Abstract

We report an experimental study of the doping and drawing effects on the Raman activities of phosphorus (P)-doped silica-based optical fiber and its related preform. Our data reveal a high sensitivity level in the full width at half maximum value of the 1330 cm−1 (O = P) Raman band to the P-doping level. Its increase with the P doping level does not clash with an increase in the disorder of the O = P surrendering matrix. In addition, we observe that in the central core region of the sample (higher doping level), the drawing process decreases the relative band amplitude. We tentatively suggest that this phenomenon is due to the change in the first derivate of the bond polarizability as a function of the normal vibration coordinates.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Pacchioni, L. Skuja, and D. L. Griscom, eds., Defects in SiO2 and Related Dielectrics: Science and Technology (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 2000).
  2. R. Kitamura, L. Pilon, and M. Jonasz, “Optical constants of silica glass from extreme ultraviolet to far infrared at near room temperature,” Appl. Opt.46(33), 8118–8133 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. J. Ikushima, T. Fujiwara, and K. Saito, “Silica glass: A material for photonics,” J. Appl. Phys.88(3), 1201–1213 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. B. Devine, J. P. Duraud, and E. Dooryhée, eds., Structure and Imperfections in Amorphous and Crystalline Silicon Dioxide (John Wiley & Sons, LTD, New York, 2000).
  5. D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV Transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids263-264, 240–250 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. L. Kelly, I. Kaminov, and G. Agrawal, eds., Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers, Fundamental and Technology (Academic, London, 1999).
  7. E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids45(1), 115–126 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. L. Galeener and G. Lucovsky, “Longitudinal optical vibrations in glasses: GeO2 and SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett.37(22), 1474–1478 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, V. B. Sulimov, and E. M. Dianov, “UV-irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1447–1449 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. J. Ikushima, T. Fujiwara, and K. Saito, “Silica glass: A material for photonics,” J. Appl. Phys.88(3), 1201–1213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV Transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids263-264, 240–250 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

F. L. Galeener and G. Lucovsky, “Longitudinal optical vibrations in glasses: GeO2 and SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett.37(22), 1474–1478 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Belov, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bonera, E.

M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boukenter, A.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bubnov, M. M.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cannas, M.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, V. B. Sulimov, and E. M. Dianov, “UV-irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1447–1449 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ebeling, P.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV Transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids263-264, 240–250 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Edahiro, T.

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV Transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids263-264, 240–250 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fanciulli, M.

M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

A. J. Ikushima, T. Fujiwara, and K. Saito, “Silica glass: A material for photonics,” J. Appl. Phys.88(3), 1201–1213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Galeener and G. Lucovsky, “Longitudinal optical vibrations in glasses: GeO2 and SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett.37(22), 1474–1478 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Geissberger, A. E.

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grekov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Griscom, D. L.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Horigudhi, M.

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A. J.

A. J. Ikushima, T. Fujiwara, and K. Saito, “Silica glass: A material for photonics,” J. Appl. Phys.88(3), 1201–1213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jonasz, M.

Kitamura, R.

Koltashev, V. V.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, V. B. Sulimov, and E. M. Dianov, “UV-irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1447–1449 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Long, K. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lucovsky, G.

F. L. Galeener and G. Lucovsky, “Longitudinal optical vibrations in glasses: GeO2 and SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett.37(22), 1474–1478 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Messina, F.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Natura, U.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV Transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids263-264, 240–250 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nokhrin, S.

M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Origlio, G.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ouerdane, Y.

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pacchioni, G.

M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pilon, L.

Plotnichenko, P. G.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, V. B. Sulimov, and E. M. Dianov, “UV-irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1447–1449 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saito, K.

A. J. Ikushima, T. Fujiwara, and K. Saito, “Silica glass: A material for photonics,” J. Appl. Phys.88(3), 1201–1213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Semjonov, S. L.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, V. B. Sulimov, and E. M. Dianov, “UV-irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1447–1449 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sulimov, V. B.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, V. B. Sulimov, and E. M. Dianov, “UV-irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1447–1449 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasiliev, S. A.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett.33(18), 1542–1544 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

G. Origlio, F. Messina, S. Girard, M. Cannas, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Spectroscopic studies of the origin of radiation-induced degradation in phosphorus-doped optical fibers and preforms,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Ikushima, T. Fujiwara, and K. Saito, “Silica glass: A material for photonics,” J. Appl. Phys.88(3), 1201–1213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys.54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Koltashev, P. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “UV irradiation-induced structural transformation in phosphosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids249(1), 29–40 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV Transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids263-264, 240–250 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “On the structure of phosphosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids306(3), 209–226 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, M. Horigudhi, and T. Edahiro, “Raman spectra of binary high-silica glasses and fibers containing GeO2, P2O5 and B2O3,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids45(1), 115–126 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. Fanciulli, E. Bonera, S. Nokhrin, and G. Pacchioni, “Phosphorous–oxygen hole centers in phosphosilicate glass films,” Phys. Rev. B74(13), 134102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Vibrational dynamics in 30Si-substituted vitreous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B27(10), 6199–6204 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. L. Galeener and G. Lucovsky, “Longitudinal optical vibrations in glasses: GeO2 and SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett.37(22), 1474–1478 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. L. Kelly, I. Kaminov, and G. Agrawal, eds., Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers, Fundamental and Technology (Academic, London, 1999).

R. A. B. Devine, J. P. Duraud, and E. Dooryhée, eds., Structure and Imperfections in Amorphous and Crystalline Silicon Dioxide (John Wiley & Sons, LTD, New York, 2000).

G. Pacchioni, L. Skuja, and D. L. Griscom, eds., Defects in SiO2 and Related Dielectrics: Science and Technology (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Radial distribution of P content in the FP (-●-) and in the PP (▬) samples along the fiber and preform diameters. The data for the preform were re-scaled by a factor of 103 that corresponds to the ratio between the preform and the fiber diameters. The P content in the fiber was estimated with an error of 5%.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raman spectra recorded in the PP preform in different doped zones.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Normalized profile of the 1330 cm−1 Raman band amplitude (-●-) and normalized profile of the P content (▬) along the preform diameter; b) Line-shapes of the 1330 cm−1 band in the preform’s zones doped with 1.4 (▬) and 7.4 (▬) wt % of phosphorus.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Raman spectra recorded in the fiber (▬) and in the preform (▬). Panel a: core region doped with 7.4 wt % of P; level. Panel b: 4.8 wt% P-doped region.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a) Full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the 1330 cm−1 Raman band as a function of the P content in fiber (●) and in preform (○); b) Spectrum difference between the preform (PP) and the fiber (FP).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Frequencies, names and assignments of the silica Raman bands [11,12]

Metrics