Abstract

Recent progress in fabrication and mid-IR lasing of transition metal doped II-VI single crystal and thermo-diffusion doped polycrystalline and hot-pressed ceramic gain media as well as nano and micro-crystalline laser active powders, powders in the liquid suspension, polymer-film, thin film waveguides and chalcogenides glass composites is reported.

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2011 (3)

2010 (7)

R. A. Mironov, E. V. Karaksina, A. O. Zabezhailov, R. M. Shapashnikov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mid-IR luminescence of Cr2+:II-VI crystals in chalcogenide glass fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40(9), 828–829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR random lasing of Cr-doped ZnS nanocrystals,” J. Opt. 12(2), 024005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Song, J. Dua, and C. B. Arnold, “Influence of annealing conditions on the optical and structural properties of spin-coated As2S3 chalcogenide glass thin films,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5472–5480 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Williams, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, R. P. Camata, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR laser oscillation in Cr2+:ZnSe planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25999–26006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. V. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “10-watt, pure continuous-wave, polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2048–2056 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Williams, R. P. Camata, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Pulsed laser deposition of chromium-doped zinc selenide thin films for mid-infrared applications,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 91(2), 333–335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Trivedi, C. C. Wang, S. Kutcher, U. Hommerich, and W. Palosz, “Crystal growth technology of binary and ternary II VI semiconductors for photonic applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(6), 1099–1106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. Mirov, U. Hommerich, S. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron-doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and D. V. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II-VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Vlasenko, P. F. Oleksenko, Z. L. Denisova, M. A. Mukhlyo, and L. I. Veligura, “Thermofield Cr+→Cr2+ recharging resulting in anomalous intensification of Cr2+ emission in ZnS:Cr thin-film electroluminescent structures,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 10, 87–90 (2007).

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and D. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II–VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

J. Jaeck, R. Haidar, E. Rosencher, M. Caes, M. Tauvy, S. Collin, N. Bardou, J. Luc Pelouard, F. Pardo, and P. Lemasson, “Room temperature electroluminescence in the mid-infrared (2-3 µm) from bulk chromium-doped ZnSe,” Opt. Lett. 31(23), 3501–3503 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11694–11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 231–240 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Luo, B. L. VanMil, R. P. Tompkins, T. H. Myers, and N. C. Giles, “Photoluminescence of ZnTe and ZnTe:Cr grown by molecular-beam epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(1), 013518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, J. Kernal, J. Allman, S. B. Mirov, E. M. Dianov, A. O. Zabezhaylov, and I. P. Kazakov, “Spectroscopic studies of molecular-beam epitaxially grown Cr2+-doped ZnSe thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(9), 091105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Yu. V. Korostelin and V. I. Kozlovsky, “Vapour growth of II–VI solid solution single crystals by contact-free technique,” J. Alloy. Comp. 371, 25–30 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, “Cr2+-doped II–VI materials for lasers and nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 395–412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe” J. Cryst. Growth 240(1-2), 176–184 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. T. Shah, S. B. Trivedi, S. W. Kutcher, and C. C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+ doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31(7), 806–810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1998 (2)

B. K. Rai, R. S. Katiyar, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Raman and photoluminescence studies on intrinsic and Cr-doped single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(11), 6011–6018 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Seo, U. Hommerich, S. B. Trivedi, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, “Slope efficiency and tunability of a Cr2+-doped Cd0.85Mn0.15Te mid-infrared laser,” Opt. Commun. 153(4-6), 267–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, “Localization of light in a disordered medium,” Nature 390(6661), 671–673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. K. Udo, M. Villeret, I. Miotkowski, A. J. Mayur, A. K. Ramdas, and S. Rodriguez, “Electronic excitations of substitutional transition-metal ions in II-VI semiconductors: CdTe:Fe2+ and CdSe:Fe2+,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(12), 7459–7468 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

A. Fazzio, M. J. Caldas, and A. Zunger, “Many-electron multiplet effects in the spectra of 3d impurities in heteropolar semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 30(6), 3430–3455 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

G. Grebe and H. J. Schulz, “Luminescence of Cr2+ centres and related optical interactions involving crystal field levels of chromium ions in zinc sulfide,” Z. Naturforsch. C 29A, 1803–1819 (1974).

1967 (1)

J. M. Baranowski, J. W. Allen, and G. L. Pearson, “Crystal-field spectra of 3dn impurities in II-VI and III-V compound semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. 160(3), 627–632 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1961 (2)

R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption spectra of transition ions in CdS crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[CrossRef]

R. Pappalardo and R. D. Dietz, “Absorption spectra of transition ions in CdS crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

W. Low and M. Weger, “Paramagnetic resonance and optical spectra of divalent iron in cubic fields. II. Experimental results,” Phys. Rev. 118(5), 1130–1136 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Adams, J. J.

Adetunji, O. O.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe” J. Cryst. Growth 240(1-2), 176–184 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, V. A.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Allen, J. W.

J. M. Baranowski, J. W. Allen, and G. L. Pearson, “Crystal-field spectra of 3dn impurities in II-VI and III-V compound semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. 160(3), 627–632 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Allman, J.

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, J. Kernal, J. Allman, S. B. Mirov, E. M. Dianov, A. O. Zabezhaylov, and I. P. Kazakov, “Spectroscopic studies of molecular-beam epitaxially grown Cr2+-doped ZnSe thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(9), 091105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, C. B.

Badikov, D. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11694–11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baranowski, J. M.

J. M. Baranowski, J. W. Allen, and G. L. Pearson, “Crystal-field spectra of 3dn impurities in II-VI and III-V compound semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. 160(3), 627–632 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bardou, N.

Bartolini, P.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, “Localization of light in a disordered medium,” Nature 390(6661), 671–673 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T.

M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

Bluiett, A.

U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bluiett, A. G.

A. G. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. T. Shah, S. B. Trivedi, S. W. Kutcher, and C. C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+ doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31(7), 806–810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe” J. Cryst. Growth 240(1-2), 176–184 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, “Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 207(1-2), 35–42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Rai, R. S. Katiyar, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Raman and photoluminescence studies on intrinsic and Cr-doped single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(11), 6011–6018 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Caes, M.

Caldas, M. J.

A. Fazzio, M. J. Caldas, and A. Zunger, “Many-electron multiplet effects in the spectra of 3d impurities in heteropolar semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 30(6), 3430–3455 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Camata, R. P.

J. E. Williams, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, R. P. Camata, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR laser oscillation in Cr2+:ZnSe planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25999–26006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Williams, R. P. Camata, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Pulsed laser deposition of chromium-doped zinc selenide thin films for mid-infrared applications,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 91(2), 333–335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Catella, G. C.

Chattopadhyay, K.

J.-O. Ndap, K. Chattopadhyay, O. O. Adetunji, D. E. Zelmon, and A. Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe” J. Cryst. Growth 240(1-2), 176–184 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, “Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 207(1-2), 35–42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.-T.

B. K. Rai, R. S. Katiyar, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, “Raman and photoluminescence studies on intrinsic and Cr-doped single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(11), 6011–6018 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. J.

U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Seo, U. Hommerich, S. B. Trivedi, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, “Slope efficiency and tunability of a Cr2+-doped Cd0.85Mn0.15Te mid-infrared laser,” Opt. Commun. 153(4-6), 267–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Churbanov, M. F.

R. A. Mironov, E. V. Karaksina, A. O. Zabezhailov, R. M. Shapashnikov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mid-IR luminescence of Cr2+:II-VI crystals in chalcogenide glass fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40(9), 828–829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Collin, S.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Demirbas, U.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 231–240 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Denisova, Z. L.

N. A. Vlasenko, P. F. Oleksenko, Z. L. Denisova, M. A. Mukhlyo, and L. I. Veligura, “Thermofield Cr+→Cr2+ recharging resulting in anomalous intensification of Cr2+ emission in ZnS:Cr thin-film electroluminescent structures,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 10, 87–90 (2007).

Dianov, E. M.

R. A. Mironov, E. V. Karaksina, A. O. Zabezhailov, R. M. Shapashnikov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mid-IR luminescence of Cr2+:II-VI crystals in chalcogenide glass fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40(9), 828–829 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, J. Kernal, J. Allman, S. B. Mirov, E. M. Dianov, A. O. Zabezhaylov, and I. P. Kazakov, “Spectroscopic studies of molecular-beam epitaxially grown Cr2+-doped ZnSe thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(9), 091105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dietz, R. D.

R. Pappalardo and R. D. Dietz, “Absorption spectra of transition ions in CdS crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Dietz, R. E.

R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption spectra of transition ions in CdS crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, M.

M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, M. E.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dua, J.

Fazzio, A.

A. Fazzio, M. J. Caldas, and A. Zunger, “Many-electron multiplet effects in the spectra of 3d impurities in heteropolar semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 30(6), 3430–3455 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V.

V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. Mirov, U. Hommerich, S. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron-doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and D. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II–VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. V.

N. Myoung, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Energy scaling of 4.3 μm room temperature Fe:ZnSe laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(1), 94–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Martyshkin, J. T. Goldstein, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Crystalline Cr2+:ZnSe/chalcogenide glass composites as active mid-IR materials,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1530–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR random lasing of Cr-doped ZnS nanocrystals,” J. Opt. 12(2), 024005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Williams, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, R. P. Camata, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR laser oscillation in Cr2+:ZnSe planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25999–26006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. V. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “10-watt, pure continuous-wave, polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2048–2056 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Williams, R. P. Camata, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Pulsed laser deposition of chromium-doped zinc selenide thin films for mid-infrared applications,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 91(2), 333–335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and D. V. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II-VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11694–11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, J. Kernal, J. Allman, S. B. Mirov, E. M. Dianov, A. O. Zabezhaylov, and I. P. Kazakov, “Spectroscopic studies of molecular-beam epitaxially grown Cr2+-doped ZnSe thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(9), 091105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feth, S.

A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, “Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 207(1-2), 35–42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, M. P.

V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, “Pulsed Fe2+:ZnS laser continuously tunable in the wavelength range of 3.49—4.65 μm,” Quantum Electron. 41(1), 1–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Furu, L. H.

Galkin, S. N.

Gallian, A.

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Badikov, S. N. Galkin, E. F. Voronkin, and A. I. Lalayants, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11694–11701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, J. Kernal, J. Allman, S. B. Mirov, E. M. Dianov, A. O. Zabezhaylov, and I. P. Kazakov, “Spectroscopic studies of molecular-beam epitaxially grown Cr2+-doped ZnSe thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(9), 091105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

George, M. A.

C. H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, “Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 207(1-2), 35–42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerasimenko, A.

M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gerasimenko, A. S.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giles, N. C.

M. Luo, B. L. VanMil, R. P. Tompkins, T. H. Myers, and N. C. Giles, “Photoluminescence of ZnTe and ZnTe:Cr grown by molecular-beam epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(1), 013518 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, J. T.

Grebe, G.

G. Grebe and H. J. Schulz, “Luminescence of Cr2+ centres and related optical interactions involving crystal field levels of chromium ions in zinc sulfide,” Z. Naturforsch. C 29A, 1803–1819 (1974).

Haidar, R.

Hommerich, U.

V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. Mirov, U. Hommerich, S. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron-doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Trivedi, C. C. Wang, S. Kutcher, U. Hommerich, and W. Palosz, “Crystal growth technology of binary and ternary II VI semiconductors for photonic applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(6), 1099–1106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. V. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
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C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
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C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
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M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
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V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
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J. T. Seo, U. Hommerich, S. B. Trivedi, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, “Slope efficiency and tunability of a Cr2+-doped Cd0.85Mn0.15Te mid-infrared laser,” Opt. Commun. 153(4-6), 267–270 (1998).
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A. G. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. T. Shah, S. B. Trivedi, S. W. Kutcher, and C. C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+ doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31(7), 806–810 (2002).
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U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
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V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
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V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
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J. E. Williams, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, R. P. Camata, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR laser oscillation in Cr2+:ZnSe planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25999–26006 (2010).
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S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. V. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
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C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
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S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and D. V. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II-VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
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V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. Mirov, U. Hommerich, S. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron-doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
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N. Myoung, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Energy scaling of 4.3 μm room temperature Fe:ZnSe laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(1), 94–96 (2011).
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D. V. Martyshkin, J. T. Goldstein, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Crystalline Cr2+:ZnSe/chalcogenide glass composites as active mid-IR materials,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1530–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR random lasing of Cr-doped ZnS nanocrystals,” J. Opt. 12(2), 024005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Williams, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, R. P. Camata, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR laser oscillation in Cr2+:ZnSe planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25999–26006 (2010).
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S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. V. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
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C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “10-watt, pure continuous-wave, polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2048–2056 (2009).
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C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
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S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and D. V. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II-VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
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V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, C. Kim, I. S. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-IR random lasing of Cr-doped ZnS nanocrystals,” J. Opt. 12(2), 024005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. V. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “10-watt, pure continuous-wave, polycrystalline Cr2+:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2048–2056 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, and D. V. Martyshkin, “Recent progress in transition metal doped II-VI mid-IR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 810–822 (2007).
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M. Luo, B. L. VanMil, R. P. Tompkins, T. H. Myers, and N. C. Giles, “Photoluminescence of ZnTe and ZnTe:Cr grown by molecular-beam epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(1), 013518 (2005).
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A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
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M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
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N. A. Vlasenko, P. F. Oleksenko, Z. L. Denisova, M. A. Mukhlyo, and L. I. Veligura, “Thermofield Cr+→Cr2+ recharging resulting in anomalous intensification of Cr2+ emission in ZnS:Cr thin-film electroluminescent structures,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 10, 87–90 (2007).

Osiko, V. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
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A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
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J. J. Adams, C. Bibeau, R. H. Page, D. M. Krol, L. H. Furu, and S. A. Payne, “4.0-4.5-mum lasing of Fe:ZnSe below 180 K, a new mid-infrared laser material,” Opt. Lett. 24(23), 1720–1722 (1999).
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S. B. Trivedi, C. C. Wang, S. Kutcher, U. Hommerich, and W. Palosz, “Crystal growth technology of binary and ternary II VI semiconductors for photonic applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(6), 1099–1106 (2008).
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V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. Mirov, U. Hommerich, S. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron-doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
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A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
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J. J. Adams, C. Bibeau, R. H. Page, D. M. Krol, L. H. Furu, and S. A. Payne, “4.0-4.5-mum lasing of Fe:ZnSe below 180 K, a new mid-infrared laser material,” Opt. Lett. 24(23), 1720–1722 (1999).
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L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
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V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, “Pulsed Fe2+:ZnS laser continuously tunable in the wavelength range of 3.49—4.65 μm,” Quantum Electron. 41(1), 1–3 (2011).
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V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
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V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
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V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
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M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
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Puzikov, V. M.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
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A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
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D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, “Localization of light in a disordered medium,” Nature 390(6661), 671–673 (1997).
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M. K. Udo, M. Villeret, I. Miotkowski, A. J. Mayur, A. K. Ramdas, and S. Rodriguez, “Electronic excitations of substitutional transition-metal ions in II-VI semiconductors: CdTe:Fe2+ and CdSe:Fe2+,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(12), 7459–7468 (1992).
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Schaffers, K. I.

A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
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Schumm, B.

U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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Sennaroglu, A.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 231–240 (2006).
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U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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J. T. Seo, U. Hommerich, S. B. Trivedi, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, “Slope efficiency and tunability of a Cr2+-doped Cd0.85Mn0.15Te mid-infrared laser,” Opt. Commun. 153(4-6), 267–270 (1998).
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Shah, R. T.

A. G. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. T. Shah, S. B. Trivedi, S. W. Kutcher, and C. C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+ doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31(7), 806–810 (2002).
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R. A. Mironov, E. V. Karaksina, A. O. Zabezhailov, R. M. Shapashnikov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mid-IR luminescence of Cr2+:II-VI crystals in chalcogenide glass fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40(9), 828–829 (2010).
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Skasyrskii, Y. K.

V. A. Akimov, V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrskii, and M. P. Frolov, “Efficient pulsed Cr2+:CdSe laser continuously tunable in the spectral range from 2.26 to 3.61 μm,” Quantum Electron. 38(3), 205–208 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Skasyrsky, Y. K.

V. I. Kozlovskii, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, “Pulsed Fe2+:ZnS laser continuously tunable in the wavelength range of 3.49—4.65 μm,” Quantum Electron. 41(1), 1–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Somer, M.

U. Demirbas, A. Sennaroglu, and M. Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 231–240 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

Su, C.-H.

A. Burger, K. Chattopadhyay, J.-O. Ndap, X. Ma, S. H. Morgan, C. I. Rablau, C.-H. Su, S. Feth, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Preparation conditions of chromium doped ZnSe and their infrared luminescence properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 249–256 (2001).
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M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc , T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 38–45 (2010).
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M. Doroshenko, P. Koranda, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, M. Němec, T. Basiev, V. Komar, A. Gerasimenko, and V. Puzikov, “Cr:ZnSe prism for broadly tunable mid-infrared laser radiation generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(7), 503–506 (2007).
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Temple, D.

U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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M. Luo, B. L. VanMil, R. P. Tompkins, T. H. Myers, and N. C. Giles, “Photoluminescence of ZnTe and ZnTe:Cr grown by molecular-beam epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(1), 013518 (2005).
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V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. Mirov, U. Hommerich, S. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron-doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S. B.

S. B. Trivedi, C. C. Wang, S. Kutcher, U. Hommerich, and W. Palosz, “Crystal growth technology of binary and ternary II VI semiconductors for photonic applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(6), 1099–1106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. T. Shah, S. B. Trivedi, S. W. Kutcher, and C. C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+ doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31(7), 806–810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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J. T. Seo, U. Hommerich, S. B. Trivedi, R. J. Chen, and S. Kutcher, “Slope efficiency and tunability of a Cr2+-doped Cd0.85Mn0.15Te mid-infrared laser,” Opt. Commun. 153(4-6), 267–270 (1998).
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U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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M. K. Udo, M. Villeret, I. Miotkowski, A. J. Mayur, A. K. Ramdas, and S. Rodriguez, “Electronic excitations of substitutional transition-metal ions in II-VI semiconductors: CdTe:Fe2+ and CdSe:Fe2+,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(12), 7459–7468 (1992).
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M. Luo, B. L. VanMil, R. P. Tompkins, T. H. Myers, and N. C. Giles, “Photoluminescence of ZnTe and ZnTe:Cr grown by molecular-beam epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(1), 013518 (2005).
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N. A. Vlasenko, P. F. Oleksenko, Z. L. Denisova, M. A. Mukhlyo, and L. I. Veligura, “Thermofield Cr+→Cr2+ recharging resulting in anomalous intensification of Cr2+ emission in ZnS:Cr thin-film electroluminescent structures,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 10, 87–90 (2007).

Villeret, M.

M. K. Udo, M. Villeret, I. Miotkowski, A. J. Mayur, A. K. Ramdas, and S. Rodriguez, “Electronic excitations of substitutional transition-metal ions in II-VI semiconductors: CdTe:Fe2+ and CdSe:Fe2+,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(12), 7459–7468 (1992).
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C. H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Volz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, and S. L. Lehoczky, “Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 207(1-2), 35–42 (1999).
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Voronov, A. A.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Y. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Y. P. Podmar’kov, Y. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “Room-temperature tunable mid-infrared lasers on transition-metal doped II-VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
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V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
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S. B. Trivedi, C. C. Wang, S. Kutcher, U. Hommerich, and W. Palosz, “Crystal growth technology of binary and ternary II VI semiconductors for photonic applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(6), 1099–1106 (2008).
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A. G. Bluiett, U. Hömmerich, R. T. Shah, S. B. Trivedi, S. W. Kutcher, and C. C. Wang, “Observation of lasing from Cr2+:CdTe and compositional effects in Cr2+ doped II-VI semiconductors,” J. Electron. Mater. 31(7), 806–810 (2002).
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U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
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R. A. Mironov, E. V. Karaksina, A. O. Zabezhailov, R. M. Shapashnikov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mid-IR luminescence of Cr2+:II-VI crystals in chalcogenide glass fibres,” Quantum Electron. 40(9), 828–829 (2010).
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U. Hömmerich, J. T. Seo, A. Bluiett, M. Turner, D. Temple, S. B. Trivedi, H. Zong, S. W. Kutcher, C. C. Wang, R. J. Chen, and B. Schumm, “Mid-infrared laser development based on transition metal doped cadmium manganese telluride,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 1143–1145 (2000).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Gallian, V. V. Fedorov, J. Kernal, J. Allman, S. B. Mirov, E. M. Dianov, A. O. Zabezhaylov, and I. P. Kazakov, “Spectroscopic studies of molecular-beam epitaxially grown Cr2+-doped ZnSe thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(9), 091105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

J. E. Williams, R. P. Camata, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Pulsed laser deposition of chromium-doped zinc selenide thin films for mid-infrared applications,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 91(2), 333–335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, A. Gallian, D. V. Badikov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, V. I. Kozlovsky, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, V. A. Akimov, and A. A. Voronov, “3.77–5.05-μm tunable solid-state lasers based on Fe2+-doped ZnSe crystals operating at low and room temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 907–917 (2006).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption and gain spectra of chromium and iron doped ZnS (1), ZnSe (2), CdSe (3), and CdMnTe (4) crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Thermo-diffusion doped Cr:ZnSe and Cr:ZnS crystals. Cr:ZnS crystals with undoped ends were fabricated by post-growth directed diffusion of active ions in the crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cr:ZnSe thin-film on sapphire substrate (A), absorption spectrum (B); and photoluminescence (C) below (curve i) and above (ii) laser threshold.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra of random lasers based on Chromium (1,2,3) and Iron (4,5) doped II-VI powders (1,4-ZnS, 2-ZnSe, 3-CdSe, 5-ZnCdTe).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Materials properties of ZnS, ZnSe, CdSe, and CdMnTe crystals (C-Cubic symmetry; H- Hexagonal symmetry [11,12,16,31,66,67] and references therein)

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