Abstract

Color centers in wide bandgap semiconductors are attracting broad attention for use as platforms for quantum technologies relying on room-temperature single-photon emission (SPE), and for nanoscale metrology applications building on the centers’ response to electric and magnetic fields. Here, we demonstrate room-temperature SPE from defects in cubic boron nitride (cBN) nanocrystals, which we unambiguously assign to the cubic phase using spectrally resolved Raman imaging. These isolated spots show photoluminescence (PL) spectra with zero-phonon lines (ZPLs) within the visible region (496–700 nm) when subject to sub-bandgap laser excitation. Second-order autocorrelation of the emitted photons reveals antibunching with g2(0) ∼ 0.2, and a decay constant of 2.75 ns that is further confirmed through fluorescence lifetime measurements. The results presented herein prove the existence of optically addressable isolated quantum emitters originating from defects in cBN, making this material an interesting platform for opto-electronic devices and quantum applications.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. Vel, G. Demazeau, and J. Etourneau, “Cubic boron nitride: synthesis, physicochemical properties and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 10(2), 149–164 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. Cappellini and G. Satta, “Optical properties of BN in cubic and layered hexagonal phases,” Phys. Rev. B 64(3), 035104 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. M. Shishonok, “Luminescence centers in cubic boron nitride,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(2), 272–277 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Buividas, I. Aharonovich, G. Seniutinas, X. W. Wang, L. Rapp, A. V. Rode, T. Taniguchi, and S. Juodkazis, “Photoluminescence from voids created by femtosecond-laser pulses inside cubic-BN,” Opt. Lett. 40(24), 5711 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, and J. W. Steeds, “Luminescence from europium, europium–chromium, erbium, samarium and terbium-activated powder, ceramic and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(6), 2172–2179 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, J. W. Steeds, and D. Wolverson, “Strong ultraviolet luminescence from cerium- and gadolinium-doped cubic boron nitride,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 16(8), 1602–1607 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. V. Nistor, M. Stefana, D. Schoemaker, and G. Dinca, “EPR observation of first point defects in cubic boron nitride crystalline powders,” Solid State Commun. 115(1), 39–44 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. V. Nistor, M. Stefan, D. Ghica, and E. Goovaerts, “Multifrequency ESR Characterization of Paramagnetic Point Defects in Semiconducting Cubic BN Crystals,” Appl. Magn. Reson. 39(1-2), 87–101 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. W. Orellana and H. Chacham, “Stability of native defects in hexagonal and cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 63(12), 125205 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. Piquini, R. Mota, T. M. Schmidt, and A. Fazzio, “Theoretical studies of native defects in cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 56(7), 3556–3559 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).
  16. S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Werninghaus, J. Hahn, F. Richter, and D. R. T. Zahn, “Raman spectroscopy investigation of size effects in cubic boron nitride,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 958–960 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  21. O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Buividas, I. Aharonovich, G. Seniutinas, X. W. Wang, L. Rapp, A. V. Rode, T. Taniguchi, and S. Juodkazis, “Photoluminescence from voids created by femtosecond-laser pulses inside cubic-BN,” Opt. Lett. 40(24), 5711 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefan, D. Ghica, and E. Goovaerts, “Multifrequency ESR Characterization of Paramagnetic Point Defects in Semiconducting Cubic BN Crystals,” Appl. Magn. Reson. 39(1-2), 87–101 (2010).
[Crossref]

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, and J. W. Steeds, “Luminescence from europium, europium–chromium, erbium, samarium and terbium-activated powder, ceramic and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(6), 2172–2179 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, J. W. Steeds, and D. Wolverson, “Strong ultraviolet luminescence from cerium- and gadolinium-doped cubic boron nitride,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 16(8), 1602–1607 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Shishonok, “Luminescence centers in cubic boron nitride,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(2), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

W. Orellana and H. Chacham, “Stability of native defects in hexagonal and cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 63(12), 125205 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. Cappellini and G. Satta, “Optical properties of BN in cubic and layered hexagonal phases,” Phys. Rev. B 64(3), 035104 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefana, D. Schoemaker, and G. Dinca, “EPR observation of first point defects in cubic boron nitride crystalline powders,” Solid State Commun. 115(1), 39–44 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

P. Piquini, R. Mota, T. M. Schmidt, and A. Fazzio, “Theoretical studies of native defects in cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 56(7), 3556–3559 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Werninghaus, J. Hahn, F. Richter, and D. R. T. Zahn, “Raman spectroscopy investigation of size effects in cubic boron nitride,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 958–960 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

L. Vel, G. Demazeau, and J. Etourneau, “Cubic boron nitride: synthesis, physicochemical properties and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 10(2), 149–164 (1991).
[Crossref]

Abtew, T. A.

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aharonovich, I.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Buividas, I. Aharonovich, G. Seniutinas, X. W. Wang, L. Rapp, A. V. Rode, T. Taniguchi, and S. Juodkazis, “Photoluminescence from voids created by femtosecond-laser pulses inside cubic-BN,” Opt. Lett. 40(24), 5711 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alkauskas, A.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Arenal, R.

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bassett, L. C.

A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bello, I.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

Berhane, A. M.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bourrellier, R.

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bray, K.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Buividas, R.

Cappellini, G.

G. Cappellini and G. Satta, “Optical properties of BN in cubic and layered hexagonal phases,” Phys. Rev. B 64(3), 035104 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cazimajou, T.

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chacham, H.

W. Orellana and H. Chacham, “Stability of native defects in hexagonal and cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 63(12), 125205 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chan, C.

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, H. C.

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chejanovsky, N.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Chong, Y.

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chong, Y. M.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Considine, C. R.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Da-Peng, Y.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dasari, D. B. R.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Demazeau, G.

L. Vel, G. Demazeau, and J. Etourneau, “Cubic boron nitride: synthesis, physicochemical properties and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 10(2), 149–164 (1991).
[Crossref]

Denisenko, A.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

di Sabatino, S.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dinca, G.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefana, D. Schoemaker, and G. Dinca, “EPR observation of first point defects in cubic boron nitride crystalline powders,” Solid State Commun. 115(1), 39–44 (2000).
[Crossref]

Doherty, M. W.

A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Etourneau, J.

L. Vel, G. Demazeau, and J. Etourneau, “Cubic boron nitride: synthesis, physicochemical properties and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 10(2), 149–164 (1991).
[Crossref]

Exarhos, A. L.

A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
[Crossref]

Fazzio, A.

P. Piquini, R. Mota, T. M. Schmidt, and A. Fazzio, “Theoretical studies of native defects in cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 56(7), 3556–3559 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fedder, H.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

Finkler, A.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Gao, W.

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gao, X.

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Garashchenko, V.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gatti, M.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ghica, D.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefan, D. Ghica, and E. Goovaerts, “Multifrequency ESR Characterization of Paramagnetic Point Defects in Semiconducting Cubic BN Crystals,” Appl. Magn. Reson. 39(1-2), 87–101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gontar, A. G.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goovaerts, E.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefan, D. Ghica, and E. Goovaerts, “Multifrequency ESR Characterization of Paramagnetic Point Defects in Semiconducting Cubic BN Crystals,” Appl. Magn. Reson. 39(1-2), 87–101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hahn, J.

T. Werninghaus, J. Hahn, F. Richter, and D. R. T. Zahn, “Raman spectroscopy investigation of size effects in cubic boron nitride,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 958–960 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hopper, D. A.

A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jayakumar, H.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Juodkazis, S.

Kim, Y.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Kociak, M.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kutsay, O.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. T.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leonchik, S. V.

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, and J. W. Steeds, “Luminescence from europium, europium–chromium, erbium, samarium and terbium-activated powder, ceramic and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(6), 2172–2179 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, J. W. Steeds, and D. Wolverson, “Strong ultraviolet luminescence from cerium- and gadolinium-doped cubic boron nitride,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 16(8), 1602–1607 (2007).
[Crossref]

Leung, K.

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, L. H.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. K.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Loiseau, A.

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ma, K.

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mackoit, M.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Menon, V. M.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meriles, C. A.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meuret, S.

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mota, R.

P. Piquini, R. Mota, T. M. Schmidt, and A. Fazzio, “Theoretical studies of native defects in cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 56(7), 3556–3559 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mukherjee, A.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Nistor, S. V.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefan, D. Ghica, and E. Goovaerts, “Multifrequency ESR Characterization of Paramagnetic Point Defects in Semiconducting Cubic BN Crystals,” Appl. Magn. Reson. 39(1-2), 87–101 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefana, D. Schoemaker, and G. Dinca, “EPR observation of first point defects in cubic boron nitride crystalline powders,” Solid State Commun. 115(1), 39–44 (2000).
[Crossref]

Novikov, N. V.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
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W. Orellana and H. Chacham, “Stability of native defects in hexagonal and cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 63(12), 125205 (2001).
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Patel, R. N.

A. L. Exarhos, D. A. Hopper, R. N. Patel, M. W. Doherty, and L. C. Bassett, “Magnetic-field-dependent quantum emission in hexagonal boron nitride at room temperature,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 222 (2019).
[Crossref]

Piquini, P.

P. Piquini, R. Mota, T. M. Schmidt, and A. Fazzio, “Theoretical studies of native defects in cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 56(7), 3556–3559 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rapp, L.

Reich, S.

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

Reining, L.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Richter, F.

T. Werninghaus, J. Hahn, F. Richter, and D. R. T. Zahn, “Raman spectroscopy investigation of size effects in cubic boron nitride,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 958–960 (1997).
[Crossref]

Robertson, J.

S. Reich, A. C. Ferrari, R. Arenal, A. Loiseau, I. Bello, and J. Robertson, “Resonant Raman scattering in cubic and hexagonal boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 205201 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rode, A. V.

Sandstrom, R. G.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
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Satta, G.

G. Cappellini and G. Satta, “Optical properties of BN in cubic and layered hexagonal phases,” Phys. Rev. B 64(3), 035104 (2001).
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Schmidt, T. M.

P. Piquini, R. Mota, T. M. Schmidt, and A. Fazzio, “Theoretical studies of native defects in cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Rev. B 56(7), 3556–3559 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schoemaker, D.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefana, D. Schoemaker, and G. Dinca, “EPR observation of first point defects in cubic boron nitride crystalline powders,” Solid State Commun. 115(1), 39–44 (2000).
[Crossref]

Seniutinas, G.

Shishonok, E. M.

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, and J. W. Steeds, “Luminescence from europium, europium–chromium, erbium, samarium and terbium-activated powder, ceramic and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(6), 2172–2179 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, J. W. Steeds, and D. Wolverson, “Strong ultraviolet luminescence from cerium- and gadolinium-doped cubic boron nitride,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 16(8), 1602–1607 (2007).
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E. M. Shishonok, “Luminescence centers in cubic boron nitride,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(2), 272–277 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shotan, Z.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

Smet, J. H.

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Steeds, J. W.

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, J. W. Steeds, and D. Wolverson, “Strong ultraviolet luminescence from cerium- and gadolinium-doped cubic boron nitride,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 16(8), 1602–1607 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, and J. W. Steeds, “Luminescence from europium, europium–chromium, erbium, samarium and terbium-activated powder, ceramic and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(6), 2172–2179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stefan, M.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefan, D. Ghica, and E. Goovaerts, “Multifrequency ESR Characterization of Paramagnetic Point Defects in Semiconducting Cubic BN Crystals,” Appl. Magn. Reson. 39(1-2), 87–101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stefana, M.

S. V. Nistor, M. Stefana, D. Schoemaker, and G. Dinca, “EPR observation of first point defects in cubic boron nitride crystalline powders,” Solid State Commun. 115(1), 39–44 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y. Y.

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Taniguchi, T.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
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R. Buividas, I. Aharonovich, G. Seniutinas, X. W. Wang, L. Rapp, A. V. Rode, T. Taniguchi, and S. Juodkazis, “Photoluminescence from voids created by femtosecond-laser pulses inside cubic-BN,” Opt. Lett. 40(24), 5711 (2015).
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N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Tararan, A.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tie-Chen, Z.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tizei, L. H. G.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Toth, M.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tran, T. T.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Treussart, F.

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, T. Cazimajou, R. Bourrellier, H. C. Chang, F. Treussart, and M. Kociak, “Photon Bunching in Cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(19), 197401 (2015).
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L. Vel, G. Demazeau, and J. Etourneau, “Cubic boron nitride: synthesis, physicochemical properties and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 10(2), 149–164 (1991).
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Wang, X. W.

Watanabe, K.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Werninghaus, T.

T. Werninghaus, J. Hahn, F. Richter, and D. R. T. Zahn, “Raman spectroscopy investigation of size effects in cubic boron nitride,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 958–960 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wolverson, D.

E. M. Shishonok, S. V. Leonchik, J. W. Steeds, and D. Wolverson, “Strong ultraviolet luminescence from cerium- and gadolinium-doped cubic boron nitride,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 16(8), 1602–1607 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wrachtrup, J.

Z. Shotan, H. Jayakumar, C. R. Considine, M. Mackoit, H. Fedder, J. Wrachtrup, A. Alkauskas, M. W. Doherty, V. M. Menon, and C. A. Meriles, “Photoinduced Modification of Single-Photon Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” ACS Photonics 3(12), 2490–2496 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Chejanovsky, A. Mukherjee, Y. Kim, A. Denisenko, A. Finkler, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, D. B. R. Dasari, J. H. Smet, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single spin resonance in a van der Waals embedded paramagnetic defect,” arXiv:1906.05903 (2019).

Xiao-Rui, J.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xi-Liang, G.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu-Xin, Y.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, C.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ye, Q.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yong-Hui, D.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zachreson, C.

T. T. Tran, C. Zachreson, A. M. Berhane, K. Bray, R. G. Sandstrom, L. H. Li, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, I. Aharonovich, and M. Toth, “Quantum Emission from Defects in Single-Crystalline Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(3), 034005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zahn, D. R. T.

T. Werninghaus, J. Hahn, F. Richter, and D. R. T. Zahn, “Raman spectroscopy investigation of size effects in cubic boron nitride,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 958–960 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zapien, J. A.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. B.

T. A. Abtew, W. Gao, X. Gao, Y. Y. Sun, S. B. Zhang, and P. Zhang, “Theory of Oxygen-Boron Vacancy Defect in Cubic Boron Nitride: A Diamond NV− Isoelectronic Center,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(13), 136401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Y. Chong, K. Ma, K. Leung, C. Chan, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. Zhang, and S. Lee, “Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of Cubic Boron Nitride/Nanodiamond Composite Films,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 12(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. J.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z. F.

O. Kutsay, C. Yan, Y. M. Chong, Q. Ye, I. Bello, W. J. Zhang, J. A. Zapien, Z. F. Zhou, Y. K. Li, V. Garashchenko, A. G. Gontar, N. V. Novikov, and S. T. Lee, “Studying cubic boron nitride by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 19(7-9), 968–971 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zobelli, A.

A. Tararan, S. di Sabatino, M. Gatti, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, L. Reining, L. H. G. Tizei, M. Kociak, and A. Zobelli, “Optical gap and optically active intragap defects in cubic BN,” Phys. Rev. B 98(9), 094106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zuo-Peng, S.

S. Zuo-Peng, D. Yong-Hui, J. Xiao-Rui, Y. Da-Peng, Y. Xu-Xin, G. Xi-Liang, and Z. Tie-Chen, “Synthesis of Cubic Boron Nitride by the Reaction of Li3N and B2O3,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(8), 2285–2287 (2006).
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ACS Photonics (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Confocal Raman spectroscopy of cBN nanocrystals. (a) Laser reflection imaging reveals large area coverage and conglomeration of cBN nanoflakes. (b) Raman spectrum collected by averaging over the squared region in (a) shows cBN LO and TO phonon modes strongly dominate over the E2g mode of hBN. (c-e) Confocal Raman spectroscopy for select phonon energies (shaded areas in (b)) show that the cubic phase of BN is dominant and uniform across the sample, while hBN regions seem to be localized possibly due to phase segregation. Scale bar denotes 2 µm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Steady-state confocal spectroscopy of cBN nanoflakes. (a) Confocal imaging of a representative cBN region reveals an array of isolated bright spots. White circles denote spots that showed sharp and spectrally separated ZPLs. (b-d) Representative optical spectra for different bright spots identified with (orange, green and blue) arrows in (a). While (b, c) show spectral features comparable to those reported for defects in cBN (black arrows), (d) reveals a phonon replica matching the E2g phonon energy in hBN demonstrating that both cBN and hBN defects are present across the sample. Scale bar denotes 2 µm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy of a single defect center in cBN. (a) Optical spectrum of an isolated color center under 460 nm continuous-wave (CW) excitation. Blue arrows indicate features that match those previously observed for the GB-1 color center under UV-excitation. Inset shows a zoomed-in confocal scan of this emitter (dotted circle). (b) Time-trace of the collected fluorescence showing fast transitions to a dark-state, characteristic of most of single-emitters. (c) Second-order autocorrelation function, showing photon antibunching at zero-time delay with g2(0) = 0.258. (d) Fluorescence lifetime under 488 nm pulsed excitation. Solid line represents a biexponential decay fit to the experimental data (orange circles). Scale bar denotes 1 µm.