevaar, M. A. N.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasnikov, A.

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Kreuger, R.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kronberger, M.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuntz, J. D.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kupp, E. R.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lecoq, P.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Makishima, K.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mares, J. A.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, M. A.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Messing, G. L.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mihóková, E.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moses, W. W.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, K. T.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nejezchleb, K.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Nikl, M.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, T. Yamazaki, and Y. Abe, “Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.78(1), 63–68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ovanesyan, K.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Owens, A.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pedrini, C.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petrosyan, A. G.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petrova, M. A.

A. N. Trofimov, M. A. Petrova, and M. V. Zamoryanskaya, “Cathodoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet doped with Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions,” Semiconductors41(5), 512–515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Podowitz, S. R.

S. R. Podowitz, R. Gaume, and R. S. Feigelson, “Effect of europium concentration on densification of transparent Eu:Y2O3 scintillator ceramics using hot pressing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(1), 82–88 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. J.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roy, U. N.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salvador, S.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanner, R. D.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Savikhina, T.

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Seeley, Z. M.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shah, K.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shah, K. S.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shigeta, T.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Singh, D. J.

D. J. Singh, “Structure and optical properties of high light output halide scintillators,” Phys. Rev. B82(15), 155145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, A. J.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, B. W.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suchy, D. L.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, M.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trofimov, A. N.

A. N. Trofimov, M. A. Petrova, and M. V. Zamoryanskaya, “Cathodoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet doped with Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions,” Semiconductors41(5), 512–515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trummer, J.

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, K.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Usuki, Y.

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

van der Kolk, E.

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Loef, E.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vedda, A.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, C.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wong, P.

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

M. Nogami, T. Yamazaki, and Y. Abe, “Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.78(1), 63–68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yanagida, T.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, Y.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, A.

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zamoryanskaya, M. V.

A. N. Trofimov, M. A. Petrova, and M. V. Zamoryanskaya, “Cathodoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet doped with Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions,” Semiconductors41(5), 512–515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zazubovich, S.

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. van Loef, C. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(8), 083508 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (3)

K. S. Shah, J. Glodo, M. Klugerman, W. Higgins, T. Gupta, P. Wong, W. W. Moses, S. E. Derenzo, M. J. Weber, and P. Dorenbos, “LuI3:Ce-a new scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.51(5), 2302–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Drozdowski, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. de Haas, R. Drozdowska, A. Owens, K. Kamada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Usuki, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillation properties of praseodymium activated Lu3Al5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.55(4), 2420–2424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yanagida, H. Takahashi, T. Ito, D. Kasama, T. Enoto, M. Sato, S. Hirakuri, M. Kokubun, K. Makishima, T. Yanagitani, H. Yagi, T. Shigeta, and T. Ito, “Evaluation of properties of YAG (Ce) ceramic scintillators,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.52(5), 1836–1841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (4)

S. Chen, L. Zhang, K. Kisslinger, and Y. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen, Y. Shi, L. An, J. Chen, and J. Shi, “Fabrication and photoluminescence characteristics of Eu3+ doped Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89(6), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Podowitz, R. Gaume, and R. S. Feigelson, “Effect of europium concentration on densification of transparent Eu:Y2O3 scintillator ceramics using hot pressing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.93(1), 82–88 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Mueller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

M. Nogami, T. Yamazaki, and Y. Abe, “Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” J. Lumin.78(1), 63–68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, J. A. Mares, A. Beitlerova, A. Vedda, K. Nejezchleb, K. Blazek, and C. D’Ambrosio, “Luminescence and scintillation properties of YAG: Ce single crystal and optical ceramics,” J. Lumin.126(1), 77–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

A. G. Petrosyan, M. Derdzyan, K. Ovanesyan, P. Lecoq, E. Auffray, J. Trummer, M. Kronberger, C. Pedrini, C. Dujardin, and P. Anfre, “Properties of LuAP:Ce scintillator containing intentional impurities,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A571(1-2), 325–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Sugiyama, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Yokota, A. Ito, M. Nikl, T. Goto, and A. Yoshikawa, “Basic study of Eu2+-doped garnet ceramic scintillator produced by spark plasma sintering,” Opt. Mater.35(2), 222–226 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

J. W. T. Heemskerk, R. Kreuger, M. C. Goorden, M. A. N. Korevaar, S. Salvador, Z. M. Seeley, N. J. Cherepy, E. van der Kolk, S. A. Payne, P. Dorenbos, and F. J. Beekman, “Experimental comparison of high-density scintillators for EMCCD-based gamma ray imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.57(14), 4545–4554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

D. J. Singh, “Structure and optical properties of high light output halide scintillators,” Phys. Rev. B82(15), 155145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Biswas and M. Du, “Energy transport and scintillation of cerium-doped elpasolite Cs2LiYCl6: hybrid density functional calculations,” Phys. Rev. B86(1), 014102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi242(6), 1315–1323 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, Z. M. Seeley, S. E. Fisher, O. B. Drury, B. W. Sturm, T. A. Hurst, R. D. Sanner, J. J. Roberts, and S. A. Payne, “Transparent ceramic scintillators for gamma spectroscopy and radiography,” Proc. SPIE7805, 78050I, 78050I-5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Semiconductors (1)

A. N. Trofimov, M. A. Petrova, and M. V. Zamoryanskaya, “Cathodoluminescence properties of yttrium aluminum garnet doped with Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions,” Semiconductors41(5), 512–515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

XRD patterns of as sintered and annealed transparent YAG ceramics with different element and concentration doping.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of as sintered and annealed Eu: YAG and Eu, Zr: YAG transparent ceramics. The inset shows the photographs of as sintered 1 mol% Eu: YAG (a) and 1200°C annealed 1 mol% Eu, 1 mol% Zr:YAG (b) transparent ceramics around 0.8 mm thickness on top of printed paper.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoluminescence spectra of vacuum as sintered YAG transparent ceramics with different element and concentration doping, with excitation at wavelength of 400 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photoluminescence spectra of 1 mol% Eu doped YAG transparent ceramics annealed at different low temperatures, with excitation at wavelength of 400 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photoluminescence spectra of YAG transparent ceramics annealed at high temperature comparing with the spectrum of as sintered ceramic, with excitation at wavelength of 400 nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Conditions and major emission property of all the samples

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