Abstract

We present measurements and modeling of the effect of P2O5 doping on the strain sensitivity coefficients of silica fibers. In particular, the Brillouin gain spectrum of a heavily P2O5-doped fiber is measured and investigated at different strains. We provide measurements of the strain-optic coefficient (SOC) and the strain-acoustic coefficient (SAC), obtained to be + 0.139 and + 9854m/sec/ε, respectively, both of which are less than the pure silica values. The Pockels’ coefficients p11 and p12 for bulk P2O5 are also estimated via Brillouin gain measurements. Using the strain coefficients, the modeled and unique slopes of the Stokes’-shift-versus-strain curves for the four observed acoustic modes in the fiber each lie within 2% of the measured values.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (4)

P. D. Dragic, “Brillouin gain reduction via B2O3 doping,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(7), 967–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P.-C. Law, Y.-S. Liu, A. Croteau, and P. D. Dragic, “Acoustic coefficients of P2O5-doped silica fiber: acoustic velocity, acoustic attenuation, and thermo-acoustic coefficient,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(4), 686–699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

P. D. Dragic and B. G. Ward, “Accurate modeling of the intrinsic Brillouin linewidth via finite-element analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1698–1700 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Guignard, L. Albrecht, and J. W. Zwanziger, “Zero-stress optic glass without lead,” Chem. Mater. 19(2), 286–290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, and A. Shimada, “Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(1), 45–64 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, E. J. Friebele, and R. S. Weis, “Er-doped fiber ring laser strain sensor,” Proc. SPIE 1798, 280–285 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

A. A. Higazy, B. Bridge, A. Hussein, and M. A. Ewaida, “Elastic constants and structure of the vitreous system ZnO-P2O5,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86(4), 1453–1458 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles, E. Desurvire, and J. R. Simpson, “Transient gain and cross talk in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 880–882 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

1984 (1)

K. Matusita, C. Ihara, T. Komatsu, and R. Yokota, “Photoelastic effects in silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67(10), 700–704 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1972 (1)

Abe, K.

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Akola, J.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, L.

M. Guignard, L. Albrecht, and J. W. Zwanziger, “Zero-stress optic glass without lead,” Chem. Mater. 19(2), 286–290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Anan’ev, A. V.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Azuma, Y.

Bertholds, A.

A. Bertholds and R. Dandliker, “Determination of the individual strain-optic coefficients in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(1), 17–20 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bogdanov, V. N.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonnell, L.

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brazhkin, V. V.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bridge, B.

A. A. Higazy, B. Bridge, A. Hussein, and M. A. Ewaida, “Elastic constants and structure of the vitreous system ZnO-P2O5,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86(4), 1453–1458 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Butter, C. D.

Champagnon, B.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, W.

Croteau, A.

Dandliker, R.

A. Bertholds and R. Dandliker, “Determination of the individual strain-optic coefficients in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(1), 17–20 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

Devyatykh, G. G.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dragic, P. D.

Ewaida, M. A.

A. A. Higazy, B. Bridge, A. Hussein, and M. A. Ewaida, “Elastic constants and structure of the vitreous system ZnO-P2O5,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86(4), 1453–1458 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, E. J. Friebele, and R. S. Weis, “Er-doped fiber ring laser strain sensor,” Proc. SPIE 1798, 280–285 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

Gu, R.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guignard, M.

M. Guignard, L. Albrecht, and J. W. Zwanziger, “Zero-stress optic glass without lead,” Chem. Mater. 19(2), 286–290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Higazy, A. A.

A. A. Higazy, B. Bridge, A. Hussein, and M. A. Ewaida, “Elastic constants and structure of the vitreous system ZnO-P2O5,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86(4), 1453–1458 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hocker, G. B.

Horiguchi, T.

Hussein, A.

A. A. Higazy, B. Bridge, A. Hussein, and M. A. Ewaida, “Elastic constants and structure of the vitreous system ZnO-P2O5,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86(4), 1453–1458 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ihara, C.

K. Matusita, C. Ihara, T. Komatsu, and R. Yokota, “Photoelastic effects in silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67(10), 700–704 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jen, C.-K.

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Karapetyan, G. O.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karpychev, N. S.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Katayama, Y.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, E. J. Friebele, and R. S. Weis, “Er-doped fiber ring laser strain sensor,” Proc. SPIE 1798, 280–285 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kihara, M.

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, and A. Shimada, “Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(1), 45–64 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kohara, S.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

K. Matusita, C. Ihara, T. Komatsu, and R. Yokota, “Photoelastic effects in silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67(10), 700–704 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kondrin, M. V.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koyamada, Y.

Kushibiki, J.

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Law, P.-C.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.-S.

Lyapin, A. G.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lyapin, S. G.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maksimov, L. V.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mashinskii, V. M.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Matusita, K.

K. Matusita, C. Ihara, T. Komatsu, and R. Yokota, “Photoelastic effects in silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67(10), 700–704 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mazavin, S. M.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

Naruse, H.

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, and A. Shimada, “Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(1), 45–64 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neron, C.

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Neustruev, V. B.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nikolaichik, A. V.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, H.

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, and A. Shimada, “Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(1), 45–64 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ritus, A. I.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

Shang, A.

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

Shimada, A.

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, and A. Shimada, “Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(1), 45–64 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Smerdin, S. N.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

Sokolov, N. I.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Solovyev, V. A.

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

Spring, J.

Tateda, M.

Tricot, G.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ward, B.

Ward, B. G.

P. D. Dragic and B. G. Ward, “Accurate modeling of the intrinsic Brillouin linewidth via finite-element analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1698–1700 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weis, R. S.

A. D. Kersey, E. J. Friebele, and R. S. Weis, “Er-doped fiber ring laser strain sensor,” Proc. SPIE 1798, 280–285 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yagafarov, O. F.

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Z.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, R.

K. Matusita, C. Ihara, T. Komatsu, and R. Yokota, “Photoelastic effects in silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67(10), 700–704 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yushin, A. S.

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zwanziger, J. W.

M. Guignard, L. Albrecht, and J. W. Zwanziger, “Zero-stress optic glass without lead,” Chem. Mater. 19(2), 286–290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chem. Mater. (1)

M. Guignard, L. Albrecht, and J. W. Zwanziger, “Zero-stress optic glass without lead,” Chem. Mater. 19(2), 286–290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. D. Dragic, “Simplified model for the effect of Ge doping on silica fibre acoustic properties,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 256–257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. D. Dragic and B. G. Ward, “Accurate modeling of the intrinsic Brillouin linewidth via finite-element analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1698–1700 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (1)

A. A. Higazy, B. Bridge, A. Hussein, and M. A. Ewaida, “Elastic constants and structure of the vitreous system ZnO-P2O5,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86(4), 1453–1458 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

K. Matusita, C. Ihara, T. Komatsu, and R. Yokota, “Photoelastic effects in silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67(10), 700–704 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C.-K. Jen, C. Neron, A. Shang, K. Abe, L. Bonnell, and J. Kushibiki, “Acoustic characterization of silica glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76(3), 712–716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

V. V. Brazhkin, J. Akola, Y. Katayama, S. Kohara, M. V. Kondrin, A. G. Lyapin, S. G. Lyapin, G. Tricot, and O. F. Yagafarov, “Densified low-hygroscopic form of P2O5 glass,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(28), 10442–10447 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. V. Anan’ev, V. N. Bogdanov, B. Champagnon, M. Ferrari, G. O. Karapetyan, L. V. Maksimov, S. N. Smerdin, and V. A. Solovyev, “Origin of Rayleigh scattering and anomaly of elastic properties in vitreous and molten GeO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(26), 3049–3058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Liu, R. Gu, L. Gao, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber-ring laser sensor for strain measurement,” Opt. Eng. 50(5), 054401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, and A. Shimada, “Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(1), 45–64 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. D. Kersey, E. J. Friebele, and R. S. Weis, “Er-doped fiber ring laser strain sensor,” Proc. SPIE 1798, 280–285 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. G. Devyatykh, E. M. Dianov, N. S. Karpychev, S. M. Mazavin, V. M. Mashinskiĭ, V. B. Neustruev, A. V. Nikolaĭchik, A. M. Prokhorov, A. I. Ritus, N. I. Sokolov, and A. S. Yushin, “Material dispersion and Rayleigh scattering in glassy germanium dioxide, a substance with promising applications in low-loss optical fiber waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(7), 900–902 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1995), Chapter 9.

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