Abstract

Heavy-metal-free semiconductor material like Silicon Nanoparticle (Si-NPs) is attracting scientists because of their diverse applications in biomedical field. In this work, pulsed laser ablation of silicon in aqueous solution is employed to generate Si-NPs in one step avoiding use of chemical precursors. Characterization by absorption, electron and photoluminescence analysis proves the generation of luminescent Si-NPs. The productivity rate of Si-NPs is investigated by Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry. Furthermore, Si-NPs quantum yield and confocal microscopy studies corroborate the potential use of these biocompatible Si-NPs for imaging applications.

© 2012 OSA

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2012

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xiao, L. Gu, S. B. Howell, and M. J. Sailor, “Porous silicon nanoparticle photosensitizers for singlet oxygen and their phototoxicity against cancer cells,” ACS Nano5(5), 3651–3659 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Khang and J. Lee, “Synthesis of Si nanoparticles with narrow size distribution by pulsed laser ablation,” J. Nanopart. Res.12(4), 1349–1354 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki and N. Takada, “Liquid-phase laser ablation,” Pure Appl. Chem.82(6), 1317–1327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Sajti, R. Sattari, B. N. Chichkov, and S. Barcikowski, “Gram Scale Synthesis of Pure Ceramic Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(6), 2421–2427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

V. Svrcek, D. Mariotti, and M. Kondo, “Ambient-stable blue luminescent silicon nanocrystals prepared by nanosecond-pulsed laser ablation in water,” Opt. Express17(2), 520–527 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Barcikowski, F. Devesa, and K. Moldenhauer, “Impact and structure of literature on nanoparticle generation by laser ablation in liquids,” J. Nanopart. Res.11(8), 1883–1893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. De, P. S. Ghosh, and V. M. Rotello, “Applications of Nanoparticles in Biology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(22), 4225–4241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

D. Kovalev and M. Fujii, “Silicon Nanocrystals: Photosensitizers for Oxygen Molecules,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(21), 2531–2544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Z. F. Li and E. Ruckenstein, “Water-Soluble Poly(acrylic acid) Grafted Luminescent Silicon Nanoparticles and Their Use as Fluorescent Biological Staining Labels,” Nano Lett.4(8), 1463–1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

P. F. Trwoga, A. J. Kenyon, and C. W. Pitt, “Modeling the contribution of quantum confinement to luminescence from silicon nanoclusters,” J. Appl. Phys.83(7), 3789–3794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1971

G. A. Crosby and J. N. Demas, “The measurement of photoluminescence quantum yields,” J. Phys. Chem.75(8), 991–1024 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Abarques, R.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Abderrafi, K.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anahtar, M. N.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aptekar, J. W.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagga, K.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barchanski, A.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barcikowski, S.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Sajti, R. Sattari, B. N. Chichkov, and S. Barcikowski, “Gram Scale Synthesis of Pure Ceramic Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(6), 2421–2427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Barcikowski, F. Devesa, and K. Moldenhauer, “Impact and structure of literature on nanoparticle generation by laser ablation in liquids,” J. Nanopart. Res.11(8), 1883–1893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barton, R. A.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belomoin, G.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bessodes, M.

Bhatia, S. N.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brandi, F.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bukin, V. V.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carles, R.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cassidy, M. C.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaieb, S.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. W.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chichkov, B. N.

C. L. Sajti, R. Sattari, B. N. Chichkov, and S. Barcikowski, “Gram Scale Synthesis of Pure Ceramic Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(6), 2421–2427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chirvony, V. S.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cory, D. G.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crosby, G. A.

G. A. Crosby and J. N. Demas, “The measurement of photoluminescence quantum yields,” J. Phys. Chem.75(8), 991–1024 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Crouse, P. L.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Das, G.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

De, M.

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De Cola, L.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
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G. A. Crosby and J. N. Demas, “The measurement of photoluminescence quantum yields,” J. Phys. Chem.75(8), 991–1024 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Devesa, F.

S. Barcikowski, F. Devesa, and K. Moldenhauer, “Impact and structure of literature on nanoparticle generation by laser ablation in liquids,” J. Nanopart. Res.11(8), 1883–1893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Di Fabrizio, E.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Diaspro, A.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dominguez-Gutierrez, D.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Erogbogbo, F.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farcau, C.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frangioni, J. V.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

D. Kovalev and M. Fujii, “Silicon Nanocrystals: Photosensitizers for Oxygen Molecules,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(21), 2531–2544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, K.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García Calzada, R.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Garnov, S. V.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Genovese, A.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, P. S.

M. De, P. S. Ghosh, and V. M. Rotello, “Applications of Nanoparticles in Biology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(22), 4225–4241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gongalsky, M. B.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gourier, D.

Grandidier, B.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gu, L.

L. Xiao, L. Gu, S. B. Howell, and M. J. Sailor, “Porous silicon nanoparticle photosensitizers for singlet oxygen and their phototoxicity against cancer cells,” ACS Nano5(5), 3651–3659 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guieu, V.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanada, S.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, A. L.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirakuri, K.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiruoka, M.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoshino, A.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Howell, S. B.

L. Xiao, L. Gu, S. B. Howell, and M. J. Sailor, “Porous silicon nanoparticle photosensitizers for singlet oxygen and their phototoxicity against cancer cells,” ACS Nano5(5), 3651–3659 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, R.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ibáñez, R.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Intartaglia, R.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, A. C.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kauzlarich, S. M.

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kenyon, A. J.

P. F. Trwoga, A. J. Kenyon, and C. W. Pitt, “Modeling the contribution of quantum confinement to luminescence from silicon nanoclusters,” J. Appl. Phys.83(7), 3789–3794 (1998).
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Khan, S. Z.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
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Khang, Y.

Y. Khang and J. Lee, “Synthesis of Si nanoparticles with narrow size distribution by pulsed laser ablation,” J. Nanopart. Res.12(4), 1349–1354 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. W.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knipping, J.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
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Kondo, M.

Konjhodzic, D.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovalev, D.

D. Kovalev and M. Fujii, “Silicon Nanocrystals: Photosensitizers for Oxygen Molecules,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(21), 2531–2544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzmin, P. G.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

Y. Khang and J. Lee, “Synthesis of Si nanoparticles with narrow size distribution by pulsed laser ablation,” J. Nanopart. Res.12(4), 1349–1354 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. F.

Z. F. Li and E. Ruckenstein, “Water-Soluble Poly(acrylic acid) Grafted Luminescent Silicon Nanoparticles and Their Use as Fluorescent Biological Staining Labels,” Nano Lett.4(8), 1463–1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Louie, A. V.

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mair, R. W.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maldiney, T.

Manabe, N.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manome, Y.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcus, C. M.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mariotti, D.

Martínez-Pastor, J. P.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meier, C.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitas, L.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miyasaka, R.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moldenhauer, K.

S. Barcikowski, F. Devesa, and K. Moldenhauer, “Impact and structure of literature on nanoparticle generation by laser ablation in liquids,” J. Nanopart. Res.11(8), 1883–1893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nayfeh, M. H.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neiner, D.

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ogier, A. C.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohnishi, S.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Overgaag, K.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pitt, C. W.

P. F. Trwoga, A. J. Kenyon, and C. W. Pitt, “Modeling the contribution of quantum confinement to luminescence from silicon nanoclusters,” J. Appl. Phys.83(7), 3789–3794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Poelman, D.

Popovic, Z.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramanathan, C.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, S.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rellinghaus, B.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, Y.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richard, C.

Rosen, M. S.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosso-Vasic, M.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rotello, V. M.

M. De, P. S. Ghosh, and V. M. Rotello, “Applications of Nanoparticles in Biology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(22), 4225–4241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roth, P.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, I.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruckenstein, E.

Z. F. Li and E. Ruckenstein, “Water-Soluble Poly(acrylic acid) Grafted Luminescent Silicon Nanoparticles and Their Use as Fluorescent Biological Staining Labels,” Nano Lett.4(8), 1463–1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sailor, M. J.

L. Xiao, L. Gu, S. B. Howell, and M. J. Sailor, “Porous silicon nanoparticle photosensitizers for singlet oxygen and their phototoxicity against cancer cells,” ACS Nano5(5), 3651–3659 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajti, C. L.

C. L. Sajti, R. Sattari, B. N. Chichkov, and S. Barcikowski, “Gram Scale Synthesis of Pure Ceramic Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(6), 2421–2427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki and N. Takada, “Liquid-phase laser ablation,” Pure Appl. Chem.82(6), 1317–1327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sattari, R.

C. L. Sajti, R. Sattari, B. N. Chichkov, and S. Barcikowski, “Gram Scale Synthesis of Pure Ceramic Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(6), 2421–2427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Scherman, D.

Schmidt, M. J. J.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shafeev, G. A.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, M.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smet, P. F.

Smith, A.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spruijt, E.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sraiki, G.

Suárez, I.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Svrcek, V.

Swihart, M. T.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, N.

K. Sasaki and N. Takada, “Liquid-phase laser ablation,” Pure Appl. Chem.82(6), 1317–1327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, E.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Therrien, J.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tilley, R. D.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Timoshenko, V. Y.

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Trwoga, P. F.

P. F. Trwoga, A. J. Kenyon, and C. W. Pitt, “Modeling the contribution of quantum confinement to luminescence from silicon nanoclusters,” J. Appl. Phys.83(7), 3789–3794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Twesten, R.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Van den Eeckhout, K.

Van Lagen, B.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

Viau, G.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vo, C.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagener, P.

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, L.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Warot-Fontrose, B.

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wiggers, H.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, F.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, L.

L. Xiao, L. Gu, S. B. Howell, and M. J. Sailor, “Porous silicon nanoparticle photosensitizers for singlet oxygen and their phototoxicity against cancer cells,” ACS Nano5(5), 3651–3659 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yong, K. T.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Y.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zimmer, J. P.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuilhof, H.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, I. Roy, R. Hu, W. C. Law, W. Zhao, H. Ding, F. Wu, R. Kumar, M. T. Swihart, and P. N. Prasad, “In vivo targeted cancer imaging, sentinel lymph node mapping and multi-channel imaging with biocompatible silicon nanocrystals,” ACS Nano5(1), 413–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Erogbogbo, K. T. Yong, R. Hu, W. C. Law, H. Ding, C. W. Chang, P. N. Prasad, and M. T. Swihart, “Biocompatible magnetofluorescent probes: luminescent silicon quantum dots coupled with superparamagnetic iron(III) oxide,” ACS Nano4(9), 5131–5138 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Aptekar, M. C. Cassidy, A. C. Johnson, R. A. Barton, M. Lee, A. C. Ogier, C. Vo, M. N. Anahtar, Y. Ren, S. N. Bhatia, C. Ramanathan, D. G. Cory, A. L. Hill, R. W. Mair, M. S. Rosen, R. L. Walsworth, and C. M. Marcus, “Silicon nanoparticles as hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging agents,” ACS Nano3(12), 4003–4008 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xiao, L. Gu, S. B. Howell, and M. J. Sailor, “Porous silicon nanoparticle photosensitizers for singlet oxygen and their phototoxicity against cancer cells,” ACS Nano5(5), 3651–3659 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)

D. Kovalev and M. Fujii, “Silicon Nanocrystals: Photosensitizers for Oxygen Molecules,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(21), 2531–2544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. De, P. S. Ghosh, and V. M. Rotello, “Applications of Nanoparticles in Biology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(22), 4225–4241 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Belomoin, J. Therrien, A. Smith, S. Rao, R. Twesten, S. Chaieb, M. H. Nayfeh, L. Wagner, and L. Mitas, “Observation of a magic discrete family of ultrabright Si nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(5), 841–843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.

A. Abdolvand, S. Z. Khan, Y. Yuan, P. L. Crouse, M. J. J. Schmidt, M. Sharp, Z. Liu, and L. Li, “Generation of titanium-oxide nanoparticles in liquid using a high-power, high-brightness continuous-wave fiber laser,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.91(3), 365–368 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

J. P. Zimmer, S. W. Kim, S. Ohnishi, E. Tanaka, J. V. Frangioni, and M. G. Bawendi, “Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(8), 2526–2527 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. F. Trwoga, A. J. Kenyon, and C. W. Pitt, “Modeling the contribution of quantum confinement to luminescence from silicon nanoclusters,” J. Appl. Phys.83(7), 3789–3794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

M. Rosso-Vasic, E. Spruijt, Z. Popovic, K. Overgaag, B. Van Lagen, B. Grandidier, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Dominguez-Gutierrez, L. De Cola, and H. Zuilhof, “Amine-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, optical properties and their use in bioimaging,” J. Mater. Chem.19(33), 5926–5933 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanopart. Res.

Y. Khang and J. Lee, “Synthesis of Si nanoparticles with narrow size distribution by pulsed laser ablation,” J. Nanopart. Res.12(4), 1349–1354 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Barcikowski, F. Devesa, and K. Moldenhauer, “Impact and structure of literature on nanoparticle generation by laser ablation in liquids,” J. Nanopart. Res.11(8), 1883–1893 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.

J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, B. Rellinghaus, P. Roth, D. Konjhodzic, and C. Meier, “Synthesis of high purity silicon nanoparticles in a low pressure microwave reactor,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.4(8), 1039–1044 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem.

G. A. Crosby and J. N. Demas, “The measurement of photoluminescence quantum yields,” J. Phys. Chem.75(8), 991–1024 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

C. L. Sajti, R. Sattari, B. N. Chichkov, and S. Barcikowski, “Gram Scale Synthesis of Pure Ceramic Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(6), 2421–2427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Intartaglia, K. Bagga, F. Brandi, G. Das, A. Genovese, E. Di Fabrizio, and A. Diaspro, “Optical Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Synthesized Silicon Nanoparticles in Deionized Water,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5102–5107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Abderrafi, R. García Calzada, M. B. Gongalsky, I. Suárez, R. Abarques, V. S. Chirvony, V. Y. Timoshenko, R. Ibáñez, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, “Silicon Nanocrystals Produced by Nanosecond Laser Ablation in an Organic Liquid,” J. Phys. Chem. C115(12), 5147–5151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kuzmin, G. A. Shafeev, V. V. Bukin, S. V. Garnov, C. Farcau, R. Carles, B. Warot-Fontrose, V. Guieu, and G. Viau, “Silicon Nanoparticles Produced by Femtosecond Laser Ablation in Ethanol: Size Control, Structural Characterization, and Optical Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(36), 15266–15273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

Z. F. Li and E. Ruckenstein, “Water-Soluble Poly(acrylic acid) Grafted Luminescent Silicon Nanoparticles and Their Use as Fluorescent Biological Staining Labels,” Nano Lett.4(8), 1463–1467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nanoscale

R. Intartaglia, A. Barchanski, K. Bagga, A. Genovese, G. Das, P. Wagener, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, F. Brandi, and S. Barcikowski, “Bioconjugated silicon quantum dots from one-step green synthesis,” Nanoscale4(4), 1271–1274 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

X. Zhang, D. Neiner, S. Wang, A. V. Louie, and S. M. Kauzlarich, “A new solution route to hydrogen-terminated silicon nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization and water stability,” Nanotechnology18(9), 095601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujioka, M. Hiruoka, K. Sato, N. Manabe, R. Miyasaka, S. Hanada, A. Hoshino, R. D. Tilley, Y. Manome, K. Hirakuri, and K. Yamamoto, “Luminescent passive-oxidized silicon quantum dots as biological staining labels and their cytotoxicity effects at high concentration,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Mater. Express

Pure Appl. Chem.

K. Sasaki and N. Takada, “Liquid-phase laser ablation,” Pure Appl. Chem.82(6), 1317–1327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

V. Rotello, Nanoparticle: Building Blocks for Nanotechnology (Springer, 2004), 300 pp.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

TEM image of silicon nanoparticle colloidal solution prepared via femtosecond laser ablation in deionized water in two laser pulse regime (a) high and (b) low. On the right is reported the corresponding size histogram. A HRTEM image of a single Si-NP showing the (111) lattice sets is shown in the b) inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption (a) and photoluminescence (b) spectra of the Silicon nanoparticles prepared via femtosecond laser ablation of a silicon target in deionized water at 0.4 mJ (red line) and 0.15 mJ (blue line) energy regime (excitation wavelength 400 nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Integrated fluorescence intensity vs absorbance for alexa 405 Dye (black dots) and Si-NPs (red dots).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Absorption spectra of silicon nanoparticle synthesized by PLAL in the low energy regime for different irradiation time (b) Si atom concentration present in solution after laser processing evaluated by ICP-EOS measurement as a function of irradiation time (black square) and the corresponding calculated number of particles (red square).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence imaging microscopy of silicon nanoparticles prepared via PLAL method in the low energy regime. (a) Spectral image acquired on the ring border and (b) the PL spectra relative to two different region of interest. Color of the PL spectra corresponds to the color used in the covered area in the optical image. (c) Selection of channels centered at 3 different wavelength.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summarized Results on the Productivity of Si-NPs Prepared by PLAL in the Low Energy Regime

Metrics