Abstract

A blue phase is induced by bent-shaped monomer with allylic end bonds when doped into chiral nematic liquid crystal. The mechanism of blue phase induction and stabilization is investigated. Its temperature range is further widened to 10.2 K by UV irradiation with a slowly cooling process. The widening principle is distinguishable from traditional polymer stabilization mechanism. The study provides some useful insights into the molecular design of suitable bent-shaped dopants towards wide range blue phase liquid crystals.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Li, M. Z. Jiao, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Express18(16), 16486–16491 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Q. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem.15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(4), 041710 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys.12(11), 113018 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063037 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phases,” Struct. Bonding128, 99–117 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Bates, “Bent core molecules and the biaxial nematic phase. A transverse dipole widens the optimal angle,” Chem. Phys. Lett.437(4-6), 189–192 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2011

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063037 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys.12(11), 113018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, M. Z. Jiao, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Express18(16), 16486–16491 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Q. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phases,” Struct. Bonding128, 99–117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. A. Bates, “Bent core molecules and the biaxial nematic phase. A transverse dipole widens the optimal angle,” Chem. Phys. Lett.437(4-6), 189–192 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem.15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(4), 041710 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bates, M. A.

M. A. Bates, “Bent core molecules and the biaxial nematic phase. A transverse dipole widens the optimal angle,” Chem. Phys. Lett.437(4-6), 189–192 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blumel, T.

H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W. Y.

W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. S.

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Q. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Coles, H. J.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauza, S.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Q. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guymon, C. A.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heppke, G.

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hikmet, R. A. M.

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hiltrop, K.

H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hisakado, Y.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, C. Y.

H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, H. K.

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, P.

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063037 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys.12(11), 113018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, M. Z.

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phases,” Struct. Bonding128, 99–117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitzerow, H. S.

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Klosterman, J.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kogawa, Y.

A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. Y.

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Lin, H. C.

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. H.

H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. Y.

H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lub, J.

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, A.

W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagamura, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, M.

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(4), 041710 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Natarajan, L. V.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Onusseit, H.

H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pivnenko, M. N.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porsch, F.

H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ranft, A.

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rokunohe, J.

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem.15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem.15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, H.

H. S. Kitzerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst.14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D.

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063037 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys.12(11), 113018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stegemeyer, H.

H. Stegemeyer, T. Blumel, K. Hiltrop, H. Onusseit, and F. Porsch, “Thermodynamic, structural and morphological studies on liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst.1(1), 3–28 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taheri, B.

W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takanishi, Y.

A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(4), 041710 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takezoe, H.

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(4), 041710 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tondiglia, V. P.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsou, Y. S.

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, and W. Y. Li, “Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 113505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. T.

H. Y. Liu, C. T. Wang, C. Y. Hsu, T. H. Lin, and J. H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, J.

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.68(4), 041710 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, T. J.

J. Klosterman, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, R. L. Sutherland, T. J. White, C. A. Guymon, and T. J. Bunning, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings,” Polymer (Guildf.)45(21), 7213–7218 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Q. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, M. Z. Jiao, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” Opt. Express18(16), 16486–16491 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xianyu, H. Q.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Q. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals,” J. Disp. Technol.6(8), 318–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, J.

A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, Y. Kogawa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Takanishi, and J. Yamamoto, “A binaphthyl derivative with a wide temperature range of a blue phase,” J. Mater. Chem.19(32), 5759–5764 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshizawa, M. Sato, and J. Rokunohe, “A blue phase observed for a novel chiral compound possessing molecular biaxiality,” J. Mater. Chem.15(32), 3285–3290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z. G.

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063037 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys.12(11), 113018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(1), 96–98 (2005).
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Appl. Phys. Lett.

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Nat. Mater.

W. Y. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 111–113 (2002).
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Struct. Bonding

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Chemical structure and (b) the atomistic of ODBP-Ph-pr with a bent angle of 62° and dipole moment of 3.767D.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Micrographs of: (a) ISO state, (b) phase transition from ISO to N*, (c) N* of Mixuture I, and (d) ISO state, (e) BP, (f) phase transition from BP to N* of Mixture II. The in situ temperatures when taking each micrograph were labeled at the left bottom respectively. Each sale bar represents 10 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic image illustrates the inducing mechanism of BPLC by bent-shaped monomer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase sequence of the BP from the isotropic to nematic phases. (a) phase sequence before exposure; (b) phase sequence with a cooling rate of 0.5°C /min.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

IR spectra of ODBP-Ph-pr before (a) and after exposure (b).

Equations (1)

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N* 72.5 66.7 BP 78.7 70.6 ISO

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