Abstract

Waveguides were written into single crystalline Yb(7%):YAG with a femtosecond laser. Laser oscillation of the waveguides without external mirrors at an output coupling transmission of 99% was demonstrated. The laser performance of the waveguide lasers, pumped with various light sources, was examined. With an optically pumped semiconductor laser (OPS) as pump source a slope efficiency of 51% regarding incident pump power and a maximum output power of 1.76 W could be achieved. By using a high brightness DBR tapered diode laser as pump source the possible miniaturization of the waveguide laser device was demonstrated. With this pump source even 2.35 W of output power from the waveguide laser was achieved. The beam quality at highest output power turned out to be excellent with an M 2-factor of less than 1.3.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1729–1731 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18, 16035–16041 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18, 24994–24999 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
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  19. S. Pakarek, C. Fiebig, M. C. Stumpf, A. E. H. Oehler, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped gigahertz femtosecond Yb:KGW laser with a peak power of 3.9 kW,” Opt. Express 18, 16320–16326 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1587–1589 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

M. Ams, P. Dekker, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Monolithic 100 mW Yb waveguide laser fabricated using the femtosecond-laser direct-write technique,” Opt. Lett. 34, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, N. V. Kuleshov, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Ultrafast laser inscribed Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:KY(WO4)2 channel waveguide lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 22417–22422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Gatass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2, 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

1996

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1729–1731 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ams, M.

Bain, F. M.

Benayas, A.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35, 330–332 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blume, G.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

Calmano, T.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18, 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cantelar, E.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35, 330–332 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chen, F.

Davis, K. M.

Dekker, P.

Della Valle, G.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Erbert, G.

S. Pakarek, C. Fiebig, M. C. Stumpf, A. E. H. Oehler, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped gigahertz femtosecond Yb:KGW laser with a peak power of 3.9 kW,” Opt. Express 18, 16320–16326 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feise, D.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Festa, A.

Fiebig, C.

S. Pakarek, C. Fiebig, M. C. Stumpf, A. E. H. Oehler, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped gigahertz femtosecond Yb:KGW laser with a peak power of 3.9 kW,” Opt. Express 18, 16320–16326 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fricke, J.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

Gatass, R. G.

R. G. Gatass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2, 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gross, S.

Hellmig, O.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Huber, G.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18, 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jacinto, C.

Jaque, D.

Jaque, F.

John, W.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kar, A. K.

Kaspari, C.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Khrushchev, I.

Kuan, K.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lamela, J.

Lancaster, D. G.

Laporta, P.

Lu, Q.

Marshall, G. D.

Matalla, M.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

R. G. Gatass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2, 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J.

Miura, K.

Monro, T. M.

Nolte, S.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oehler, A. E. H.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Osellame, R.

Pakarek, S.

Paschke, A.-G.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, K.

S. Pakarek, C. Fiebig, M. C. Stumpf, A. E. H. Oehler, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped gigahertz femtosecond Yb:KGW laser with a peak power of 3.9 kW,” Opt. Express 18, 16320–16326 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18, 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Psaila, N. D.

Rademaker, K.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rodenas, A.

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18, 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35, 330–332 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Siebenmorgen, J.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express 18, 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Silva, W. F.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35, 330–332 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Uebernickel, M.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B 103, 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3 Al5 O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari, D. Feise, J. Fricke, M. Matalla, W. John, H. Wenzel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “12W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 1253–1255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

C. Fiebig, G. Blume, M. Uebernickel, D. Feise, C. Kaspari, K. Paschke, J. Fricke, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “High-power DBR-tapered laser at 980 nm for single-path second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 978–983 (2009).
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[CrossRef]

Other

A. Okhrimchuk, “Femtosecond fabrication of waveguides in ion-doped laser crystal,” in Coherence and Ultrashort Pulse Laser Emission , F. J. Duarte, ed., (InTech, 2010). Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/femtosecond-fabrication-of-waveguides-in-ion-doped-laser-crystals .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the setup for the laser experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Laser output power as a function of incident pump power: Comparison between Ti:Sapphire (black squares) and single-mode laser diode (red dots) as pump source. (b) near field mode profile of the waveguide laser-mode. The tracks are indicated by the white dotted lines.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Laser output power as a function of incident pump power: Comparison between Ti:Sapphire (black squares) and OPS (blue dots) as pump source. (b) Laser output power as a function of incident pump power with an DBR-TPL as pump laser. Red dots with open aperture, black squares with closed aperture.

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