Abstract

An Er:Yb:Sr3Lu2(BO3)4 crystal was grown by the Czochralski method. Spectral properties of the crystal were investigated, including the absorption and fluorescence spectra and the fluorescence decay. The fluorescence quantum efficiency of the 4I13/2 level of Er3+ ions and efficiency of energy transfer from Yb3+ to Er3+ ions were calculated. End-pumped by a diode laser at 970 nm in a hemispherical cavity, laser performance of a 1.08-mm-thick Z-cut Er:Yb:Sr3Lu2(BO3)4 crystal was investigated. Compared with those of Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal obtained in the same experimental condition, lower threshold, higher maximum output power, and comparable slope efficiency were achieved in the Er:Yb:Sr3Lu2(BO3)4 crystal.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. J. Li, J. X. Feng, P. Li, K. S. Zhang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, and Y. D. Huang, “400 mW low noise continuous-wave single-frequency Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Express21(5), 6082–6090 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

Y. J. Li, J. X. Feng, P. Li, K. S. Zhang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, and Y. D. Huang, “400 mW low noise continuous-wave single-frequency Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Express21(5), 6082–6090 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, K. I. Ueda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Efficient passively Q-switched Yb:LuAG microchip laser,” Opt. Lett.32(22), 3266–3268 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett.32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

J. S. Liao, Y. F. Lin, Y. J. Chen, Z. D. Luo, E. Ma, X. H. Gong, Q. Q. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, “Radiative-trapping and fluorescence-concentration quenching effects of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(12), 2572–2580 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(19), 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic Interactions in Nd:Yag Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated-Emission Cross-Sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical Absorption Intensities of Rare-Earth Ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of Crystal Spectra of Rare-Earth Ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Abdel-Aal, K.

K. Sawada, K. Abdel-Aal, K. Tan, and K. Satoh, “Adsorption of lanthanoid ions on calcite,” Dalton Trans.20(20), 3291–3296 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguilo, M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aull, B. F.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic Interactions in Nd:Yag Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated-Emission Cross-Sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, W. M.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burns, P.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burns, P. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Li, J. X. Feng, P. Li, K. S. Zhang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, and Y. D. Huang, “400 mW low noise continuous-wave single-frequency Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Express21(5), 6082–6090 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “High efficient 1.56 microm laser operation of Czochralski grown Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Express16(22), 17243–17248 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Liao, Y. F. Lin, Y. J. Chen, Z. D. Luo, E. Ma, X. H. Gong, Q. Q. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, “Radiative-trapping and fluorescence-concentration quenching effects of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(12), 2572–2580 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, F.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Fan, T. Y.

Feng, J. X.

Gong, X. H.

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “High efficient 1.56 microm laser operation of Czochralski grown Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Express16(22), 17243–17248 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Liao, Y. F. Lin, Y. J. Chen, Z. D. Luo, E. Ma, X. H. Gong, Q. Q. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, “Radiative-trapping and fluorescence-concentration quenching effects of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(12), 2572–2580 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. Mateos, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gruber, J. B.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. H.

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “High efficient 1.56 microm laser operation of Czochralski grown Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Express16(22), 17243–17248 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. D.

Y. J. Li, J. X. Feng, P. Li, K. S. Zhang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, and Y. D. Huang, “400 mW low noise continuous-wave single-frequency Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Express21(5), 6082–6090 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “High efficient 1.56 microm laser operation of Czochralski grown Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Express16(22), 17243–17248 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Liao, Y. F. Lin, Y. J. Chen, Z. D. Luo, E. Ma, X. H. Gong, Q. Q. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, “Radiative-trapping and fluorescence-concentration quenching effects of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(12), 2572–2580 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. S.

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J. A.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic Interactions in Nd:Yag Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated-Emission Cross-Sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H. D.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical Absorption Intensities of Rare-Earth Ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kisel, V. E.

Kokta, M. R.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koporulina, E. V.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kurilchik, S. V.

Laporta, P.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(19), 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leonyuk, N. I.

Li, P.

Li, Y. J.

Liao, J. S.

Lin, F. L.

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. F.

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Li, J. X. Feng, P. Li, K. S. Zhang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, and Y. D. Huang, “400 mW low noise continuous-wave single-frequency Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.55 μm,” Opt. Express21(5), 6082–6090 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “High efficient 1.56 microm laser operation of Czochralski grown Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Express16(22), 17243–17248 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Liao, Y. F. Lin, Y. J. Chen, Z. D. Luo, E. Ma, X. H. Gong, Q. Q. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, “Radiative-trapping and fluorescence-concentration quenching effects of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(12), 2572–2580 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. B.

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. Mateos, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, Z. D.

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “High efficient 1.56 microm laser operation of Czochralski grown Er:Yb:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Express16(22), 17243–17248 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Liao, Y. F. Lin, Y. J. Chen, Z. D. Luo, E. Ma, X. H. Gong, Q. Q. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, “Radiative-trapping and fluorescence-concentration quenching effects of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(12), 2572–2580 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, E.

Maltsev, V. V.

Mateos, X.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. Mateos, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meng, X. L.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of Crystal Spectra of Rare-Earth Ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Perez, J. J.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. Mateos, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pilipenko, O. V.

Piper, J. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sardar, D. K.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, K.

K. Sawada, K. Abdel-Aal, K. Tan, and K. Satoh, “Adsorption of lanthanoid ions on calcite,” Dalton Trans.20(20), 3291–3296 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sawada, K.

K. Sawada, K. Abdel-Aal, K. Tan, and K. Satoh, “Adsorption of lanthanoid ions on calcite,” Dalton Trans.20(20), 3291–3296 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, R. R.

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Silvestre, O.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sole, R. M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, D. S.

Svelto, C.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(19), 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(19), 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tan, K.

K. Sawada, K. Abdel-Aal, K. Tan, and K. Satoh, “Adsorption of lanthanoid ions on calcite,” Dalton Trans.20(20), 3291–3296 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, Q. G.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Q. Q.

Tolstik, N. A.

Trussell, C. W.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K. I.

Wang, G. F.

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. J.

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

J. H. Liu, X. Mateos, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zandi, B.

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

J. H. Liu, X. Mateos, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K. S.

Zhang, L. Z.

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Growth, polarized spectral properties, and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Yb:Sr3Gd2(BO3)4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 431–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(19), 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dalton Trans. (1)

K. Sawada, K. Abdel-Aal, K. Tan, and K. Satoh, “Adsorption of lanthanoid ions on calcite,” Dalton Trans.20(20), 3291–3296 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic Interactions in Nd:Yag Resulting in Nonreciprocity of Absorption and Stimulated-Emission Cross-Sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(6), 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. K. Sardar, W. M. Bradley, J. J. Perez, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, C. W. Trussell, and M. R. Kokta, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of Crystal Spectra of Rare-Earth Ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc. (1)

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectra and laser properties of Er3+/Yb3+:Sr3Y2(BO3)4 Crystal,” J. Chin. Rare Earth Soc.27, 183–188 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser & Photon. Rev. (1)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Innov. (1)

R. R. Shi, Z. B. Lin, L. Z. Zhang, G. J. Wang, Y. S. Huang, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral characterisation of Er3+ doped Sr3Lu2(BO3)4,” Mater. Res. Innov.15, 235–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (2)

F. L. Lin, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties and 1.5–1.6 μm laser operation of Er:Sr3Yb2(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater.35(12), 2314–2319 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. L. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater.19(3), 383–387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, “Optical Absorption Intensities of Rare-Earth Ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of the grown Er:Yb:SLuB crystal. Inset shows the polished sample used in the laser experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

RT polarized absorption spectra of the Er:Yb:SLuB crystal in a range from 280 to 1670 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RT polarized emission cross-sections of the Er:Yb:SLuB crystal in a range from 1400 to 1670 nm. The inset shows the E//Y polarization emission spectrum of the Er:Yb:SLuB crystal in a range from 940 to 1670 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain curves of the 4I13/24I15/2 transition of Er3+ ions in the Er:Yb:SLuB crystal for E//X and E//Y when β is 0.5 (upper) and for E//Y with different β (lower).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser output power at 1.5–1.6 μm as a function of absorbed pump power at 970 nm. The power shown in the figure was the measured value multiplied by 50, because the duty cycle of the used diode laser was 2%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectra of the Er:Yb:SLuB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm when the absorbed pump power is 12.19 W and output coupler transmissions are: (a) T = 1.0%, (b) T = 1.5%, (c) T = 2.9%.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the spectral parameters for the Er:Yb:SRB (R = Y, Lu) crystals.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of the 1.5–1.6 μm laser performance for the Er:Yb:SRB and Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y, Lu) crystals in the similar experimental condition.

Metrics