Abstract

A new type of saturable absorber (SA) based on gold nanorods (GNRs) for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) is realized experimentally. The longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption of GNRs is used to induce Q-switching. By inserting the GNRs SA in an EDFL cavity pumped by a 980 nm laser diode, stable passive Q-switching is achieved with a threshold pump power of ~27 mW, and 4.8 μs pulses at 1560 nm with a repetition rate of 39.9 kHz are obtained for a pump power of ~275 mW.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Paschotta, R. Häring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, H. L. Offerhaus, and D. J. Richardson, “Passively Q-switched 0.1-mJ fiber laser system at 1.53 mum,” Opt. Lett.24(6), 388–390 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. E. Preda, G. Ravet, and P. Mégret, “Experimental demonstration of a passive all-fiber Q-switched erbium- and samarium-doped laser,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 629–631 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. N. Filippov, A. N. Starodumov, and A. V. Kir’yanov, “All-fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser,” Opt. Lett.26(6), 343–345 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Y. Huang, S. C. Huang, H. L. Chang, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “Passive Q switching of Er-Yb fiber laser with semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express16(5), 3002–3007 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Yamashita, “A tutorial on nonlinear photonic applications of carbon nanotube and graphene,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 427–447 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. L. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. M. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Physica E44(6), 1082–1091 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. S. Dhoni and W. Ji, “Extension of discrete-dipole approximation model to compute nonlinear absorption in gold nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(42), 20359–20366 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. T. Lin, “Nonlinear optical theory and figure of merit of surface Plasmon resonance of gold nanorods,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051506 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Ultrafast optical properties of gold nanoshells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(10), 1814–1823 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode locking of solid-state lasers using metal nanocomposites as slow saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1490–1492 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode-locking of semiconductor disk lasers in the blue spectral range by metal nanocomposites,” Opt. Express20(15), 16174–16179 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater.15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (9)

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode locking of solid-state lasers using metal nanocomposites as slow saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1490–1492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode-locking of semiconductor disk lasers in the blue spectral range by metal nanocomposites,” Opt. Express20(15), 16174–16179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Preda, G. Ravet, and P. Mégret, “Experimental demonstration of a passive all-fiber Q-switched erbium- and samarium-doped laser,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 629–631 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, “A tutorial on nonlinear photonic applications of carbon nanotube and graphene,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 427–447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Physica E44(6), 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (6)

M. S. Dhoni and W. Ji, “Extension of discrete-dipole approximation model to compute nonlinear absorption in gold nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(42), 20359–20366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lin, “Nonlinear optical theory and figure of merit of surface Plasmon resonance of gold nanorods,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051506 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. M. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, S. C. Huang, H. L. Chang, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, “Passive Q switching of Er-Yb fiber laser with semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Express16(5), 3002–3007 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater.15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (2)

1997 (1)

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

Bachelier, G.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baida, H.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basko, D. M.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Billard, F.

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caglayan, H.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, Z. P.

Chang, H. L.

Chen, H. J.

H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y. T.

X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christofilos, D.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crut, A.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Del Fatti, N.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dhoni, M. S.

M. S. Dhoni and W. Ji, “Extension of discrete-dipole approximation model to compute nonlinear absorption in gold nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(42), 20359–20366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Doan-Nguyen, V.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, B.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elim, H. I.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater.15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Physica E44(6), 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Filippov, V. N.

Fu, J. S.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Griebner, U.

Halas, N. J.

Häring, R.

Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Physica E44(6), 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayakawa, T.

Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

Huang, G. M.

Huang, J. Y.

Huang, K. F.

Huang, S. C.

Ji, W.

M. S. Dhoni and W. Ji, “Extension of discrete-dipole approximation model to compute nonlinear absorption in gold nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(42), 20359–20366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z. X.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, T.

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L. H.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joanna, O. B.

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kagan, C. R.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, Y. J.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, Z.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Katarzyna, M.

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, G.

Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

Kerboua, C. H.

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

Lamarre, J. M.

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lequime, M.

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.-Y.

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liao, H. B.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. T.

J. T. Lin, “Nonlinear optical theory and figure of merit of surface Plasmon resonance of gold nanorods,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051506 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, L.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. K.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. L.

Maioli, P.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marek, S.

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marta, G.

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martinu, L.

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

Melchior, H.

Mi, J.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mongin, D.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murray, C. B.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikoobakht, B.

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater.15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offerhaus, H. L.

Paschotta, R.

Popa, D.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Preda, C. E.

Privitera, G.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qin, G. S.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qin, W. P.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radoslaw, K.

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ravet, G.

Richardson, D. J.

Roorda, S.

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shao, L.

H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, P.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Starodumov, A. N.

Su, K. W.

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Physica E44(6), 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z. P.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, Q. J.

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsutsui, Y.

Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vallée, F.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. Q.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. F.

H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Wei, L.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weng, J.

Westcott, S. L.

Wong, G. K. L.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

Xiao, R. F.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xing, G. Z.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, Y.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

Yan, M.

X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, R. Y.

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. C.

Ye, X. C.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, C.

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, D. P.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, F.

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, M.

ACS Nano (3)

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. C. Ye, L. H. Jin, H. Caglayan, J. Chen, G. Z. Xing, C. Zheng, V. Doan-Nguyen, Y. J. Kang, N. Engheta, C. R. Kagan, and C. B. Murray, “Improved size-tunable synthesis of monodisperse gold nanorods through the use of aromatic additives,” ACS Nano6(3), 2804–2817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. T. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(4), 041105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(7), 073106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(15), 151122 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Liu, F. Zhou, and Z.-Y. Li, “Anisotropic and enhanced absorptive nonlinearities in a macroscopic film induced by aligned gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(26), 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 083107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater.15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

H. J. Chen, L. Shao, Q. Li, and J. F. Wang, “Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties,” Chem. Soc. Rev.42(7), 2679–2724 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Nanophoton. (1)

J. T. Lin, “Nonlinear optical theory and figure of merit of surface Plasmon resonance of gold nanorods,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051506 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

O. B. Joanna, G. Marta, K. Radoslaw, M. Katarzyna, and S. Marek, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of colloidal gold nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(25), 13731–13737 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Dhoni and W. Ji, “Extension of discrete-dipole approximation model to compute nonlinear absorption in gold nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(42), 20359–20366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

Y. Tsutsui, T. Hayakawa, G. Kawamura, and M. Nogami, “Tuned longitudinal surface Plasmon resonance and third-order nonlinear optical properties of gold nanorods,” Nanotechnology22(27), 275203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. M. Lamarre, F. Billard, C. H. Kerboua, M. Lequime, S. Roorda, and L. Martinu, “Anisotropic nonlinear optical absorption of gold nanorods in a silica matrix,” Opt. Commun.281(2), 331–340 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(5), 057402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica E (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast lasers mode-locked by nanotubes and graphene,” Physica E44(6), 1082–1091 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) TEM image of the GNRs, the inset of Fig. 1(a): Photograph of the aqueous solution of GNRs. (b) Aspect ratio distribution of GNRs. (c) AFM image of GNRs-NaCMC film (the scan range is 20 × 20 μm). (d) Absorption spectra of NaCMC with and without GNRs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission ratio of GNRs-NaCMC film as a function of pump peak power density.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of GNRs-NaCMC SA based Q-switched ring cavity fiber laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Emission spectrum, (b) pulse train, and (c) single pulse profile of the Q-switched EDFL for a pump power of 275 mW. (d) Pulse duration and repetition rate as a function of pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of the Q-switched fibre laser as a function of the pump power.

Metrics