Abstract

Broadband NIR emission from Er3+ in highly nonlinear zinc-bismuth-borate glasses with full width at half maximum reaching up to 106 nm is reported. The glass compositional effects on thermal, structural, optical and spectroscopic properties have been explored in view of all-optical communication applications. The Zero Dispersion Wavelength of these glasses is found to be varying from 1.46 to 2.26μm. The observed enhancement in fluorescence intensity, lifetime and quantum efficiency of 4I13/24I15/2 transition with bismuth addition is attributed to reduced multiphonon relaxations with decreased host phonon energy. The gain profile covering C and L-bands of communication windows suggests their potentiality in broad-band amplification.

© 2011 OSA

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2010

J. H. Shin, J. H. Lee, “investigation of signal excited-state absorption in bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(7), 1452–1457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Sontakke, K. Biswas, A. K. Mandal, K. Annapurna, “Concentration quenched luminescence and energy transfer analysis of Nd3+ ions doped Ba-Al-metaphosphate laser glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 235–244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. D. Sontakke, A. Tarafder, K. Biswas, K. Annapurna, “Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+:ZnO-B2O3 glasses,” Physica B 404(20), 3525–3529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, “Bi2O3 based erbium doped laser with a tunable range over 130 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1201–1203 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-11-1201 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

2007

G. Borodi, I. Bratu, S. Simon, “Formation of layered structure on bismuth-borate glass surface,” Mater. Lett. 61(25), 4715–4717 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, “Development of rare-earth doped fiber amplifiers for broad band wavelength-division-multiplexing telecommunication,” Photon. Based Wavel. Integr. Manip. IPAP Books 2, 101–112 (2005).

2004

G. E. Rachkovskaya, G. B. Zakharevich, “Properties, structure and application of low-melting lead-bismuth glasses,” Glass Ceram. 61(1/2), 9–12 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing,” Electron. Lett. 38(4), 166–167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Man, S. F. Wong, E. Y. B. Pun, “Erbium-doped potassium bismuth gallate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(8), 1839–1843 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Mori, T. Sakamoto, K. Kobayashi, K. Shikano, K. Oikawa, K. Hoshino, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, M. Shimizu, “1.58-μm broad-band erbium-doped tellurite fiber amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(5), 794–799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Saga, T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3302–3310 (2002).

2000

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Kinoshita, T. Okiyama, K. Moruya, “Wideband WDM erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers for 10Gb/s, 32-channel SMF transmission system,” Fujistu Sci. Tech. J. 35, 82–90 (1999).

1997

1996

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

1989

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1969

A. Bishay, C. Maghrabi, “Properties of bismuth glasses in relation to structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 1–11 (1969).

1962

E. M. Levin, C. L. McDaniel, “The system Bi2O3-B2O3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 45(8), 355–360 (1962).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Adair, R.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Annapurna, K.

A. D. Sontakke, K. Biswas, A. K. Mandal, K. Annapurna, “Concentration quenched luminescence and energy transfer analysis of Nd3+ ions doped Ba-Al-metaphosphate laser glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 235–244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Sontakke, A. Tarafder, K. Biswas, K. Annapurna, “Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+:ZnO-B2O3 glasses,” Physica B 404(20), 3525–3529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barry, R. A.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R.

Bindra, K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bishay, A.

A. Bishay, C. Maghrabi, “Properties of bismuth glasses in relation to structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 1–11 (1969).

Biswas, K.

A. D. Sontakke, K. Biswas, A. K. Mandal, K. Annapurna, “Concentration quenched luminescence and energy transfer analysis of Nd3+ ions doped Ba-Al-metaphosphate laser glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 235–244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Sontakke, A. Tarafder, K. Biswas, K. Annapurna, “Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+:ZnO-B2O3 glasses,” Physica B 404(20), 3525–3529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bookey, H. J.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Borodi, G.

G. Borodi, I. Bratu, S. Simon, “Formation of layered structure on bismuth-borate glass surface,” Mater. Lett. 61(25), 4715–4717 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bosca, M.

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

Bratu, I.

G. Borodi, I. Bratu, S. Simon, “Formation of layered structure on bismuth-borate glass surface,” Mater. Lett. 61(25), 4715–4717 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Castagnozzi, D. M.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chan, V. W. S.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Culea, E.

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

Dai, N.

Dai, S.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Olievera Preto, A.

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Sá, F. X.

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Finn, S. G.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gallager, R. G.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, G.

Hanada, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Saga, T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3302–3310 (2002).

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hemenway, B. R.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoshino, K.

Hu, L.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ito, S.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Kar, A. K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kassab, L. R. P.

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing,” Electron. Lett. 38(4), 166–167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, S.

S. Kinoshita, T. Okiyama, K. Moruya, “Wideband WDM erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers for 10Gb/s, 32-channel SMF transmission system,” Fujistu Sci. Tech. J. 35, 82–90 (1999).

Kirby, A. J.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

Koch, T.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Levin, E. M.

E. M. Levin, C. L. McDaniel, “The system Bi2O3-B2O3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 45(8), 355–360 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lozano, W.

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maciel, G. S.

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maghrabi, C.

A. Bishay, C. Maghrabi, “Properties of bismuth glasses in relation to structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 1–11 (1969).

Man, S. Q.

Mandal, A. K.

A. D. Sontakke, K. Biswas, A. K. Mandal, K. Annapurna, “Concentration quenched luminescence and energy transfer analysis of Nd3+ ions doped Ba-Al-metaphosphate laser glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 235–244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marquis, D.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McDaniel, C. L.

E. M. Levin, C. L. McDaniel, “The system Bi2O3-B2O3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 45(8), 355–360 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Mori, A.

Moruya, K.

S. Kinoshita, T. Okiyama, K. Moruya, “Wideband WDM erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers for 10Gb/s, 32-channel SMF transmission system,” Fujistu Sci. Tech. J. 35, 82–90 (1999).

Naftaly, M.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, S.

Ohishi, Y.

Ohyagi, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Saga, T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3302–3310 (2002).

Oikawa, K.

Okiyama, T.

S. Kinoshita, T. Okiyama, K. Moruya, “Wideband WDM erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers for 10Gb/s, 32-channel SMF transmission system,” Fujistu Sci. Tech. J. 35, 82–90 (1999).

Ozveren, C. M.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Parikh, S. A.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pascuta, P.

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

Payne, S. A.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pop, L.

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

Pun, E. Y. B.

Rachkovskaya, G. E.

G. E. Rachkovskaya, G. B. Zakharevich, “Properties, structure and application of low-melting lead-bismuth glasses,” Glass Ceram. 61(1/2), 9–12 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rada, S.

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

Ryan, J. R.

Saga, N.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Saga, T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3302–3310 (2002).

Sakamoto, T.

Saleh, A. A. M.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schofield, B.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shikano, K.

Shimizu, M.

Shin, J. H.

Simon, S.

G. Borodi, I. Bratu, S. Simon, “Formation of layered structure on bismuth-borate glass surface,” Mater. Lett. 61(25), 4715–4717 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sontakke, A. D.

A. D. Sontakke, K. Biswas, A. K. Mandal, K. Annapurna, “Concentration quenched luminescence and energy transfer analysis of Nd3+ ions doped Ba-Al-metaphosphate laser glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 235–244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Sontakke, A. Tarafder, K. Biswas, K. Annapurna, “Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+:ZnO-B2O3 glasses,” Physica B 404(20), 3525–3529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stevens, M. L.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, “Bi2O3 based erbium doped laser with a tunable range over 130 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1201–1203 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-11-1201 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing,” Electron. Lett. 38(4), 166–167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taira, K.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing,” Electron. Lett. 38(4), 166–167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, “Development of rare-earth doped fiber amplifiers for broad band wavelength-division-multiplexing telecommunication,” Photon. Based Wavel. Integr. Manip. IPAP Books 2, 101–112 (2005).

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Saga, T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3302–3310 (2002).

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tarafder, A.

A. D. Sontakke, A. Tarafder, K. Biswas, K. Annapurna, “Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+:ZnO-B2O3 glasses,” Physica B 404(20), 3525–3529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, R. E.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wen, L.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S. F.

Xu, S.

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, S. Xu, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Effect of Bi2O3 on the spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped bismuth silicate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(5), 810–815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zakharevich, G. B.

G. E. Rachkovskaya, G. B. Zakharevich, “Properties, structure and application of low-melting lead-bismuth glasses,” Glass Ceram. 61(1/2), 9–12 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. D. Sontakke, K. Biswas, A. K. Mandal, K. Annapurna, “Concentration quenched luminescence and energy transfer analysis of Nd3+ ions doped Ba-Al-metaphosphate laser glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 235–244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing,” Electron. Lett. 38(4), 166–167 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujistu Sci. Tech. J.

S. Kinoshita, T. Okiyama, K. Moruya, “Wideband WDM erbium-doped optical fiber amplifiers for 10Gb/s, 32-channel SMF transmission system,” Fujistu Sci. Tech. J. 35, 82–90 (1999).

Glass Ceram.

G. E. Rachkovskaya, G. B. Zakharevich, “Properties, structure and application of low-melting lead-bismuth glasses,” Glass Ceram. 61(1/2), 9–12 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 14(5), 780–799 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Levin, C. L. McDaniel, “The system Bi2O3-B2O3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 45(8), 355–360 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, Z. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(2), 977–982 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Lumin.

S. Tanabe, N. Sugimoto, S. Ito, T. Hanada, “Broad-band 1.5 μm emission of Er3+ ions in bismuth-based oxide glasses for potential WDM amplifier,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 670–672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci.

P. Pascuta, L. Pop, S. Rada, M. Bosca, E. Culea, “The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FT-IR spectroscopy,” J. Mater. Sci. 19, 424–428 (2008).

J. Non-crystal Solids

L. R. P. Kassab, A. de Olievera Preto, W. Lozano, F. X. de Sá, G. S. Maciel, “Optical properties and infrared-to-visible upconversion in Er-doped GeO–BiO and GeO–PbO–BiO glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 351(43-45), 3468–3475 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Mater. Lett.

G. Borodi, I. Bratu, S. Simon, “Formation of layered structure on bismuth-borate glass surface,” Mater. Lett. 61(25), 4715–4717 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Based Wavel. Integr. Manip. IPAP Books

S. Tanabe, “Development of rare-earth doped fiber amplifiers for broad band wavelength-division-multiplexing telecommunication,” Photon. Based Wavel. Integr. Manip. IPAP Books 2, 101–112 (2005).

Phys. Chem. Glasses

A. Bishay, C. Maghrabi, “Properties of bismuth glasses in relation to structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 1–11 (1969).

Phys. Rev.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Saga, T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46(6), 3302–3310 (2002).

Physica B

A. D. Sontakke, A. Tarafder, K. Biswas, K. Annapurna, “Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+:ZnO-B2O3 glasses,” Physica B 404(20), 3525–3529 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, Y. Nishida, K. Oikawa, and S. Sudo, “1.5 μm broadband amplification by tellurite-based EDFAs,” in OFC’97, 1997, Paper PD1.

N. Sugimoto, K. Ochiai, T. Hirose, S. Ohara, Y. Fukasawa, H. Hayashi, K. Furuki, M. Tojo, and Y. Tanaka, “Ultracompact optical amplifier with Bi2O3-based erbium-doped fiber,” Reports Res. Lab. Asahi Glass Co. Ltd. 54 (2004).

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegava, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, “Bismuth-based optical fiber with nonlinear coefficiemt of 1360 W−1km−1,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Commun, Fibers, 2004 (OFC-2004).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) DTA, (b) XRD and (c) FTIR profiles of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion curves of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses. (Inset: Sellmeier coefficients).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Material dispersion curves of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses. (Inset: Plot of (αhν)n versus hν for bandgap calculations. (n = 0.5 and 2)).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Emission spectra of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses. (Inset: Deconvoluted spectra of Bi-0 and Bi-60 glasses).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fluorescence decay spectra of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses. (Inset: Plot of variation of decay time and quantum efficiency with bismuth oxide contents).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption and emission cross sections of zinc-bismuth-borate glasses.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Gain coefficient profile of Bi-60 glass.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Thermal Properties of Zinc-Bismuth-Borate Glasses

Tables Icon

Table 2 Physical and Optical Properties of Zinc-Bismuth-Borate Glasses

Tables Icon

Table 3 Experimental and Calculated Line Strengths, S ( × 10−20); Oscillator Strengths, f ( × 10−6) and Judd-Ofelt Intensity Parameters

Tables Icon

Table 4 Radiative Transition Rate (Arad), Fluorescence Decay Time (τrad and τexp), Emission Cross Section (σem), Fluorescence Bandwidth (Δλ), Quantum Efficiency (η) and Gain Bandwidth (σem × ∆λ) of 4I13/24I15/2 Transition of Er3+ Ion

Metrics