Abstract

We report on the ultrafast laser inscription (ULI) of volume phase gratings inside gallium lanthanum sulphide (GLS) chalcogenide glass substrates. The effect of laser pulse energy and grating thickness on the dispersive properties of the gratings is investigated, with the aim of improving the performance of the gratings in the mid-infrared. The grating with the optimum performance in the mid-infrared exhibited a 1st order absolute diffraction efficiency of 61% at 1300 nm and 24% at 2640 nm. Based on the work reported here, we conclude that ULI is promising for the fabrication of mid-infrared volume phase gratings, with potential applications including astronomical instrumentation and remote sensing.

© 2013 OSA

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2012

A. Ródenas, G. Martin, B. Arezki, N. Psaila, G. Jose, A. Jha, L. Labadie, P. Kern, A. Kar, and R. Thomson, “Three-dimensional mid-infrared photonic circuits in chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Lett.37(3), 392–394 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Thomson, R. J. Harris, T. A. Birks, G. Brown, J. Allington-Smith, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Ultrafast laser inscription of a 121-waveguide fan-out for astrophotonics,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2331–2333 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Minardi, F. Dreisow, M. Gräfe, S. Nolte, and T. Pertsch, “Three-dimensional photonic component for multichannel coherence measurements,” Opt. Lett.37(15), 3030–3032 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lee, R. R. Thomson, and C. R. Cunningham, “Performance of volume phase gratings manufactured using ultrafast laser inscription,” Proc. SPIE8450, 84502X1–84502X-9 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Ultrafast laser inscription of an integrated photonic lantern,” Opt. Express19(6), 5698–5705 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

2007

2006

Y. Cheng, H. L. Tsai, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of 3D microoptical lenses in photosensitive glass using femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.85(1), 11–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

S. Barden, J. Arns, W. Colburn, and J. Williams, “Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings and the Efficiency of Three Simple Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.112(772), 809–820 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Y. Naumov, C. Przygodzki, X. Zhu, and P. B. Corkum, “Microstructuring with femtosecond laser inside silica glasses,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO99, 356–357 (1999).

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun.171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

Allington-Smith, J.

Ams, M.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Marshall, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M. J. Withford, and J. L. O’Brien, “Laser written waveguide photonic quantum circuits,” Opt. Express17(15), 12546–12554 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arezki, B.

Arns, J.

S. Barden, J. Arns, W. Colburn, and J. Williams, “Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings and the Efficiency of Three Simple Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.112(772), 809–820 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

Barden, S.

S. Barden, J. Arns, W. Colburn, and J. Williams, “Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings and the Efficiency of Three Simple Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.112(772), 809–820 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beecher, S. J.

Bellini, N.

Bellouard, Y.

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bragheri, F.

Brown, G.

Cerullo, G.

Charles, N.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, H. L. Tsai, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of 3D microoptical lenses in photosensitive glass using femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.85(1), 11–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Colburn, W.

S. Barden, J. Arns, W. Colburn, and J. Williams, “Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings and the Efficiency of Three Simple Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.112(772), 809–820 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

A. Y. Naumov, C. Przygodzki, X. Zhu, and P. B. Corkum, “Microstructuring with femtosecond laser inside silica glasses,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO99, 356–357 (1999).

Cristiani, I.

Cunningham, C. R.

D. Lee, R. R. Thomson, and C. R. Cunningham, “Performance of volume phase gratings manufactured using ultrafast laser inscription,” Proc. SPIE8450, 84502X1–84502X-9 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

Dekker, P.

Dreisow, F.

Ferrara, L.

Franco, M.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun.171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gräfe, M.

Gross, S.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Harris, R. J.

He, F.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D. W.

Hirao, K.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett.21(21), 1729–1731 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, M.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, M. A.

Inouye, H.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ireland, M.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Jiang, X. W.

Jose, G.

Jovanovic, N.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

Kar, A.

Kar, A. K.

Kern, P.

Kintaka, K.

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Labadie, L.

Lacour, S.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, J. S.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

D. Lee, R. R. Thomson, and C. R. Cunningham, “Performance of volume phase gratings manufactured using ultrafast laser inscription,” Proc. SPIE8450, 84502X1–84502X-9 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, A.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Liao, Y.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, A.

Marshall, G. D.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Marshall, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M. J. Withford, and J. L. O’Brien, “Laser written waveguide photonic quantum circuits,” Opt. Express17(15), 12546–12554 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, G.

Martinez-Vazquez, R.

Matsuo, S.

Matthews, J. C. F.

Midorikawa, K.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, H. L. Tsai, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of 3D microoptical lenses in photosensitive glass using femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.85(1), 11–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, S.

Minzioni, P.

Misawa, H.

Mitsuyu, T.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett.21(21), 1729–1731 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miwa, M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun.171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, A. Y.

A. Y. Naumov, C. Przygodzki, X. Zhu, and P. B. Corkum, “Microstructuring with femtosecond laser inside silica glasses,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO99, 356–357 (1999).

Niel, C.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Marcinkevičius, S. Juodkazis, M. Watanabe, M. Miwa, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, and J. Nishii, “Femtosecond Laser-assisted three-dimensional microfabrication in silica,” Opt. Lett.26(5), 277–279 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

S. Minardi, F. Dreisow, M. Gräfe, S. Nolte, and T. Pertsch, “Three-dimensional photonic component for multichannel coherence measurements,” Opt. Lett.37(15), 3030–3032 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Norris, B.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. L.

Osellame, R.

Pertsch, T.

Politi, A.

Prade, B.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun.171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Przygodzki, C.

A. Y. Naumov, C. Przygodzki, X. Zhu, and P. B. Corkum, “Microstructuring with femtosecond laser inside silica glasses,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO99, 356–357 (1999).

Psaila, N.

Psaila, N. D.

Qiu, J. R.

Ramponi, R.

Richter, D.

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, J. G.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ródenas, A.

Said, A.

Stewart, P.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sudrie, L.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun.171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Sugioka, K.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, H. L. Tsai, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of 3D microoptical lenses in photosensitive glass using femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.85(1), 11–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Thomas, J.

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, R.

Thomson, R. R.

Tsai, H. L.

Y. Cheng, H. L. Tsai, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of 3D microoptical lenses in photosensitive glass using femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.85(1), 11–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tuthill, P. G.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vishnubhatla, K. C.

Voigtländer, C.

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

Watanabe, W.

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J.

S. Barden, J. Arns, W. Colburn, and J. Williams, “Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings and the Efficiency of Three Simple Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.112(772), 809–820 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Withford, M. J.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Marshall, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M. J. Withford, and J. L. O’Brien, “Laser written waveguide photonic quantum circuits,” Opt. Express17(15), 12546–12554 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhou, Z.

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. S.

Zhu, X.

A. Y. Naumov, C. Przygodzki, X. Zhu, and P. B. Corkum, “Microstructuring with femtosecond laser inside silica glasses,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO99, 356–357 (1999).

Appl. Phys. A. Mater.

Y. Cheng, H. L. Tsai, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of 3D microoptical lenses in photosensitive glass using femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.85(1), 11–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. He, H. Sun, M. Huang, J. Xu, Y. Liao, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid fabrication of optical volume gratings in Foturan glass by femtosecond laser micromachining,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.97(4), 853–857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Voigtländer, D. Richter, J. Thomas, A. Tünnermann, and S. Nolte, “Inscription of high contrast volume Bragg gratings in fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. A. Mater.102(1), 35–38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Kondo, T. Suzuki, H. Inouye, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Three-Dimensional Microscopic Crystallization in Photosensitive Glass by Femtosecond Laser Pulses at Nonresonant Wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.37(Part 2, No. 1A/B), L94–L96 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO

A. Y. Naumov, C. Przygodzki, X. Zhu, and P. B. Corkum, “Microstructuring with femtosecond laser inside silica glasses,” Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO99, 356–357 (1999).

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.

N. Jovanovic, P. G. Tuthill, B. Norris, S. Gross, P. Stewart, N. Charles, S. Lacour, M. Ams, J. S. Lawrence, A. Lehmann, C. Niel, J. G. Robertson, G. D. Marshall, M. Ireland, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Starlight demonstration of the Dragonfly instrument: an integrated photonic pupil-remapping interferometer for high-contrast imaging,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.427(1), 806–815 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun.171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

R. Martinez-Vazquez, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, and O. Svelto, “Fabrication of photonic devices in nanostructured glasses by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express15(20), 12628–12635 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, S. J. Beecher, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast laser inscription of a high-gain Er-doped bismuthate glass waveguide amplifier,” Opt. Express18(12), 13212–13219 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Ultrafast laser inscription of an integrated photonic lantern,” Opt. Express19(6), 5698–5705 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Bellouard, A. Said, and P. Bado, “Integrating optics and micro-mechanics in a single substrate: a step toward monolithic integration in fused silica,” Opt. Express13(17), 6635–6644 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Bellini, K. C. Vishnubhatla, F. Bragheri, L. Ferrara, P. Minzioni, R. Ramponi, I. Cristiani, and R. Osellame, “Femtosecond laser fabricated monolithic chip for optical trapping and stretching of single cells,” Opt. Express18(5), 4679–4688 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Marshall, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M. J. Withford, and J. L. O’Brien, “Laser written waveguide photonic quantum circuits,” Opt. Express17(15), 12546–12554 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Z. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, X. W. Jiang, C. J. Zhao, and C. S. Zhu, “Fabrication of internal diffraction gratings in calcium fluoride crystals by a focused femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express12(5), 742–746 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Fabrication of volume grating induced in silica glass by femtosecond laser,” Proc. SPIE5063, 474–477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Lee, R. R. Thomson, and C. R. Cunningham, “Performance of volume phase gratings manufactured using ultrafast laser inscription,” Proc. SPIE8450, 84502X1–84502X-9 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

S. Barden, J. Arns, W. Colburn, and J. Williams, “Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings and the Efficiency of Three Simple Volume‐Phase Holographic Gratings,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.112(772), 809–820 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Digital camera picture of Sample B taken with angled illumination and viewing. (b) Shadowgraph image of Sample B. The orientation in both images is the same. The pulse energy used to fabricate the gratings decreases from left to right for each row and from top to bottom.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Digital camera picture of the experimental setup used to measure the broadband efficiency of the gratings. The pieces of equipment shown are the IR camera (1), diffraction grating (2), collimating lens (3), optical fiber (4), monochromator (5) and light source (6). (b) Digital camera picture of one of the GLS gratings illuminated with a 633 nm laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of absolute diffraction efficiency measured at 633 nm, for 0th and 1st diffraction orders vs. laser pulse energy for Sample B.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plot of absolute diffraction efficiency in 1st order vs. wavelength for Sample C with gratings of different thicknesses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plot of absolute diffraction efficiency in 0th and 1st order vs. wavelength for the Sample C grating manufactured with 71 layers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plot of absolute diffraction efficiency measured at 1300 nm, for 0th and 1st diffraction orders vs. angle of incidence for the GLS Sample C 71 layer grating. The theoretical GSolver prediction for a binary refractive index profile is also shown.

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