Abstract

We have grown single crystals of PbIn6Te10, with clear transparency from 3 to 20 µm, and showed that this new nonlinear material possesses sufficient birefringence for phase-matching of three-wave parametric interactions and a nonlinear coefficient of 51 pm/V.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, 1999).
  2. H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.622(3), 405–410 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr.213(11), 569–574 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr.213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deiseroth, H. J.

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr.213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, J. T.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hajima, R.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iijima, H.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isaenko, L.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kienle, L.

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr.213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knippels, G. M. H.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krinitsin, P.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Merkulov, A.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Minehara, E. J.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, H. D.

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, R.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimori, N.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oepts, D.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohmer, M. C.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Setzler, S. D.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tunchev, I.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van der Meer, A. F. G.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vedenyapin, V.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yelisseyev, A.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zawilski, K.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zelmon, D. E.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J.-J.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Growth Des.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des.5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun.197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.80(12), 123106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kristallogr.

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr.213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Prisms of PbIn6Te10 (PIT) prepared for refractive index measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Unpolarized transmission spectrum of PIT recorded with a ~3 mm thick plate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Direct (a) and indirect (b) band-gap determination of PIT using a 0.25-mm thick plate and unpolarized light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the absorption edge defined at a level of a 1 cm−1 on the distance from the boule bottom (a) and dependence of the birefringence at 10.6 µm (red circles) and the phase-matching angle for ee-o type SHG at 10.6 µm (blue squares) on the distance from the boule bottom (b).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sellmeier Coefficients of PbIn6Te10 at Room Temperature: n2 = A1 + A3/(λ2-A2) + A5/(λ2-A4), Where λ is in µm

Metrics