Abstract

The electrochromic modulation of plasmonic metasurfaces showing structural colors is a promising strategy to realize dynamic electronic reflective displays. However, hybridizing electrochromic polymers with large-area plasmonic metasurfaces remains challenging. In this study, we present a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)-coated gold nanodisk (PCGN) metasurface, which is fabricated based on techniques of large-area anodic aluminum oxide template-assisted deposition and electrochemical polymerization. Experimental and numerical results demonstrated that fast and reversible electrochromic modulation was realized within the PCGN metasurface. The wavelength control of the localized surface plasmon resonance of the PCGN metasurface originated from the electrically driven refractive index change of the PEDOT layer. The PCGN metasurface is promising for the high yield manufacturing of devices applied in dynamic reflective displays.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Optimized ion diffusion depth for maximizing optical contrast of environmentally friendly PEDOT:PSS electrochromic devices

Joo Yeon Kim, Ji-Young Oh, Sanghoon Cheon, Hyunkoo Lee, Jonghee Lee, Jeong-Ik Lee, Hojun Ryu, Seong M. Cho, Tae-Youb Kim, Chil-Sung Ah, Yong-Hae Kim, and Chi-Sun Hwang
Opt. Mater. Express 6(10) 3127-3134 (2016)

Highly flexible electrochromic devices enabled by electroplated nickel grid electrodes and multifunctional hydrogels

Shi-Qing Zhao, Yan-Hua Liu, Zhu Ming, Cheng Chen, Wen-Wen Xu, Linsen Chen, and Wenbin Huang
Opt. Express 27(21) 29547-29557 (2019)

Enhancing electrochemical properties of an ITO-coated lossy-mode resonance optical fiber sensor by electrodeposition of PEDOT:PSS

Michał Sobaszek, Dariusz Burnat, Petr Sezemsky, Vitezslav Stranak, Robert Bogdanowicz, Marcin Koba, Katarzyna Siuzdak, and Mateusz Śmietana
Opt. Mater. Express 9(7) 3069-3078 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Shao, X. Zhuo, and J. Wang, “Advanced plasmonic materials for dynamic color display,” Adv. Mater. 30(16), 1704338 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. A. Hayes and B. J. Feenstra, “Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting,” Nature 425(6956), 383–385 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  5. K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Tsuboi, K. Nakamura, and N. Kobayashi, “A localized surface plasmon resonance-based multicolor electrochromic device with electrochemically size-controlled silver nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 25(23), 3197–3201 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).
  15. M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Atighilorestani, H. Jiang, and B. Kaminska, “Electrochromic-polymer-based switchable plasmonic color devices using surface-relief nanostructure pixels,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(23), 1801179 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  21. K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Heo, A. Agrawal, and D. J. Milliron, “Wide dynamic range in tunable electrochromic Bragg stacks from doped semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(37), 1904555 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  26. P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  28. N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  30. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the Noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  31. L. Feng, P. Huo, Y. Liang, and T. Xu, “Photonic metamaterial absorbers: Morphology engineering and interdisciplinary applications,” Adv. Mater.1903787 (2019).

2019 (6)

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Heo, A. Agrawal, and D. J. Milliron, “Wide dynamic range in tunable electrochromic Bragg stacks from doped semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(37), 1904555 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Atighilorestani, H. Jiang, and B. Kaminska, “Electrochromic-polymer-based switchable plasmonic color devices using surface-relief nanostructure pixels,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(23), 1801179 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Shao, X. Zhuo, and J. Wang, “Advanced plasmonic materials for dynamic color display,” Adv. Mater. 30(16), 1704338 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

A. Tsuboi, K. Nakamura, and N. Kobayashi, “A localized surface plasmon resonance-based multicolor electrochromic device with electrochemically size-controlled silver nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 25(23), 3197–3201 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

R. A. Hayes and B. J. Feenstra, “Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting,” Nature 425(6956), 383–385 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the Noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, A.

S. Heo, A. Agrawal, and D. J. Milliron, “Wide dynamic range in tunable electrochromic Bragg stacks from doped semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(37), 1904555 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Arsenault, A. C.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Atighilorestani, M.

M. Atighilorestani, H. Jiang, and B. Kaminska, “Electrochromic-polymer-based switchable plasmonic color devices using surface-relief nanostructure pixels,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(23), 1801179 (2018).
[Crossref]

Baba, A.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
[Crossref]

Basu, T.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J. J.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bohn, C.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bonner, C. E.

M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
[Crossref]

Byers, C. P.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.-S.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I.-K.

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the Noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Chu, S.

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

Clapp, L.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cormier, S.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Crispin, X.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dahlin, A. B.

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

De Volder, M. F. L.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duan, H.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dyer, A. L.

A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).

El-Sayed, M.

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Emilsson, G.

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fabiano, S.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Feenstra, B. J.

R. A. Hayes and B. J. Feenstra, “Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting,” Nature 425(6956), 383–385 (2003).
[Crossref]

Feng, L.

L. Feng, P. Huo, Y. Liang, and T. Xu, “Photonic metamaterial absorbers: Morphology engineering and interdisciplinary applications,” Adv. Mater.1903787 (2019).

Fery, A.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, C.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gao, Z.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gardner, D.

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Geldmeier, J. A.

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gu, P.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hayes, R. A.

R. A. Hayes and B. J. Feenstra, “Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting,” Nature 425(6956), 383–385 (2003).
[Crossref]

He, S.

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hegde, R. S.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heikenfeld, J.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heo, S.

S. Heo, A. Agrawal, and D. J. Milliron, “Wide dynamic range in tunable electrochromic Bragg stacks from doped semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(37), 1904555 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hoener, B. S.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hoggard, A.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, D.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, T. J.

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huo, P.

L. Feng, P. Huo, Y. Liang, and T. Xu, “Photonic metamaterial absorbers: Morphology engineering and interdisciplinary applications,” Adv. Mater.1903787 (2019).

Jager, E. W. H.

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Janmanee, R.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jeon, J. W.

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeong, H. H.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ji, J.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

M. Atighilorestani, H. Jiang, and B. Kaminska, “Electrochromic-polymer-based switchable plasmonic color devices using surface-relief nanostructure pixels,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(23), 1801179 (2018).
[Crossref]

Johnson, K. E.

A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the Noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Jonsson, M. P.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kaminska, B.

M. Atighilorestani, H. Jiang, and B. Kaminska, “Electrochromic-polymer-based switchable plasmonic color devices using surface-relief nanostructure pixels,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(23), 1801179 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kanoko, F.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kato, K.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Knoll, W.

A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, N.

A. Tsuboi, K. Nakamura, and N. Kobayashi, “A localized surface plasmon resonance-based multicolor electrochromic device with electrochemically size-controlled silver nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 25(23), 3197–3201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koh, S. C. W.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Konig, T. A. F.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kreit, E.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kueng, Z.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kumar, K.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Landes, C. F.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ledin, P. A.

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lezec, H. J.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, N.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liang, H. L.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

L. Feng, P. Huo, Y. Liang, and T. Xu, “Photonic metamaterial absorbers: Morphology engineering and interdisciplinary applications,” Adv. Mater.1903787 (2019).

Lin, Q.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.-C. S.

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

Linderhed, U.

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lübben, J.

A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mahmoud, M. A.

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manjavacas, A.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manners, I.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maziz, A.

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

McDowell, T.

M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
[Crossref]

Milarcik, A.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Milliron, D. J.

S. Heo, A. Agrawal, and D. J. Milliron, “Wide dynamic range in tunable electrochromic Bragg stacks from doped semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(37), 1904555 (2019).
[Crossref]

Mohwald, H.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mulvaney, P.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mundoor, H.

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, K.

A. Tsuboi, K. Nakamura, and N. Kobayashi, “A localized surface plasmon resonance-based multicolor electrochromic device with electrochemically size-controlled silver nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 25(23), 3197–3201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Noginova, N.

M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Olson, J.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Olsson, O.

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

Österholm, A. M.

A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).

Ozin, G. A.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Phanichphant, S.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ponder, J. F.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Puzzo, D. P.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

Raj, B.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, J. R.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).

Ringe, E.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schlather, A. E.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schwartz, R.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shahabuddin, M.

M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shao, L.

L. Shao, X. Zhuo, and J. Wang, “Advanced plasmonic materials for dynamic color display,” Adv. Mater. 30(16), 1704338 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. E.

A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).

Shi, J.

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shinbo, K.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Simon, D. T.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Smalyukh, I. I.

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smith, M. S.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. Y.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sriwichai, S.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stavrinidou, E.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, N.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Swearer, D. F.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tada, K.

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

Talin, A. A.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tamada, K.

A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tordera, D.

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsuboi, A.

A. Tsuboi, K. Nakamura, and N. Kobayashi, “A localized surface plasmon resonance-based multicolor electrochromic device with electrochemically size-controlled silver nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 25(23), 3197–3201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsukruk, V. V.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tybrandt, K.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Velmurugan, J.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vignolini, S.

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Walter, E. C.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

L. Shao, X. Zhuo, and J. Wang, “Advanced plasmonic materials for dynamic color display,” Adv. Mater. 30(16), 1704338 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, J. N.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, P.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wong, C.

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. K.

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xia, X. H.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xiong, K.

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Feng, P. Huo, Y. Liang, and T. Xu, “Photonic metamaterial absorbers: Morphology engineering and interdisciplinary applications,” Adv. Mater.1903787 (2019).

Yang, J. K. W.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yorulmaz, M.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhai, T. T.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zheng, B.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhuo, X.

L. Shao, X. Zhuo, and J. Wang, “Advanced plasmonic materials for dynamic color display,” Adv. Mater. 30(16), 1704338 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zozoulenko, I.

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

Z. Zhou, Y. Yu, N. Sun, H. Mohwald, P. Gu, L. Wang, W. Zhang, T. A. F. Konig, A. Fery, and G. Zhang, “Broad-range electrically tunable plasmonic resonances of a multilayer coaxial nanohole array with an electroactive polymer wrapper,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(40), 35244–35252 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. A. Ledin, J. W. Jeon, J. A. Geldmeier, J. F. Ponder, M. A. Mahmoud, M. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Design of hybrid electrochromic materials with large electrical modulation of plasmonic resonances,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 13064–13075 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Nano Mater. (1)

M. Shahabuddin, T. McDowell, C. E. Bonner, and N. Noginova, “Enhancement of electrochromic polymer switching in plasmonic nanostructured environment,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2(3), 1713–1719 (2019).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (4)

J. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. T. Zhai, Z. Kueng, J. Li, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, Y. Y. Song, and X. H. Xia, “Electrochromic-tuned plasmonics for photothermal sterile window,” ACS Nano 12(7), 6895–6903 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, T. Basu, D. Huang, A. E. Schlather, B. Zheng, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “High chromaticity aluminum plasmonic pixels for active liquid crystal displays,” ACS Nano 10(1), 1108–1117 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, H. Mundoor, Y. Yuan, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Metal nanoparticle dispersion, alignment, and assembly in nematic liquid crystals for applications in switchable plasmonic color filters and E-polarizers,” ACS Nano 9(3), 3097–3108 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Wong, and S. Chu, “Mechanical chameleon through dynamic real-time plasmonic tuning,” ACS Nano 10(2), 1788–1794 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

A. Baba, K. Tada, R. Janmanee, S. Sriwichai, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, F. Kanoko, and S. Phanichphant,“Controlling surface plasmon optical transmission with an electrochemical switch using conducting polymer thin films,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4383–4388 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Heo, A. Agrawal, and D. J. Milliron, “Wide dynamic range in tunable electrochromic Bragg stacks from doped semiconductor nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(37), 1904555 (2019).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (5)

K. Xiong, G. Emilsson, A. Maziz, X. Yang, L. Shao, E. W. H. Jager, and A. B. Dahlin, “Plasmonic metasurfaces with conjugated polymers for flexible electronic paper in color,” Adv. Mater. 28(45), 9956–9960 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Berggren, X. Crispin, S. Fabiano, M. P. Jonsson, D. T. Simon, E. Stavrinidou, K. Tybrandt, and I. Zozoulenko, “Ion electron-coupled functionality in materials and devices based on conjugated polymers,” Adv. Mater. 31(22), 1805813 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Liu, X. Ding, S.-C. S. Lin, J. Shi, I.-K. Chiang, and T. J. Huang, “Surface acoustic wave driven light shutters using polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1656–1659 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Tsuboi, K. Nakamura, and N. Kobayashi, “A localized surface plasmon resonance-based multicolor electrochromic device with electrochemically size-controlled silver nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. 25(23), 3197–3201 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Shao, X. Zhuo, and J. Wang, “Advanced plasmonic materials for dynamic color display,” Adv. Mater. 30(16), 1704338 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Atighilorestani, H. Jiang, and B. Kaminska, “Electrochromic-polymer-based switchable plasmonic color devices using surface-relief nanostructure pixels,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(23), 1801179 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

S. Zhang, S. Yu, J. Zhou, J. F. Ponder, M. S. Smith, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Heterogeneous forward and backward scattering modulation by polymer-infused plasmonic nanohole arrays,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(10), 3090–3099 (2019).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (1)

A. Baba, J. Lübben, K. Tamada, and W. Knoll, “Optical properties of ultrathin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) films at several doping levels studied by in situ electrochemical surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 19(21), 9058–9064 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

K. Xiong, D. Tordera, G. Emilsson, O. Olsson, U. Linderhed, M. P. Jonsson, and A. B. Dahlin, “Switchable plasmonic metasurfaces with high chromaticity containing only abundant metals,” Nano Lett. 17(11), 7033–7039 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Gardner, X. Li, S. He, and I. I. Smalyukh, “Self-alignment of plasmonic gold nanorods in reconfigurable anisotropic fluids for tunable bulk metamaterial applications,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1347–1353 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

T. Xu, Y. K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(1), 59 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, E. C. Walter, A. Agrawal, C. Bohn, J. Velmurugan, W. Zhu, H. J. Lezec, and A. A. Talin, “High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Heikenfeld, K. Zhou, E. Kreit, B. Raj, S. Yang, B. Sun, A. Milarcik, L. Clapp, and R. Schwartz, “Electrofluidic displays using Young–Laplace transposition of brilliant pigment dispersions,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 292–296 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

R. A. Hayes and B. J. Feenstra, “Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting,” Nature 425(6956), 383–385 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the Noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (2)

J. Peng, H. H. Jeong, Q. Lin, S. Cormier, H. L. Liang, M. F. L. De Volder, S. Vignolini, and J. J. Baumberg, “Scalable electrochromic nanopixels using plasmonics,” Sci. Adv. 5(5), eaaw2205 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. P. Byers, H. Zhang, D. F. Swearer, M. Yorulmaz, B. S. Hoener, D. Huang, A. Hoggard, W.-S. Chang, P. Mulvaney, E. Ringe, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, S. Link, and C. F. Landes, “From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties,” Sci. Adv. 1(11), e1500988 (2015).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

N. Li, P. Wei, L. Yu, J. Ji, J. Zhao, C. Gao, Y. Li, and Y. Yin, “Dynamically switchable multicolor electrochromic films,” Small 15(7), 1804974 (2019).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

L. Feng, P. Huo, Y. Liang, and T. Xu, “Photonic metamaterial absorbers: Morphology engineering and interdisciplinary applications,” Adv. Mater.1903787 (2019).

A. L. Dyer, A. M. Österholm, D. E. Shen, K. E. Johnson, and J. R. Reynolds, “Conjugated electrochromic polymers: Structure-driven colour and processing control,” Electrochromic Materials and Devices113–184 (2013).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic illustration of the fabrication process of the PCGN metasurface. (b) and (c) SEM images of the Au nanodisk array and the PCGN metasurface, respectively. The scale bars stand for 500 nm. Insets of (b) and (c) are the optical photographs of the Au nanodisk substrate and the PCGN metasurface, the scale bars stand for 2 mm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Reflection spectra of the Au nanodisk substrate in air, the PCGN metasurface in air, and the PCGN metasurface in the conductive solution. (b) Electrochromic modulation of the PCGN metasurface: Reflection spectra of the PCGN metasurface with different driven voltages. (c) Reflection spectra of PEDOT film on planar Au substrate driven by voltages ranging from −1 to 1 V. (d) Time resolved electrochromic modulation: the resonant wavelength of the PCGN metasurface with the driven varied voltages switching between 1 and −1 V.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Simulated (a) reflection spectra and (b) electric field distribution plots of the Au nanodisk substrate in air, the oxidation-state PCGN metasurface in the conductive solution, and the reduction-state PCGN in the conductive solution.