Abstract

Spectroscopic properties of tri-doped Nd3+,R13+,R23+:CaF2 (R1, R2=Y, La, Gd, Lu) crystals were investigated, where R13+ and R23+ act as the lattice regulating ions. According to the spectra properties of co-doped Nd3+,R3+:CaF2 (R = Y, La, Gd, Lu) crystals, the regulating ions are classified into two categories, Y3+ and Lu3+ ions are in the same class while La3+ and Gd3+ are divided into the other. Attribute to the “combination effect” of the regulating ions, the absorption spectra can be regulated controllably in tri-doped CaF2 crystals, and the emission spectra of Nd3+ in CaF2 crystals become smoother and flatter by incorporating two different types of regulating ions. Preliminary CW laser experiment was conducted for Nd3+,Y3+,Gd3+:CaF2 crystal and Nd3+,Lu3+,Gd3+:CaF2 crystal. The slope efficiency and maximum output power of the former reached up to 49.4% and 2.1W, respectively. A CW wavelength tuning range of 34 nm (1043-1077 nm) was obtained for Nd3+,Y3+,Gd3+:CaF2 crystal. The spectra properties and CW tuning operation indicate that the tri-doped Nd3+,R13+,R23+:CaF2 crystals are suitable for the application of femtosecond mode-locked laser.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. A. A. Kaminski, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 6(5), 115–118 (1967).
  5. A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. Q. Q. Hao, S. Y. Pang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Tunable and passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd,Lu:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(22), 6491–6495 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. J. Wu, S. Y. Pang, Y. Q. Zu, Q. Q. Peng, J. M. Yang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Silver nanorods absorber for passively Q-switched Nd, Gd: CaF2 laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020015 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  15. Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. V. Osiko, “Analysis of Optical Spectra of Caf2-Nd3+ (Type 1) Crystals,” Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr 22(2), 295–300 (1966).
  21. S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Sillen and Y. Engelborghs, “The correct use of “average” fluorescence parameters,” Photochem. Photobiol. 67(5), 475–486 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

Q. Q. Hao, S. Y. Pang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Tunable and passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd,Lu:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(22), 6491–6495 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Wu, S. Y. Pang, Y. Q. Zu, Q. Q. Peng, J. M. Yang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Silver nanorods absorber for passively Q-switched Nd, Gd: CaF2 laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020015 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. Sillen and Y. Engelborghs, “The correct use of “average” fluorescence parameters,” Photochem. Photobiol. 67(5), 475–486 (1998).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

1967 (2)

Y. K. Voronko and V. V. Osiko, “Nature of Concentration Quenching of Luminescence of Nd+++ Ions in Crystals,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 5(10), 295 (1967).

A. A. Kaminski, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 6(5), 115–118 (1967).

1966 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. V. Osiko, “Analysis of Optical Spectra of Caf2-Nd3+ (Type 1) Crystals,” Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr 22(2), 295–300 (1966).

1965 (1)

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

G. A. Slack, “Thermal Conductivity of CaF2, MnF2, CoF2, and ZnF2 Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 122(5), 1451–1464 (1961).
[Crossref]

Agamalyan, N. R.

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bagdasarov, K. S.

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Benayad, A.

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brasse, G.

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Braud, A.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y. X.

Cao, Z. D.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Denisenko, G. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J. L.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Engelborghs, Y.

A. Sillen and Y. Engelborghs, “The correct use of “average” fluorescence parameters,” Photochem. Photobiol. 67(5), 475–486 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fan, M. W.

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, P. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Gao, Z. Y.

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ge, W. Y.

Goossens, J. P.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gross, H.

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hao, Q. Q.

Heber, J.

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D. P.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kaminski, A. A.

A. A. Kaminski, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 6(5), 115–118 (1967).

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. V. Osiko, “Analysis of Optical Spectra of Caf2-Nd3+ (Type 1) Crystals,” Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr 22(2), 295–300 (1966).

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Krotova, L. V.

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H. J.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lisiecki, R.

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Wu, S. Y. Pang, Y. Q. Zu, Q. Q. Peng, J. M. Yang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Silver nanorods absorber for passively Q-switched Nd, Gd: CaF2 laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020015 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Hao, S. Y. Pang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Tunable and passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd,Lu:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(22), 6491–6495 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

Lomonov, V. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ma, F. K.

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

Macalik, B.

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mei, B.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Mei, B. C.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Menard, V.

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moncorge, R.

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Montant, S.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

Normani, S.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Orlovskii, Y. V.

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Osico, V. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V.

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V. V.

Y. K. Voronko and V. V. Osiko, “Nature of Concentration Quenching of Luminescence of Nd+++ Ions in Crystals,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 5(10), 295 (1967).

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. V. Osiko, “Analysis of Optical Spectra of Caf2-Nd3+ (Type 1) Crystals,” Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr 22(2), 295–300 (1966).

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Pang, S.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Pang, S. Y.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Wu, S. Y. Pang, Y. Q. Zu, Q. Q. Peng, J. M. Yang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Silver nanorods absorber for passively Q-switched Nd, Gd: CaF2 laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020015 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Hao, S. Y. Pang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Tunable and passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd,Lu:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(22), 6491–6495 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

Peng, Q. Q.

Prochorov, A. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Qian, L. J.

Qian, X.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Qian, X. B.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qin, Z. P.

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y. J.

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sillen, A.

A. Sillen and Y. Engelborghs, “The correct use of “average” fluorescence parameters,” Photochem. Photobiol. 67(5), 475–486 (1998).
[Crossref]

Slack, G. A.

G. A. Slack, “Thermal Conductivity of CaF2, MnF2, CoF2, and ZnF2 Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 122(5), 1451–1464 (1961).
[Crossref]

Solarz, P.

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Soulard, R.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stoffel, D.

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Hao, S. Y. Pang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Tunable and passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd,Lu:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(22), 6491–6495 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Wu, S. Y. Pang, Y. Q. Zu, Q. Q. Peng, J. M. Yang, J. Liu, and L. B. Su, “Silver nanorods absorber for passively Q-switched Nd, Gd: CaF2 laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020015 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, F.

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Voronko, Y. K.

Y. K. Voronko and V. V. Osiko, “Nature of Concentration Quenching of Luminescence of Nd+++ Ions in Crystals,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 5(10), 295 (1967).

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. V. Osiko, “Analysis of Optical Spectra of Caf2-Nd3+ (Type 1) Crystals,” Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr 22(2), 295–300 (1966).

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. B.

Wang, J.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. L.

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. Z.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. H.

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z. Y.

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q. H.

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. J.

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, J.

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. Y.

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. M.

Yu, H.

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Yuan, P.

Zhan, Y. Y.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. L. Doualan, L. B. Su, G. Brasse, A. Benayad, V. Menard, Y. Y. Zhan, A. Braud, P. Camy, J. Xu, and R. Moncorge, “Improvement of infrared laser properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals via codoping with Y3+ and Lu3+ buffer ions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11), 3018–3021 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. J.

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, W. Y. Ge, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, Y. X. Cao, and J. Xu, “Generation of 103 fs mode-locked pulses by a gain linewidth-variable Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1737–1739 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhmurova, Z. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. F.

H. B. Wang, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Gao, Y. Yu, K. Liu, J. L. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, J. Liu, D. P. Jiang, F. K. Ma, and L. B. Su, “Femtosecond mode-locked Nd,La:CaF2 disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2184–2189 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zu, Y. Q.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

CrystEngComm (1)

S. Normani, A. Braud, R. Soulard, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Menard, G. Brasse, R. Moncorge, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Site selective analysis of Nd3+-Lu3+ codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” CrystEngComm 18(47), 9016–9025 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

S. Wang, D. Jiang, Q. Wu, S. Pang, J. Wang, X. Qian, J. Liu, B. Mei, and L. Su, “Spectral properties and highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation in Nd, Gd:CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 781, 629–632 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

Y. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, V. Osiko, H. Gross, and J. Heber, “Fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and site-selective fluorescence decay of Nd3+ centers in CaF2,” J. Lumin. 82(3), 251–258 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jetp Lett-Ussr (2)

Y. K. Voronko and V. V. Osiko, “Nature of Concentration Quenching of Luminescence of Nd+++ Ions in Crystals,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 5(10), 295 (1967).

A. A. Kaminski, “High-temperature effects observed in stimulated emission from CaF2 and LaF3 crystals activated with Nd3+,” Jetp Lett-Ussr 6(5), 115–118 (1967).

Laser Phys. (2)

F. K. Ma, Q. Zhang, D. P. Jiang, L. B. Su, Y. J. Shao, J. Y. Wang, F. Tang, J. Xu, P. Solarz, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and B. Macalik, “Spectroscopic, dielectric properties and local structure observation by EXAFS for Nd,Y:CaF2 crystal,” Laser Phys. 24(10), 105703 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Z. Wang, D. P. Jiang, Q. H. Wu, Z. D. Cao, S. Y. Pang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Qian, J. Liu, B. C. Mei, and L. B. Su, “Effect of La3+ proportion on spectroscopic and continuous wave laser properties of Nd,La:CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. 29(1), 015801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Y. Pang, F. K. Ma, H. Yu, X. B. Qian, D. P. Jiang, Y. Wu, F. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Y. Xu, and L. B. Su, “Highly efficient continuous-wave laser operation of LD-pumped Nd, Gd:CaF2 and Nd, Y:CaF2 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(5), 055802 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. F. Zhu, L. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Gao, J. L. Wang, Z. H. Wang, L. B. Su, L. H. Zheng, J. Y. Wang, J. Xu, and Z. Y. Wei, “Diode-pumped femtosecond mode-locked Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(3), 035801 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C. Li, M. W. Fan, J. Liu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Operation of continuous wave and Q-switching on diode-pumped Nd,Y:CaF2 disordered crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 69, 140–143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photochem. Photobiol. (1)

A. Sillen and Y. Engelborghs, “The correct use of “average” fluorescence parameters,” Photochem. Photobiol. 67(5), 475–486 (1998).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Osico, A. M. Prochorov, and Y. K. Voronko, “Spectral Investigation of Stimulated Radiation of ND3+ in CAF2-YF3,” Phys. Lett. 22(4), 419–421 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

G. A. Slack, “Thermal Conductivity of CaF2, MnF2, CoF2, and ZnF2 Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 122(5), 1451–1464 (1961).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi A (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, Z. I. Zhmurova, V. A. Lomonov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Two stimulated-emission 4F3/2- 4I11/2,13/2 channels of ND3+ ions in crystals of the CaF2-Scf3 SYSTEM,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(1), K81–K84 (1984).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, G. A. Denisenko, S. E. Sarkisov, and P. P. Fedorov, “Spectroscopy and laser-emission of disordered GdF3-CaF2-Nd3+ trigonal crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 70(2), 397–406 (1982).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

K. S. Bagdasarov, Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, L. V. Krotova, and V. V. Osiko, “Modification of Optical Properties of Caf2-TR3+ Crystals by Yttrium Impurities,” Phys. Status Solidi B 12(2), 905–912 (1965).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Soulard, S. Normani, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, D. Stoffel, S. Montant, J. P. Goossens, and P. Camy, “Femtosecond and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation in Nd,Lu:CaF2,” Proc. SPIE 10683, 106831J (2018).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr (1)

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. V. Osiko, “Analysis of Optical Spectra of Caf2-Nd3+ (Type 1) Crystals,” Sov. Phys. Jetp-Ussr 22(2), 295–300 (1966).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Comparison of (a) absorption and (b) emission spectra for 0.5%Nd,5%R:CaF2 samples (R = Y, La, Gd, Lu).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Comparison of absorption spectra for 0.5%Nd,5%R:CaF2 samples and 0.5%Nd,2.5%R1,2.5%R2:CaF2 samples (R, R1, R2=Y, La, Gd, Lu). The insert graphs shows the comparison of α12 for tri-doped 0.5%Nd,2.5%R1,2.5%R2:CaF2 crystals and its corresponding co-doped 0.5%Nd,5%R:CaF2 crystals.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Comparison of emission spectra for 0.5%Nd,5%R:CaF2 samples and 0.5%Nd,2.5%R1,2.5%R2:CaF2 samples (R, R1, R2=Y, La, Gd, Lu).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Comparison of reconstructed and experimental emission spectra for Nd3+,R13+,R23+:CaF2 crystal (R1=Y or Lu, R2=La or Gd).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Fluorescence decay curves of (a) co-doped 0.5%Nd,5%R:CaF2 samples and (b) tri-doped 0.5%Nd,2.5%R1,2.5%R2:CaF2 samples (R, R1, R2=Y, La, Gd, Lu).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Output power versus absorbed pump power for CW laser operation for 0.5%Nd,2.5%Y,2.5%Gd:CaF2 crystal and 0.5%Nd,2.5%Lu,2.5%Gd:CaF2 crystal.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Schematic of the CW tuning setup.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Wavelength tuning curve of 0.5%Nd,2.5%Y,2.5%Gd:CaF2 crystal based on a quartz BF.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Actual concentrations for Nd3+:CaF2 samples doped with different regulating ions

Tables Icon

Table 2. Comparison of emission bandwidths for Nd3+:CaF2 samples doping with different regulating ions

Tables Icon

Table 3. Comparison of fluorescence lifetimes, quantum efficiency and peak emission cross sections for Nd3+:CaF2 samples doping with different regulating ions

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I 1 , 2 = k 1 C s 1 I 1 + k 2 C s 2 I 2
τ e m = t = 0 I ( t ) t d t t = 0 I ( t ) d t
σ e m = λ p e a k 4 8 π c n 2 β 2 τ r a d Δ λ e m
η = τ e m / τ r a d