Abstract

Periodic structures embedded in transparent materials have attracted considerable interest and been widely studied in the past decades, due to their promising applications in integrated optics. Femtosecond (fs) laser has been proved to be a powerful tool to realize periodic structures inside transparent materials by using point by point or line by line laser scanning technique. In this paper, we present recent research developments on single fs laser beam induced periodic structures, which include nanovoid array along the propagation direction of the laser beam, tilted grating structures, polarization dependent nanograting etc. The formation mechanisms and promising applications of these periodic structures are also discussed.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Suhara and H. Nishihara, “Integrated optics components and devices using periodic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 845–867 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics2(4), 219–225 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. E. Roman and K. A. Winick, “Photowritten gratings in ion-exchanged glass waveguides,” Opt. Lett.18(10), 808–810 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Song, X. Wang, X. Hu, J. Xu, Y. Liao, H. Sun, J. Qiu, and Z. Xu, “Orientation-controllable self-organized microgratings induced in the bulk SrTiO3 crystal by a single femtosecond laser beam,” Opt. Express15(22), 14524–14529 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Dai, G. Wu, X. Lin, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced rotated 3D self-organized nanograting in fused silica,” Opt. Express20(16), 18072–18078 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Tan, N. R. Sivakumar, and K. Venkatakrishnan, “Direct grating writing using femtosecond laser interference fringes formed at the focal point,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.7(4), 169–174 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q. Z. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, C. J. Zhao, and C. S. Zhu, “Fabrication of internal diffraction gratings in calcium fluoride crystals by a focused femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express12(5), 742–746 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, H. Sun, Z. Xu, and J. Qiu, “Microstructures induced in the bulk of SrTiO3 crystal by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express15(5), 2341–2347 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Watanabe and K. Itoh, “Motion of bubble in solid by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express10(14), 603–608 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. Liang, R. Vallée, and S. L. Chin, “Mechanism of nanograting formation on the surface of fused silica,” Opt. Express20(4), 4389–4396 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Akturk, X. Gu, E. Zeek, and R. Trebino, “Pulse-front tilt caused by spatial and temporal chirp,” Opt. Express12(19), 4399–4410 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2010

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

B. Tan, N. R. Sivakumar, and K. Venkatakrishnan, “Direct grating writing using femtosecond laser interference fringes formed at the focal point,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.7(4), 169–174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2000

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

1986

T. Suhara and H. Nishihara, “Integrated optics components and devices using periodic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 845–867 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

Beresna, M.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, M.

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Corkum, P. B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, Y.

Y. Dai, G. Wu, X. Lin, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced rotated 3D self-organized nanograting in fused silica,” Opt. Express20(16), 18072–18078 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Denning, R. G.

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, K.

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Harrison, M. T.

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, X. Wang, X. Hu, J. Xu, Y. Liao, H. Sun, J. Qiu, and Z. Xu, “Orientation-controllable self-organized microgratings induced in the bulk SrTiO3 crystal by a single femtosecond laser beam,” Opt. Express15(22), 14524–14529 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inouye, H.

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Jiang, X. W.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanehira, S.

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazansky, P.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, F.

Liao, Y.

Lin, X.

Ma, G.

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

T. Suhara and H. Nishihara, “Integrated optics components and devices using periodic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 845–867 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Dai, G. Wu, X. Lin, G. Ma, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser induced rotated 3D self-organized nanograting in fused silica,” Opt. Express20(16), 18072–18078 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, H. Sun, Z. Xu, and J. Qiu, “Microstructures induced in the bulk of SrTiO3 crystal by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express15(5), 2341–2347 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Song, X. Wang, X. Hu, J. Xu, Y. Liao, H. Sun, J. Qiu, and Z. Xu, “Orientation-controllable self-organized microgratings induced in the bulk SrTiO3 crystal by a single femtosecond laser beam,” Opt. Express15(22), 14524–14529 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

Rajeev, P. P.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rayner, D. M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roman, J. E.

Sakakura, M.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharp, D. N.

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Si, J.

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Simova, E.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sivakumar, N. R.

B. Tan, N. R. Sivakumar, and K. Venkatakrishnan, “Direct grating writing using femtosecond laser interference fringes formed at the focal point,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.7(4), 169–174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

Starrost, F.

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara and H. Nishihara, “Integrated optics components and devices using periodic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 845–867 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

Tan, B.

B. Tan, N. R. Sivakumar, and K. Venkatakrishnan, “Direct grating writing using femtosecond laser interference fringes formed at the focal point,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.7(4), 169–174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. S.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

Turberfield, A. J.

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vallée, R.

Venkatakrishnan, K.

B. Tan, N. R. Sivakumar, and K. Venkatakrishnan, “Direct grating writing using femtosecond laser interference fringes formed at the focal point,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.7(4), 169–174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Wang, X. S.

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

Winick, K. A.

Wu, G.

Xu, J.

Xu, Z.

Zeek, E.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhu, C. S.

Adv. Mater.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater.22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Song, X. S. Wang, X. Hu, Y. Dai, J. Xu, J. Qiu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Formation mechanism of self-organized voids in dielectrics induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(9), 092904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(13), 1940–1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Suhara and H. Nishihara, “Integrated optics components and devices using periodic structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(6), 845–867 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

B. Tan, N. R. Sivakumar, and K. Venkatakrishnan, “Direct grating writing using femtosecond laser interference fringes formed at the focal point,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.7(4), 169–174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett.5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

schematic of the configuration for fabricating periodic structures in transparent materials: (a) point-by-point writing, (b) and (c) using multi-beam interference configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical images of the regions irradiated with different laser polarizations in bright-field (a) and between crossed polarizers (b), SEM images of the same irradiated regions as in (a) after polishing and etching (c).

Metrics