Abstract

The carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are an ideal material for infrared applications due to its excellent electronic and optoelectronic properties, suitable bandgap, mechanical and chemical stabilities. In this paper, we demonstrate a photovoltaic infrared detector which is based on aligned single-walled CNT (SWCNT) arrays. The device is fabricated by asymmetrically contacting the two ends of the SWCNT arrays with Pd and Sc of different work functions, which are known to form ohmic contacts with the valence and conduction bands of semiconducting SWCNTs respectively. The device is characterized at room temperature, exhibiting excellent diode characteristics, high responsivity of 9.87 × 10−5 A/W and infrared spectral detectivity of 1.09 × 107 cmHz1/2/W. The demonstration of the SWCNT arrays based infrared detector which is fabricated using a doping-free process paves the way to applications of CNT in such field as high-performance infrared sensors.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (2)

Q. S. Zeng, S. Wang, L. J. Yang, Z. X. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L.-M. Peng, W. Y. Zhou, and S. S. Xie, “Doping-free fabrication of carbon nanotube thin-film diodes and their photovoltaic characteristics,” Nano Res.5(1), 33–42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Zhou, J. Liu, and L.-M. Peng, “Channel-length-dependent transport and photovoltaic characteristics of carbon-nanotube-based, barrier-free bipolar diode,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(3), 1154–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (8)

C. Wang, K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, J. Zhang, and C. Zhou, “Metal contact engineering and registration-free fabrication of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integrated circuits using aligned carbon nanotubes,” ACS Nano5(2), 1147–1153 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Shulaker, H. Wei, N. Patil, J. Provine, H. Y. Chen, H.-S. P. Wong, and S. Mitra, “Linear increases in carbon nanotube density through multiple transfer technique,” Nano Lett.11(5), 1881–1886 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Prechtel, L. Song, S. Manus, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, and A. W. Holleitner, “Time-resolved picosecond photocurrents in contacted carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.11(1), 269–272 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Shi, L. Liu, Q. Q. Li, Y. Zhao, Z. Feng, S. S. Fan, and K. L. Jiang, “A polarized infrared thermal detector made from super-aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Nanotechnology22(2), 025502 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. St-Antoine, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Single-walled carbon nanotube thermopile for broadband light detection,” Nano Lett.11(2), 609–613 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Liu, C. C. Wu, and Z. H. Zhong, “A fully tunable single-walled carbon nanotube diode,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1782–1785 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Pei, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Efficient photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 672–676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. W. Hong, T. Banks, and J. A. Rogers, “Improved density in aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes by sequential chemical vapor deposition on quartz,” Adv. Mater.22(16), 1826–1830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ho, L. Ye, S. V. Rotkin, X. Xie, F. Du, S. Dunham, J. Zaumseil, and J. A. Rogers, “Theoretical and experimental studies of schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.3(6), 444–451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, A. Tselev, J. Wang, D. Yuan, H. Chu, T. P. McNicholas, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Selective growth of well-aligned semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(2), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Arnold, J. D. Zimmerman, C. K. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. M. Austin, and S. R. Forrest, “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3354–3358 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rao, X. Liu, T. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “The synthesis and fabrication of horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes suspended across wide trenches for infrared detecting application,” Nanotechnology20(5), 055501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lu, Z. Li, G. Xu, and J. Z. Wu, “Suspending single-wall carbon nanotube thin film infrared bolometers on microchannels,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 163110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (8)

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhong, N. M. Gabor, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, and P. L. McEuen, “Terahertz time-domain measurement of ballistic electron resonance in a single-walled carbon nanotube,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(4), 201–205 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Abdula and M. Shim, “Performance and photovoltaic response of polymer-doped carbon nanotube p-n diodes,” ACS Nano2(10), 2154–2159 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chen, Y. Lu, E. S. Kong, Y. Zhang, and S. T. Lee, “Nanowelded carbon-nanotube-based solar microcells,” Small4(9), 1313–1318 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Jiao, B. Fan, X. J. Xian, Z. Y. Wu, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Creation of nanostructures with poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated nanotransfer printing,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(38), 12612–12613 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. W. Zhou, C. Rutherglen, and P. J. Burke, “Wafer scale synthesis of dense aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.1(2), 158–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, D. N. Yuan, and J. Liu, “Growth of high-density parallel arrays of long single-walled carbon nanotubes on quartz substrates,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(16), 5428–5429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. E. Itkis, F. Borondics, A. Yu, and R. C. Haddon, “Bolometric infrared photoresponse of suspended single-walled carbon nanotube films,” Science312(5772), 413–416 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. U. Lee, “Photovoltaic effect in ideal carbon nanotube diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 073101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Dürkop, S. A. Getty, E. Cobas, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Extraordinary mobility in semiconducting carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.4(1), 35–39 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. Rogalski, “Infrared detectors: status and trends,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(2-3), 59–210 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and Ph. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of single carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. G. Collins, M. S. Arnold, and Ph. Avouris, “Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown,” Science292(5517), 706–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdula, D.

D. Abdula and M. Shim, “Performance and photovoltaic response of polymer-doped carbon nanotube p-n diodes,” ACS Nano2(10), 2154–2159 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alam, M. A.

S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnold, M. S.

M. S. Arnold, J. D. Zimmerman, C. K. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. M. Austin, and S. R. Forrest, “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3354–3358 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Collins, M. S. Arnold, and Ph. Avouris, “Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown,” Science292(5517), 706–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Austin, C. M.

M. S. Arnold, J. D. Zimmerman, C. K. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. M. Austin, and S. R. Forrest, “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3354–3358 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avouris, Ph.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and Ph. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of single carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Collins, M. S. Arnold, and Ph. Avouris, “Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown,” Science292(5517), 706–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badmaev, A.

C. Wang, K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, J. Zhang, and C. Zhou, “Metal contact engineering and registration-free fabrication of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integrated circuits using aligned carbon nanotubes,” ACS Nano5(2), 1147–1153 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banks, T.

S. W. Hong, T. Banks, and J. A. Rogers, “Improved density in aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes by sequential chemical vapor deposition on quartz,” Adv. Mater.22(16), 1826–1830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borondics, F.

M. E. Itkis, F. Borondics, A. Yu, and R. C. Haddon, “Bolometric infrared photoresponse of suspended single-walled carbon nanotube films,” Science312(5772), 413–416 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burke, P. J.

W. W. Zhou, C. Rutherglen, and P. J. Burke, “Wafer scale synthesis of dense aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.1(2), 158–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, Y. Lu, E. S. Kong, Y. Zhang, and S. T. Lee, “Nanowelded carbon-nanotube-based solar microcells,” Small4(9), 1313–1318 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

M. M. Shulaker, H. Wei, N. Patil, J. Provine, H. Y. Chen, H.-S. P. Wong, and S. Mitra, “Linear increases in carbon nanotube density through multiple transfer technique,” Nano Lett.11(5), 1881–1886 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chu, H.

L. Ding, A. Tselev, J. Wang, D. Yuan, H. Chu, T. P. McNicholas, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Selective growth of well-aligned semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(2), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cobas, E.

T. Dürkop, S. A. Getty, E. Cobas, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Extraordinary mobility in semiconducting carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.4(1), 35–39 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Collins, P. G.

P. G. Collins, M. S. Arnold, and Ph. Avouris, “Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown,” Science292(5517), 706–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, R. L.

S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, A. Tselev, J. Wang, D. Yuan, H. Chu, T. P. McNicholas, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Selective growth of well-aligned semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(2), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ding, D. N. Yuan, and J. Liu, “Growth of high-density parallel arrays of long single-walled carbon nanotubes on quartz substrates,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(16), 5428–5429 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, F.

X. Ho, L. Ye, S. V. Rotkin, X. Xie, F. Du, S. Dunham, J. Zaumseil, and J. A. Rogers, “Theoretical and experimental studies of schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.3(6), 444–451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dunham, S.

X. Ho, L. Ye, S. V. Rotkin, X. Xie, F. Du, S. Dunham, J. Zaumseil, and J. A. Rogers, “Theoretical and experimental studies of schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.3(6), 444–451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dürkop, T.

T. Dürkop, S. A. Getty, E. Cobas, and M. S. Fuhrer, “Extraordinary mobility in semiconducting carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.4(1), 35–39 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, B.

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K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
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L. Prechtel, L. Song, S. Manus, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, and A. W. Holleitner, “Time-resolved picosecond photocurrents in contacted carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.11(1), 269–272 (2011).
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S. W. Hong, T. Banks, and J. A. Rogers, “Improved density in aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes by sequential chemical vapor deposition on quartz,” Adv. Mater.22(16), 1826–1830 (2010).
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M. E. Itkis, F. Borondics, A. Yu, and R. C. Haddon, “Bolometric infrared photoresponse of suspended single-walled carbon nanotube films,” Science312(5772), 413–416 (2006).
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L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Shi, L. Liu, Q. Q. Li, Y. Zhao, Z. Feng, S. S. Fan, and K. L. Jiang, “A polarized infrared thermal detector made from super-aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Nanotechnology22(2), 025502 (2011).
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L. Y. Jiao, B. Fan, X. J. Xian, Z. Y. Wu, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Creation of nanostructures with poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated nanotransfer printing,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(38), 12612–12613 (2008).
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S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
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C. Chen, Y. Lu, E. S. Kong, Y. Zhang, and S. T. Lee, “Nanowelded carbon-nanotube-based solar microcells,” Small4(9), 1313–1318 (2008).
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K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
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L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Shi, L. Liu, Q. Q. Li, Y. Zhao, Z. Feng, S. S. Fan, and K. L. Jiang, “A polarized infrared thermal detector made from super-aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Nanotechnology22(2), 025502 (2011).
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F. Rao, X. Liu, T. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “The synthesis and fabrication of horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes suspended across wide trenches for infrared detecting application,” Nanotechnology20(5), 055501 (2009).
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L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Zhou, J. Liu, and L.-M. Peng, “Channel-length-dependent transport and photovoltaic characteristics of carbon-nanotube-based, barrier-free bipolar diode,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(3), 1154–1157 (2012).
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L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Pei, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Efficient photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 672–676 (2011).
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S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
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S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
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L. Ding, A. Tselev, J. Wang, D. Yuan, H. Chu, T. P. McNicholas, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Selective growth of well-aligned semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(2), 800–805 (2009).
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S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
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R. Lu, Z. Li, G. Xu, and J. Z. Wu, “Suspending single-wall carbon nanotube thin film infrared bolometers on microchannels,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 163110 (2009).
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S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
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S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
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S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
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K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
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L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Zhou, J. Liu, and L.-M. Peng, “Channel-length-dependent transport and photovoltaic characteristics of carbon-nanotube-based, barrier-free bipolar diode,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(3), 1154–1157 (2012).
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L. Ding, A. Tselev, J. Wang, D. Yuan, H. Chu, T. P. McNicholas, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Selective growth of well-aligned semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(2), 800–805 (2009).
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L. Ding, D. N. Yuan, and J. Liu, “Growth of high-density parallel arrays of long single-walled carbon nanotubes on quartz substrates,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(16), 5428–5429 (2008).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Shi, L. Liu, Q. Q. Li, Y. Zhao, Z. Feng, S. S. Fan, and K. L. Jiang, “A polarized infrared thermal detector made from super-aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Nanotechnology22(2), 025502 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

F. Rao, X. Liu, T. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “The synthesis and fabrication of horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes suspended across wide trenches for infrared detecting application,” Nanotechnology20(5), 055501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z. F.

L. Y. Jiao, B. Fan, X. J. Xian, Z. Y. Wu, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Creation of nanostructures with poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated nanotransfer printing,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(38), 12612–12613 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, R.

R. Lu, Z. Li, G. Xu, and J. Z. Wu, “Suspending single-wall carbon nanotube thin film infrared bolometers on microchannels,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 163110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

C. Chen, Y. Lu, E. S. Kong, Y. Zhang, and S. T. Lee, “Nanowelded carbon-nanotube-based solar microcells,” Small4(9), 1313–1318 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. S. Arnold, J. D. Zimmerman, C. K. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. M. Austin, and S. R. Forrest, “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3354–3358 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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L. Prechtel, L. Song, S. Manus, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, and A. W. Holleitner, “Time-resolved picosecond photocurrents in contacted carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.11(1), 269–272 (2011).
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B. C. St-Antoine, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Single-walled carbon nanotube thermopile for broadband light detection,” Nano Lett.11(2), 609–613 (2011).
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M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and Ph. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of single carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, Y.

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and Ph. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of single carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Zhong, N. M. Gabor, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, and P. L. McEuen, “Terahertz time-domain measurement of ballistic electron resonance in a single-walled carbon nanotube,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(4), 201–205 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McNicholas, T. P.

L. Ding, A. Tselev, J. Wang, D. Yuan, H. Chu, T. P. McNicholas, Y. Li, and J. Liu, “Selective growth of well-aligned semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(2), 800–805 (2009).
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B. C. St-Antoine, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Single-walled carbon nanotube thermopile for broadband light detection,” Nano Lett.11(2), 609–613 (2011).
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M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and Ph. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of single carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
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M. M. Shulaker, H. Wei, N. Patil, J. Provine, H. Y. Chen, H.-S. P. Wong, and S. Mitra, “Linear increases in carbon nanotube density through multiple transfer technique,” Nano Lett.11(5), 1881–1886 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozel, T.

S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. M. Shulaker, H. Wei, N. Patil, J. Provine, H. Y. Chen, H.-S. P. Wong, and S. Mitra, “Linear increases in carbon nanotube density through multiple transfer technique,” Nano Lett.11(5), 1881–1886 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pei, T.

L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Pei, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Efficient photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 672–676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, L. M.

S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
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Q. S. Zeng, S. Wang, L. J. Yang, Z. X. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L.-M. Peng, W. Y. Zhou, and S. S. Xie, “Doping-free fabrication of carbon nanotube thin-film diodes and their photovoltaic characteristics,” Nano Res.5(1), 33–42 (2012).
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L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Zhou, J. Liu, and L.-M. Peng, “Channel-length-dependent transport and photovoltaic characteristics of carbon-nanotube-based, barrier-free bipolar diode,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(3), 1154–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Pei, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Efficient photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 672–676 (2011).
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S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pimparkar, N.

S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prechtel, L.

L. Prechtel, L. Song, S. Manus, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, and A. W. Holleitner, “Time-resolved picosecond photocurrents in contacted carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.11(1), 269–272 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Provine, J.

M. M. Shulaker, H. Wei, N. Patil, J. Provine, H. Y. Chen, H.-S. P. Wong, and S. Mitra, “Linear increases in carbon nanotube density through multiple transfer technique,” Nano Lett.11(5), 1881–1886 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, F.

F. Rao, X. Liu, T. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “The synthesis and fabrication of horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes suspended across wide trenches for infrared detecting application,” Nanotechnology20(5), 055501 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renshaw, C. K.

M. S. Arnold, J. D. Zimmerman, C. K. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. M. Austin, and S. R. Forrest, “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3354–3358 (2009).
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A. Rogalski, “Infrared detectors: status and trends,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(2-3), 59–210 (2003).
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S. W. Hong, T. Banks, and J. A. Rogers, “Improved density in aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes by sequential chemical vapor deposition on quartz,” Adv. Mater.22(16), 1826–1830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Ho, L. Ye, S. V. Rotkin, X. Xie, F. Du, S. Dunham, J. Zaumseil, and J. A. Rogers, “Theoretical and experimental studies of schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.3(6), 444–451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
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Rotkin, S. V.

X. Ho, L. Ye, S. V. Rotkin, X. Xie, F. Du, S. Dunham, J. Zaumseil, and J. A. Rogers, “Theoretical and experimental studies of schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.3(6), 444–451 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Kang, C. Kocabas, T. Ozel, M. Shim, N. Pimparkar, M. A. Alam, S. V. Rotkin, and J. A. Rogers, “High-performance electronics using dense, perfectly aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(4), 230–236 (2007).
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W. W. Zhou, C. Rutherglen, and P. J. Burke, “Wafer scale synthesis of dense aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.1(2), 158–165 (2008).
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Ryu, K.

C. Wang, K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, J. Zhang, and C. Zhou, “Metal contact engineering and registration-free fabrication of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integrated circuits using aligned carbon nanotubes,” ACS Nano5(2), 1147–1153 (2011).
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K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuh, D.

L. Prechtel, L. Song, S. Manus, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, and A. W. Holleitner, “Time-resolved picosecond photocurrents in contacted carbon nanotubes,” Nano Lett.11(1), 269–272 (2011).
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M. M. Shulaker, H. Wei, N. Patil, J. Provine, H. Y. Chen, H.-S. P. Wong, and S. Mitra, “Linear increases in carbon nanotube density through multiple transfer technique,” Nano Lett.11(5), 1881–1886 (2011).
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C. H. Liu, C. C. Wu, and Z. H. Zhong, “A fully tunable single-walled carbon nanotube diode,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1782–1785 (2011).
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L. Y. Jiao, B. Fan, X. J. Xian, Z. Y. Wu, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Creation of nanostructures with poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated nanotransfer printing,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(38), 12612–12613 (2008).
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S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
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L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Pei, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Efficient photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 672–676 (2011).
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X. Ho, L. Ye, S. V. Rotkin, X. Xie, F. Du, S. Dunham, J. Zaumseil, and J. A. Rogers, “Theoretical and experimental studies of schottky diodes that use aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.3(6), 444–451 (2010).
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L. Ding, D. N. Yuan, and J. Liu, “Growth of high-density parallel arrays of long single-walled carbon nanotubes on quartz substrates,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(16), 5428–5429 (2008).
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C. Wang, K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, J. Zhang, and C. Zhou, “Metal contact engineering and registration-free fabrication of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integrated circuits using aligned carbon nanotubes,” ACS Nano5(2), 1147–1153 (2011).
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L. Y. Jiao, B. Fan, X. J. Xian, Z. Y. Wu, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Creation of nanostructures with poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated nanotransfer printing,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(38), 12612–12613 (2008).
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Q. S. Zeng, S. Wang, L. J. Yang, Z. X. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L.-M. Peng, W. Y. Zhou, and S. S. Xie, “Doping-free fabrication of carbon nanotube thin-film diodes and their photovoltaic characteristics,” Nano Res.5(1), 33–42 (2012).
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S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, L. J. Yang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L. M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
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L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Pei, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Efficient photovoltage multiplication in carbon nanotubes,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 672–676 (2011).
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S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
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S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
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L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, K. Liu, Z. Wang, T. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Shi, L. Liu, Q. Q. Li, Y. Zhao, Z. Feng, S. S. Fan, and K. L. Jiang, “A polarized infrared thermal detector made from super-aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube films,” Nanotechnology22(2), 025502 (2011).
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Z. Zhong, N. M. Gabor, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, and P. L. McEuen, “Terahertz time-domain measurement of ballistic electron resonance in a single-walled carbon nanotube,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(4), 201–205 (2008).
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Zhong, Z. H.

C. H. Liu, C. C. Wu, and Z. H. Zhong, “A fully tunable single-walled carbon nanotube diode,” Nano Lett.11(4), 1782–1785 (2011).
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C. Wang, K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, J. Zhang, and C. Zhou, “Metal contact engineering and registration-free fabrication of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integrated circuits using aligned carbon nanotubes,” ACS Nano5(2), 1147–1153 (2011).
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K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, C. Wang, A. Lin, N. Patil, L. Gomez, A. Kumar, S. Mitra, H.-S. P. Wong, and C. Zhou, “CMOS-analogous wafer-scale nanotube-on-insulator approach for submicrometer devices and integrated circuits using aligned nanotubes,” Nano Lett.9(1), 189–197 (2009).
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Zhou, W.

L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Zhou, J. Liu, and L.-M. Peng, “Channel-length-dependent transport and photovoltaic characteristics of carbon-nanotube-based, barrier-free bipolar diode,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(3), 1154–1157 (2012).
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W. W. Zhou, C. Rutherglen, and P. J. Burke, “Wafer scale synthesis of dense aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res.1(2), 158–165 (2008).
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Q. S. Zeng, S. Wang, L. J. Yang, Z. X. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L.-M. Peng, W. Y. Zhou, and S. S. Xie, “Doping-free fabrication of carbon nanotube thin-film diodes and their photovoltaic characteristics,” Nano Res.5(1), 33–42 (2012).
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Zhou, Y.

F. Rao, X. Liu, T. Li, Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “The synthesis and fabrication of horizontally aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes suspended across wide trenches for infrared detecting application,” Nanotechnology20(5), 055501 (2009).
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Zimmerman, J. D.

M. S. Arnold, J. D. Zimmerman, C. K. Renshaw, X. Xu, R. R. Lunt, C. M. Austin, and S. R. Forrest, “Broad spectral response using carbon nanotube/organic semiconductor/C60 photodetectors,” Nano Lett.9(9), 3354–3358 (2009).
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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

L. J. Yang, S. Wang, Q. S. Zeng, Z. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, W. Zhou, J. Liu, and L.-M. Peng, “Channel-length-dependent transport and photovoltaic characteristics of carbon-nanotube-based, barrier-free bipolar diode,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces4(3), 1154–1157 (2012).
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ACS Nano (2)

C. Wang, K. Ryu, A. Badmaev, J. Zhang, and C. Zhou, “Metal contact engineering and registration-free fabrication of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integrated circuits using aligned carbon nanotubes,” ACS Nano5(2), 1147–1153 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Abdula and M. Shim, “Performance and photovoltaic response of polymer-doped carbon nanotube p-n diodes,” ACS Nano2(10), 2154–2159 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

S. Wang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, X. L. Liang, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “A doping-free carbon nanotube CMOS inverter-based bipolar diode and ambipolar transistor,” Adv. Mater.20(17), 3258–3262 (2008).
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S. W. Hong, T. Banks, and J. A. Rogers, “Improved density in aligned arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes by sequential chemical vapor deposition on quartz,” Adv. Mater.22(16), 1826–1830 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. U. Lee, “Photovoltaic effect in ideal carbon nanotube diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(7), 073101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Lu, Z. Li, G. Xu, and J. Z. Wu, “Suspending single-wall carbon nanotube thin film infrared bolometers on microchannels,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(16), 163110 (2009).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

L. Y. Jiao, B. Fan, X. J. Xian, Z. Y. Wu, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Creation of nanostructures with poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated nanotransfer printing,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(38), 12612–12613 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ding, D. N. Yuan, and J. Liu, “Growth of high-density parallel arrays of long single-walled carbon nanotubes on quartz substrates,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(16), 5428–5429 (2008).
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J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

S. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, L. Ding, Q. S. Zeng, Z. X. Wang, X. L. Liang, M. Gao, J. Shen, H. L. Xu, Q. Chen, R. L. Cui, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “Photovoltaic effects in asymmetrically contacted CNT barrier-free bipolar diode,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(17), 6891–6893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (10)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fabrication of the asymmetrically contacted CNT thin film diode. (a) Low and (b) high magnification SEM images of the aligned SWCNTs grown on quartz. (c) Arrays of SWCNTs on Si/SiO2 substrate after being transferred from quartz. (d) Typical SEM image of thin film diode contacted with Sc and Pd as source and drain respectively, with channel width W = 20 μm and channel length L = 1 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electrical properties of CNT thin film FET and diode devices. (a) Schematic diagrams showing the fabrication process of the diode. Starting from a p-type FET with Pd contacts, Sc extension is deposited on one of the Pd contact to transfer it into an n-type contact, followed by PMMA coating for passivation. (b) Transfer characteristics of a typical p-type CNT thin film FET (with W = 20 μm and L = 1.5 μm) before and after electrical breakdown, and corresponding (c) output characteristics after breakdown. (d) Transfer characteristics and (e) linear and logarithm (inserted Fig.) I-V characteristics of the diode device (W = 20 μm and L = 1 μm). The channel length is reduced after adding Sc extension and PMMA passivation to the initial p-type FET.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transfer and output characteristics of ten parallel CNT FETs and diodes. (a) Transfer characteristics of a device composed of ten parallel connected p-type CNT thin film FET (with W = 20 μm and L = 1.5 μm) before and after electrical breakdown, and corresponding (b) output characteristics of the device. (c)Transfer characteristics and (d) I-V characteristics of a device (W = 20 μm and L = 1 μm) composed of ten parallel connected CNT diodes. (e) Optical image showing ten parallel CNT diodes device.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photovoltaic and electronic characteristics of a typical CNT thin film diode. (a) Optical image showing a CNT diode with channel length L = 1 μm. (b) I-V characteristics of the diode measured in dark and under illuminations. (c) Experimental data and fitted results for open circuit voltage and short circuit current as a function of illumination power density. (d) Photoresponse of the CNT IR detector under different illumination densities.

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