Abstract

We present measurements of the temperature dependence of the absorption cross-section of Yb:YAG at the zero phonon line (ZPL) near 969 nm. Experiments were carried out on a 1.08 mm thick, ceramic, 1.1 at-% Yb-doped YAG sample over a temperature range between 80 K and 300 K. Results show that the ZPL characteristics strongly depend on temperature. The absorption cross section increases from 0.8 · 10−20 cm2 to above 49 · 10−20 cm2 as temperature is decreased from 300 K to 80 K. The full-width at half maximum of the absorption line decreases with temperature, from 2.38 nm at 300 K to 0.05 nm at 80 K. The absorption peak shifts from 969.04 nm at 300 K to 968.39 nm at 80 K. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the ZPL of Yb:YAG has been characterised with enough resolution at cryogenic temperatures and we expect that this data will assist in the design and optimisation of Yb:YAG lasers pumped on this absorption line.

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (3)

C. Baumgarten, M. Pedicone, H. Bravo, H. Wang, L. Yin, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, and B. A. Reagan, “1 J, 0.5 kHz repetition rate picosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3339–3342 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Azhari, S. Sulaiman, and A. K. Prasada Rao, “A review on the application of peening processes for surface treatment,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 114, 012002 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb:YAG absorption at ambient and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 604–612 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

B. L. Volodin, S. V. Dolgy, E. D. Melnik, E. Downs, J. Shaw, and V. S. Ban, “Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high-power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1891–1893 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Miller, E. Moses, and C. Wuest, “The national ignition facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers. The first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1287–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb-doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

D. Hsu and J. L. Skinner, “On the thermal broadening of zero-phonon impurity lines in absorption and fluoresence spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(4), 1604–1613 (1984).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

G. A. Borgomolova, D. N. Vylegzhanin, and A. A. Kaminskiĭ, “Spectral and lasing investigations of garnets with Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys.-JEPT 42(3), 440–446 (1976).

Abel, R. L.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, H.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alatabi, S.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alejo, A.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Allott, R.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amthor, K. U.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, C.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Azhari, A.

A. Azhari, S. Sulaiman, and A. K. Prasada Rao, “A review on the application of peening processes for surface treatment,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 114, 012002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ban, V. S.

Banerjee, S.

Baumgarten, C.

Beil, K.

Bellei, C.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Borgomolova, G. A.

G. A. Borgomolova, D. N. Vylegzhanin, and A. A. Kaminskiĭ, “Spectral and lasing investigations of garnets with Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys.-JEPT 42(3), 440–446 (1976).

Bourgeois, N.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bravo, H.

Brenner, C. M.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb:YAG absorption at ambient and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 604–612 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bryant, J. S. J.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bussmann, M.

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Butcher, T.

Butler, N. M. H.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb-doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Clarke, R.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cole, J. M.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Collier, J.

Collier, J. L.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cone, R. L.

D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb:YAG absorption at ambient and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 604–612 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cowan, T. E.

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dangor, A. E.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

De Vido, M.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb-doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Divall, E. J.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Divoky, M.

Dolgy, S. V.

Downs, E.

Edwards, C.

Enghardt, W.

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Equall, R. W.

D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb:YAG absorption at ambient and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 604–612 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ertel, K.

Esirkepov, T.

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Liesfeld, B.

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J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
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S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
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J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
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[Crossref]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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Marqus, J. R.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
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Mason, P.

Masood, U.

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
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C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
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Menoni, C. S.

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C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
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Mocek, T.

P. Mason, M. Divoky, K. Ertel, J. Pilar, T. Butcher, M. Hanus, S. Banerjee, J. Phillips, J. Smith, M. De Vido, A. Lucianetti, C. Hernandez-Gomez, C. Edwards, T. Mocek, and J. Collier, “Kilowatt average power 100 J-level diode pumped solid state laser,” Optica 4(4), 438–439 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mori, W. B.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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Moses, E.

G. Miller, E. Moses, and C. Wuest, “The national ignition facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
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C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
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S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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Najmudin, Z.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Neely, D.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nilson, P. M.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Norreys, P. A.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Notley, M.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oliver, P.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pawelke, J.

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb-doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pedicone, M.

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Pfotenhauer, S.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phillips, J.

Phuoc, K. T.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pilar, J.

Poder, K.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prasada Rao, A. K.

A. Azhari, S. Sulaiman, and A. K. Prasada Rao, “A review on the application of peening processes for surface treatment,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 114, 012002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Reagan, B. A.

Reed, S.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rocca, J. J.

Rousse, A.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rusby, D. R.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sauerbrey, R.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schramm, U.

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schwoerer, H.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

Seifert, R.

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Koerner, C. Vorholt, H. Liebetrau, M. Kahle, D. Kloepfel, R. Seifert, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza, “Measurement of temperature-dependent absorption and emission spectra of Yb:YAG, Yb:LuAG, and Yb:CaF2 between 20 °C and 200 °C and predictions on their influence on laser performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(9), 2493–2502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shaw, J.

Siebold, M.

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sikocinski, P.

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

Skinner, J. L.

D. Hsu and J. L. Skinner, “On the thermal broadening of zero-phonon impurity lines in absorption and fluoresence spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(4), 1604–1613 (1984).
[Crossref]

Smith, J.

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb-doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sulaiman, S.

A. Azhari, S. Sulaiman, and A. K. Prasada Rao, “A review on the application of peening processes for surface treatment,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 114, 012002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb:YAG absorption at ambient and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 604–612 (2005).
[Crossref]

Symes, D. R.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tellkamp, F.

Thomas, A. G. R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsung, F. S.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tzoufras, M.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Viskup, R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Volodin, B. L.

Vorholt, C.

Vylegzhanin, D. N.

G. A. Borgomolova, D. N. Vylegzhanin, and A. A. Kaminskiĭ, “Spectral and lasing investigations of garnets with Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys.-JEPT 42(3), 440–446 (1976).

Walton, B. R.

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Willingale, L.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wilson, L. A.

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wood, J. C.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wuest, C.

G. Miller, E. Moses, and C. Wuest, “The national ignition facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yin, L.

Zastrau, U.

M. McMahon and U. Zastrau et al., “Conceptual Design Report: Dynamic Laser Compression Experiments at the HED Instrument of European XFEL XFEL,” EU TR-2017-001 (2017).

Ziegler, W.

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

U. Masood, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, W. Enghardt, L. Karsch, F. Kroll, U. Schramm, and J. Pawelke, “A compact solution for ion beam therapy with laser accelerated protons,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 41–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Körner, V. V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, “Spectroscopic characterization of Yb3+-doped laser materials at cryogenic temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 116(1), 75–81 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb-doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb:YAG absorption at ambient and cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 604–612 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers. The first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1287–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. (1)

A. Azhari, S. Sulaiman, and A. K. Prasada Rao, “A review on the application of peening processes for surface treatment,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 114, 012002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. Hsu and J. L. Skinner, “On the thermal broadening of zero-phonon impurity lines in absorption and fluoresence spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(4), 1604–1613 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (2)

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, and K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Schwoerer, S. Pfotenhauer, O. Jckel, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, W. Ziegler, R. Sauerbrey, K. W. D. Ledingham, and T. Esirkepov, “Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets,” Nature 439(7075), 445–448 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. Miller, E. Moses, and C. Wuest, “The national ignition facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. Bellei, N. Bourgeois, A. E. Dangor, A. Gopal, R. Heathcote, S. P. D. Mangles, J. R. Marqus, A. Maksimchuk, P. M. Nilson, K. T. Phuoc, S. Reed, M. Tzoufras, F. S. Tsung, L. Willingale, W. B. Mori, A. Rousse, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin, “Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 105006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion (1)

C. M. Brenner, S. R. Mirfayzi, D. R. Rusby, C. Armstrong, A. Alejo, L. A. Wilson, R. Clarke, H. Ahmed, N. M. H. Butler, D. Haddock, A. Higginson, A. McClymont, C. Murphy, M. Notley, P. Oliver, R. Allott, C. Hernandez-Gomez, S. Kar, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Laser-driven X-ray and neutron source development for industrial applications of plasma accelerators,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58(1), 014039 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys.-JEPT (1)

G. A. Borgomolova, D. N. Vylegzhanin, and A. A. Kaminskiĭ, “Spectral and lasing investigations of garnets with Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys.-JEPT 42(3), 440–446 (1976).

Other (3)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2010).

eData: STFC Research Data Repository, http://dx.doi.org/10.5286/edata/737 .

M. McMahon and U. Zastrau et al., “Conceptual Design Report: Dynamic Laser Compression Experiments at the HED Instrument of European XFEL XFEL,” EU TR-2017-001 (2017).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup used to characterise absorption at the ZPL of Yb:YAG (PD1, PD2 = photo-detectors). The insert shows frontal and rear views of the holder in which the Yb:YAG sample is mounted.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Transmission through the sample at the ZPL at 80 K, 100 K, 200 K and 300 K.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Transmission through the sample as a function of wavelength at 80 K (a) and at 100 K (b). Zoomed-in views of the measurement at the centre of the ZPL at 80 K (c) and at 100 K (d).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Absorption cross-section at the ZPL of Yb:YAG at temperatures between 80 K and 150 K (a) and between 175 K and 300 K (b).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. ZPL characteristics between 80 K and 300 K: FWHM linewidth (a), peak wavelength (b) and peak absorption cross-section (c). The data point at 80 K represents a lower limit to the actual value of the absorption cross-section.

Equations (1)

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σ a ( λ ) = ln ( I i ( λ ) I t ( λ ) ) / N d o p L ,