Abstract

We present the results of performance modeling of diode-pumped solid state laser beamlines designed for use in Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) power plants. Our modeling quantifies the efficiency increases that can be obtained by increasing peak diode power and reducing pump-pulse duration, to reduce decay losses. At the same efficiency, beamlines that use laser slabs of Yb:YAG or Yb:S-FAP require lower diode power than beamlines that use laser slabs of Nd:phosphate glass, since Yb:YAG and Yb:S-FAP have longer storage lifetimes. Beamlines using Yb:YAG attain their highest efficiency at a temperature of about 200K. Beamlines using Nd:phosphate glass or Yb:S-FAP attain high efficiency at or near room temperature.

© 2011 OSA

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2011

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

J. H. Campbell, J. S. Hayden, and A. Marker, “High-power solid-state lasers: a laser glass perspective,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci.2(1), 3–29 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express4(2), 022703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

A. Bayramian, B. Deri, S. Fulkerson, R. Lanning, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient, low-cost diode power conditioning for laser inertial fusion energy,” Proc. SPIE7916, 79160B (2011).

R. Feeler, J. Junghans, and E. Stephens, “Low-cost diode arrays for the LIFE project,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791608 (2011).

2009

Y. Sato, J. Akiyama, and T. Taira, “Effects of rare-earth doping on thermal conductivity in Y3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Mater.31(5), 720–724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

E. I. Moses, “The National Ignition Facility (NIF): A path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage.49(7), 1795–1802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Yoda, S. Nakayama, and T. Kamimura, “Fabrication and laser performance of polycrystal and single crystal Nd:YAG by advanced ceramic processing,” Opt. Mater.29(10), 1289–1294 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “National Ignition Facility laser performance status,” Appl. Opt.46(16), 3276–3303 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Brown, “The promise of cryogenic solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11(3), 587–599 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

J. Dong, M. Bass, Y. Mao, P. Deng, and F. Gan, “Dependence of the Yb3+ emission cross section and lifetime on temperature and concentration in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B20(9), 1975–1979 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Morice, “Miro: Complete modeling and software for pulse amplification and propagation in high-power laser systems,” Opt. Eng.42(6), 1530–1541 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb: S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth253(1-4), 297–306 (2003), doi: , http://apex.jsap.jp/link?APEX/4/022703/ .
[CrossRef]

2001

K. A. Manske, D. T. Reindl, and S. A. Klein, “Evaporative condenser control in industrial refrigeration systems,” Int. J. Refrig.24, 676–691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. M. Pennington, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Gain saturation studies in LG-750 and LG-770 amplifier glass,” Proc. SPIE3047, 630–642 (1997).

1996

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion36(1), 75–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
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L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(2), 269–276 (1994).
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1992

1982

W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in Nd:doped laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1155–1163 (1982).
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1978

W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Direct measurement of gain recovery in a saturated Nd-glass amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(12), 816–818 (1978).
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J. T. Hunt, J. A. Glaze, W. W. Simmons, and P. A. Renard, “Suppression of self-focusing through low-pass spatial filtering and relay imaging,” Appl. Opt.17(13), 2053–2057 (1978).
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L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.34(8), 2346–2349 (1963).
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Abbott, R. P.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Aceves, S.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Adolf, A.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, J.

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express4(2), 022703 (2011).
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Y. Sato, J. Akiyama, and T. Taira, “Effects of rare-earth doping on thermal conductivity in Y3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Mater.31(5), 720–724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, G. F.

Amendt, P.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Anklam, T.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Anklam, T. M.

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Armstrong, P.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Auerbach, J. M.

Ault, E.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Yoda, S. Nakayama, and T. Kamimura, “Fabrication and laser performance of polycrystal and single crystal Nd:YAG by advanced ceramic processing,” Opt. Mater.29(10), 1289–1294 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baker, K.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Bar, E.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Basauri, A.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

Bayramian, A.

A. Bayramian, B. Deri, S. Fulkerson, R. Lanning, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient, low-cost diode power conditioning for laser inertial fusion energy,” Proc. SPIE7916, 79160B (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Bayramian, A. B.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb: S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth253(1-4), 297–306 (2003), doi: , http://apex.jsap.jp/link?APEX/4/022703/ .
[CrossRef]

Beach, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Beau, V.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Bell, J.

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Bliss, E.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Boley, C.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Bordenave, E.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Botez, D.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bougher, M.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. W.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown, “The promise of cryogenic solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.11(3), 587–599 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bugge, F.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bullington, A.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Caird, J.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Campbell, J. H.

J. H. Campbell, J. S. Hayden, and A. Marker, “High-power solid-state lasers: a laser glass perspective,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci.2(1), 3–29 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Chai, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Chai, B. H. T.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Chiès, T.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Cook, A. W.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Courchinoux, R.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Crump, P.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

De La Rubia, T. D.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Debs, B.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

DeFranza, M.

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
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DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(2), 269–276 (1994).
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S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
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DeMuth, J.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Deng, P.

Deri, B.

A. Bayramian, B. Deri, S. Fulkerson, R. Lanning, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient, low-cost diode power conditioning for laser inertial fusion energy,” Proc. SPIE7916, 79160B (2011).

Deri, R.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

DeVito, M.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Di-Nicola, J. M.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Divol, L.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Dixit, S. N.

Dong, J.

Dong, W.

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dunne, A. M.

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

Dunne, M.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Earles, T.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Eguchi, T.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
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Einfeldt, S.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

El-Dasher, B.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Elim, S.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G. V.

Erlandson, A.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Erlandson, A. C.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
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Farmer, J.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Farmer, J. C.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

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R. Feeler, J. Junghans, and E. Stephens, “Low-cost diode arrays for the LIFE project,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791608 (2011).

Fei, Y.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Féral, C.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Flowers, D.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

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L. M. Frantz and J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.34(8), 2346–2349 (1963).
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Fratoni, M.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Freitas, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Fujimoto, Y.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
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Fujita, H.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Fulkerson, S.

A. Bayramian, B. Deri, S. Fulkerson, R. Lanning, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient, low-cost diode power conditioning for laser inertial fusion energy,” Proc. SPIE7916, 79160B (2011).

Furukawa, H.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
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Gan, F.

Gendeau, P.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Glaze, J. A.

Goodnough, T. J.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Graillot, H.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Grimshaw, M.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grosset-Grange, C.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Hayden, J. S.

J. H. Campbell, J. S. Hayden, and A. Marker, “High-power solid-state lasers: a laser glass perspective,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci.2(1), 3–29 (2011).
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Haynam, C. A.

Heestand, G. M.

Heltemes, T.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Henesian, M.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Henesian, M. A.

Henry, O.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Hermann, M. R.

Higonenq, V.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Hunt, J. T.

Ikegawa, T.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Yoda, S. Nakayama, and T. Kamimura, “Fabrication and laser performance of polycrystal and single crystal Nd:YAG by advanced ceramic processing,” Opt. Mater.29(10), 1289–1294 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jancaitis, K. S.

Jitsuno, T.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Journot, E.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Julien, X.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Junghans, J.

R. Feeler, J. Junghans, and E. Stephens, “Low-cost diode arrays for the LIFE project,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791608 (2011).

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamimura, T.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Yoda, S. Nakayama, and T. Kamimura, “Fabrication and laser performance of polycrystal and single crystal Nd:YAG by advanced ceramic processing,” Opt. Mater.29(10), 1289–1294 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kane, J.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Kanskar, M.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawanaka, J.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, T.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Kent, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Klein, S. A.

K. A. Manske, D. T. Reindl, and S. A. Klein, “Evaporative condenser control in industrial refrigeration systems,” Int. J. Refrig.24, 676–691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, K. J.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Kramer, R.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Krupke, W. F.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion36(1), 75–116 (1996).
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L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(2), 269–276 (1994).
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S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kubomura, H.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(2), 269–276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lacampagne, L.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Ladran, T.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Lafond, E.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Lafuente, A.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Lagin, L.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Lanning, R.

A. Bayramian, B. Deri, S. Fulkerson, R. Lanning, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient, low-cost diode power conditioning for laser inertial fusion energy,” Proc. SPIE7916, 79160B (2011).

Latkowski, J.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Latkowski, J. F.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Le Déroff, L.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Liao, Z.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Lindl, J.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Loosmore, G. A.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Loutts, G.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Manes, K.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Manes, K. R.

Manske, K. A.

K. A. Manske, D. T. Reindl, and S. A. Klein, “Evaporative condenser control in industrial refrigeration systems,” Int. J. Refrig.24, 676–691 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

Marker, A.

J. H. Campbell, J. S. Hayden, and A. Marker, “High-power solid-state lasers: a laser glass perspective,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci.2(1), 3–29 (2011).
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Marshall, C. D.

Martin, W. E.

W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in Nd:doped laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1155–1163 (1982).
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W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Direct measurement of gain recovery in a saturated Nd-glass amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(12), 816–818 (1978).
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Martinez, A.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Martinsen, R.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
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P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
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Matsui, H.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Mawst, L. J.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mehta, N. C.

Meier, W.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Meier, W. R.

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

Menapace, J.

C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “National Ignition Facility laser performance status,” Appl. Opt.46(16), 3276–3303 (2007).
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A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Milam, D.

D. M. Pennington, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Gain saturation studies in LG-750 and LG-770 amplifier glass,” Proc. SPIE3047, 630–642 (1997).

W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Gain saturation in Nd:doped laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(7), 1155–1163 (1982).
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W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Direct measurement of gain recovery in a saturated Nd-glass amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(12), 816–818 (1978).
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M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Miyanaga, N.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
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Molander, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Molander, W.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

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J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Morris, R. C.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb: S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth253(1-4), 297–306 (2003), doi: , http://apex.jsap.jp/link?APEX/4/022703/ .
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Moses, E.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “National Ignition Facility laser performance status,” Appl. Opt.46(16), 3276–3303 (2007).
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Moses, E. I.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

E. I. Moses, “The National Ignition Facility (NIF): A path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage.49(7), 1795–1802 (2008).
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Moses, G. A.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Murray, J. R.

Nakai, S.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
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Nakano, H.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
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Nakatsuk, M.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
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Nakatsuka, M.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
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J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
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Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
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Olson, B.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Orth, C. D.

Pantano, C.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Patissou, L.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Patterson, J.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
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P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
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Patterson, R.

Patterson, S.

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
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P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
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Payne, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Payne, S. A.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion36(1), 75–116 (1996).
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S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
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L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(2), 269–276 (1994).
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Pennington, D. M.

D. M. Pennington, D. Milam, and D. Eimerl, “Gain saturation studies in LG-750 and LG-770 amplifier glass,” Proc. SPIE3047, 630–642 (1997).

Peterson, N.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Pietrzak, A.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
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Piggott, T.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Powers, S.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

Rana, S.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Randles, M.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Reindl, D. T.

K. A. Manske, D. T. Reindl, and S. A. Klein, “Evaporative condenser control in industrial refrigeration systems,” Int. J. Refrig.24, 676–691 (2001).
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Renard, P. A.

Ressel, P.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reyes, S.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Rhodes, M.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, V.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Rodriguez, S.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Roques, A.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Sacks, R. A.

Sato, Y.

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express4(2), 022703 (2011).
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Y. Sato, J. Akiyama, and T. Taira, “Effects of rare-earth doping on thermal conductivity in Y3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Mater.31(5), 720–724 (2009).
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Sawicki, R.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Schaffers, K.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Schaffers, K. I.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb: S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth253(1-4), 297–306 (2003), doi: , http://apex.jsap.jp/link?APEX/4/022703/ .
[CrossRef]

Scott, H.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Seppala, L.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

Shaw, M. J.

Simmons, W. W.

Simon, A. J.

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(2), 269–276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

C. A. Haynam, P. J. Wegner, J. M. Auerbach, M. W. Bowers, S. N. Dixit, G. V. Erbert, G. M. Heestand, M. A. Henesian, M. R. Hermann, K. S. Jancaitis, K. R. Manes, C. D. Marshall, N. C. Mehta, J. Menapace, E. Moses, J. R. Murray, M. C. Nostrand, C. D. Orth, R. Patterson, R. A. Sacks, M. J. Shaw, M. Spaeth, S. B. Sutton, W. H. Williams, C. C. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. Van Wonterghem, “National Ignition Facility laser performance status,” Appl. Opt.46(16), 3276–3303 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Staske, R.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, E.

R. Feeler, J. Junghans, and E. Stephens, “Low-cost diode arrays for the LIFE project,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791608 (2011).

Stiers, E.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stokowski, S. E.

Storm, E.

M. Dunne, E. I. Moses, P. Amendt, T. Anklam, A. Bayramian, E. Bliss, B. Debs, R. Deri, T. D. De La Rubia, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, K. J. Kramer, L. Lagin, J. F. Latkowski, J. Lindl, W. Meier, R. Miles, G. A. Moses, S. Reyes, V. Roberts, R. Sawicki, M. Spaeth, and E. Storm, “Timely delivery of laser inertial fusion energy (LIFE),” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 19–27 (2011).

Sutton, S.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Sutton, S. B.

Suzuki, Y.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Tabak, M.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Taira, T.

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express4(2), 022703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sato, J. Akiyama, and T. Taira, “Effects of rare-earth doping on thermal conductivity in Y3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Mater.31(5), 720–724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tassano, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Tassano, J. B.

K. I. Schaffers, J. B. Tassano, A. B. Bayramian, and R. C. Morris, “Growth of Yb: S-FAP [Yb3+: Sr5(PO4)3F] crystals for the mercury laser,” J. Cryst. Growth253(1-4), 297–306 (2003), doi: , http://apex.jsap.jp/link?APEX/4/022703/ .
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys.76(1), 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Telford, S.

A. Bayramian, S. Aceves, T. Anklam, K. Baker, E. Bliss, C. Boley, A. Bullington, J. Caird, D. Chen, R. Deri, M. Dunne, A. Erlandson, D. Flowers, M. Henesian, J. Latkowski, K. Manes, W. Molander, E. Moses, T. Piggott, S. Powers, S. Rana, S. Rodriguez, R. Sawicki, K. Schaffers, L. Seppala, M. Spaeth, S. Sutton, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient laser systems required for laser inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 28–48 (2011).

A. Bayramian, B. Deri, S. Fulkerson, R. Lanning, and S. Telford, “Compact, efficient, low-cost diode power conditioning for laser inertial fusion energy,” Proc. SPIE7916, 79160B (2011).

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Thauvin, L.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Thiell, G.

X. Julien, A. Adolf, E. Bar, V. Beau, E. Bordenave, T. Chiès, R. Courchinoux, J. M. Di-Nicola, C. Féral, P. Gendeau, H. Graillot, C. Grosset-Grange, O. Henry, V. Higonenq, E. Journot, L. Lacampagne, E. Lafond, L. Le Déroff, A. Martinez, L. Patissou, A. Roques, L. Thauvin, and G. Thiell, “LIL laser performance status,” Proc. SPIE7916, 791610 (2011).

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomabechi, K.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Trankle, G.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsubakimoto, K.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, N.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Utterback, E.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury Project: A high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fusion Sci. Technol.52, 383–387 (2007).

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

Walters, C.

Wang, J.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

Wenzel, H.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

White, R. K.

Widmayer, C. C.

Wilks, S.

J. F. Latkowski, R. P. Abbott, S. Aceves, T. M. Anklam, A. W. Cook, J. DeMuth, L. Divol, B. El-Dasher, J. C. Farmer, D. Flowers, M. Fratoni, T. Heltemes, J. Kane, K. J. Kramer, R. Kramer, A. Lafuente, G. A. Loosmore, K. R. Morris, G. A. Moses, B. Olson, C. Pantano, S. Reyes, M. Rhodes, R. Sawicki, H. Scott, M. Tabak, and S. Wilks, “Chamber design for LIFE,” Fusion Sci.Technol.60, 54–60 (2011).

Williams, W. H.

Wise, D.

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, M.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Yoda, T.

A. Ikesue, Y. L. Aung, T. Yoda, S. Nakayama, and T. Kamimura, “Fabrication and laser performance of polycrystal and single crystal Nd:YAG by advanced ceramic processing,” Opt. Mater.29(10), 1289–1294 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

J. Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, T. Kawashima, K. Tsubakimoto, Y. Fujimoto, H. Kubomura, S. Matsuoka, T. Ikegawa, Y. Suzuki, N. Tsuchiya, T. Jitsuno, H. Furukawa, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, K. Yoshida, H. Nakano, J. Nishimae, and M. NakatsukaK. Ueda and K. Tomabechi, “New concept for laser fusion energy driver by using cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.112, (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and optical properties of high-performance polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics for solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zeimer, U.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

P. Crump, J. Wang, S. Patterson, D. Wise, A. Basauri, M. DeFranza, S. Elim, W. Dong, S. Zhang, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, M. Grimshaw, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser efficiency increases enable > 400-W peak power from 1-cm bars,” Proc. SPIE6104, 610409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Crump, S. Patterson, J. Wang, W. Dong, M. Grimshaw, S. Zhang, S. Elim, M. Bougher, J. Patterson, S. Das, D. Wise, M. DeFranza, J. Bell, J. Farmer, M. DeVito, and R. Martinsen, “Diode laser bars deliver > 400-W peak CW power from 800-nm to 980-nm,” Proc. SPIE6397, 639706 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zorn, M.

P. Crump, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, P. Ressel, M. Zorn, F. Bugge, S. Einfeldt, R. Staske, U. Zeimer, A. Pietrzak, and G. Trankle, “Passively cooled TM polarized 808-nm laser bars with 70% power conversion at 80-W and 55-W peak power per 100- µm stripe width,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1378–1380 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Express

J. Akiyama, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, “Laser demonstration of diode-pumped Nd3+-doped fluorapatite anisotropic ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Express4(2), 022703 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. E. Martin and D. Milam, “Direct measurement of gain recovery in a saturated Nd-glass amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(12), 816–818 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Kanskar, T. Earles, T. J. Goodnough, E. Stiers, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “73% CW power conversion efficiency at 50W from 970nm diode laser bars,” Electron. Lett.41(5), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Energy Convers. Manage.

E. I. Moses, “The National Ignition Facility (NIF): A path to fusion energy,” Energy Convers. Manage.49(7), 1795–1802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Eng. Des.

H. Matsui, T. Eguchi, T. Kanabe, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and S. Nakai, “Conceptual design of a laser diode-pumped Nd:glass slab laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Fusion Eng. Des.44(1-4), 401–405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Sci. Technol.

T. M. Anklam, A. M. Dunne, W. R. Meier, S. Powers, and A. J. Simon, “LIFE: the case for early commercialization of fusion energy,” Fusion Sci. Technol.60, 66–71 (2011).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram showing the LIFE laser beamline design, which was used for our efficiency evaluations of Nd-doped phosphate glass, Yb-doped YAG, and Yb-doped S-FAP slabs. For Yb:S-FAP, the quarter-wave plate was removed and the rotator was moved to a location near the adaptive optic, to accommodate Yb:S-FAP’s natural birefringence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Efficiency vs. peak system diode power for beamlines using Nd:APG-1, Yb:YAG and Yb:S-FAP laser slabs. Since output fluence and energy per beamline depends upon the gain medium and operating temperature, the number of beamlines was varied to keep the total output pulse energy at 3w fixed, at 2.2 MJ. See text for details.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Efficiency Factors for Beamlines Using Slabs of Nd:APG-1 Phosphate Glass at 326 K, Yb:YAG at 200 K, and Yb:S-FAP at 295 K

Tables Icon

Table 2 Key Properties Used for Modeling Performance of APG-1, Yb:YAG and Yb:S-FAP

Tables Icon

Table 3 Beamline Properties

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