Abstract

The polarized absorption spectra, polarized fluorescence spectra and fluorescence decay curve of Nd:Ca0.7La0.3Mg0.3Al11.7O19 (CLnA) crystal were recorded at room temperature. The Judd-Ofelt parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6 were calculated to be 0.80×10−20 cm2, 3.83×10−20 cm2 and 2.71×10−20 cm2, respectively. The spontaneous transition rates, branching ratios and the radiative lifetime were calculated for the 4F3/2 excited state. The emission cross section is 4.01×10−20 cm2 at 1052 nm for σ-polarization and 0.96×10−20 cm2 at 1052 nm for π-polarization, respectively. Continuous-wave (CW) laser operations of a-cut and c-cut Nd:Ca0.7La0.3Mg0.3Al11.7O19 crystals have been demonstrated.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

N. Li, Y. Y. Xue, D. H. Wang, B. Liu, C. Guo, Q. S. Song, X. D. Xu, J. F. Liu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, Z. A. Xu, and J. Y. Xu, “Optical properties of Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 crystals grown by the micro-pulling-down method,” J. Lumin. 206, 412–416 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

2017 (3)

C. Feng, H. N. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, and J. X. Fang, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked laser of a Nd:Y3ScAl4O12 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045804 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. J. Ding, F. Peng, Q. L. Zhang, J. Q. Luo, W. P. Liu, D. L. Sun, R. Q. Dou, J. Y. Gao, G. H. Sun, and M. J. Cheng, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

J. Q. Di, X. H. Sun, X. D. Xu, C. T. Xia, Q. L. Sai, H. H. Yu, Y. C. Wang, L. Zhu, Y. Gao, and X. Y. Guo, “Growth and spectral characters of Nd:CaGdAlO4 crystal,” Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 74(1), 10501 (2016).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2011 (1)

Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of disordered melilite Nd:SrLaGa3O7 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1506–1513 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, S. S. Cheng, D. H. Zhou, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, C. T. Xia, J. Xu, H. M. Zhu, and X. Y. Chen, “Polarized spectral properties of Nd3+ ions in CaYAlO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 199–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, Z. Xin, and S. M. Zhou, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+:CaNb2O6 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Z. B. Shi, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, Y. G. Yu, X. T. Tao, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.33 µm of Nd:CNGG and Nd:CLNGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 177–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, Y. B. Lu, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, X. G. Xu, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 28(8-9), 950–955 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 202(13), 2565–2573 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, “Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16(39), 6867–6876 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, D. Jaque, J. J. Romero, J. G. Sole, Y. D. Huang, A. D. Jiang, and C. Y. Tu, “Comparion of opticsl spectra of Nd3+ in NdAl3(BO3)4 (NAB), Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 (NGAB) and Nd:Gd0.2Y0.8Al3(BO3)4 (NGYAB) crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13(5), 1171–1178 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. R. Yang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, J. G. Liu, K. Ueda, W. J. Xie, and J. H. Gu, “Femtosecond self-mode-locked La1-xMgNdxAl11O19 laser pumped by a laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 12A), 6542–6545 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

O. Musset, L. Fouquin, and J. P. Boquillon, “Laser emission under flashlamp pumping of a new crystal: Nd-doped strontium-lanthanum-aluminate (Nd:ASL),” Appl. Phys. B 68(2), 181–185 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

A. A. Lagatskii, N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. F. Kleptsyn, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Ostroumov, and G. Huber, “Lasing characteristics of a diode-pumped Nd3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 15–17 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8(1-2), 109–119 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. V. Terentiev, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Passive mode locking of a Nd3+:SrLaGa3O7 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(17), 2442–2444 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Di Bartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | ‹‖U(t)‖› | for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

K. Washio, “Neodymium-doped solid-state lasers and their applications to materials processing,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 31(1-2), 57–66 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, V. A. Karasev, V. D. Dubrov, V. P. Yakunin, B. V. Mill’, and A. V. Butashin, “New disordered Ca2Ga2SiO7:Nd3+ crystal for high-power solid-state lasers,” Quantum Electron. 22(2), 97–98 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. Alablanche, A. Kahn-Harari, J. Thery, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, “Structural and optical properties of Calcium Neodymium Hexaaluminates single crystals, potential laser materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 98(1), 105–120 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

H. R. Verdun and L. M. Thomas, “Nd:CaYAlO4 – a new crystal for solid-state lasers emitting at 1.08 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(7), 608–610 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

T. Gbehi, J. Thery, D. Vivien, R. Collongues, G. Dhalenne, and Revcolevschi, “Neodymium sites in Calcium Lanthanide Hexaaluminates, potential laser materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 77(2), 211–222 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, A. V. Potemkin, A. V. Shestakov, and I. I. Kuratev, “Continuous lasing in La1-xNdxMgAl11O19 crystas,” Quantum Electron. 13(5), 639–640 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Energy levels in the Trivalent Lanthanide Aqua Ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49(10), 4424–4442 (1968).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. 145(1), 325–337 (1966).
[Crossref]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Aka, G.

L. H. Zheng, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped laser operation at 1053 and 900 nm in Sr1−xLax−yNdyMgxAl12−xO19 (Nd:ASL) single crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Alablanche, S.

S. Alablanche, A. Kahn-Harari, J. Thery, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, “Structural and optical properties of Calcium Neodymium Hexaaluminates single crystals, potential laser materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 98(1), 105–120 (1992).
[Crossref]

Aull, B.

B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bagdasarov, K. S.

K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, A. V. Potemkin, A. V. Shestakov, and I. I. Kuratev, “Continuous lasing in La1-xNdxMgAl11O19 crystas,” Quantum Electron. 13(5), 639–640 (1983).
[Crossref]

Bass, M.

J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 202(13), 2565–2573 (2005).
[Crossref]

Boquillon, J. P.

O. Musset, L. Fouquin, and J. P. Boquillon, “Laser emission under flashlamp pumping of a new crystal: Nd-doped strontium-lanthanum-aluminate (Nd:ASL),” Appl. Phys. B 68(2), 181–185 (1999).
[Crossref]

Boughton, R. I.

C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Di Bartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | ‹‖U(t)‖› | for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bovero, E.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, “Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16(39), 6867–6876 (2004).
[Crossref]

Buoncristiani, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Di Bartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | ‹‖U(t)‖› | for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[Crossref]

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. A. Karasev, V. D. Dubrov, V. P. Yakunin, B. V. Mill’, and A. V. Butashin, “New disordered Ca2Ga2SiO7:Nd3+ crystal for high-power solid-state lasers,” Quantum Electron. 22(2), 97–98 (1992).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. I.

Cai, H. Q.

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Energy levels in the Trivalent Lanthanide Aqua Ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49(10), 4424–4442 (1968).
[Crossref]

Cavalli, E.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, “Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16(39), 6867–6876 (2004).
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J. Q. Di, X. H. Sun, X. D. Xu, C. T. Xia, Q. L. Sai, H. H. Yu, Y. C. Wang, L. Zhu, Y. Gao, and X. Y. Guo, “Growth and spectral characters of Nd:CaGdAlO4 crystal,” Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 74(1), 10501 (2016).
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Huang, Y. D.

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Karasev, V. A.

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R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8(1-2), 109–119 (1997).
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Liu, J. F.

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H. R. Yang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, J. G. Liu, K. Ueda, W. J. Xie, and J. H. Gu, “Femtosecond self-mode-locked La1-xMgNdxAl11O19 laser pumped by a laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 12A), 6542–6545 (2000).
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S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, Y. B. Lu, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, X. G. Xu, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 28(8-9), 950–955 (2006).
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Liu, W. P.

S. J. Ding, F. Peng, Q. L. Zhang, J. Q. Luo, W. P. Liu, D. L. Sun, R. Q. Dou, J. Y. Gao, G. H. Sun, and M. J. Cheng, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
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S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, Y. B. Lu, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, X. G. Xu, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 28(8-9), 950–955 (2006).
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S. J. Ding, F. Peng, Q. L. Zhang, J. Q. Luo, W. P. Liu, D. L. Sun, R. Q. Dou, J. Y. Gao, G. H. Sun, and M. J. Cheng, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
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X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, D. Jaque, J. J. Romero, J. G. Sole, Y. D. Huang, A. D. Jiang, and C. Y. Tu, “Comparion of opticsl spectra of Nd3+ in NdAl3(BO3)4 (NAB), Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 (NGAB) and Nd:Gd0.2Y0.8Al3(BO3)4 (NGYAB) crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13(5), 1171–1178 (2001).
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F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, “Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16(39), 6867–6876 (2004).
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R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8(1-2), 109–119 (1997).
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C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
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J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 202(13), 2565–2573 (2005).
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A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Toncelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 304–313 (2001).
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T. Gbehi, J. Thery, D. Vivien, R. Collongues, G. Dhalenne, and Revcolevschi, “Neodymium sites in Calcium Lanthanide Hexaaluminates, potential laser materials,” J. Solid State Chem. 77(2), 211–222 (1988).
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R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8(1-2), 109–119 (1997).
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X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, D. Jaque, J. J. Romero, J. G. Sole, Y. D. Huang, A. D. Jiang, and C. Y. Tu, “Comparion of opticsl spectra of Nd3+ in NdAl3(BO3)4 (NAB), Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 (NGAB) and Nd:Gd0.2Y0.8Al3(BO3)4 (NGYAB) crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13(5), 1171–1178 (2001).
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C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
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H. R. Yang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, J. G. Liu, K. Ueda, W. J. Xie, and J. H. Gu, “Femtosecond self-mode-locked La1-xMgNdxAl11O19 laser pumped by a laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 12A), 6542–6545 (2000).
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K. S. Bagdasarov, L. M. Dorozhkin, A. M. Kevorkov, Y. I. Krasilov, A. V. Potemkin, A. V. Shestakov, and I. I. Kuratev, “Continuous lasing in La1-xNdxMgAl11O19 crystas,” Quantum Electron. 13(5), 639–640 (1983).
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X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, D. Jaque, J. J. Romero, J. G. Sole, Y. D. Huang, A. D. Jiang, and C. Y. Tu, “Comparion of opticsl spectra of Nd3+ in NdAl3(BO3)4 (NAB), Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 (NGAB) and Nd:Gd0.2Y0.8Al3(BO3)4 (NGYAB) crystals,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13(5), 1171–1178 (2001).
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Y. X. Pan, S. D. Zhou, J. W. Wang, B. Xu, J. Liu, Q. S. Song, J. Xu, D. Z. Li, P. Liu, X. D. Xu, and J. Xu, “Growth, spectral properties, and diode-pumped laser operation of a Nd3+-doped LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(32), 9657–9661 (2018).
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Sorokina, I.

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S. J. Ding, F. Peng, Q. L. Zhang, J. Q. Luo, W. P. Liu, D. L. Sun, R. Q. Dou, J. Y. Gao, G. H. Sun, and M. J. Cheng, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
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S. J. Ding, F. Peng, Q. L. Zhang, J. Q. Luo, W. P. Liu, D. L. Sun, R. Q. Dou, J. Y. Gao, G. H. Sun, and M. J. Cheng, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
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J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 202(13), 2565–2573 (2005).
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Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 613–620 (2005).
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H. R. Yang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, J. G. Liu, K. Ueda, W. J. Xie, and J. H. Gu, “Femtosecond self-mode-locked La1-xMgNdxAl11O19 laser pumped by a laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 12A), 6542–6545 (2000).
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Z. B. Shi, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, Y. G. Yu, X. T. Tao, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.33 µm of Nd:CNGG and Nd:CLNGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 177–180 (2008).
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A. V. Terentiev, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, and V. P. Mikhailov, “Passive mode locking of a Nd3+:SrLaGa3O7 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(17), 2442–2444 (1995).
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J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 202(13), 2565–2573 (2005).
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S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
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Wang, J. Y.

C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
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Z. B. Shi, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, Y. G. Yu, X. T. Tao, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.33 µm of Nd:CNGG and Nd:CLNGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 177–180 (2008).
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S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, Y. B. Lu, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, X. G. Xu, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 28(8-9), 950–955 (2006).
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H. R. Yang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, J. G. Liu, K. Ueda, W. J. Xie, and J. H. Gu, “Femtosecond self-mode-locked La1-xMgNdxAl11O19 laser pumped by a laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 12A), 6542–6545 (2000).
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C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
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N. Li, Y. Y. Xue, D. H. Wang, B. Liu, C. Guo, Q. S. Song, X. D. Xu, J. F. Liu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, Z. A. Xu, and J. Y. Xu, “Optical properties of Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 crystals grown by the micro-pulling-down method,” J. Lumin. 206, 412–416 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Pan, S. D. Zhou, J. W. Wang, B. Xu, J. Liu, Q. S. Song, J. Xu, D. Z. Li, P. Liu, X. D. Xu, and J. Xu, “Growth, spectral properties, and diode-pumped laser operation of a Nd3+-doped LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(32), 9657–9661 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Pan, S. D. Zhou, J. W. Wang, B. Xu, J. Liu, Q. S. Song, J. Xu, D. Z. Li, P. Liu, X. D. Xu, and J. Xu, “Growth, spectral properties, and diode-pumped laser operation of a Nd3+-doped LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(32), 9657–9661 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, S. S. Cheng, D. H. Zhou, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, C. T. Xia, J. Xu, H. M. Zhu, and X. Y. Chen, “Polarized spectral properties of Nd3+ ions in CaYAlO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 199–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, Z. Xin, and S. M. Zhou, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+:CaNb2O6 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. Y.

N. Li, Y. Y. Xue, D. H. Wang, B. Liu, C. Guo, Q. S. Song, X. D. Xu, J. F. Liu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, Z. A. Xu, and J. Y. Xu, “Optical properties of Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 crystals grown by the micro-pulling-down method,” J. Lumin. 206, 412–416 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. D.

N. Li, Y. Y. Xue, D. H. Wang, B. Liu, C. Guo, Q. S. Song, X. D. Xu, J. F. Liu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, Z. A. Xu, and J. Y. Xu, “Optical properties of Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 crystals grown by the micro-pulling-down method,” J. Lumin. 206, 412–416 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Pan, S. D. Zhou, J. W. Wang, B. Xu, J. Liu, Q. S. Song, J. Xu, D. Z. Li, P. Liu, X. D. Xu, and J. Xu, “Growth, spectral properties, and diode-pumped laser operation of a Nd3+-doped LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(32), 9657–9661 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Q. Di, X. H. Sun, X. D. Xu, C. T. Xia, Q. L. Sai, H. H. Yu, Y. C. Wang, L. Zhu, Y. Gao, and X. Y. Guo, “Growth and spectral characters of Nd:CaGdAlO4 crystal,” Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 74(1), 10501 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, S. S. Cheng, D. H. Zhou, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, C. T. Xia, J. Xu, H. M. Zhu, and X. Y. Chen, “Polarized spectral properties of Nd3+ ions in CaYAlO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 199–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, Z. Xin, and S. M. Zhou, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+:CaNb2O6 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. G.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, Y. B. Lu, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, X. G. Xu, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 28(8-9), 950–955 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. A.

N. Li, Y. Y. Xue, D. H. Wang, B. Liu, C. Guo, Q. S. Song, X. D. Xu, J. F. Liu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, Z. A. Xu, and J. Y. Xu, “Optical properties of Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 crystals grown by the micro-pulling-down method,” J. Lumin. 206, 412–416 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xue, Y. Y.

N. Li, Y. Y. Xue, D. H. Wang, B. Liu, C. Guo, Q. S. Song, X. D. Xu, J. F. Liu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, Z. A. Xu, and J. Y. Xu, “Optical properties of Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 crystals grown by the micro-pulling-down method,” J. Lumin. 206, 412–416 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yakunin, V. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. A. Karasev, V. D. Dubrov, V. P. Yakunin, B. V. Mill’, and A. V. Butashin, “New disordered Ca2Ga2SiO7:Nd3+ crystal for high-power solid-state lasers,” Quantum Electron. 22(2), 97–98 (1992).
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H. R. Yang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Tam, Y. L. Lam, J. G. Liu, K. Ueda, W. J. Xie, and J. H. Gu, “Femtosecond self-mode-locked La1-xMgNdxAl11O19 laser pumped by a laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 12A), 6542–6545 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. H.

J. Q. Di, X. H. Sun, X. D. Xu, C. T. Xia, Q. L. Sai, H. H. Yu, Y. C. Wang, L. Zhu, Y. Gao, and X. Y. Guo, “Growth and spectral characters of Nd:CaGdAlO4 crystal,” Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 74(1), 10501 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Z. B. Shi, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, Y. G. Yu, X. T. Tao, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.33 µm of Nd:CNGG and Nd:CLNGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 177–180 (2008).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Z. B. Shi, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, Y. G. Yu, X. T. Tao, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.33 µm of Nd:CNGG and Nd:CLNGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 177–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Zhang, H. N.

C. Feng, H. N. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, and J. X. Fang, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked laser of a Nd:Y3ScAl4O12 disordered crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(4), 045804 (2017).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Y. Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of disordered melilite Nd:SrLaGa3O7 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1506–1513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. G.

Zhao, S. R.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, Y. B. Lu, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, X. G. Xu, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 28(8-9), 950–955 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z. W.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, S. S. Cheng, D. H. Zhou, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, C. T. Xia, J. Xu, H. M. Zhu, and X. Y. Chen, “Polarized spectral properties of Nd3+ ions in CaYAlO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 199–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

L. H. Zheng, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped laser operation at 1053 and 900 nm in Sr1−xLax−yNdyMgxAl12−xO19 (Nd:ASL) single crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

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D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, S. S. Cheng, D. H. Zhou, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, C. T. Xia, J. Xu, H. M. Zhu, and X. Y. Chen, “Polarized spectral properties of Nd3+ ions in CaYAlO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 199–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S. D.

Zhou, S. M.

Y. Cheng, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, Z. Xin, and S. M. Zhou, “Spectroscopic properties of Nd3+:CaNb2O6 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 96(1), 43–50 (2009).
[Crossref]

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D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, S. S. Cheng, D. H. Zhou, F. Wu, Z. W. Zhao, C. T. Xia, J. Xu, H. M. Zhu, and X. Y. Chen, “Polarized spectral properties of Nd3+ ions in CaYAlO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 199–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

C. Y. Shen, D. L. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. B. Pan, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and R. I. Boughton, “Bulk crystal growth and thermal, spectroscopic and laser properties of disordered Melilite Nd:Ca2Ga2SiO7 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 727, 8–13 (2017).
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[Crossref]

Z. B. Shi, X. Fang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. H. Yu, Y. G. Yu, X. T. Tao, and M. H. Jiang, “Continuous-wave laser operation at 1.33 µm of Nd:CNGG and Nd:CLNGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(3), 177–180 (2008).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The schematic of laser experimental setup of a diode-pumped CLnA lasers.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Polarized absorption cross-sections of CLnA crystal at room temperature. (1 - 2L15/2+4D1/2+2I11/2+4D5/2+4D3/2, 2 - 2P1/2, 3 - 2K15/2+2D3/2+4G11/2+2G9/2, 4 - 4G9/2+4G7/2+2K13/2, 5 - 4G5/2+2G7/2, 6 - 4F9/2, 7 - 4F7/2+4S3/2, 8 - 2H9/2+4F5/2, 9 - 4F3/2).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Polarized emission cross sections of CLnA crystal excited by 795 nm at room temperature.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Room temperature fluorescence decay curve of the 4F3/2 manifold of CLnA.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) The dependence of output power on absorbed pump power of a-cut CLnA laser and (b) The corresponding laser spectrum with peak at 1052.76 nm.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a)The dependence of output power on absorbed pump power of c-cut CLnA laser and (b) The corresponding laser spectrum with peak at 1052.84 nm.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. The average wavelength of different transition, the line strength of experiment and calculation, and RMS deviation of Nd3+ ion in CLnA crystal

Tables Icon

Table 2. The J-O intensity parameters of different Nd3+ doped crystals.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Calculated radiative transition rates, branching ratios, radiative lifetimes for different transition levels of CLnA crystal.

Metrics