Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the possibility of photorefractive 2D self-focusing in bulk Cerium doped Strontium Barium Niobate (SBN:Ce) directly at telecommunications wavelengths (1.06 μm and 1.55 μm). Although the electro-optic coefficient of SBN is smaller at infrared wavelengths, 2D infrared self-trapping is observed and analyzed versus different parameters such as the laser beam intensity, the external applied electric field and time.

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Alonzo, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, and E. Fazio, “Coherent collisions of infrared self-trapped beams in photorefractive InP:Fe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121111 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

M. Tiemann, J. Petter, and T. Tschudi, “Infrared guiding behavior in a 1 X N spatial soliton switch,” Opt. Commun. 281, 175–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, N. Fressengeas, G. Montemezzani, and A. Grabar, “Near infrared photorefractive self focusing in Sn2P2S6:Te crystals,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12777–12782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (5)

R. Uzdin, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, “Theory of self-focusing in photorefractive InP,” Opt. Lett. 26(20), 1547–1549 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Petter and C. Denz, “Guiding and dividing waves with photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 188, 55–61 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, and D. Kip, “Electrical fixing of waveguide channels in strontium–barium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 733–736 (2001).

2000 (1)

1999 (3)

1998 (2)

D. Kip, M. Wesner, V. Shandarov, and P. Moretti, “Observation of bright spatial photorefractive solitons in a planar strontium barium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 23(12), 921–923 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Build up mechanisms of (1+1)-dimensional photorefractive bright spatial quasi-steady-state and screening solitons,” Opt. Commun. 145, 393–400 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. S. Feigelson, and J. P. Wilde, “Waveguides induced by photorefractive screening solitons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(11), 3091–3101 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

1979 (1)

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

Agranat, A. J.

Alonzo, M.

M. Alonzo, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, and E. Fazio, “Coherent collisions of infrared self-trapped beams in photorefractive InP:Fe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bliss, D.

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of planar optical beams by use of the photorefractive effect in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1333–1335 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bryant, G.

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of planar optical beams by use of the photorefractive effect in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1333–1335 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carmon, T.

Chauvet, M.

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of planar optical beams by use of the photorefractive effect in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1333–1335 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Dan, C.

M. Alonzo, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, and E. Fazio, “Coherent collisions of infrared self-trapped beams in photorefractive InP:Fe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121111 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, N. Fressengeas, G. Montemezzani, and A. Grabar, “Near infrared photorefractive self focusing in Sn2P2S6:Te crystals,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12777–12782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

DelRe, E.

Denz, C.

J. Petter and C. Denz, “Guiding and dividing waves with photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 188, 55–61 (2001).
[Crossref]

El-Hanany, U.

Fazio, E.

M. Alonzo, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, and E. Fazio, “Coherent collisions of infrared self-trapped beams in photorefractive InP:Fe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feigelson, R. S.

Fressengeas, N.

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, N. Fressengeas, G. Montemezzani, and A. Grabar, “Near infrared photorefractive self focusing in Sn2P2S6:Te crystals,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12777–12782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Build up mechanisms of (1+1)-dimensional photorefractive bright spatial quasi-steady-state and screening solitons,” Opt. Commun. 145, 393–400 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Temporal behavior of bidimensional photorefractive bright spatial solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 54(6), 6866–6875 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Ganor, Y.

Garret, M. H.

Gorram, M.

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Grabar, A.

Grabar, A. A.

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Gunter, P.

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Hawkins, S.

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of planar optical beams by use of the photorefractive effect in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1333–1335 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herden, C.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, and D. Kip, “Electrical fixing of waveguide channels in strontium–barium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 733–736 (2001).

Jazbinsek, M.

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Juvalta, F.

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Khelfaoui, N.

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kip, D.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, and D. Kip, “Electrical fixing of waveguide channels in strontium–barium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 733–736 (2001).

D. Kip, M. Wesner, V. Shandarov, and P. Moretti, “Observation of bright spatial photorefractive solitons in a planar strontium barium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 23(12), 921–923 (1998).
[Crossref]

Klotz, M.

Krätzig, E.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kugel, G.

N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Build up mechanisms of (1+1)-dimensional photorefractive bright spatial quasi-steady-state and screening solitons,” Opt. Commun. 145, 393–400 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Temporal behavior of bidimensional photorefractive bright spatial solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 54(6), 6866–6875 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kukhtarev, N.

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

Lan, S.

Leach, P.

Leblond, H.

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

Markov, V.

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

Maufoy, J.

N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Build up mechanisms of (1+1)-dimensional photorefractive bright spatial quasi-steady-state and screening solitons,” Opt. Commun. 145, 393–400 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Temporal behavior of bidimensional photorefractive bright spatial solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 54(6), 6866–6875 (1996).
[Crossref]

Meng, H.

Mitchell, M.

Montemezzani, G.

C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, N. Fressengeas, G. Montemezzani, and A. Grabar, “Near infrared photorefractive self focusing in Sn2P2S6:Te crystals,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12777–12782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Montgomery, S. R.

Moretti, M.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

Moretti, P.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. Kip, M. Wesner, V. Shandarov, and P. Moretti, “Observation of bright spatial photorefractive solitons in a planar strontium barium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 23(12), 921–923 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mosimann, R.

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Odulov, S.

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

Pankrath, R.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

Petter, J.

M. Tiemann, J. Petter, and T. Tschudi, “Infrared guiding behavior in a 1 X N spatial soliton switch,” Opt. Commun. 281, 175–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Petter and C. Denz, “Guiding and dividing waves with photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 188, 55–61 (2001).
[Crossref]

Salamo, G.

Salamo, G. J.

Schwartz, S.

Schwartz, T.

Segev, M.

T. Schwartz, Y. Ganor, T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, S. Schwartz, M. Segev, and U. El-Hanany, “Photorefractive solitons and light-induced resonance control in semiconductor CdZnTe,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1229–1231 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Uzdin, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, “Theory of self-focusing in photorefractive InP,” Opt. Lett. 26(20), 1547–1549 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, “Directional coupler with soliton-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24(7), 475–477 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity,” Science 286(5444), 1518–1523 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Klotz, H. Meng, G. J. Salamo, M. Segev, and S. R. Montgomery, “Fixing the photorefractive soliton,” Opt. Lett. 24(2), 77–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. S. Feigelson, and J. P. Wilde, “Waveguides induced by photorefractive screening solitons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(11), 3091–3101 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of planar optical beams by use of the photorefractive effect in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1333–1335 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garret, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Incoherent collisions between two-dimensional bright steady-state photorefractive spatial screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21(5), 324–326 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shandarov, V.

Shih, M.

Shih, M. F.

Soskin, M.

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity,” Science 286(5444), 1518–1523 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamburini, M.

Tiemann, M.

M. Tiemann, J. Petter, and T. Tschudi, “Infrared guiding behavior in a 1 X N spatial soliton switch,” Opt. Commun. 281, 175–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tschudi, T.

M. Tiemann, J. Petter, and T. Tschudi, “Infrared guiding behavior in a 1 X N spatial soliton switch,” Opt. Commun. 281, 175–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

Uzdin, R.

Valley, G. C.

Vinetskii, V.

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

Wesner, M.

M. Wesner, C. Herden, and D. Kip, “Electrical fixing of waveguide channels in strontium–barium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 733–736 (2001).

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. Kip, M. Wesner, V. Shandarov, and P. Moretti, “Observation of bright spatial photorefractive solitons in a planar strontium barium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 23(12), 921–923 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wilde, J. P.

Wolfersberger, D.

M. Alonzo, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, and E. Fazio, “Coherent collisions of infrared self-trapped beams in photorefractive InP:Fe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121111 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, N. Fressengeas, G. Montemezzani, and A. Grabar, “Near infrared photorefractive self focusing in Sn2P2S6:Te crystals,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12777–12782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Build up mechanisms of (1+1)-dimensional photorefractive bright spatial quasi-steady-state and screening solitons,” Opt. Commun. 145, 393–400 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Wesner, C. Herden, and D. Kip, “Electrical fixing of waveguide channels in strontium–barium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 733–736 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of two-dimensional optical beams and light-induced waveguiding in photorefractive InP at telecommunication wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(19), 2499–2501 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Wolfersberger, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, N. Fressengeas, and H. Leblond, “Fast photorefractive self-focusing in InP:Fe semiconductor at infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(2), 021106 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Alonzo, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, and E. Fazio, “Coherent collisions of infrared self-trapped beams in photorefractive InP:Fe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. Kukhtarev, V. Markov, S. Odulov, M. Soskin, and V. Vinetskii, “Holographic storage in electrooptic crystals,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949–960 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (4)

J. Petter and C. Denz, “Guiding and dividing waves with photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 188, 55–61 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Tiemann, J. Petter, and T. Tschudi, “Infrared guiding behavior in a 1 X N spatial soliton switch,” Opt. Commun. 281, 175–180 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Wesner, C. Herden, D. Kip, E. Krätzig, and P. Moretti, “Photorefractive steady state solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in planar SBN waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 188, 69–76 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Build up mechanisms of (1+1)-dimensional photorefractive bright spatial quasi-steady-state and screening solitons,” Opt. Commun. 145, 393–400 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

T. Schwartz, Y. Ganor, T. Carmon, R. Uzdin, S. Schwartz, M. Segev, and U. El-Hanany, “Photorefractive solitons and light-induced resonance control in semiconductor CdZnTe,” Opt. Lett. 27(14), 1229–1231 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Uzdin, M. Segev, and G. Salamo, “Theory of self-focusing in photorefractive InP,” Opt. Lett. 26(20), 1547–1549 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Chauvet, S. Hawkins, G. Salamo, M. Segev, D. Bliss, and G. Bryant, “Self-trapping of planar optical beams by use of the photorefractive effect in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1333–1335 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kip, M. Wesner, V. Shandarov, and P. Moretti, “Observation of bright spatial photorefractive solitons in a planar strontium barium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 23(12), 921–923 (1998).
[Crossref]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburini, and A. J. Agranat, “Soliton electro-optic effects in paraelectrics,” Opt. Lett. 25(13), 963–965 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, “Directional coupler with soliton-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24(7), 475–477 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garret, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Incoherent collisions between two-dimensional bright steady-state photorefractive spatial screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21(5), 324–326 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Klotz, H. Meng, G. J. Salamo, M. Segev, and S. R. Montgomery, “Fixing the photorefractive soliton,” Opt. Lett. 24(2), 77–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

N. Fressengeas, N. Khelfaoui, C. Dan, D. Wolfersberger, H. Leblond, and M. Chauvet, “Roles of resonance and dark irradiance for infrared photorefractive self-focusing and solitons in bipolar InP:Fe,” Phys. Rev. A 75(6), 063834 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

M. Wesner, C. Herden, R. Pankrath, D. Kip, and M. Moretti, “Temporal development of photorefractive solitons up to telecommunication wavelengths in SBN,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 036613 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Fressengeas, J. Maufoy, and G. Kugel, “Temporal behavior of bidimensional photorefractive bright spatial solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 54(6), 6866–6875 (1996).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity,” Science 286(5444), 1518–1523 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. Montemezzani, C. Dan, M. Gorram, N. Fressengeas, D. Wolfersberger, F. Juvalta, R. Mosimann, M. Jazbinsek, P. Gunter, and A. A. Grabar, “Real-time photoinduced waveguides in Sn2P2S6 bulk crystals with visible or near infrared light,” in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper TuB3.
[PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Beam profiles at the output face of the crystal for w = 20 μm at λ = 1.06 μm (a) without any applied electric field (b) for E0=+4 kV/cm (c) corresponding transverse intensity profiles; beam intensity=68 W/cm2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal evolution of the self-focusing ratio at λ = 1.06 μm: external electric field E0=+3 kV/cm and beam intensity=48 W/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Self-focusing ratio as a function of the input beam peak intensity: waist: w= 20μm for I in the range 25 W/cm2–100 W/cm2 and E in the range 1 kV/cm–4 kV/cm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Self-focusing ratio as a function of externally applied electric field E in the range 1 kV/cm–4 kV/cm: waist w= 20 μm and I=60 W/cm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Beam profiles at the output face of the crystal for w=20μm at λ = 1550 nm a) no electric field applied b) with an electric field of 4 kV/cm; beam intensity I=185 W/cm2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Self-focusing ratio as a function of beam intensity at the input face of the crystal.

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