Abstract

In this paper, a method for broadband polarization-dependent coding metasurface design is proposed. Single-polarized unit cells are employed due to their single-polarized phase manipulation with little effect on cross-polarized phase in broadband. The equivalent circuit of these unit cells is developed to analyze the mechanism. Because of single-polarized phase manipulation, coding metasurfaces for different polarizations can be designed separately. The polarization-dependent coding metasurface can be obtained by simply combining them into a sharing aperture. Simulated and measured results prove that our method offers a simple and effective strategy for broadband polarization-dependent metasurface design.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Q. Chen, W. W. Liu, Z. C. Li, H. Cheng, and J. G. Tian, “Metasurface-empowered optical multiplexing and multifunction,” Adv. Mater. 32(3), 1805912 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Liu and T. Lan, “Wide-angle, polarization-insensitive, and broadband metamaterial absorber based on multilayered metal–dielectric structures,” Appl. Opt. 56(14), 4201–4205 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. J. Cai, J. F. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Sui, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, M. D. Feng, Y. Q. Pang, S. Xia, Z. Xu, and S. B. Qu, “Symmetry-based coding method and synthesis topology optimization design of ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(1), 014104 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultrawideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double V-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. X. J. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. B. Xu, C. Wu, Z. Y. Wei, Y. C. Fan, and H. Q. Li, “Generating an orbital-angular-momentum beam with a metasurface of gradient reflective phase,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(12), 3940–3945 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. O. Tsilipakos, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Antimatched Electromagnetic Metasurfaces for Broadband Arbitrary Phase Manipulation in Reflection,” ACS Photonics 5(3), 1101–1107 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. X. Li, S. Y. Xiao, B. G. Cai, Q He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, H. H. Yang, J. Gao, and X. W. Zhu, “Multiple OAM vortex beams generation using 1-bit metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24804–24815 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmablemetamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. D. Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  30. H. Ma, G. Wang, G. Kong, and T. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  32. Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  33. T. J. Cui, R. Y. Wu, W. Wu, C. B. Shi, and Y. B. Li, “Large-scale transmission-type multifunctional anisotropic coding metasurfaces in millimeter-wave frequencies,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(40), 404002 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  34. W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, T. J. Li, H. P. Li, Y. Q. Zhuang, and H. S. Hou, “Ultra-thin anisotropic metasurface for polarized beam splitting and reflected beam steering applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(42), 425305 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. S. J. Li, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, T. Liu, Y. J. Zheng, and Z. Zhang, “Analysis and Design of Three-Layer Perfect Metamaterial-Inspired Absorber Based on Double Split-Serration-Rings Structure,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5155–5160 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2020 (2)

S. Q. Chen, W. W. Liu, Z. C. Li, H. Cheng, and J. G. Tian, “Metasurface-empowered optical multiplexing and multifunction,” Adv. Mater. 32(3), 1805912 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (2)

Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

D. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, H. H. Yang, J. Gao, and X. W. Zhu, “Multiple OAM vortex beams generation using 1-bit metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24804–24815 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. Tsilipakos, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Antimatched Electromagnetic Metasurfaces for Broadband Arbitrary Phase Manipulation in Reflection,” ACS Photonics 5(3), 1101–1107 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

P. Liu and T. Lan, “Wide-angle, polarization-insensitive, and broadband metamaterial absorber based on multilayered metal–dielectric structures,” Appl. Opt. 56(14), 4201–4205 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, R. Y. Wu, W. Wu, C. B. Shi, and Y. B. Li, “Large-scale transmission-type multifunctional anisotropic coding metasurfaces in millimeter-wave frequencies,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(40), 404002 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, T. J. Li, H. P. Li, Y. Q. Zhuang, and H. S. Hou, “Ultra-thin anisotropic metasurface for polarized beam splitting and reflected beam steering applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(42), 425305 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, C. Wu, Z. Y. Wei, Y. C. Fan, and H. Q. Li, “Generating an orbital-angular-momentum beam with a metasurface of gradient reflective phase,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(12), 3940–3945 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, M. D. Feng, Y. Q. Pang, S. Xia, Z. Xu, and S. B. Qu, “Symmetry-based coding method and synthesis topology optimization design of ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(1), 014104 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultrawideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double V-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Cai, J. F. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Ma, G. Wang, G. Kong, and T. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, T. Liu, Y. J. Zheng, and Z. Zhang, “Analysis and Design of Three-Layer Perfect Metamaterial-Inspired Absorber Based on Double Split-Serration-Rings Structure,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5155–5160 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmablemetamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. D. Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

X. J. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Li, S. Y. Xiao, B. G. Cai, Q He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bao, D.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

X. J. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cai, B. G.

Cai, T.

H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cai, Y. J.

Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Cai, J. F. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, W. P.

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultrawideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double V-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, X. Y.

C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, H. H. Yang, J. Gao, and X. W. Zhu, “Multiple OAM vortex beams generation using 1-bit metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24804–24815 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, T. Liu, Y. J. Zheng, and Z. Zhang, “Analysis and Design of Three-Layer Perfect Metamaterial-Inspired Absorber Based on Double Split-Serration-Rings Structure,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5155–5160 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. T.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chan, K. L.

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheah, K. W.

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. B.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

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He, Q.

H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
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Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
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N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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X. J. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
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D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
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H. Ma, G. Wang, G. Kong, and T. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
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J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
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X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultrawideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double V-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
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W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, T. J. Li, H. P. Li, Y. Q. Zhuang, and H. S. Hou, “Ultra-thin anisotropic metasurface for polarized beam splitting and reflected beam steering applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(42), 425305 (2016).
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Li, H. Q.

Li, K. F.

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
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C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
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Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
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C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
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Li, T. J.

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, T. J. Li, H. P. Li, Y. Q. Zhuang, and H. S. Hou, “Ultra-thin anisotropic metasurface for polarized beam splitting and reflected beam steering applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(42), 425305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, Y. B.

T. J. Cui, R. Y. Wu, W. Wu, C. B. Shi, and Y. B. Li, “Large-scale transmission-type multifunctional anisotropic coding metasurfaces in millimeter-wave frequencies,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(40), 404002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. C.

S. Q. Chen, W. W. Liu, Z. C. Li, H. Cheng, and J. G. Tian, “Metasurface-empowered optical multiplexing and multifunction,” Adv. Mater. 32(3), 1805912 (2020).
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Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
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L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
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L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
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H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
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L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
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S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
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S. Sui, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, M. D. Feng, Y. Q. Pang, S. Xia, Z. Xu, and S. B. Qu, “Symmetry-based coding method and synthesis topology optimization design of ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(1), 014104 (2016).
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D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
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H. Ma, G. Wang, G. Kong, and T. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
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Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
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H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
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Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
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S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
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D. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, H. H. Yang, J. Gao, and X. W. Zhu, “Multiple OAM vortex beams generation using 1-bit metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24804–24815 (2018).
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H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
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Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
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L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
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Yao, J. Q.

L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, N. F.

N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yue, F. Y.

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, H. H. Yang, J. Gao, and X. W. Zhu, “Multiple OAM vortex beams generation using 1-bit metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24804–24815 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G. Y.

L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. F.

Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. L.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. K.

H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Q.

L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, T. Liu, Y. J. Zheng, and Z. Zhang, “Analysis and Design of Three-Layer Perfect Metamaterial-Inspired Absorber Based on Double Split-Serration-Rings Structure,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5155–5160 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmablemetamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G. X.

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y. J.

H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, T. Liu, Y. J. Zheng, and Z. Zhang, “Analysis and Design of Three-Layer Perfect Metamaterial-Inspired Absorber Based on Double Split-Serration-Rings Structure,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5155–5160 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, S. Y. Xiao, B. G. Cai, Q He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X. Y.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y. G.

Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y. L.

S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. F.

Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Cai, J. F. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X. W.

Zhuang, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, T. J. Li, H. P. Li, Y. Q. Zhuang, and H. S. Hou, “Ultra-thin anisotropic metasurface for polarized beam splitting and reflected beam steering applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(42), 425305 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (3)

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 661–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Tsilipakos, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Antimatched Electromagnetic Metasurfaces for Broadband Arbitrary Phase Manipulation in Reflection,” ACS Photonics 5(3), 1101–1107 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. J. Ma, X. H. Ling, X. K. Zhang, S. W. Tang, T. Cai, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Deterministic approach to achieve broadband polarization-independent diffusive scatterings based on metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1691–1702 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

S. Q. Chen, W. W. Liu, Z. C. Li, H. Cheng, and J. G. Tian, “Metasurface-empowered optical multiplexing and multifunction,” Adv. Mater. 32(3), 1805912 (2020).
[Crossref]

L. X. Liu, X. Q. Zhang, M. Kenney, X. Q. Su, N. N. Xu, C. M. Ouyang, Y. L. Shi, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Broadband metasurfaces with simultaneous control of phase and amplitude,” Adv. Mater. 26(29), 5031–5036 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. J. Cai, J. F. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sui, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, M. D. Feng, Y. Q. Pang, S. Xia, Z. Xu, and S. B. Qu, “Symmetry-based coding method and synthesis topology optimization design of ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(1), 014104 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Access (1)

C. Zhang, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, S. J. Li, H. H. Yang, T. Li, and D. Zhang, “Shared aperture metasurface for bi-functions: radiation and low backward scattering performance,” IEEE Access 7(1), 56547–56555 (2019).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (3)

S. J. Li, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, T. Liu, Y. J. Zheng, and Z. Zhang, “Analysis and Design of Three-Layer Perfect Metamaterial-Inspired Absorber Based on Double Split-Serration-Rings Structure,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5155–5160 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultrawideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double V-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (4)

Y. J. Cai, Y. B. Guo, Y. G. Zhou, Y. Wang, J. F. Zhu, and C. Y. Chen, “Ultracompact and chipless terahertz identification tags using multi-resonant metasurface based on graphene,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 53(1), 015105 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Zhuang, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, T. Cai, W. L. Guo, and Q. F. Zhang, “Flexible and polarization controllable diffusion metasurface with optical transparency,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(46), 465102 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, R. Y. Wu, W. Wu, C. B. Shi, and Y. B. Li, “Large-scale transmission-type multifunctional anisotropic coding metasurfaces in millimeter-wave frequencies,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(40), 404002 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, T. J. Li, H. P. Li, Y. Q. Zhuang, and H. S. Hou, “Ultra-thin anisotropic metasurface for polarized beam splitting and reflected beam steering applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49(42), 425305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Light: Sci. Appl. (3)

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. M. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmablemetamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (2)

Y. J. Cai, S. L. Li, Y. G. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, K. D. Xu, R. R. Guo, and W. T. Joines, “Tunable and anisotropic dual-Band metamaterial absorber using elliptical graphene-black phosphorus pairs,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 14(1), 346 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. J. Li, P. X. Wu, H. X. Xu, Y. L. Zhou, X. Y. Cao, J. F. Han, C. Zhang, H. H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber using multilayer metamaterials, lumped resistors, and strong coupling effects,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 13(1), 386 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, G. X. Li, G. X. Zheng, K. L. Chan, S. M. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

C. D. Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
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Opt. Express (1)

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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

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J. M. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarization by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (4)

Y. Zhao, X. Y. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. L. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23896 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. J. Liang, M. G. Wei, X. Yan, D. Q. Wei, D. C. Liang, J. G. Han, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Broadband and wide-angle RCS reduction using a 2-bit coding ultrathin metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 39252 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Ma, G. Wang, G. Kong, and T. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yang, X. Y. Cao, F. Yang, J. Gao, S. H. Xu, M. K. Li, X. B. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. J. Zheng, and S. J. Li, “A Programmable Metasurface with Dynamic Polarization, Scattering and Focusing Control,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35692 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

X. J. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. F. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of single polarization unit cells. (a) Perspective view. (b) Top view.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Simulated reflection amplitudes and phases of these unit cells under normal incidence. (a) Co-polarized reflection amplitude for x-polarization. (b) Co-polarized reflection amplitude for y-polarization. (c) Co-polarized reflection phase for x-polarization. (d) Co-polarized reflection phase for y-polarization.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The surface current distribution on the metallic line structures for x- and y-polarization at 15GHz
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Equivalent circuit model of these unit cells.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Calculated and simulated reflection phases of these unit cells. (a) Reflection phases of “00” unit cell (no L and C). (b) Reflection phases of “01” unit cell (C=4.7×10−2pF, L=7.4nH). (c) Reflection phases of “10” unit cell (C=2.78×10−2pF, L=4.2nH). (d) Reflection phases of “11” unit cell (C=1.4×10-2pF, L=4.4nH).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Structures of the metasurfaces metasurface and 3D far-field scattering patterns of it under normal incidences at 15GHz. (a) Meta1 case; diffusion for x-polarization, normal reflection for y-polarization. (b) Meta2 case; normal reflection for x-polarization, deflection with φ=0°, θ=10.2° for y-polarization. (c) Meta3 case; diffusion for x-polarization, deflection with φ=0°, θ=10.2°for y-polarization.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Simulated results of the polarization-dependent coding metasurface. (a) Monostatic RCS under normal incidence of x-polarization compared with that of metallic plate. (b) Scattering field spectrums versus frequency and reflection angle for y-polarization in x-z plane.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Structures of unit cells operating at 8GHz and co-polarized reflection phases of them.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Structures of the metasurfaces and 3D far-field scattering patterns of them under normal incidences. (a) Meta4 case; normal reflection for x-polarization at 8GHz, deflection with φ=0°, θ=19.4° for y-polarization at 8GHz. (b) Meta5 case; diffusion for x-polarization at 15GHz, deflection with φ=0°, θ=19.4° for y-polarization at 8GHz.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Measurement setup and measured results. (a) Fabricated Meta3 metasurface sample. (b) Measurement setup. (c) Measured and simulated RCS reductions of Meta3 metasurface for x-polarization under normal incidence. (d) Measured and simulated normalized reflection for y-polarization under normal incidence.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Geometrical parameters of these four unit cells

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Z 1 = j Z m tan ( β h )
Z i n = Z 1 ( 1 ω 2 C L ) j ω Z 1 C + 1 ω 2 C L
r v v = | Z i n Z 0 Z i n + Z 0 | φ v v = arg ( Z i n Z 0 Z i n + Z 0 )
M 1 = [ 01 10 11 01 10 11 00 10 01 01 00 10 01 11 00 10 11 10 11 01 10 10 10 01 00 01 00 11 11 00 10 11 10 00 00 11 ] M 2 = [ 11 10 01 00 11 10 11 10 01 00 11 10 11 10 01 00 11 10 11 10 01 00 11 10 11 10 01 00 11 10 11 10 01 00 11 10 ]
θ r = arcsin c 2 π f ( Δ φ d x )