Abstract

We have proposed and demonstrated passive harmonic mode locking of an erbium doped fiber laser with soliton pulse shaping using carbon nanotubes polyvinyl alcohol film. Two types of samples prepared by using filtration and centrifugation were studied. The demonstrated fiber laser can support 10th harmonic order corresponding to 245 MHz repetition rate with an output power of ~12 mW. More importantly, all stable harmonic orders show timing jitter below 10 ps. The output pulses energies are between 25 to 56 pJ. Both samples result in the same central wavelength of output optical spectrum with similar pulse duration of ~1 ps for all harmonic orders. By using the same laser configuration, centrifugated sample exhibits slightly lower pulse chirp.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

2009 (7)

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett.34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, H. Jung, K. Oh, and D. I. Yeom, “Femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser employing a hollow optical fiber filled with carbon nanotube dispersion as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express17(24), 21788–21793 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, S. Uchida, Y. W. Song, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Fabrication of Carbon nanotube poly-methyl-methacrylate composites for nonlinear photonic devices,” Opt. Express16(15), 11337–11343 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. M. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express16(20), 15425–15430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Shohda, T. Shirato, M. Nakazawa, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “A passively mode-locked femtosecond soliton fiber laser at 1.5 µm with a CNT-doped polycarbonate saturable absorber,” Opt. Express16(26), 21191–21198 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson and D. J. DiGiovanni, “High-repetition-frequency low-noise fiber ring lasers mode-locked with carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(24), 2123–2125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

2006 (2)

S. A. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, and F. W. Wise, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a soliton Yb fiber laser at repetition rates to 1.5 GHz,” Opt. Lett.31(8), 1041–1043 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(1), 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stable multigigahertz pulse-train formation in a short-cavity passively harmonic mode-locked erbium/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.23(2), 123–125 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fiber soliton ring lasers,” Electron. Lett.29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Amrani, F.

Arif, R.

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Bergman, K.

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stable multigigahertz pulse-train formation in a short-cavity passively harmonic mode-locked erbium/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.23(2), 123–125 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bonaccorso, F.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. Y.

Collings, B. C.

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stable multigigahertz pulse-train formation in a short-cavity passively harmonic mode-locked erbium/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.23(2), 123–125 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. W. Nicholson and D. J. DiGiovanni, “High-repetition-frequency low-noise fiber ring lasers mode-locked with carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(24), 2123–2125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Einarsson, E.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, S. N.

K. Jiang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, and C. L. Lin, “A wavelength-switchable passively harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with low pumping threshold using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 754–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goh, C. S.

Gray, S.

Grelu, P.

Grudinin, A. B.

Haboucha, A.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Im, J. H.

Ishigure, T.

Itoga, E.

Itoh, K.

Jablonski, M.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(1), 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, K.

K. Jiang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, and C. L. Lin, “A wavelength-switchable passively harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with low pumping threshold using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 754–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jun, C. S.

Jung, H.

Kaino, T.

Kataura, H.

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kim, B. Y.

Knox, W. H.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stable multigigahertz pulse-train formation in a short-cavity passively harmonic mode-locked erbium/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.23(2), 123–125 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Komarov, A.

Komatsu, K.

Konov, V. I.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leblond, H.

Lin, C. L.

K. Jiang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, and C. L. Lin, “A wavelength-switchable passively harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with low pumping threshold using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 754–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Lu, T. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

Martinez, A.

Maruyama, S.

Mata, J.

Matsas, V. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Milne, W. I.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morimune, K.

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mou, C.

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett.36(19), 3831–3833 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakazawa, M.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. W. Nicholson and D. J. DiGiovanni, “High-repetition-frequency low-noise fiber ring lasers mode-locked with carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(24), 2123–2125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Obraztsova, E. D.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

O'Neill, W.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D. G.

Payne, D. N.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, and D. N. Payne, “Femtosecond harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with time jitter below 1 ps,” Opt. Lett.20(2), 189–191 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fiber soliton ring lasers,” Electron. Lett.29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Popa, D.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fiber soliton ring lasers,” Electron. Lett.29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A.

Rozhin, A. G.

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schadler, L. S.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Senoo, Y.

Sergeyev, S.

Set, S. Y.

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(2), 148–150 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(1), 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shirato, T.

Shohda, F.

Shum, P.

K. Jiang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, and C. L. Lin, “A wavelength-switchable passively harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with low pumping threshold using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 754–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Sumimura, K.

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Z. P.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tan, P. H.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(1), 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Travers, J. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsukamoto, J.

Turistyn, S.

Turitsyn, S.

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, S.

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F. Q.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

Yaguchi, H.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(1), 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively modelocked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express19(7), 6155–6163 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. M. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “Passive mode-locked lasing by injecting a carbon nanotube-solution in the core of an optical fiber,” Opt. Express18(11), 11008–11014 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. M. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express16(20), 15425–15430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, S. Uchida, Y. W. Song, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Fabrication of Carbon nanotube poly-methyl-methacrylate composites for nonlinear photonic devices,” Opt. Express16(15), 11337–11343 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(2), 148–150 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, E. Einarsson, and S. Maruyama, “All-fiber pulsed lasers passively mode locked by transferable vertically aligned carbon nanotube film,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1399–1401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeom, D. I.

Yoo, S. H.

Zhang, X. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, K.

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, K. M.

Zhou, S. A.

Adv. Mater. (1)

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater.21(38-39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(17), 171113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O'Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(6), 975–977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, “Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(5), 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Polarization insensitive all-fiber mode-lockers functioned by carbon nanotubes deposited onto tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(2), 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Mou, A. G. Rozhin, R. Arif, K. Zhou, and S. Turitsyn, “Polarization insensitive in-fiber mode-locker based on carbon nanotube with N-methyl-2-pryrrolidone solvent filled fiber microchamber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(10), 101110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, and V. J. Matsas, “320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser,” Electron. Lett.27(9), 730–732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fiber soliton ring lasers,” Electron. Lett.29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. W. Nicholson and D. J. DiGiovanni, “High-repetition-frequency low-noise fiber ring lasers mode-locked with carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(24), 2123–2125 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Jiang, S. N. Fu, P. Shum, and C. L. Lin, “A wavelength-switchable passively harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with low pumping threshold using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 754–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (9)

A. Martinez, S. Uchida, Y. W. Song, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Fabrication of Carbon nanotube poly-methyl-methacrylate composites for nonlinear photonic devices,” Opt. Express16(15), 11337–11343 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Shohda, M. Nakazawa, J. Mata, and J. Tsukamoto, “A 113 fs fiber laser operating at 1.56 µm using a cascadable film-type saturable absorber with P3HT-incorporated single-wall carbon nanotubes coated on polyamide,” Opt. Express18(9), 9712–9721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Shohda, T. Shirato, M. Nakazawa, K. Komatsu, and T. Kaino, “A passively mode-locked femtosecond soliton fiber laser at 1.5 µm with a CNT-doped polycarbonate saturable absorber,” Opt. Express16(26), 21191–21198 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Jun, J. H. Im, S. H. Yoo, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, D. I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, “Low noise GHz passive harmonic mode-locking of soliton fiber laser using evanescent wave interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express19(20), 19775–19780 (2011).
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A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively modelocked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express19(7), 6155–6163 (2011).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. M. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express16(20), 15425–15430 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. M. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “Passive mode-locked lasing by injecting a carbon nanotube-solution in the core of an optical fiber,” Opt. Express18(11), 11008–11014 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, E. Einarsson, and S. Maruyama, “All-fiber pulsed lasers passively mode locked by transferable vertically aligned carbon nanotube film,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1399–1401 (2007).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2242–2244 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L. Yu-Chan, C. Kuang-Nan, and L. Gong-Ru, “Passively harmonic mode-locking of fiber ring laser using a carbon-nanotube embedded PVA saturable absorber,” in OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), 2011 16th (IEEE, 2011), pp. 788–789.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of the CNT PVA sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic configuration of the CNT PVA based HML EDFL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

F-CNT PVA mode locked EDFL (a) Evolution of optical spectrum under different pump power; (b) Measured timing jitter (black solid square) and output energy (blue empty square) against the harmonic order; (c) Measured pulse duration (black solid square) and time bandwidth product (blue empty square) over the harmonic order; (d) Measured RF spectrum of the 9th HML at 221 MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

C-CNT PVA mode locked EDFL (a) Evolution of optical spectrum under different pump power; (b) Measured timing jitter (black solid square) and output energy (blue empty square) against the harmonic order; (c) Measured pulse duration (black solid square) and time bandwidth product (blue empty square) over the harmonic order; (d) Measured RF spectrum of the 9th HML at 245 MHz.

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