Abstract

The waveguiding properties of high-resistivity float zone silicon slab waveguides are characterized over the spectral range from 0.5 to 7.5 THz. Waveguide modes and dispersion are observed for lengths of 1.2 cm and silicon thicknesses from 40 to 300 µm. The influence of core thickness and cladding glass attenuation is characterized, and modeled transmitted pulse shapes compare well to the measured signals. Fused silica cladding allows propagation in the 40 µm thick wafer, demonstrating the feasibility of developing flexible semiconductor core fibers for THz transmission.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

H. Amarloo and S. Safavi-Naeini, “Terahertz line defect waveguide based on silicon-on-glass technology,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(4), 433–439 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

A. Malekabadi, S. A. Charlebois, D. Deslandes, and F. Boone, “High-resistivity silicon dielectric ribbon waveguide for single-mode low-loss propagation at f/g-bands,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4(4), 447–453 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

M. Wächter, M. Nagel, and H. Kurz, “Metallic slit waveguide for dispersion-free low-loss terahertz signal transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(6), 061111 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, “THz zenneck surface wave (THz surface plasmon) propagation on a metal sheet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061113 (2006).
[Crossref]

L.-J. Chen, H.-W. Chen, T.-F. Kao, J.-Y. Lu, and C.-K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31(3), 308–310 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

C. Yeh, F. Shimabukuro, and P. H. Siegel, “Low-loss terahertz ribbon waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 44(28), 5937–5946 (2005).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz parallel plate photonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(5), 051101 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy characterization of the far-infrared absorption and index of refraction of high-resistivity, float-zone silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(7), 1379–1386 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave imaging: horizons and hurdles,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3667–3677 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, “Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(15), 2634–2636 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (4)

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 851–863 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Single-mode waveguide propagation and reshaping of sub-ps terahertz pulses in sapphire fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(15), 1987–1989 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Intense terahertz pulses by four-wave rectification in air,” Opt. Lett. 25(16), 1210–1212 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1990 (1)

1985 (1)

M. Rubin, “Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses,” Sol. Energy Mater. 12(4), 275–288 (1985).
[Crossref]

Adam, A. J. L.

Amarloo, H.

H. Amarloo and S. Safavi-Naeini, “Terahertz line defect waveguide based on silicon-on-glass technology,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(4), 433–439 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aosaki, K.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Argyros, A.

Ballato, J.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, and U. J. Gibson, “Light trapping in horizontally aligned silicon microwire solar cells,” Opt. Express 23(24), A1463–A1471 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18675–18683 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. A. Bas, S. K. Cushing, J. Ballato, and A. D. Bristow, “Terahertz waveguiding in silicon-core fibers,” (2013).

Bang, O.

Bas, D. A.

D. A. Bas, S. K. Cushing, J. Ballato, and A. D. Bristow, “Terahertz waveguiding in silicon-core fibers,” (2013).

Bingham, A.

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz parallel plate photonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(5), 051101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bledt, C. M.

Boone, F.

A. Malekabadi, S. A. Charlebois, D. Deslandes, and F. Boone, “High-resistivity silicon dielectric ribbon waveguide for single-mode low-loss propagation at f/g-bands,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4(4), 447–453 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bristow, A. D.

D. A. Bas, S. K. Cushing, J. Ballato, and A. D. Bristow, “Terahertz waveguiding in silicon-core fibers,” (2013).

Carlito S. Ponseca, J.

Charlebois, S. A.

A. Malekabadi, S. A. Charlebois, D. Deslandes, and F. Boone, “High-resistivity silicon dielectric ribbon waveguide for single-mode low-loss propagation at f/g-bands,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4(4), 447–453 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, L.-J.

Cho, M.

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, “Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(15), 2634–2636 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cook, D. J.

Cushing, S. K.

D. A. Bas, S. K. Cushing, J. Ballato, and A. D. Bristow, “Terahertz waveguiding in silicon-core fibers,” (2013).

Dai, J.

Daw, M.

de los Reyes, G.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Deslandes, D.

A. Malekabadi, S. A. Charlebois, D. Deslandes, and F. Boone, “High-resistivity silicon dielectric ribbon waveguide for single-mode low-loss propagation at f/g-bands,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4(4), 447–453 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ellison, M.

Estacio, E.

J. Carlito S. Ponseca, R. Pobre, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, A. Argyros, M. C. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Transmission of terahertz radiation using a microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(9), 902–904 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fattinger, C.

Fokine, M.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Foy, P.

Franz, Y.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fujita, M.

Gallot, G.

Gibson, U. J.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, and U. J. Gibson, “Light trapping in horizontally aligned silicon microwire solar cells,” Opt. Express 23(24), A1463–A1471 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goto, M.

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grischkowsky, D.

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, “THz zenneck surface wave (THz surface plasmon) propagation on a metal sheet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz parallel plate photonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(5), 051101 (2005).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy characterization of the far-infrared absorption and index of refraction of high-resistivity, float-zone silicon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(7), 1379–1386 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Undistorted guided-wave propagation of subpicosecond terahertz pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(11), 846–848 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 851–863 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Single-mode waveguide propagation and reshaping of sub-ps terahertz pulses in sapphire fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(15), 1987–1989 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. W. McGowan, G. Gallot, and D. Grischkowsky, “Propagation of ultrawideband short pulses of terahertz radiation through submillimeter-diameter circular waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24(20), 1431–1433 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990).
[Crossref]

Han, H.

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, “Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(15), 2634–2636 (2002).
[Crossref]

Harrington, J. A.

Hawkins, T.

Healy, N.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Jamison, S. P.

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Single-mode waveguide propagation and reshaping of sub-ps terahertz pulses in sapphire fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(15), 1987–1989 (2000).
[Crossref]

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 851–863 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jeon, T.

Y. B. Ji, S. H. Kim, E. S. Lee, J. Son, and T. Jeon, “Development of optical fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope,” in 2010 IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topicals Meeting Series (WTM), (2010), pp. 54–55.

Jeon, T.-I.

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, “THz zenneck surface wave (THz surface plasmon) propagation on a metal sheet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061113 (2006).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jepsen, P. U.

Ji, Y. B.

Y. B. Ji, S. H. Kim, E. S. Lee, J. Son, and T. Jeon, “Development of optical fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope,” in 2010 IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topicals Meeting Series (WTM), (2010), pp. 54–55.

Jones, M.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, and U. J. Gibson, “Light trapping in horizontally aligned silicon microwire solar cells,” Opt. Express 23(24), A1463–A1471 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kao, T.-F.

Keiding, S.

Kim, J.

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, “Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(15), 2634–2636 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. H.

Y. B. Ji, S. H. Kim, E. S. Lee, J. Son, and T. Jeon, “Development of optical fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope,” in 2010 IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topicals Meeting Series (WTM), (2010), pp. 54–55.

Kokuoz, B.

Kurz, H.

M. Wächter, M. Nagel, and H. Kurz, “Metallic slit waveguide for dispersion-free low-loss terahertz signal transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(6), 061111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Large, M. C.

Lee, E. S.

Y. B. Ji, S. H. Kim, E. S. Lee, J. Son, and T. Jeon, “Development of optical fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope,” in 2010 IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topicals Meeting Series (WTM), (2010), pp. 54–55.

Lu, J.-Y.

Malekabadi, A.

A. Malekabadi, S. A. Charlebois, D. Deslandes, and F. Boone, “High-resistivity silicon dielectric ribbon waveguide for single-mode low-loss propagation at f/g-bands,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4(4), 447–453 (2014).
[Crossref]

Martinsen, F. A.

McGowan, R. W.

McMillen, C.

Melzer, J. E.

Mendis, R.

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Undistorted guided-wave propagation of subpicosecond terahertz pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(11), 846–848 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[Crossref]

Miles, R. E.

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mitrofanov, O.

Mittleman, D. M.

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mølster, K.

K. Mølster, “THz time domain spectroscopy of materials in reflection and transmission,” Master’s thesis, Department of Electronic Systems, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, NTNU (2017).

Murakami, H.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Naftaly, M.

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nagatsuma, T.

Nagel, M.

M. Wächter, M. Nagel, and H. Kurz, “Metallic slit waveguide for dispersion-free low-loss terahertz signal transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(6), 061111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Navarro-Cía, M.

Nielsen, K.

Ono, S.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, “Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(15), 2634–2636 (2002).
[Crossref]

Peacock, A. C.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Planken, P. C. M.

Pobre, R.

J. Carlito S. Ponseca, R. Pobre, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, A. Argyros, M. C. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Transmission of terahertz radiation using a microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(9), 902–904 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ponseca, C.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Powers, D. R.

Quema, A.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

Quiroga, R.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rao, A. M.

Rasmussen, H. K.

Reppert, J.

Rice, R. R.

Rubin, M.

M. Rubin, “Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses,” Sol. Energy Mater. 12(4), 275–288 (1985).
[Crossref]

Safavi-Naeini, S.

H. Amarloo and S. Safavi-Naeini, “Terahertz line defect waveguide based on silicon-on-glass technology,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(4), 433–439 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sakane, Y.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sarukura, N.

J. Carlito S. Ponseca, R. Pobre, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, A. Argyros, M. C. Large, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, “Transmission of terahertz radiation using a microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(9), 902–904 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sato, H.

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Setti, V.

Sharma, S.

Shimabukuro, F.

Shori, R.

Siegel, P. H.

Smeltzer, B. K.

Son, J.

Y. B. Ji, S. H. Kim, E. S. Lee, J. Son, and T. Jeon, “Development of optical fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope,” in 2010 IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topicals Meeting Series (WTM), (2010), pp. 54–55.

Stafsudd, O.

Stolen, R.

Sun, C.-K.

Takahashi, H.

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsuruda, K.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

van Exter, M.

Vincetti, L.

Vitiello, M. S.

Wächter, M.

M. Wächter, M. Nagel, and H. Kurz, “Metallic slit waveguide for dispersion-free low-loss terahertz signal transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(6), 061111 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.-C.

X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave imaging: horizons and hurdles,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3667–3677 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz parallel plate photonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(5), 051101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

G. de los Reyes, A. Quema, C. Ponseca, R. Pobre, R. Quiroga, S. Ono, H. Murakami, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, K. Aosaki, Y. Sakane, and H. Sato, “Low-loss single-mode terahertz waveguiding using cytop,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211119 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Wächter, M. Nagel, and H. Kurz, “Metallic slit waveguide for dispersion-free low-loss terahertz signal transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(6), 061111 (2007).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Bingham, Y. Zhao, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz parallel plate photonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(5), 051101 (2005).
[Crossref]

T.-I. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, “THz zenneck surface wave (THz surface plasmon) propagation on a metal sheet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 061113 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, “Single-mode waveguide propagation and reshaping of sub-ps terahertz pulses in sapphire fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(15), 1987–1989 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, “Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(15), 2634–2636 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (2)

A. Malekabadi, S. A. Charlebois, D. Deslandes, and F. Boone, “High-resistivity silicon dielectric ribbon waveguide for single-mode low-loss propagation at f/g-bands,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 4(4), 447–453 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Amarloo and S. Safavi-Naeini, “Terahertz line defect waveguide based on silicon-on-glass technology,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(4), 433–439 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, “Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(2B), L317–L319 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave imaging: horizons and hurdles,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3667–3677 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. (1)

M. Rubin, “Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses,” Sol. Energy Mater. 12(4), 275–288 (1985).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Y. B. Ji, S. H. Kim, E. S. Lee, J. Son, and T. Jeon, “Development of optical fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope,” in 2010 IEEE Photonics Society Winter Topicals Meeting Series (WTM), (2010), pp. 54–55.

K. Mølster, “THz time domain spectroscopy of materials in reflection and transmission,” Master’s thesis, Department of Electronic Systems, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, NTNU (2017).

D. A. Bas, S. K. Cushing, J. Ballato, and A. D. Bristow, “Terahertz waveguiding in silicon-core fibers,” (2013).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. THz spectroscopy; a) experimental setup (inset shows sample geometry). b) Reference time-signal in the absence of a waveguide. The successive pulses are Fabry-Pérot echoes from the GaP crystal. c) Corresponding frequency spectrum.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Time traces of the THz pulse transmitted through different orientations of a 300 µm thick waveguide with soda lime cladding, positioned to excite a) TE and b) TM modes. Solid lines are experimental data and dashed lines are simulations.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Spectra of a 300 µm thick waveguide with soda lime cladding for TE and TM modes.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Time trace of two 160 µm thick Si waveguides with cladding of a) fused silica and b) soda lime glass. Solid lines are experimental data showing GaP echoes, dashed lines are simulations. Both samples were measured in the TE configuration.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Fourier amplitudes of 160 µm thick waveguides with different claddings. The dotted lines show the Fabry-Pérot echoes. The thick lines show a smoothed average.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Measurement of a fused silica clad 40 µm Si slab. a) Fourier transform, b) Wigner-Ville transform, and c) time-trace, including pulses from the cladding modes.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Fourier amplitudes of selected parts of the 40 µm waveguide time trace.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Time trace of the a) fundamental, b) secondary, and c) tertiary TE modes through a 160 µm thick Si wafer with fused silica cladding
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Calculated absorption curves for 40 and 160 µm thick Silicon cores. a) Fused silica cladding. b) Soda lime cladding.

Equations (2)

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E o u t ( ν ) = E r e f ( ν ) C 2 T exp { i k 0 ( n e f f ( ν ) 1 ) z } exp { k 0 κ e f f ( ν ) z } ,
α ( ν ) = K h 2 ν β n ( ν )