Abstract

Calixarene molecules are originally known as inclusion compounds in host-guest chemistry, which can bind various metal ions and organic molecules. We investigated the binding property of calixarene polymer against trivalent europium (Eu3+) complex which possesses excellent luminescent characteristics. An interaction, i.e. coordination structure, is established between calixarene polymer and Eu3+ complex, which results in an effective suppression of concentration quenching of Eu3+ complex and enhancement of luminescent intensity in high concentration.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. B. L. Booth, “Low loss channel waveguides in polymers,” J. Lightwave Technol.7(10), 1445–1453 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Liu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and Q. Nie, “Synthesis and fluorescence properties of novel 1,10-phenanthroline-functionalized polyaryletherketone and its rare earth complexes,” Polym. Int.59(7), 937–944 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

D. Liu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and Q. Nie, “Synthesis and fluorescence properties of novel 1,10-phenanthroline-functionalized polyaryletherketone and its rare earth complexes,” Polym. Int.59(7), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Ishihara, K. Komatsu, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of three-dimensional dalixarene polymer waveguides using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 033511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. Komatsu, J. Ishihara, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of calixarene derivative optical waveguide using two-photon assisted polymerization method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(1B), 479–482 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Nishikubo, A. Kameyama, and H. Kudo, “Novel high performance materials. calixarene derivatives containing protective groups and polymerizable groups for photolithography, and calixarene derivatives containing active ester groups for thermal curing of epoxy resins,” Polym. J.35(3), 213–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, J. D. Matos, and L. C. Dias, “Enhancement of the luminescent intensity of the novel system containing Eu3+-β-diketonate complex doped in the epoxy resin,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.83(12), 2716–2726 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Shinkai and N. Sato, “Energy-transfer luminescence of lanthanide ions encapsulated in sensitizer-modified calix(4)arenes,” J. Chem. Soc., Perkin. Trans. 2 (4), 621–624 (1993).

1992

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

B. L. Booth, “Low loss channel waveguides in polymers,” J. Lightwave Technol.7(10), 1445–1453 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1981

1962

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bailey-Folkes, S. A.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W. J.

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Booth, B. L.

B. L. Booth, “Low loss channel waveguides in polymers,” J. Lightwave Technol.7(10), 1445–1453 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brito, H. F.

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, J. D. Matos, and L. C. Dias, “Enhancement of the luminescent intensity of the novel system containing Eu3+-β-diketonate complex doped in the epoxy resin,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.83(12), 2716–2726 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dias, L. C.

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, J. D. Matos, and L. C. Dias, “Enhancement of the luminescent intensity of the novel system containing Eu3+-β-diketonate complex doped in the epoxy resin,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.83(12), 2716–2726 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujiki, M.

Groombridge, C. J.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, T.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, J.

J. Ishihara, K. Komatsu, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of three-dimensional dalixarene polymer waveguides using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 033511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Komatsu, J. Ishihara, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of calixarene derivative optical waveguide using two-photon assisted polymerization method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(1B), 479–482 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, G.

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kahwa, I. A.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

J. Ishihara, K. Komatsu, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of three-dimensional dalixarene polymer waveguides using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 033511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Komatsu, J. Ishihara, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of calixarene derivative optical waveguide using two-photon assisted polymerization method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(1B), 479–482 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, S. Oikawa, and S. Nara, “Low-loss plastic optical fibers,” Appl. Opt.20(17), 2886–2888 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kameyama, A.

T. Nishikubo, A. Kameyama, and H. Kudo, “Novel high performance materials. calixarene derivatives containing protective groups and polymerizable groups for photolithography, and calixarene derivatives containing active ester groups for thermal curing of epoxy resins,” Polym. J.35(3), 213–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, T.

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, K.

J. Ishihara, K. Komatsu, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of three-dimensional dalixarene polymer waveguides using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 033511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Komatsu, J. Ishihara, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of calixarene derivative optical waveguide using two-photon assisted polymerization method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(1B), 479–482 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kudo, H.

T. Nishikubo, A. Kameyama, and H. Kudo, “Novel high performance materials. calixarene derivatives containing protective groups and polymerizable groups for photolithography, and calixarene derivatives containing active ester groups for thermal curing of epoxy resins,” Polym. J.35(3), 213–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ley, S. V.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

D. Liu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and Q. Nie, “Synthesis and fluorescence properties of novel 1,10-phenanthroline-functionalized polyaryletherketone and its rare earth complexes,” Polym. Int.59(7), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matos, J. D.

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, J. D. Matos, and L. C. Dias, “Enhancement of the luminescent intensity of the novel system containing Eu3+-β-diketonate complex doped in the epoxy resin,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.83(12), 2716–2726 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, K. D.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McPherson, G. L.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nara, S.

Nie, Q.

D. Liu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and Q. Nie, “Synthesis and fluorescence properties of novel 1,10-phenanthroline-functionalized polyaryletherketone and its rare earth complexes,” Polym. Int.59(7), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, E.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nishikubo, T.

T. Nishikubo, A. Kameyama, and H. Kudo, “Novel high performance materials. calixarene derivatives containing protective groups and polymerizable groups for photolithography, and calixarene derivatives containing active ester groups for thermal curing of epoxy resins,” Polym. J.35(3), 213–229 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O'Connor, C. A.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Oikawa, S.

O'Mahoney, C. A.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Parra, D. F.

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, J. D. Matos, and L. C. Dias, “Enhancement of the luminescent intensity of the novel system containing Eu3+-β-diketonate complex doped in the epoxy resin,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.83(12), 2716–2726 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sato, N.

S. Shinkai and N. Sato, “Energy-transfer luminescence of lanthanide ions encapsulated in sensitizer-modified calix(4)arenes,” J. Chem. Soc., Perkin. Trans. 2 (4), 621–624 (1993).

Savatier, J. B.

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinkai, S.

S. Shinkai and N. Sato, “Energy-transfer luminescence of lanthanide ions encapsulated in sensitizer-modified calix(4)arenes,” J. Chem. Soc., Perkin. Trans. 2 (4), 621–624 (1993).

Sugihara, O.

J. Ishihara, K. Komatsu, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of three-dimensional dalixarene polymer waveguides using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 033511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Komatsu, J. Ishihara, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of calixarene derivative optical waveguide using two-photon assisted polymerization method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.45(1B), 479–482 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tagaya, Y.

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

D. Liu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and Q. Nie, “Synthesis and fluorescence properties of novel 1,10-phenanthroline-functionalized polyaryletherketone and its rare earth complexes,” Polym. Int.59(7), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. J.

K. D. Matthews, S. A. Bailey-Folkes, I. A. Kahwa, G. L. McPherson, C. A. O'Mahoney, S. V. Ley, D. J. Williams, C. J. Groombridge, and C. A. O'Connor, “Luminescence dynamics and carbon-13 NMR characteristics of dinuclear complexes exhibiting coupled lanthanide(III) cation pairs,” J. Phys. Chem.96(17), 7021–7027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yang, B.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

You, J.

D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

D. Liu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and Q. Nie, “Synthesis and fluorescence properties of novel 1,10-phenanthroline-functionalized polyaryletherketone and its rare earth complexes,” Polym. Int.59(7), 937–944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

D. Wang, J. Zhang, Q. Lin, L. Fu, H. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Lanthanide complex/polymer composite optical resin with intense narrow band emission, high transparency and good mechanical performance,” J. Mater. Chem.13(9), 2279–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(7), 883–885 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, J. B. Savatier, G. Jordan, W. J. Blau, Y. Suzuki, and T. Kaino, “Near-infrared laser emission from luminescent plastic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(2), 185–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Ishihara, K. Komatsu, O. Sugihara, and T. Kaino, “Fabrication of three-dimensional dalixarene polymer waveguides using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 033511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Polym. J.

D. Liu, Z. Wang, H. Yu, and J. You, “Fluorescence properties of novel rare earth complexes using carboxyl-containing polyaryletherketones as macromolecular ligands,” Eur. Polym. J.45(8), 2260–2268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci.

D. F. Parra, H. F. Brito, J. D. Matos, and L. C. Dias, “Enhancement of the luminescent intensity of the novel system containing Eu3+-β-diketonate complex doped in the epoxy resin,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.83(12), 2716–2726 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Soc., Perkin. Trans. 2

S. Shinkai and N. Sato, “Energy-transfer luminescence of lanthanide ions encapsulated in sensitizer-modified calix(4)arenes,” J. Chem. Soc., Perkin. Trans. 2 (4), 621–624 (1993).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Booth, “Low loss channel waveguides in polymers,” J. Lightwave Technol.7(10), 1445–1453 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structures of materials used in this experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Thermogravimetry analysis result of CRAOX.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Emission spectra of Eu(TTA)3 which is embedded in PS(solid line) or CRAOX-OXMA (dash line) excited at 375 nm, and (b) curve fitting of the Eu(TTA)3 emission spectra embedded in CRAOX-OXMA with three Gaussian functions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

UV-Vis absorption spectra of (a) Eu(TTA)3/PS and (c) Eu(TTA)3/CRAOX-OXMA for various Eu(TTA)3 concentration. (b) and (d) show normalized peak of (a) and (c) respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The emission intensity dependence of Eu(TTA)3/PS and Eu(TTA)3/CRAOX-OXMA on the Eu(TTA)3 concentration.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Chemical Shift of CRAOX Measured by 1H-NMR Spectra

Tables Icon

Table 2 Emission Spectra Shape Parameters of Eu(TTA)3 Embedded in CRAOX-OXMA

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