Abstract

This review allows better defining the domains of macroscopic effects produced by the femtosecond laser irradiation in pure silica according to the laser parameters.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, J. C. Poulin, and S. Ani-Joseph, “Non reciprocal writing and chirality in femtosecond laser irradiated silica,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18354–18361 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, and C. Hnatovsky, “Creation of chiral structures inside fused silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1312–1314 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Bellouard and M. O. Hongler, “Femtosecond-laser generation of self-organized bubble patterns in fused silica,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6807–6821 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. N. Vitek, E. Block, Y. Bellouard, D. E. Adams, S. Backus, D. Kleinfeld, C. G. Durfee, and J. A. Squier, “Spatio-temporally focused femtosecond laser pulses for nonreciprocal writing in optically transparent materials,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24673–24678 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Lancry, F. Brisset, and B. Poumellec, “In the heart of nanogratings made up during femtosecond laser irradiation,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2010), ISBN 978–971–55752–55896–55754.
  9. M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. Schaffer, “Ultrafast processes for bulk modification of transparent materials,” MRS Bull. 31(08), 620–625 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Femtosecond laser-induced microfeatures in glasses and their applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1100–1111 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.
  13. F. Quéré, S. Guizard, and P. Martin, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Europhys. Lett. 56(1), 138–144 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tighly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Rethfeld, “Free-electron generation in laser-irradiated dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 73(3), 035101–035106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Skupin and L. Bergé, “Self-guiding of femtosecond light pulses in condensed media: Plasma generation versus chromatic dispersion,” Physica D 220(1), 14–30 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Sudrie, “Propagation non-linéaire des impulsions laser femtosecondes dans la silice,” Université de Paris Sud XI Orsay http://wwwy.ensta.fr/ilm/Archives/Theses_pdf/L_Sudrie (2002).
  21. T. Kato, Y. Suetsugu, and M. Nishimura, “Estimation of nonlinear refractive index in various silica-based glasses for optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20(22), 2279–2281 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 26–46 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.
  29. M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast silica glass decomposition induced by femtosecond laser irradiation,” in 12th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, 2011), http://www.jlps.gr.jp/lpm/lpm2011/ .
  30. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. G. Kazansky, E. Bricchi, Y. Shimotsuma, and K. Hirao, “Self-Assembled Nanostructures and Two-Plasmon Decay in Femtosecond Processing of Transparent Materials,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThJ3.
  32. R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, W. Yang, and B. Bourguignon, “Oriented creation of anisotropic defects by IR femtosecond laser scanning in silica,” Opt. Express , to be re-submitted.
  34. R. Fleischer, P. Price, and R. Walker, “Solid-state track detectors: applications to nuclear science and geophysics,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 15(1), 1–28 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  35. C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, N. Nishimura, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced microexplosions in transparent materials: microstructuring with nanojoules,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 143–147 (1999).
  36. S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  38. E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, “Form birefringence and negative index change created by femtosecond direct writing in transparent materials,” Opt. Lett. 29(1), 119–121 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  40. V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  42. C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  44. W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  46. L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. W. Watanabe, T. Toma, K. Yamada, J. Nishii, K. Hayashi, and K. Itoh, “Optical seizing and merging of voids in silica glass with infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(22), 1669–1671 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  49. M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarisation on direct writing of waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(26), 13158–13163 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. D. J. Little, M. Ams, P. Dekker, G. D. Marshall, J. M. Dawes, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond laser modification of fused silica: the effect of writing polarization on Si-O ring structure,” Opt. Express 16(24), 20029–20037 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. H. R. Reiss, “Polarization effects in high-order multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 29(17), 1129–1131 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  52. V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  54. B. Poumellec and M. Lancry, “Damage thresholds in femtosecond laser processing of silica: a review,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2010), ISBN 978–971–55752–55896–55754.
  55. C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  56. L. Shah, A. Arai, S. Eaton, and P. Herman, “Waveguide writing in fused silica with a femtosecond fiber laser at 522 nm and 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1999–2006 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  57. G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, C. Mauclair, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser photoinscription of polarization sensitive devices in bulk silica glass,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9515–9525 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  58. L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  59. J. W. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, “Structural changes in fused silica after exposure to focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1726–1728 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  60. J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  61. W. J. Reichman, J. W. Chan, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. M. Krol, “Spectroscopic characterization of different femtosecond laser modification regimes in fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1627–1632 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  62. N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  63. V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  64. T. Tamaki, W. Watanabe, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Structural modification in fused silica by a femtosecond fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Opt. Express 14(15), 6971–6980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  65. D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A. L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, “Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24(18), 1311–1313 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  66. S. Onda, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, “Study of filamentary damage in synthesized silica induced by chirped femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(11), 2437–2443 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  67. I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  68. J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2317–2322 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  69. N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  70. S. Lee and S. Nikumb, “Characteristics of filament induced Dammann gratings fabricated using femtosecond laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1328–1333 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  71. K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, T. Toma, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, “In situ observation of photoinduced refractive-index changes in filaments formed in glasses by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(1), 19–21 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  72. E. Bricchi, “Femtosecond laser micro-machining and consequent self-assembled nano-structures in transparent materials,” PhD thesis 30234 (2005).
  73. K. Itoh and W. Watanabe, “Toward nano-and microprocessing in glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” RIKEN Rev. 90–94 (2003).
  74. J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2317–2322 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  75. C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  76. P. Kazansky, “Recent advances in modification ofoptical materials by strong fields: from poling to femtosecond laserwriting,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper ThA4_1.

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, C. Mauclair, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser photoinscription of polarization sensitive devices in bulk silica glass,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9515–9525 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (8)

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 26–46 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Femtosecond laser-induced microfeatures in glasses and their applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1100–1111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, and C. Hnatovsky, “Creation of chiral structures inside fused silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1312–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, J. C. Poulin, and S. Ani-Joseph, “Non reciprocal writing and chirality in femtosecond laser irradiated silica,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18354–18361 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Little, M. Ams, P. Dekker, G. D. Marshall, J. M. Dawes, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond laser modification of fused silica: the effect of writing polarization on Si-O ring structure,” Opt. Express 16(24), 20029–20037 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

W. J. Reichman, J. W. Chan, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. M. Krol, “Spectroscopic characterization of different femtosecond laser modification regimes in fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1627–1632 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee and S. Nikumb, “Characteristics of filament induced Dammann gratings fabricated using femtosecond laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1328–1333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (16)

R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. Schaffer, “Ultrafast processes for bulk modification of transparent materials,” MRS Bull. 31(08), 620–625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Rethfeld, “Free-electron generation in laser-irradiated dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 73(3), 035101–035106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupin and L. Bergé, “Self-guiding of femtosecond light pulses in condensed media: Plasma generation versus chromatic dispersion,” Physica D 220(1), 14–30 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tamaki, W. Watanabe, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Structural modification in fused silica by a femtosecond fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Opt. Express 14(15), 6971–6980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2317–2322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2317–2322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarisation on direct writing of waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(26), 13158–13163 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

2004 (4)

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, “Form birefringence and negative index change created by femtosecond direct writing in transparent materials,” Opt. Lett. 29(1), 119–121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Itoh and W. Watanabe, “Toward nano-and microprocessing in glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” RIKEN Rev. 90–94 (2003).

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (6)

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, and P. Martin, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Europhys. Lett. 56(1), 138–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tighly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, T. Toma, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, “In situ observation of photoinduced refractive-index changes in filaments formed in glasses by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(1), 19–21 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, “Structural changes in fused silica after exposure to focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1726–1728 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

W. Watanabe, T. Toma, K. Yamada, J. Nishii, K. Hayashi, and K. Itoh, “Optical seizing and merging of voids in silica glass with infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(22), 1669–1671 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A. L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, “Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24(18), 1311–1313 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1972 (1)

H. R. Reiss, “Polarization effects in high-order multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 29(17), 1129–1131 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

R. Fleischer, P. Price, and R. Walker, “Solid-state track detectors: applications to nuclear science and geophysics,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 15(1), 1–28 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. E.

Ams, M.

Ani-Joseph, S.

Arai, A.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Shah, A. Arai, S. Eaton, and P. Herman, “Waveguide writing in fused silica with a femtosecond fiber laser at 522 nm and 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1999–2006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arai, A. Y.

Ashcom, J. B.

Audouard, E.

G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, C. Mauclair, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser photoinscription of polarization sensitive devices in bulk silica glass,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9515–9525 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Bellouard, Y.

Bennion, I.

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beresna, M.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.

Bergé, L.

S. Skupin and L. Bergé, “Self-guiding of femtosecond light pulses in condensed media: Plasma generation versus chromatic dispersion,” Physica D 220(1), 14–30 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, V.

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Block, E.

Borrelli, N. F.

Bourguignon, B.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, W. Yang, and B. Bourguignon, “Oriented creation of anisotropic defects by IR femtosecond laser scanning in silica,” Opt. Express , to be re-submitted.

Bovatsek, J.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bricchi, E.

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, “Form birefringence and negative index change created by femtosecond direct writing in transparent materials,” Opt. Lett. 29(1), 119–121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brodeur, A.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tighly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bulgakova, N.

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Burakov, I.

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Canioni, L.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

Cardinal, T.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carré, B.

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chahid-Erraji, A.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.

Chan, J.

J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J. W.

Cheng, G.

Chin, S.

N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiodini, N.

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dawes, J. M.

Dekker, P.

D. J. Little, M. Ams, P. Dekker, G. D. Marshall, J. M. Dawes, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond laser modification of fused silica: the effect of writing polarization on Si-O ring structure,” Opt. Express 16(24), 20029–20037 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D'Oliveira, P.

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dubov, M.

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Duchesne, C.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

Eaton, S.

El-Khamhawy, A.

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fargin, E.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, N.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

Fleischer, R.

R. Fleischer, P. Price, and R. Walker, “Solid-state track detectors: applications to nuclear science and geophysics,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 15(1), 1–28 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Franchina, E.

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gattass, R. R.

Gertsvolf, M.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gottmann, J.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Groothoff, N.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

Guizard, S.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, and P. Martin, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Europhys. Lett. 56(1), 138–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

Hallo, L.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayashi, K.

Hergott, J.

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P.

Hertel, I.

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Femtosecond laser-induced microfeatures in glasses and their applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1100–1111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, and C. Hnatovsky, “Creation of chiral structures inside fused silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1312–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 26–46 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homoelle, D.

Hongler, M. O.

Horn, A.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huser, T.

J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, “Structural changes in fused silica after exposure to focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1726–1728 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inouye, H.

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kato, T.

Kazansky, P.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.

Kazansky, P. G.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, “Form birefringence and negative index change created by femtosecond direct writing in transparent materials,” Opt. Lett. 29(1), 119–121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klappauf, B. G.

Kleinfeld, D.

Kreutz, E. W.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D.

J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Lamouroux, B.

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lancry, M.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, J. C. Poulin, and S. Ani-Joseph, “Non reciprocal writing and chirality in femtosecond laser irradiated silica,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18354–18361 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, W. Yang, and B. Bourguignon, “Oriented creation of anisotropic defects by IR femtosecond laser scanning in silica,” Opt. Express , to be re-submitted.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.

Lauria, A.

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Boiteux, S.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le Déroff, L.

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Le Flem, G.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. Lee and S. Nikumb, “Characteristics of filament induced Dammann gratings fabricated using femtosecond laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1328–1333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Little, D. J.

Liu, D.

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Luther-Davies, B.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mao, S. S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mao, X.

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, G.

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, G. D.

Martin, P.

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, and P. Martin, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Europhys. Lett. 56(1), 138–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mauclair, C.

Mazur, E.

J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2317–2322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Ashcom, R. R. Gattass, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Numerical aperture dependence of damage and supercontinuum generation from femtosecond laser pulses in bulk fused silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(11), 2317–2322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tighly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Merdji, H.

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mermillod-Blondin, A.

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meynadier, P.

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mezentsev, V.

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mihailov, S. J.

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mishchik, K.

Mitsuyu, T.

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Femtosecond laser-induced microfeatures in glasses and their applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1100–1111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, H.

Nguyen, N.

N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, N. T.

A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicolaï, P.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikumb, S.

S. Lee and S. Nikumb, “Characteristics of filament induced Dammann gratings fabricated using femtosecond laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1328–1333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

Nishimura, K.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimura, M.

Nolte, S.

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. Schaffer, “Ultrafast processes for bulk modification of transparent materials,” MRS Bull. 31(08), 620–625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Onda, S.

Paleari, A.

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petite, G.

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Poulin, J. C.

Poumellec, B.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, J. C. Poulin, and S. Ani-Joseph, “Non reciprocal writing and chirality in femtosecond laser irradiated silica,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18354–18361 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, W. Yang, and B. Bourguignon, “Oriented creation of anisotropic defects by IR femtosecond laser scanning in silica,” Opt. Express , to be re-submitted.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.

Prade, B.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Price, P.

R. Fleischer, P. Price, and R. Walker, “Solid-state track detectors: applications to nuclear science and geophysics,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 15(1), 1–28 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Femtosecond laser-induced microfeatures in glasses and their applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1100–1111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quéré, F.

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, and P. Martin, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Europhys. Lett. 56(1), 138–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rajeev, P.

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rajeev, P. P.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rayner, D.

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rayner, D. M.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichman, W. J.

Reiss, H. R.

H. R. Reiss, “Polarization effects in high-order multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 29(17), 1129–1131 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rethfeld, B.

B. Rethfeld, “Free-electron generation in laser-irradiated dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 73(3), 035101–035106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Risbud, S.

J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, “Structural changes in fused silica after exposure to focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1726–1728 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenfeld, A.

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R. E.

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sakakura, M.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarger, L.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C.

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. Schaffer, “Ultrafast processes for bulk modification of transparent materials,” MRS Bull. 31(08), 620–625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Segonds, P.

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Shimotsuma, Y.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simova, E.

R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, and C. Hnatovsky, “Creation of chiral structures inside fused silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1312–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 26–46 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skupin, S.

S. Skupin and L. Bergé, “Self-guiding of femtosecond light pulses in condensed media: Plasma generation versus chromatic dispersion,” Physica D 220(1), 14–30 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smelser, C. W.

Smith, C.

Sokolowski-Tinten, K.

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J. A.

Starrost, F.

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stoian, R.

G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, C. Mauclair, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser photoinscription of polarization sensitive devices in bulk silica glass,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9515–9525 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sudrie, L.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suetsugu, Y.

Tamaki, T.

Tanaka, S.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, R.

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 26–46 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. S.

R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, and C. Hnatovsky, “Creation of chiral structures inside fused silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1312–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Temnov, V. V.

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toma, T.

Tzortzakis, S.

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vallée, R.

N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vitek, D. N.

von der Linde, D.

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, R.

R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Walker, R.

R. Fleischer, P. Price, and R. Walker, “Solid-state track detectors: applications to nuclear science and geophysics,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 15(1), 1–28 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

Wielandy, S.

Withford, M.

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Withford, M. J.

Yamada, K.

Yang, H.

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, W. Yang, and B. Bourguignon, “Oriented creation of anisotropic defects by IR femtosecond laser scanning in silica,” Opt. Express , to be re-submitted.

Yoshida, M.

Zhou, P.

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. (1)

R. Fleischer, P. Price, and R. Walker, “Solid-state track detectors: applications to nuclear science and geophysics,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 15(1), 1–28 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Liu, Y. Li, M. Liu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “The polarization-dependence of femtosecond laser damage threshold inside fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 597–599 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, S. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Control of femtosecond laser written waveguides in silica glass,” Appl. Phys. B 85(1), 145–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrashort-pulse laser calligraphy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Kazansky, W. Yang, E. Bricchi, J. Bovatsek, A. Arai, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, ““Quill” writing with ultrashort light pulses in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Paleari, E. Franchina, N. Chiodini, A. Lauria, E. Bricchi, and P. G. Kazansky, “SnO2 nanoparticles in silica: nanosized tools for femtosecond-laser machining of refractive index patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 131912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, P. Rajeev, E. Simova, V. Bhardwaj, D. Rayner, and P. Corkum, “Pulse duration dependence of femtosecond-laser-fabricated nanogratings in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 014104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (4)

C. Hnatovsky, R. Taylor, E. Simova, P. Rajeev, D. Rayner, V. Bhardwaj, and P. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser radiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Mao, F. Quéré, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79(7), 1695–1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, D. M. Rayner, V. R. Bhardwaj, and P. B. Corkum, “Fabrication of microchannels in glass using focused femtosecond laser irradiation and selective chemical etching,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 84(1-2), 47–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. Krol, “Modification of the fused silica glass network associated with waveguide fabrication using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 367–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

R. Wagner, J. Gottmann, A. Horn, and E. W. Kreutz, “Subwavelength ripple formation induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 252(24), 8576–8579 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, and P. Martin, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Europhys. Lett. 56(1), 138–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Ams, G. Marshall, P. Dekker, M. Dubov, V. Mezentsev, I. Bennion, and M. Withford, “Investigation of ultrafast laser–photonic material interactions: challenges for directly written glass photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1370–1381 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, T. Cardinal, C. Duchesne, E. Fargin, and G. Le Flem, “Nonlinear optical properties for TiO2 containing phosphate, borophosphate, and silicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 81(3), 1481–1487 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Burakov, N. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, S. Guizard, W. Yang, B. Poumellec, P. Kazansky, and J. Canning, “Femtosecond laser direct processing in wet and dry silica glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1057–1061 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Femtosecond laser-induced microfeatures in glasses and their applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1100–1111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. B (1)

P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics,” J. Phys. B 40(11), S273–S282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, P. D'Oliveira, and P. Meynadier, “Time-resolved study of laser-induced colour centres in SiO2,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(9), 1281–1290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 26–46 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tighly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

MRS Bull. (1)

K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, S. Nolte, and C. Schaffer, “Ultrafast processes for bulk modification of transparent materials,” MRS Bull. 31(08), 620–625 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Writing of permanent birefringent microlayers in bulk fused silica with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 171(4-6), 279–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Saliminia, N. T. Nguyen, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “The influence of self-focusing and filamentation on refarctive index modifications in fused silica using intense femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 241(4-6), 529–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Study of damage in fused silica induced by ultra-short IR laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 191(3-6), 333–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (11)

B. Poumellec, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser irradiation stress induced in pure silica,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1070–1079 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarisation on direct writing of waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(26), 13158–13163 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tamaki, W. Watanabe, H. Nagai, M. Yoshida, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Structural modification in fused silica by a femtosecond fiber laser at 1558 nm,” Opt. Express 14(15), 6971–6980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, “Self-assembled periodic sub-wavelength structures by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10117–10124 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shah, A. Arai, S. Eaton, and P. Herman, “Waveguide writing in fused silica with a femtosecond fiber laser at 522 nm and 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1999–2006 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, J. C. Poulin, and S. Ani-Joseph, “Non reciprocal writing and chirality in femtosecond laser irradiated silica,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18354–18361 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Little, M. Ams, P. Dekker, G. D. Marshall, J. M. Dawes, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond laser modification of fused silica: the effect of writing polarization on Si-O ring structure,” Opt. Express 16(24), 20029–20037 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, C. Mauclair, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser photoinscription of polarization sensitive devices in bulk silica glass,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9515–9525 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Vitek, E. Block, Y. Bellouard, D. E. Adams, S. Backus, D. Kleinfeld, C. G. Durfee, and J. A. Squier, “Spatio-temporally focused femtosecond laser pulses for nonreciprocal writing in optically transparent materials,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24673–24678 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Bellouard and M. O. Hongler, “Femtosecond-laser generation of self-organized bubble patterns in fused silica,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6807–6821 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, W. Yang, and B. Bourguignon, “Oriented creation of anisotropic defects by IR femtosecond laser scanning in silica,” Opt. Express , to be re-submitted.

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. Lee and S. Nikumb, “Characteristics of filament induced Dammann gratings fabricated using femtosecond laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1328–1333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (10)

N. T. Nguyen, A. Saliminia, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, and R. Vallée, “Optical breakdown versus filamentation in fused silica by use of femtosecond infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1591–1593 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, “Form birefringence and negative index change created by femtosecond direct writing in transparent materials,” Opt. Lett. 29(1), 119–121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, and R. S. Taylor, “Stress in femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1312–1314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kato, Y. Suetsugu, and M. Nishimura, “Estimation of nonlinear refractive index in various silica-based glasses for optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20(22), 2279–2281 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A. L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, “Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24(18), 1311–1313 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Watanabe, T. Toma, K. Yamada, J. Nishii, K. Hayashi, and K. Itoh, “Optical seizing and merging of voids in silica glass with infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(22), 1669–1671 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, T. Toma, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, “In situ observation of photoinduced refractive-index changes in filaments formed in glasses by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(1), 19–21 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, “Structural changes in fused silica after exposure to focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(21), 1726–1728 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, and C. Hnatovsky, “Creation of chiral structures inside fused silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1312–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, E. Simova, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Polarization-selective etching in femtosecond laser-assisted microfluidic channel fabrication in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1867–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. Kazansky, “Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express . In Press.

Phys. Rev. B (4)

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Lancry, N. Groothoff, B. Poumellec, S. Guizard, N. Fedorov, and J. Canning, “Time-resolved plasma measurements in Ge-doped silica exposed to IR femtosecond laser,” Phys. Rev. B . In Press.

F. Quéré, S. Guizard, P. Martin, G. Petite, H. Merdji, B. Carré, J. Hergott, and L. Le Déroff, “Hot-electron relaxation in quartz using high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 9883–9886 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Rethfeld, “Free-electron generation in laser-irradiated dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 73(3), 035101–035106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

P. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Reiss, “Polarization effects in high-order multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 29(17), 1129–1131 (1972).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, P. Zhou, A. El-Khamhawy, and D. von der Linde, “Multiphoton ionization in dielectrics: comparison of circular and linear polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(23), 237403 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. P. Rajeev, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Optically produced arrays of planar nanostructures inside fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 057404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L. Hallo, P. Nicolaï, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced microexplosion confined in the bulk of a sapphire crystal: evidence of multimegabar pressures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 166101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica D (1)

S. Skupin and L. Bergé, “Self-guiding of femtosecond light pulses in condensed media: Plasma generation versus chromatic dispersion,” Physica D 220(1), 14–30 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

L. Sudrie, “Propagation non-linéaire des impulsions laser femtosecondes dans la silice,” Université de Paris Sud XI Orsay http://wwwy.ensta.fr/ilm/Archives/Theses_pdf/L_Sudrie (2002).

B. Poumellec and M. Lancry, “Damage thresholds in femtosecond laser processing of silica: a review,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2010), ISBN 978–971–55752–55896–55754.

M. Lancry, F. Brisset, and B. Poumellec, “In the heart of nanogratings made up during femtosecond laser irradiation,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Technical Digest (CD), (Optical Society of America, 2010), ISBN 978–971–55752–55896–55754.

C. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, N. Nishimura, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced microexplosions in transparent materials: microstructuring with nanojoules,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 143–147 (1999).

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, and F. Brisset, “Ultrafast silica glass decomposition induced by femtosecond laser irradiation,” in 12th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, 2011), http://www.jlps.gr.jp/lpm/lpm2011/ .

P. G. Kazansky, E. Bricchi, Y. Shimotsuma, and K. Hirao, “Self-Assembled Nanostructures and Two-Plasmon Decay in Femtosecond Processing of Transparent Materials,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CThJ3.

E. Bricchi, “Femtosecond laser micro-machining and consequent self-assembled nano-structures in transparent materials,” PhD thesis 30234 (2005).

K. Itoh and W. Watanabe, “Toward nano-and microprocessing in glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” RIKEN Rev. 90–94 (2003).

P. Kazansky, “Recent advances in modification ofoptical materials by strong fields: from poling to femtosecond laserwriting,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim, (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper ThA4_1.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: PDF (383 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Shape of the interaction volume. (On the left side, Fig. 1(a)) Shape of the interaction volume according to pulse energy in the case of weak focusing. It is detected thanks to supercontinuum emission. The dashed white line is the geometrical focus. The laser is coming from the left hand side. From Salaminia et al. [18]. Laser parameters: 1-17 μJ, NA = 0.03, 45 fs, 1 kHz, 810 nm. (On the right side, Fig. 1(b)) Shape of the interaction volume for pulse energy 2 μJ in the case of strong focusing and with filamentation. This simulation is from Ref [19,20]. The laser is coming from the left side. Laser parameters: 1-17 μJ, NA = 0.5, 160 fs, 200 kHz, 800 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

T1 measurement in the conditions 0.5NA, 280fs, 1030nm, 10-1000μm/s, 1-500kHz, 250μm deep.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of T1 and T2 on the writing speed chosing NA between 0.3 and 0.55. Ref are the following: Cheng OE [57], Sudrie Opt Com [37,58], Chan OL [59,60], Yang OE [44], Kazansky APL [5], Reichman JOSAB [61], Nguyen APB 06 [62], Ams OE 06 [49], Bhardwaj OL 04 [63].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

T2 threshold in transversal writing with 0.5NA, 280fs, 1030nm, 10-1000μm/s, 1-500kHz

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

contour plot extracted from Fig. 4 for low repetition rate and large speed. The red line is an iso-overlap (88.6%) according to 1-v/(Ø.f) where ∅ is the diameter of the interaction volume taken equal to 3μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pulse energy versus pulse duration diagram in semi log scale defining regions with different kinds of laser interaction with silica after [41]. Laser parameters: 0.1-1 μJ, NA = 0.65, 40-500 fs, 100 kHz, 800 nm, 30µm/s, perpendicular configuration, 100 µm focus depth. The red line indicates the intersection with the NA diagram (for 160 fs).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

collection of literature results on pulse duration whatever the repetition rate. Refs are the following: Onda JOSA B [66], Hnatovsky Appl. Phys. A [43], Liu APB [53], Burakov JAP [67] Rajeev PRL 09 [26].

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Plot of T1 versus the numerical aperture of the lens used for focusing the laser beam. The dashed black lines are for showing the tendencies. The arrow indicates the direction of pulse duration increase. Refs are the following: Schaeffer Meas Sci Tech [55], Nguyen APB 06 [62], Liu APB [53], Nguyen Opt. Lett [69], Lee Opt. Laser Technol [70], Yamada Opt. Lett [71], Bricchi thesis [38,72], Our work [54], Itoh 05 book [10,73].

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Plot of T2 versus the numerical aperture of the lens used for focusing the laser beam. The dashed black lines are for showing the tendency. The arrow indicates the direction of pulse duration increase. Refs are the following: Lee Opt. Laser Technol [70], Yamada Opt. Lett [71], Bricchi thesis [38,72], Our work [54], Nguyen APB 06 [62]

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Synthetic diagram for small pulse duration. Pulse energy versus Numerical aperture diagram in log-log scale defining regions with different kinds of laser interaction with silica. Laser parameters: 0.1-17 μJ, NA = 0.01-1, 45-60 fs, 100 kHz, 800 nm, polarization parallel to the scanning direction.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Synthetic diagram for 250fs. Note that region II has disappeared.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Synthetic diagram for 160fs. N.B.: the blue discontinuous line marks the position where we have precisely position the thresholds by means of different type of observations. Media 1 contains a high-resolution version of this image.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Synthetic diagram for 200fs. Note the narrow region II for isotropic index change.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S T E | radiative or non-radiative recombination | structurale modification  like densification S i E ' + N b O H C S i O D C ( I I ) + O 2         
E t h τ = I t h λ 2 π ( N A ) 2 + I t h 2 π n 0 n 2 .

Metrics