Abstract

A polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal is one of the candidates for the next-generation display material. In this study, effects of monomer/liquid crystal compositions on electro-optical characteristics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals were investigated. By optimizing monomer/liquid crystal compositions, lower operating voltage, reduction in hysteresis and residual birefringence were achieved. However, some technical issues remain to be overcome.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys.61(2), 385–432 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Meiboom, M. Sammon, and W. F. Brinkman, “Lattice of disclinations: The structure of the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A27(1), 438–454 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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  20. J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. F. Gleeson and H. J. Coles, “Dynamic properties of blue-phase mixtures,” Liq. Cryst.5(3), 917–926 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (6)

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys.61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Gleeson and H. J. Coles, “Dynamic properties of blue-phase mixtures,” Liq. Cryst.5(3), 917–926 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

S. Meiboom, M. Sammon, and W. F. Brinkman, “Lattice of disclinations: The structure of the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A27(1), 438–454 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. W.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Brinkman, W. F.

S. Meiboom, M. Sammon, and W. F. Brinkman, “Lattice of disclinations: The structure of the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A27(1), 438–454 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. P.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, T.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. W.

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coles, H. J.

H. F. Gleeson and H. J. Coles, “Dynamic properties of blue-phase mixtures,” Liq. Cryst.5(3), 917–926 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fan, C. Y.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gauza, S.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, P. R.

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gleeson, H. F.

H. F. Gleeson and H. J. Coles, “Dynamic properties of blue-phase mixtures,” Liq. Cryst.5(3), 917–926 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Haseba, Y.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hatsumi, R.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, M.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hirakata, Y.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hisakado, Y.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, S.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. H.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ikenaga, M.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ishitani, T.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iwata, T.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, B. G.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. W.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, D.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, Y.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O. J.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, Y. J.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. H.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. Y.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meiboom, S.

S. Meiboom, M. Sammon, and W. F. Brinkman, “Lattice of disclinations: The structure of the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A27(1), 438–454 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mermin, N. D.

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys.61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Murakawa, T.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nagamura, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, M.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nishi, T.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oe, Y.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okazaki, K.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. J.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. H.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rao, L.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sakakura, M.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sammon, M.

S. Meiboom, M. Sammon, and W. F. Brinkman, “Lattice of disclinations: The structure of the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A27(1), 438–454 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sato, R.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Seo, S.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sethna, J. P.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S. T.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shiu, J. W.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, N.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, T.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. C.

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. T.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wright, D. C.

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys.61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xianyu, H.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamagata, S.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, A.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, S.

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yan, J.

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, S.

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, F. C.

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. J.

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater.17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Choi, S. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, and H. Kikuchi, “Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 043119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, M. K. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Effects of stabilization temperatures on electro-optic characteristics of polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Curr. Appl. Phys.10(4), e113–e117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (5)

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, Y. P. Chang, C. C. Tsai, and J. W. Shiu, “Electrode dimension effects on blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.7(7), 362–364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Effect of polymer concentration and composition on blue phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.7(9), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

M. S. Kim, Y. J. Lim, S. Yoon, S. W. Kang, S. H. Lee, M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “A controllable viewing angle LCD with an optically isotropic liquid crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(14), 145502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liq. Cryst. (1)

H. F. Gleeson and H. J. Coles, “Dynamic properties of blue-phase mixtures,” Liq. Cryst.5(3), 917–926 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Meiboom, M. Sammon, and W. F. Brinkman, “Lattice of disclinations: The structure of the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A27(1), 438–454 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett.46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. C. Wright and N. D. Mermin, “Crystalline liquids: the blue phases,” Rev. Mod. Phys.61(2), 385–432 (1989).
[CrossRef]

SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers (4)

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers40(1), 578–581 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Fan, C. T. Wang, T. H. Lin, F. C. Yu, T. H. Huang, C. Y. Liu, and N. Sugiura, “Hysteresis and residual birefringence free polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 213–215 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 121–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Kubota, T. Ishitani, A. Yamashita, S. Yamagata, Y. Oe, T. Tamura, M. Ikenaga, T. Yamamoto, M. Kato, M. Nakano, R. Hatsumi, Y. Kubota, T. Murakawa, M. Hayakawa, T. Nishi, S. Seo, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, K. Okazaki, R. Sato, T. Cho, and M. Sakakura, “A new process for manufacture of low voltage, polymer-stabilized blue phase LCDs,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers42(1), 125–128 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. Y. Wang, T. H. Huang, N. Sugiura, W. L. Liau, C. C. Han, C. J. Lung, P. L. Jung, and H. C. Lin, “Effects of liquid crystal compositions on polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Display Workshops (Fukuoka, Japan, 2010), pp. 29–32.

P. P. Crooker, Chirality in Liquid Crystals (Springer-Verlag, 2001), Chap. 7.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed., (Oxford University Press, 1993), Sec. 6.5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical VT curves of PSBP LC cells prepared using four precursors. In-plane-switching cell with electrode distance of 10 μm was used.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Exposure wavelength-dependent Vmax of PSBP LC cells prepared using four precursors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Hysteresis of PSBP LC cells using four precursors as a function of Vmax and exposure wavelength.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Residual birefringence of PSBP LC cells using four precursors as a function of Vmax and exposure wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Rise time of PSBP LC cells using four precursors as a function of Vmax and exposure wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Decay time of PSBP LC cells using four precursors as a function of Vmax and exposure wavelength.

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Compositions of BP LC Samples

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Table 2 Phase Transition Temperature of BP and PSBP LC Samples

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Table 3 Detailed Results of PSBP LC Samples

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Table 4 Summarized Results of PSBP LC Samples

Metrics