Abstract

We have grown single crystals of PbIn6Te10, with clear transparency from 3 to 20 µm, and showed that this new nonlinear material possesses sufficient birefringence for phase-matching of three-wave parametric interactions and a nonlinear coefficient of 51 pm/V.

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References

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  1. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, 1999).
  2. H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 622(3), 405–410 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr. 213(11), 569–574 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
    [Crossref]

2009 (2)

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr. 213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[Crossref]

Deiseroth, H. J.

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr. 213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[Crossref]

Goldstein, J. T.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hajima, R.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iijima, H.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Isaenko, L.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kienle, L.

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr. 213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[Crossref]

Knippels, G. M. H.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Krinitsin, P.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Merkulov, A.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Minehara, E. J.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, H. D.

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nagai, R.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishimori, N.

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

Oepts, D.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ohmer, M. C.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schunemann, P.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

Schunemann, P. G.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Setzler, S. D.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tunchev, I.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

Van der Meer, A. F. G.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vedenyapin, V.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yelisseyev, A.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zawilski, K.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

Zelmon, D. E.

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zondy, J.-J.

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Des. 5(4), 1325–1329 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

P. G. Schunemann, S. D. Setzler, T. M. Pollak, M. C. Ohmer, J. T. Goldstein, and D. E. Zelmon, “Crystal growth and properties of AgGaTe2,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1-4), 242–246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Xu, G. M. H. Knippels, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. Van der Meer, “A far-infrared broadband (8.5-37 µm) autocorrelator with sub-picosecond time resolution based on cadmium telluride,” Opt. Commun. 197(4-6), 379–383 (2001).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Iijima, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, and E. J. Minehara, “Frequency-resolved optical gating system with a tellurium crystal for characterizing free-electron lasers in the wavelength range of 10-30 µm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. (1)

H. J. Deiseroth and H. D. Müller, “Structural relations in the family of nonmetallic filled β-manganese phases: the new members AGa6Te10 (A: Sn, Pb) and PbIn6Te10,” Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 622(3), 405–410 (1996).
[Crossref]

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

L. Kienle and H. J. Deiseroth, “SnAl6Te10, SnGa6Te10 and PbGa6Te10: superstructures, symmetry relations and structural chemistry of filled β-manganese phases,” Z. Kristallogr. 213(11), 569–574 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Prisms of PbIn6Te10 (PIT) prepared for refractive index measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Unpolarized transmission spectrum of PIT recorded with a ~3 mm thick plate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Direct (a) and indirect (b) band-gap determination of PIT using a 0.25-mm thick plate and unpolarized light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the absorption edge defined at a level of a 1 cm−1 on the distance from the boule bottom (a) and dependence of the birefringence at 10.6 µm (red circles) and the phase-matching angle for ee-o type SHG at 10.6 µm (blue squares) on the distance from the boule bottom (b).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sellmeier Coefficients of PbIn6Te10 at Room Temperature: n2 = A1 + A3/(λ2-A2) + A5/(λ2-A4), Where λ is in µm

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