Abstract

Making materials that display angle-independent structural color requires control over both scattering and short-range correlations in the refractive index. We demonstrate a simple way to make such materials by packing core-shell colloidal particles consisting of high-refractive-index cores and soft, transparent shells. The core-shell structure allows us to control the scattering cross-section of the particles independently of the interparticle distance, which sets the resonance condition. At the same time, the softness of the shells makes it easy to assemble disordered structures through centrifugation. We show that packings of these particles display angle-independent structural colors that can be tuned by changing the shell diameter, either by using different particles or simply by varying the concentration of the suspension. The transparency of the suspensions can be tuned independently of the color by changing the core diameter. These materials might be useful for electronic displays, cosmetics, or long-lasting dyes.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. D. García, R. Sapienza, and C. López, “Photonic glasses: A step beyond white paint,” Adv. Mater.22, 12–19 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express15, 9553–9561 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. J. Baumberg, O. L. Pursiainen, and P. Spahn, “Resonant optical scattering in nanoparticle-doped polymer photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B80, 201103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. P. Velikov, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, “Photonic crystals of core-shell colloidal particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80, 49–51 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Karg, T. Hellweg, and P. Mulvaney, “Self-assembly of tunable nanocrystal superlattices using poly-(NIPAM) spacers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21, 4668–4676 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. Dingenouts, C. Norhausen, and M. Ballauff, “Observation of the volume transition in thermosensitive core-shell latex particles by small-angle x-ray scattering,” Macromolecules31, 8912–8917 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “On interaction between two bodies immersed in a solution of macromolecules,” J. Chem. Phys.22, 1255–1256 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “Interaction between particles suspended in solutions of macromolecules,” J. Polym. Sci.33, 183–192 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2004).
  26. M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3, 793–796 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. C. Maxwell Garnett, “Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A203, 385–420 (1904).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

G. Bazin and X. X. Zhu, “Understanding the thermo-sensitivity of crystalline colloidal arrays formed by poly(styrene-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) core-shell microspheres,” Soft Matter8, 1909–1915 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Karg, T. Hellweg, and P. Mulvaney, “Self-assembly of tunable nanocrystal superlattices using poly-(NIPAM) spacers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21, 4668–4676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, and C. López, “Photonic glasses: A step beyond white paint,” Adv. Mater.22, 12–19 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

J. J. Baumberg, O. L. Pursiainen, and P. Spahn, “Resonant optical scattering in nanoparticle-doped polymer photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B80, 201103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express15, 9553–9561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3, 793–796 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

K. P. Velikov, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, “Photonic crystals of core-shell colloidal particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

R. O. Prum, R. H. Torres, S. Williamson, and J. Dyck, “Coherent light scattering by blue feather barbs,” Nature396, 28–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Dingenouts, C. Norhausen, and M. Ballauff, “Observation of the volume transition in thermosensitive core-shell latex particles by small-angle x-ray scattering,” Macromolecules31, 8912–8917 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

J. V. Sanders, “Colour of precious opal,” Nature204, 1151–1153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “Interaction between particles suspended in solutions of macromolecules,” J. Polym. Sci.33, 183–192 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “On interaction between two bodies immersed in a solution of macromolecules,” J. Chem. Phys.22, 1255–1256 (1954).
[CrossRef]

1904 (1)

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, “Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A203, 385–420 (1904).
[CrossRef]

Asakura, S.

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “Interaction between particles suspended in solutions of macromolecules,” J. Polym. Sci.33, 183–192 (1958).
[CrossRef]

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “On interaction between two bodies immersed in a solution of macromolecules,” J. Chem. Phys.22, 1255–1256 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Ballauff, M.

N. Dingenouts, C. Norhausen, and M. Ballauff, “Observation of the volume transition in thermosensitive core-shell latex particles by small-angle x-ray scattering,” Macromolecules31, 8912–8917 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bates, M.

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3, 793–796 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

J. J. Baumberg, O. L. Pursiainen, and P. Spahn, “Resonant optical scattering in nanoparticle-doped polymer photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B80, 201103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express15, 9553–9561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bazin, G.

G. Bazin and X. X. Zhu, “Understanding the thermo-sensitivity of crystalline colloidal arrays formed by poly(styrene-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) core-shell microspheres,” Soft Matter8, 1909–1915 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bin Imran, A.

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanco, Á.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2004).

Bonifacino, J. S.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brinkmann, R.

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davidson, M. W.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dingenouts, N.

N. Dingenouts, C. Norhausen, and M. Ballauff, “Observation of the volume transition in thermosensitive core-shell latex particles by small-angle x-ray scattering,” Macromolecules31, 8912–8917 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dufresne, E. R.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dyck, J.

R. O. Prum, R. H. Torres, S. Williamson, and J. Dyck, “Coherent light scattering by blue feather barbs,” Nature396, 28–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez-Nieves, A.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forster, J. D.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Froufe-Pérez, L. S.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fung, J.

A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galisteo-López, J. F.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

García, P. D.

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, and C. López, “Photonic glasses: A step beyond white paint,” Adv. Mater.22, 12–19 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gisler, T.

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Goodwin, J. W.

J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Harun-Ur-Rashid, M.

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hearn, J.

J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hellweg, T.

M. Karg, T. Hellweg, and P. Mulvaney, “Self-assembly of tunable nanocrystal superlattices using poly-(NIPAM) spacers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21, 4668–4676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hess, H. F.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, C. C.

J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2004).

Ibisate, M.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, A.

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 2008).

Johnson, S. G.

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 2008).

Karg, M.

M. Karg, T. Hellweg, and P. Mulvaney, “Self-assembly of tunable nanocrystal superlattices using poly-(NIPAM) spacers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21, 4668–4676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kondoh, M.

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liew, S. F.

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindwasser, O. W.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lippincott-Schwartz, J.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López, C.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, and C. López, “Photonic glasses: A step beyond white paint,” Adv. Mater.22, 12–19 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Manoharan, V. N.

A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marlow, F.

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mattsson, J.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maxwell Garnett, J. C.

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, “Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A203, 385–420 (1904).
[CrossRef]

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 2008).

Mendez-Alcaraz, J. M.

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mendive, C.

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meng, G.

A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazaki, K.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mochrie, S. G. J.

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moroz, A.

K. P. Velikov, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, “Photonic crystals of core-shell colloidal particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Muldarisnur,

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mulvaney, P.

M. Karg, T. Hellweg, and P. Mulvaney, “Self-assembly of tunable nanocrystal superlattices using poly-(NIPAM) spacers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21, 4668–4676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, H.

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noh, H.

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norhausen, C.

N. Dingenouts, C. Norhausen, and M. Ballauff, “Observation of the volume transition in thermosensitive core-shell latex particles by small-angle x-ray scattering,” Macromolecules31, 8912–8917 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O’Hern, C. S.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olenych, S.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oosawa, F.

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “Interaction between particles suspended in solutions of macromolecules,” J. Polym. Sci.33, 183–192 (1958).
[CrossRef]

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “On interaction between two bodies immersed in a solution of macromolecules,” J. Chem. Phys.22, 1255–1256 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Ottewill, R. H.

J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-G.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patterson, G. H.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perro, A.

A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prum, R. O.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. O. Prum, R. H. Torres, S. Williamson, and J. Dyck, “Coherent light scattering by blue feather barbs,” Nature396, 28–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pursiainen, O. L.

J. J. Baumberg, O. L. Pursiainen, and P. Spahn, “Resonant optical scattering in nanoparticle-doped polymer photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B80, 201103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pursiainen, O. L. J.

Reichman, D. R.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rojas, L. F.

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rojas-Ochoa, L. F.

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruhl, T.

Rust, M. J.

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3, 793–796 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sáenz, J. J.

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanders, J. V.

J. V. Sanders, “Colour of precious opal,” Nature204, 1151–1153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Sano, Y.

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sapienza, R.

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, and C. López, “Photonic glasses: A step beyond white paint,” Adv. Mater.22, 12–19 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saranathan, V.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheffold, F.

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schreck, C. F.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schurtenberger, P.

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seki, T.

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharifi, P.

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sougrat, R.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spahn, P.

J. J. Baumberg, O. L. Pursiainen, and P. Spahn, “Resonant optical scattering in nanoparticle-doped polymer photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B80, 201103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. L. J. Pursiainen, J. J. Baumberg, H. Winkler, B. Viel, P. Spahn, and T. Ruhl, “Nanoparticle-tuned structural color from polymer opals,” Opt. Express15, 9553–9561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeoka, Y.

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torres, R. H.

R. O. Prum, R. H. Torres, S. Williamson, and J. Dyck, “Coherent light scattering by blue feather barbs,” Nature396, 28–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, K.

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Urban, C.

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Blaaderen, A.

K. P. Velikov, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, “Photonic crystals of core-shell colloidal particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Velikov, K. P.

K. P. Velikov, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, “Photonic crystals of core-shell colloidal particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Viel, B.

von Grünberg, H. H.

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williamson, S.

R. O. Prum, R. H. Torres, S. Williamson, and J. Dyck, “Coherent light scattering by blue feather barbs,” Nature396, 28–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, H.

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 2008).

Wyss, H. M.

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, X. X.

G. Bazin and X. X. Zhu, “Understanding the thermo-sensitivity of crystalline colloidal arrays formed by poly(styrene-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) core-shell microspheres,” Soft Matter8, 1909–1915 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, X.

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3, 793–796 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

M. Karg, T. Hellweg, and P. Mulvaney, “Self-assembly of tunable nanocrystal superlattices using poly-(NIPAM) spacers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21, 4668–4676 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (5)

J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Ibisate, R. Sapienza, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Self-assembled photonic structures,” Adv. Mater.23, 30–69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, S. G. J. Mochrie, R. O. Prum, E. R. Dufresne, and H. Cao, “How noniridescent colors are generated by quasi-ordered structures of bird feathers,” Adv. Mater.22, 2871–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Forster, H. Noh, S. F. Liew, V. Saranathan, C. F. Schreck, L. Yang, J.-G. Park, R. O. Prum, S. G. J. Mochrie, C. S. O’Hern, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Biomimetic isotropic nanostructures for structural coloration,” Adv. Mater.22, 2939–2944 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, Á. Blanco, and C. López, “Photonic glass: A novel random material for light,” Adv. Mater.19, 2597–2602 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, and C. López, “Photonic glasses: A step beyond white paint,” Adv. Mater.22, 12–19 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. (1)

F. Marlow, Muldarisnur, P. Sharifi, R. Brinkmann, and C. Mendive, “Opals: Status and prospects,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.48, 6212–6233 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. P. Velikov, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, “Photonic crystals of core-shell colloidal particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (1)

K. Ueno, A. Inaba, Y. Sano, M. Kondoh, and M. Watanabe, “A soft glassy colloidal array in ionic liquid, which exhibits homogeneous, non-brilliant and angle-independent structural colours,” Chem. Commun. (24), 3603–3605 (2009).
[CrossRef]

ChemPhysChem (1)

M. Harun-Ur-Rashid, A. Bin Imran, T. Seki, M. Ishii, H. Nakamura, and Y. Takeoka, “Angle-independent structural color in colloidal amorphous arrays,” ChemPhysChem11, 579–583 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colloid Polym. Sci. (1)

J. W. Goodwin, J. Hearn, C. C. Ho, and R. H. Ottewill, “Studies on the preparation and characterisation of monodisperse polystyrene latices,” Colloid Polym. Sci.252, 464–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

L. F. Rojas, C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, T. Gisler, and H. H. von Grünberg, “Reappearance of structure in colloidal suspensions,” Europhys. Lett.60, 802–808 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “On interaction between two bodies immersed in a solution of macromolecules,” J. Chem. Phys.22, 1255–1256 (1954).
[CrossRef]

J. Polym. Sci. (1)

S. Asakura and F. Oosawa, “Interaction between particles suspended in solutions of macromolecules,” J. Polym. Sci.33, 183–192 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

A. Perro, G. Meng, J. Fung, and V. N. Manoharan, “Design and synthesis of model transparent aqueous colloids with optimal scattering properties,” Langmuir25, 11295–11298 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macromolecules (1)

N. Dingenouts, C. Norhausen, and M. Ballauff, “Observation of the volume transition in thermosensitive core-shell latex particles by small-angle x-ray scattering,” Macromolecules31, 8912–8917 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Methods (1)

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, “Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM),” Nat. Methods3, 793–796 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (3)

J. V. Sanders, “Colour of precious opal,” Nature204, 1151–1153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Mattsson, H. M. Wyss, A. Fernandez-Nieves, K. Miyazaki, Z. Hu, D. R. Reichman, and D. A. Weitz, “Soft colloids make strong glasses,” Nature462, 83–86 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. O. Prum, R. H. Torres, S. Williamson, and J. Dyck, “Coherent light scattering by blue feather barbs,” Nature396, 28–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, “Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A203, 385–420 (1904).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. J. Baumberg, O. L. Pursiainen, and P. Spahn, “Resonant optical scattering in nanoparticle-doped polymer photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B80, 201103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Rojas-Ochoa, J. M. Mendez-Alcaraz, J. J. Sáenz, P. Schurtenberger, and F. Scheffold, “Photonic properties of strongly correlated colloidal liquids,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 073903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, “Imaging intracellular fluorescent proteins at nanometer resolution,” Science313, 1642–1645 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soft Matter (1)

G. Bazin and X. X. Zhu, “Understanding the thermo-sensitivity of crystalline colloidal arrays formed by poly(styrene-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) core-shell microspheres,” Soft Matter8, 1909–1915 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2004).

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, 2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 2008).

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