Abstract

A bi-tunable triple-band metamaterial absorber based on Dirac semimetal films (DSFs) and vanadium dioxide (VO2) is presented. When VO2 is in the fully metallic state, the proposed absorber presents three distinctive absorption peaks in the terahertz range with absorptance 97%. Because the conductivity of VO2 changes from 100000 to 10 S/m, the reflectance and absorptance intensities achieve dynamic tunability at the three absorption peaks, and the proposed triple-band absorber exhibits a switchable function by the insulation-to-metal transition of VO2. Moreover, the frequencies of the three absorption peaks can also be tuned by varying the Fermi energies of the DSFs.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2020 (6)

2019 (5)

L. Qi, C. Liu, and S. M. A. Shah, “A broad dual-band switchable graphene-based terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Carbon 153, 179–188 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Q. Lin, L. Wang, S. Xia, H. Meng, and X. Zhai, “Ultrasensitive tunable terahertz sensor based on five-band perfect absorber with Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 27(15), 20165–20176 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, Y. Deng, Y. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Terahertz toroidal metamaterial with tunable properties,” Opt. Express 27(4), 5792–5797 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

2017 (3)

2016 (3)

V. Kotov and E. L. Yu, “Dielectric response and novel electromagnetic modes in three-dimensional Dirac semimetal films,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235417 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Yao, F. Ling, J. Yue, C. Luo, J. Ji, and J. Yao, “Dual-band tunable perfect metamaterial absorber in the THz range,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1518–1527 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “Design of a four-band and polarization-insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

Y. Cheng, H. Yang, Z. Cheng, and N. Wu, “Perfect metamaterial absorber based on a split-ring-cross resonator,” Appl. Phys. A 102(1), 99–103 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, R. L. Chern, and H. Y. Lin, “Polarization-independent broad-band nearly perfect absorbers in the visible regime,” Opt. Express 19(2), 415–424 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2006 (2)

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs,” Phys. Rev. B 73(4), 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref]

Adato, R.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Agarwal, G. S.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ali, M. N.

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Altug, H.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alves, F.

Averitt, R. D.

Avouris, P.

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baek, C.-W.

H. Jeong, J.-H. Park, Y.-H. Moon, C.-W. Baek, and S. Lim, “Thermal frequency reconfigurable electromagnetic absorber using phase change material,” Sensors 18(10), 3506 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bashir, T.

Basov, D. N.

T. Timusk, J. P. Carbotte, C. C. Homes, D. N. Basov, and S. G. Sharapov, “Three-dimensional Dirac fermions in quasicrystals as seen via optical conductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 87(23), 235121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bingham, C. M.

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bruck, R.

Butun, S.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, G.

Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
[Crossref]

Carbotte, J. P.

T. Timusk, J. P. Carbotte, C. C. Homes, D. N. Basov, and S. G. Sharapov, “Three-dimensional Dirac fermions in quasicrystals as seen via optical conductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 87(23), 235121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cava, R. J.

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. L.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, H. Yang, Z. Cheng, and N. Wu, “Perfect metamaterial absorber based on a split-ring-cross resonator,” Appl. Phys. A 102(1), 99–103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

Y. Cheng, H. Yang, Z. Cheng, and N. Wu, “Perfect metamaterial absorber based on a split-ring-cross resonator,” Appl. Phys. A 102(1), 99–103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chern, R. L.

Dai, X.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deng, Y.

Desiatov, B.

Ding, H.

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

Dong, S.

Dudin, P.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fang, P.

P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, D. L.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, B. M.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fu, D.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gibson, Q.

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goykhman, I.

Grbovic, D.

Guan, J.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

Haglund, R. F.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

Helm, H.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hoesch, M.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Homes, C. C.

T. Timusk, J. P. Carbotte, C. C. Homes, D. N. Basov, and S. G. Sharapov, “Three-dimensional Dirac fermions in quasicrystals as seen via optical conductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 87(23), 235121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, D.

T. Meng, D. Hu, and Q. Zhu, “Design of a five-band terahertz perfect metamaterial absorber using two resonators,” Opt. Commun. 415, 151–155 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

Huang, W. Q.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “Design of a four-band and polarization-insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Hussain, Z.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iii, B. N.

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jeong, H.

H. Jeong, J.-H. Park, Y.-H. Moon, C.-W. Baek, and S. Lim, “Thermal frequency reconfigurable electromagnetic absorber using phase change material,” Sensors 18(10), 3506 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jepsen, P. U.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ji, J.

Ji, Q.

Jiang, J.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Jin, B.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Karunasiri, G.

Kearney, B.

Khurgin, J.

Kim, T.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kocer, H.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koppens, F. L.

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs,” Phys. Rev. B 73(4), 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kotov, V.

V. Kotov and E. L. Yu, “Dielectric response and novel electromagnetic modes in three-dimensional Dirac semimetal films,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235417 (2016).
[Crossref]

Landy, N. I.

Lavrik, N. V.

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref]

Levy, U.

Li, H.

P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, S.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liang, T.

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lim, S.

H. Jeong, J.-H. Park, Y.-H. Moon, C.-W. Baek, and S. Lim, “Thermal frequency reconfigurable electromagnetic absorber using phase change material,” Sensors 18(10), 3506 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. H.

Lin, H. Y.

Lin, Q.

Ling, F.

Liu, C.

P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

L. Qi, C. Liu, and S. M. A. Shah, “A broad dual-band switchable graphene-based terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Carbon 153, 179–188 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, G. D.

Liu, J. Q.

Liu, M.

H. Chen, H. Zhang, M. Liu, Y. Zhao, X. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Realization of tunable plasmon-induced transparency by bright-bright mode coupling in Dirac semimetals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3397–3407 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q. H.

Liu, Y.

Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. L.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Song, Y. Deng, Y. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Terahertz toroidal metamaterial with tunable properties,” Opt. Express 27(4), 5792–5797 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z. K.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lopez, R.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Luo, C.

Luo, J.

Meng, H.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Q. Lin, L. Wang, S. Xia, H. Meng, and X. Zhai, “Ultrasensitive tunable terahertz sensor based on five-band perfect absorber with Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 27(15), 20165–20176 (2019).
[Crossref]

Meng, H. Y.

Meng, T.

T. Meng, D. Hu, and Q. Zhu, “Design of a five-band terahertz perfect metamaterial absorber using two resonators,” Opt. Commun. 415, 151–155 (2018).
[Crossref]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Min, W.

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mo, S. K.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Moon, Y.-H.

H. Jeong, J.-H. Park, Y.-H. Moon, C.-W. Baek, and S. Lim, “Thermal frequency reconfigurable electromagnetic absorber using phase change material,” Sensors 18(10), 3506 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mou, N.

Mueller, T.

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Muskens, O. L.

Ong, N. P.

T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

Palacios, E.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-H.

H. Jeong, J.-H. Park, Y.-H. Moon, C.-W. Baek, and S. Lim, “Thermal frequency reconfigurable electromagnetic absorber using phase change material,” Sensors 18(10), 3506 (2018).
[Crossref]

Peng, H.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, Y.

Polini, M.

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prabhakaran, D.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qi, L.

L. Qi, C. Liu, and S. M. A. Shah, “A broad dual-band switchable graphene-based terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Carbon 153, 179–188 (2019).
[Crossref]

Qu, K.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shah, S. M. A.

L. Qi, C. Liu, and S. M. A. Shah, “A broad dual-band switchable graphene-based terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Carbon 153, 179–188 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shappir, J.

Sharapov, S. G.

T. Timusk, J. P. Carbotte, C. C. Homes, D. N. Basov, and S. G. Sharapov, “Three-dimensional Dirac fermions in quasicrystals as seen via optical conductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 87(23), 235121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shen, W.

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref]

Song, Z.

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs,” Phys. Rev. B 73(4), 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Suh, J. Y.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, S.

Sun, X.

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

Thoman, A.

P. U. Jepsen, B. M. Fischer, A. Thoman, H. Helm, J. Y. Suh, R. Lopez, and R. F. Haglund, “Metal-insulator phase transition in a VO2 thin film observed with terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 74(20), 205103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Timusk, T.

T. Timusk, J. P. Carbotte, C. C. Homes, D. N. Basov, and S. G. Sharapov, “Three-dimensional Dirac fermions in quasicrystals as seen via optical conductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 87(23), 235121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tongay, S.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tuttle, G.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs,” Phys. Rev. B 73(4), 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vitiello, M. S.

F. L. Koppens, T. Mueller, P. Avouris, A. C. Ferrari, M. S. Vitiello, and M. Polini, “Photodetectors based on graphene, other twodimensional materials and hybrid systems,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(10), 780–793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. X.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “Design of a four-band and polarization-insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. Z.

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “Design of a four-band and polarization-insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, K.

Z. Song, K. Wang, J. Li, and Q. H. Liu, “Broadband tunable terahertz absorber based on vanadium dioxide metamaterials,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7148–7154 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Q. Lin, L. Wang, S. Xia, H. Meng, and X. Zhai, “Ultrasensitive tunable terahertz sensor based on five-band perfect absorber with Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 27(15), 20165–20176 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. L.

Wang, Z.

H. Xiong, Y. Peng, F. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Wang, “Bi-tunable terahertz absorber based on strontium titanate and Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 28(10), 15744–15752 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. J.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wei, M.

Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wen, Q.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wen, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Weng, H. M.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, N.

Y. Cheng, H. Yang, Z. Cheng, and N. Wu, “Perfect metamaterial absorber based on a split-ring-cross resonator,” Appl. Phys. A 102(1), 99–103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, P.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xia, S.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Q. Lin, L. Wang, S. Xia, H. Meng, and X. Zhai, “Ultrasensitive tunable terahertz sensor based on five-band perfect absorber with Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 27(15), 20165–20176 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xia, S. X.

Xie, Y. S.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiong, H.

Xu, N. N.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, F.

Yang, H.

Y. Cheng, H. Yang, Z. Cheng, and N. Wu, “Perfect metamaterial absorber based on a split-ring-cross resonator,” Appl. Phys. A 102(1), 99–103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q. H.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Yang, Z.

Yao, G.

Yao, J.

Yu, E. L.

V. Kotov and E. L. Yu, “Dielectric response and novel electromagnetic modes in three-dimensional Dirac semimetal films,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235417 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yue, J.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
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G. Yao, F. Ling, J. Yue, C. Luo, J. Ji, and J. Yao, “Dual-band tunable perfect metamaterial absorber in the THz range,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1518–1527 (2016).
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S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Polarization-independent plasmonic absorption in stacked anisotropic 2D material nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 45(1), 93–96 (2020).
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J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
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P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Q. Lin, L. Wang, S. Xia, H. Meng, and X. Zhai, “Ultrasensitive tunable terahertz sensor based on five-band perfect absorber with Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 27(15), 20165–20176 (2019).
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G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Y. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. J. Zhao, and L. L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
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S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. Q. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Multi-band perfect plasmonic absorptions using rectangular graphene gratings,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 3052–3055 (2017).
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B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “Design of a four-band and polarization-insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
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Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. W.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

N. Mou, S. Sun, H. Dong, S. Dong, Q. He, L. Zhou, and L. Zhang, “Hybridization-induced broadband terahertz wave absorption with graphene metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11728–11736 (2018).
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J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs,” Phys. Rev. B 73(4), 041101 (2006).
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Zhang, Q.

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
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Zhang, W.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. Q.

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. Huang, J. Li, Y. Yang, J. Li, Y. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Active controllable dual broadband terahertz absorber based on hybrid metamaterials with vanadium dioxide,” Opt. Express 28(5), 7018–7027 (2020).
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H. Chen, H. Zhang, M. Liu, Y. Zhao, X. Guo, and Y. Zhang, “Realization of tunable plasmon-induced transparency by bright-bright mode coupling in Dirac semimetals,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3397–3407 (2017).
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Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, B.

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G.

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs,” Phys. Rev. B 73(4), 041101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

Zhou, Y.

Z. Song, Y. Deng, Y. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Terahertz toroidal metamaterial with tunable properties,” Opt. Express 27(4), 5792–5797 (2019).
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Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
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T. Meng, D. Hu, and Q. Zhu, “Design of a five-band terahertz perfect metamaterial absorber using two resonators,” Opt. Commun. 415, 151–155 (2018).
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C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
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Appl. Phys. A (1)

Y. Cheng, H. Yang, Z. Cheng, and N. Wu, “Perfect metamaterial absorber based on a split-ring-cross resonator,” Appl. Phys. A 102(1), 99–103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. S. Xie, K. Chen, and Y. L. Liu, “Terahertz metamaterials with VO2 cut-wires for thermal tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021111 (2010).
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Carbon (1)

L. Qi, C. Liu, and S. M. A. Shah, “A broad dual-band switchable graphene-based terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Carbon 153, 179–188 (2019).
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IEEE Photonics J. (2)

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “Design of a four-band and polarization-insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, M. Wei, Z. Wang, G. Cai, Y. Liu, and Y. Zhou, “Terahertz absorber with reconfigurable bandwidth based on isotropic vanadium dioxide metasurfaces,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(2), 1–7 (2019).
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J. Opt. (1)

W. Min, H. Sun, Q. Zhang, H. Ding, W. Shen, and X. Sun, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial modulator,” J. Opt. 18(6), 065103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

J. Guan, S. Xia, Z. Zhang, J. Wu, H. Meng, J. Yue, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and S. Wen, “Two Switchable Plasmonically Induced Transparency Effects in a System with Distinct Graphene Resonators,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 15(1), 142 (2020).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

Z. K. Liu, J. Jiang, B. Zhou, Z. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. M. Weng, D. Prabhakaran, S. K. Mo, H. Peng, P. Dudin, T. Kim, M. Hoesch, Z. Fang, X. Dai, Z. X. Shen, D. L. Feng, Z. Hussain, and Y. L. Chen, “A stable three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 13(7), 677–681 (2014).
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T. Liang, Q. Gibson, M. N. Ali, M. Liu, R. J. Cava, and N. P. Ong, “Ultrahigh mobility and giant magnetoresistance in the Dirac semimetal Cd3As2,” Nat. Mater. 14(3), 280–284 (2015).
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Opt. Commun. (2)

T. Meng, D. Hu, and Q. Zhu, “Design of a five-band terahertz perfect metamaterial absorber using two resonators,” Opt. Commun. 415, 151–155 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Fang, X. Shi, C. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Li, and L. Wang, “Single-and dual-band convertible terahertz absorber based on bulk Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Commun. 462, 125333 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (15)

J. Huang, J. Li, Y. Yang, J. Li, Y. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Active controllable dual broadband terahertz absorber based on hybrid metamaterials with vanadium dioxide,” Opt. Express 28(5), 7018–7027 (2020).
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H. Xiong, Q. Ji, T. Bashir, and F. Yang, “Dual-controlled broadband terahertz absorber based on graphene and Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 28(9), 13884–13894 (2020).
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H. Xiong, Y. Peng, F. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Wang, “Bi-tunable terahertz absorber based on strontium titanate and Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 28(10), 15744–15752 (2020).
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Z. Song, K. Wang, J. Li, and Q. H. Liu, “Broadband tunable terahertz absorber based on vanadium dioxide metamaterials,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7148–7154 (2018).
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G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, H. Y. Meng, Q. Lin, Y. Huang, C. J. Zhao, and L. L. Wang, “Dirac semimetals based tunable narrowband absorber at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11471–11480 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Mou, S. Sun, H. Dong, S. Dong, Q. He, L. Zhou, and L. Zhang, “Hybridization-induced broadband terahertz wave absorption with graphene metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11728–11736 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, Y. Deng, Y. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Terahertz toroidal metamaterial with tunable properties,” Opt. Express 27(4), 5792–5797 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Q. Lin, L. Wang, S. Xia, H. Meng, and X. Zhai, “Ultrasensitive tunable terahertz sensor based on five-band perfect absorber with Dirac semimetal,” Opt. Express 27(15), 20165–20176 (2019).
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H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
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C. H. Lin, R. L. Chern, and H. Y. Lin, “Polarization-independent broad-band nearly perfect absorbers in the visible regime,” Opt. Express 19(2), 415–424 (2011).
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I. Goykhman, B. Desiatov, J. Khurgin, J. Shappir, and U. Levy, “Waveguide based compact silicon Schottky photodetector with enhanced responsivity in the telecom spectral band,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28594–28602 (2012).
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F. Alves, D. Grbovic, B. Kearney, N. V. Lavrik, and G. Karunasiri, “Bi-material terahertz sensors using metamaterial structures,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13256–13271 (2013).
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R. Bruck and O. L. Muskens, “Plasmonic nanoantennas as integrated coherent perfect absorbers on SOI waveguides for modulators and all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 21(23), 27652–27661 (2013).
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G. Yao, F. Ling, J. Yue, C. Luo, J. Ji, and J. Yao, “Dual-band tunable perfect metamaterial absorber in the THz range,” Opt. Express 24(2), 1518–1527 (2016).
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J. Wang and Y. Jiang, “Infrared absorber based on sandwiched two-dimensional black phosphorus metamaterials,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5206–5216 (2017).
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Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

C. Zhang, G. Zhou, J. Wu, Y. Tang, Q. Wen, S. Li, J. Han, B. Jin, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “Active control of terahertz waves using vanadium-dioxide-embedded metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 11(5), 054016 (2019).
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C. Wu, B. N. Iii, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area, wide-angle, spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
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V. Kotov and E. L. Yu, “Dielectric response and novel electromagnetic modes in three-dimensional Dirac semimetal films,” Phys. Rev. B 93(23), 235417 (2016).
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H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Q. Zhang, N. N. Xu, K. Qu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, G. S. Agarwal, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a three-resonator metasurface system,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10737 (2015).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of DSF- and VO2-based bi-tunable triple-band metamaterial absorber: (a) top and (b) perspective views of structure with P = 30 µm, L1 = 24.5 µm, L2 = 18 µm, Rout = 7 µm, Rin = 6 µm, g = 4 µm, and w = 1.7 µm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Calculated (a) reflectance, transmittance, and absorptance spectra of proposed triple-band absorber and the absorptance for different width of the (b) ring, (c) middle square split-ring, and (d) outer square split-ring when VO2 is in fully metallic state (EF = 0.13 eV).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a)–(c) Electric field and (d)–(f) current density distributions of proposed triple-band absorber at three absorption peaks (frequencies are indicated below respective distributions).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Calculated (a) reflectance, (b) transmittance, and (c) absorptance spectra of the proposed triple-band absorber at various VO2 conductivities (EF = 0.13 eV).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Calculated absorptance spectra of proposed triple-band absorber at varying VO2 thicknesses when VO2 is in fully metallic state (EF = 0.13 eV).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Calculated absorptance spectra of proposed triple-band absorber at various Fermi energies of DSFs when VO2 is in fully metallic state.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Calculated absorptance of proposed triple-band absorber as function of frequency and (a) polarization angle and (b) incident angle when VO2 is in fully metallic state (EF = 0.13 eV).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ i n t r a = i e 2 g k F 6 π 2 Ω ( 1 + π 2 3 ( T E F ) 2 ) ,
σ i n t e r = i e 2 g ω 3 π 2 v F [ π i 2 G ( ω / 2 ) 4 + 0 ( G ( E ) G ( ω / 2 ) 2 ω 2 4 E 2 ) E d E ] .
ε = ε b + i σ ε 0 ω .
ε v o 2 ( ω ) = ε ( ω p ( σ v o 2 ) ) 2 ω 2 + i γ ω .